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Counseling Theory

Counseling Theory
Guiding Reflective Practice

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January 2014 | 520 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Organized around the latest CACREP standards, Counseling Theory: Guiding Reflective Practice, by Richard D. Parsons and Naijian Zhang, presents theory as an essential component to both counselor identity formation and professional practice. Drawing on the contributions of current practitioners, the text uses both classical and cutting-edge theoretical models of change as lenses for processing client information and developing case conceptualizations and intervention plans. Each chapter provides a snapshot of a particular theory/approach and the major thinkers associated with each theory as well as case illustrations and guided practice exercises to help readers internalize the content presented and apply it to their own development as counselors.

Johnny Kim
Chapter 1. Introduction
Terry Trepper
Chapter 2. Solution-Focused BriefTherapy Techniques and Skills
Cynthia Franklin
Chapter 3. Does Solution-Focused Brief Therapy Work?
Mo Yee Lee
Chapter 4. Solution-Focused Approach with Asian American Clients
Diane Bigler
Chapter 5. Solution-Focused Approach with African American Clients
Peter Lehman, Catheleen Jordan
Chapter 6. Solution-Focused Approach with Hispanic and Latino Clients
Sara Blakeslee, Sara Smock Jordan
Chapter 7. Solution-Focused Approach with Native Americans
Rowena Fong, Alan Dettlaff
Chapter 8. Solution-Focused Approach with Immigrants
J.J. Choi, Robin Akdeniz
Chapter 9. Solution-Focused with Multicultural Families
Sara Smock Jordan
Chapter 10. Solution-Focused Approach with LGBT Clients
Adam Froerer
Chapter 11. Solution-Focused Approach with Clients with Disabilities
Mike Kelly
Chapter 12. Solution-Focused Approach with Economically Poor Clients
Mike Kelly
Chapter 13. Solution-Focused Approach with Spiritual or Religious Clients
Johnny Kim
Chapter 14. Conclusion
Richard Parsons, Naijian Zhang
Epilogue: From the Editors Chair
Richard D. Parsons
Chapter 1: Theory and the Reflective Practitioner
Robert A. Williams
Chapter 2: A Multicultural Foundation
Naijian J. M. Zhang, Richard D. Parsons
Chapter 3: Many lenses- the Case of Y-chun
Faith Deveaux
Chapter 4: Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis
Robyn L. Trippany-Simmons, Matthew Bucklye, Kristin Meany-Walen, and Tiffany Rush-Wilson
Chapter 5: Alfred Adler and Individual Psychology
Ray Adomaitis
Chapter 6: Carl Rogers and Person-Centered Counseling
Mark Scholl, Michelle Perepiczka, Mike Walsh
Chapter 7: Humanistic Existential Counseling and Psychotherapy
Joseph Spillman, Christina Rose-Galvin
Chapter 8: Gestalt Theory
Julia Porter
Chapter 9: Cognitive-Behavior Theories
Brande Flamez, Josh Watson
Chapter 10: Constructivist Approach and Solution Focus Theory
Barbara Trolley, Christopher Siuta
Chapter 11: Behavioral Therapy: A Cultural Application of Behavior Therapy
David Scott, Hannah Barfield
Chapter 12: Reality Therapy
Rebecca Goldberg
Chapter 13: Family and Couples Therapy
Kristi Cannon, Stacee Reicherzer, Jason Patton
Chapter 14: Feminist Theory/ Relational Cultural Theory
Adam Zagelmaum, Maureen Buckley, Shana Friedman, Kalia Gournee
Chapter 15: Seeking Integration
Michael Laurent
Chapter 16: East Meets West - Global Perspective
Part I: The Value of Theory to Reflective Practice
Richard D. Parsons
Chapter 1: Theory and the Reflective Practitioner
Dong Xie
Chapter 2: Multicultural Considerations: Within and Beyond Traditional Counseling Theories
Naijian Zhang and Richard D. Parsons
Chapter 3: Case Conceptualization: The Case of Y-Chun
Part II: Theories and Their Applications
Faith Deveaux
Chapter 4: Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
Robyn L. Trippany-Simmons, Matthew R. Buckley, Kristin Meany-Walen, and Tiffany Rush-Wilson
Chapter 5: Individual Psychology: Alfred Adler
Mark B. Scholl, Michael Walsh, and Michelle Perepiczka
Chapter 6: Existential Counseling and Psychotherapy
Marjorie C. Witty and Ray Adomaitis
Chapter 7: Carl Rogers and Client-Centered Counseling
Joseph Spillman and Christina M. Rosen
Chapter 8: Gestalt Therapy
Julia Y. Porter
Chapter 9: Cognitive-Behavioral Theories
Barbara C. Trolley and Christopher Siuta
Chapter 10: Behavior Theory
David A. Scott and Hannah G. Barfield
Chapter 11: Reality Therapy
Brandé Flamez and Joshua C. Watson
Chapter 12: Solution-Focused Therapy
Kristi B. Cannon, Jason Patton, and Stacee L. Reicherzer
Chapter 13: Relational-Cultural Theory in the Context of Feminism
Rebecca M. Goldberg
Chapter 14: Family and Couples Therapy
Adam Zagelbaum, Maureen Buckley, Shana Friedman, and Kalia Gurnee
Chapter 15: Seeking Integration
Michael G. Laurent and Shengli Dong
Chapter 16: East Meets West: Integration and Complementation


