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Children's Thinking
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Children's Thinking
Cognitive Development and Individual Differences

Sixth Edition
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January 2017 | 720 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The Sixth Edition of the topically organized Children’s Thinking presents a current, comprehensive, and dynamic examination of cognitive development. The book covers individual children and their developmental journeys while also following the general paths of overall cognitive development in children. This unique and effective approach gives readers a holistic view of children’s cognitive development, acknowledging that while no two children are exactly alike, they tend to follow similar developmental patterns. Supported by the latest research studies and data, the Sixth Edition provides valuable insights for readers to better understand and work with children.

 


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
Chapter 1. Introduction to Cognitive Development
Basic Concepts in Cognitive Development

 
Six Truths of Cognitive Development

 
Goals of Cognitive Developmentalists

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 2. Biological Bases of Cognitive Development
Evolution and Cognitive Development

 
Models of Gene-Environment Interaction

 
Development of the Brain

 
Developmental Biology and Cognitive Development

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 3. Social Construction of Mind: Sociocultural Perspectives on Cognitive Development
Role of Culture in Cognitive Development

 
Cognitive Artifacts That Support and Extend Thinking: Tools of Intellectual Adaptation

 
Social Origins of Early Cognitive Competencies

 
Sociocultural Theory and Cognitive Development

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 4. Infant Perception and Cognition
Basic Perceptual Abilities of Young Infants

 
Methodologies Used to Assess Infant Perception

 
Development of Visual Perception

 
Auditory Development

 
Combining Senses

 
Perceptual Narrowing

 
How Do We Know What Babies Know? The Violation-of-Expectation Method

 
Core Knowledge

 
What Is Infant Cognition Made Of?

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 5. Thinking in Symbols: Development of Representation
Learning to Use Symbols

 
Piaget’s Theory

 
Everyday Expressions of the Symbolic Function

 
Causal Representation

 
Fuzzy-Trace Theory

 
The Symbolic Species

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 6. Development of Folk Knowledge
Theory Theories of Cognitive Development

 
Folk Psychology: Developing a Theory of Mind

 
Folk Biology: Understanding the Biological World

 
Folk Physics: Understanding the Physical World

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 7. Learning to Think on Their Own: Executive Function, Strategies, and Problem Solving
Assumptions of Information-Processing Approaches

 
Development of Basic-Level Processes: Executive Function

 
Development of Strategies

 
Learning to Solve Problems

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 8. Memory Development
Representation of Knowledge

 
Memory Development in Infancy

 
Infantile Amnesia

 
Implicit Memory

 
Development of Event Memory

 
Children as Eyewitnesses

 
Remembering to Remember

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 9. Language Development
What Is Language?

 
Describing Children’s Language Development

 
Some Theoretical Perspectives of Language Development

 
Bilingualism and Second-Language Learning

 
Sex Differences in Language Acquisition

 
Language and Thought

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 10. Social Cognition
Social Learning

 
Social Information Processing

 
Development of a Concept of Self

 
Cognitive Bases of Gender Identity

 
How Special Is Social Cognition?

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 11. Schooling and Cognitive Development
Development of Reading Skills

 
Children’s Number and Arithmetic Concepts

 
Schooling and Cognitive Development

 
Evolutionary Educational Psychology

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 12. Approaches to the Study of Intelligence
Psychometric Approach to the Study of Intelligence

 
Information-Processing Approaches to the Study of Intelligence

 
Sternberg’s Theory of Successful Intelligence

 
Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Chapter 13. Origins, Modification, and Stability of Intellectual Differences
Transactional Approach to the Study of Intelligence

 
Behavioral Genetics and the Heritability of Intelligence

 
Experience and Intelligence

 
Stability of Intelligence

 
Key Terms and Concepts

 
Suggested Readings

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor's Resource Website

Calling all instructors!

It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site at study.sagepub.com/bjorklund6e for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources for the Sixth Edition of Children’s Thinking by David F. Bjorklund and Kayla B. Causey. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!

 

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

 

  • Microsoft® Word® test bank with multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses.
Key features

NEW AND KEY FEATURES: 

  • Integration of contemporary themes in cognitive development include the neoconstructivist approach, the Goldilocks effect, Bayesian probabilistic reasoning, “hot” and “cold” executive functioning, perceptual narrowing, and causal representation.
  • Expanded discussion of sociocultural perspectives in key areas includes gender cognition, language, and the effects of media on the development of attention.
  • More research from developmental cognitive neuroscience expands on a trend begun in earlier editions.
  • An evolutionary psychology perspective outlined in Chapter 2 is more prominent in appropriate chapters throughout the book.
  • Section Reviews throughout chapters have replaced end-of-chapter summaries to help readers review and retain the material more concisely.
  • Ask Yourself… questions consecutively numbered within a chapter after each Section Review engage students in reflection and critical thinking.
  • Topical organization emphasizes and integrates the three overarching perspectives that guide today’s researchers and practitioners of developmental psychology.   

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 4

Chapter 8


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