Professor Emeritus at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, received his B.A. from Harvard College and M.A and Ph.D. from the University of Iowa. His professional interests include research methods, statistics, deviance and criminology. He taught sociology, including research methods and statistics, at Knox College. He is co-author (with Steven M. Cox) of Research Methods and Statistics in Criminal Justice: An Introduction and Police in Community Relations
, as well as several research reports and articles in the professional literature.