Instructor Teaching Site
Calling all instructors!
It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site at for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources for [author, title, edition]. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank, written by authors Richard D. Parsons and Naijian Zhang is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • A Respondus electronic test bank, is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.
  • Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group projects.
  • Chapter-specific discussion questions help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material and by reinforcing important content. 
  • Carefully selected, web-based video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics. When relevant, related questions for discussion are included.
Student Study Site
Use the Student Study Site to get the most out of your course!
Our Student Study Site at  is completely open-access and offers a wide range of additional features, including something no other publisher offers: SAGE Journal articles!

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
  • Carefully selected video links feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.

Excellent overview of the main theories that can be used in counselling interventions. Interesting case illustrations that can lead not only to deep discussions but as well to a more thorough understanding of the concepts.

Dr Florbela Soares Teixeira
Education, Coventry University College
September 21, 2016

This is an excellent text book for anyone studying counselling as it offers a concise insight into different therapeutic models. The guided exercises are an excellent way to consolidate learning and the client/counsellor dialogues illustrate the approaches in practice.

Ms Victoria Louise Booth
H.E Care, Grimsby Institute of HE & FE
December 2, 2015

A comprehensive overview of counselling theory and practice with a focus on the development of the counselling professional.

Mr John Perry
School of Medicine, Southampton University
July 1, 2015

Excellent reflective text with practical, relatable cases studies and a strong emphasis on underpinning psychology.

Miss Laura Guest
School Of Care Studies, West Herts College
June 8, 2015

This text does an excellent job of providing clear examples of the actual application of various theories in counseling practice. I particularly like the fact that it follows one specific case with examples of how counselors with different theoretical orientations might approach that case.

Dr Pamela Danker
Psychology, Blackburn College
September 30, 2014

Teaching Theories and Techniques course this summer - this text is comprehensive, readable and up to date.

Dr Lynn Zubernis
Counselor Education, West Chester Univ Of Penn
June 22, 2014
Key features


  • The text is organized around and adheres to the new CACREP standards of developing professional identity.
  • Early chapters cover understanding the nature of theory and multicultural considerations, while Section II covers all major theoretical approaches (including Freud and Psychoanalysis, Adler, Rogers, Existentialism, Gestalt, Cognitive Behavioral, Reality, Family, Feminist, and postmodern theories). A final section discusses integration of theory and places it into a global perspective.
  • A fully developed case illustration (The Case of Y-Chun) is presented early in the text. Each contributing author then employs his/her theory for case conceptualization and treatment planning as a model for readers. Additional case illustrations throughout the text address specific concepts and constructs found within each theory and facilitate the reader’s application of theory to practice.
  • Guided practice exercises in every chapter, as well as verbatim client/therapist dialogues throughout the text, help students internalize and grow their sense of counselor identity and begin the process of translating theory into practice.
  • Video vignettes on the accompanying website illustrate actual practice and serve as prompts for classroom discussion.

Counseling Theory: Guiding Reflective Practice is part of the Counseling and Professional Identity Series which targets specific competencies identified by CACREP (Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Programs). To learn more about each text in the Series, please visit

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1

Chapter 5

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