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Understanding Disability
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Understanding Disability
A Lifespan Approach



September 1997 | 256 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Over the past 30 years, attitudes toward people with disabilities have changed dramatically, moving from deinstitutionalization in the 1960s to the Disability Rights Movement of the 1970s and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The results of this shift have been to move more and more people with disabilities into mainstream activities in their communities. Social workers and other health and mental health professionals are now encountering people with a wide range of disabilities at various stages of their lives. It is important to be prepared. Understanding Disability details expected developmental stages for those without disabilities as well as the impact of disability at each of these periods. This is a much needed reference for working with a person with a disability, or with a family member or other interested party. Beginning with infancy and the diagnosis of congenital or early onset disabilities, the book identifies traditional developmental life stages and then provides specific information for four different disabilities: Down syndrome, visual impairment, cerebral palsy, and spina bifida. In addition, spinal cord injury is added at the young adult stage of some adapted expectations. In keeping with a social work emphasis on strengths, the book is based on a social, rather than medical, model of disability. The information in this book allows the social worker to create treatment plans, coordinate with other professionals, and competently assist the person with the disability and his/her family. Filling the void in literature on disabilities since the Disabilities Act of 1990, Understanding Disability will be a most valuable resource for social workers, counselors, and nurses.

 
PART ONE: INFANTS AND CHILDREN
 
Infancy
Birth to Six Months

 
 
Toddler
Six Months to Two Years

 
 
Pre-School
Two to Five Years

 
 
School Age
Six to Twelve Years

 
 
PART TWO: TEENS AND ADULTS
 
Adolescence
13 to 19 Years

 
 
Young Adult
19-35 Years

 
 
Middle Adult
36-65 Years

 
 
Older Adult
66 Years and Older

 

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