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Creative Scheduling for Diverse Populations in Middle and High School
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Creative Scheduling for Diverse Populations in Middle and High School
Maximizing Opportunities for Learning


November 2012 | 232 pages | Corwin

Diverse needs, streamlined scheduling—find out how with this all-in-one resource!

For even the most experienced administrator, schedule design has never been tougher. How can you meet the academic needs of all learners, while making the most of limited time and resources? Help has arrived with this latest book from school-scheduling gurus Elliot Merenbloom and Barbara Kalina.
An essential resource for any administrator working with diverse populations, Creative Scheduling for Diverse Populations in Middle and High School zeroes in on effective planning for a wide range of programs, including RTI, credit recovery, special education, second language learning, career-technical education, work-study, Advanced Placement, and International Baccalaureate. You'll find

  • Guidance on developing schedules that advance your school's educational goals
  • Scheduling techniques for each type of program serving diverse learners, supported by research-based evidence 
  • Flexible frameworks that create time for small learning communities and teacher collaboration
  • Best practices for fixed and variable scheduling in the context of learning needs
  • Insights on teamwork throughout the scheduling process
  • User-friendly schedule templates within each chapter, along with a reader's guide for professional development

Use this complete resource to overcome your scheduling challenges and advance learning throughout your school.

"The authors do an excellent job of organizing the information in the context of current, relevant research-based best practices for all students as well as special populations, plus supports and services that are on target for the challenges school schedulers face under current education accountability policies. The inclusion of detailed examples and scenarios is icing on the cake!"
—Michelle Kocar, Administrator
North Olmsted City Schools, Olmsted, OH


 
List of Figures
 
List of Tables
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Introduction
 
1. Schedules: The Springboard for Action
Mission/Vision

 
Catalyst for Change

 
Using the Schedule Effectively

 
Flexibility

 
Role of the Scheduling Committee

 
Teacher Contracts

 
Programs for Diverse Populations

 
 
2. Special Programs for Educational Success: RTI, Special Education, and ELL
Response to Intervention

 
Special Education

 
English-Language Learner Programs

 
 
3. Special Programs for Educational Success: Credit Recovery, Career and Technical Education, Gifted and Talented, Advanced Placement, and International Baccalaureate
Credit Recovery

 
Career and Technical Education

 
Honors, Gifted and Talented, Advanced Placement, and International Baccalaureate

 
 
4. Inclusive Scheduling Frameworks: Fixed
Semester 1/Semester 2

 
Double English/Double Mathematics

 
Quarters

 
Day 1/Day 2

 
Trimesters

 
Credit Recovery

 
Rotational

 
Single Subject

 
Traditional

 
Special Populations and Fixed Schedule Matrix

 
 
5. Inclusive Scheduling Frameworks: Variable
Interdisciplinary - Maximum Flexibility

 
Interdisciplinary - Limited Flexibility

 
Interdisciplinary - Encore/Exploratory

 
Combination

 
 
6. Integrating Fixed and Variable Frameworks Into a Comprehensive Schedule
Interchangeability: Fixed to Fixed

 
Interchangeability: Fixed to Variable

 
 
7. Learning Communities and Flexibility
Flexibility Strategies

 
 
8. Steps in Building a Middle School Schedule
Step 1: Connect With the Mission/Vision Statement

 
Step 2: Choose Structural Frameworks

 
Step 3: Create Bell and Lunch Schedules

 
Step 4: Formulate Program of Studies

 
Step 5: Project Enrollment

 
Step 6: Decide Team Composition

 
Step 7: Develop a Blueprint

 
Step 8: Assemble Grid of Teachers' Assignments

 
Step 9: Plan Professional Development

 
 
9. Steps in Building a High School Schedule
Step 1: Connect With the Mission/Vision Statement

 
Step 2: Choose Structural Frameworks

 
Step 3: Create Bell and Lunch Schedules

 
Step 4: Formulate Program of Studies

 
Step 5: Develop Student Registration Materials

 
Step 6: Establish Student Database

 
Step 7: Project Enrollment

 
Step 8: Decide Composition of Houses, Magnets, or Academies

 
Step 9: Create Department Summaries

 
Step 10: Distribute Available FTEs

 
Step 11: Categorize Teacher Assignments

 
Step 12: Develop a Blueprint for Small Learning Communities

 
Step 13: List Singletons, Doubletons, and Tripletons

 
Step 14: Formulate Conflict Matrix for Singletons, Doubletons, and Tripletons

 
Step 15: Place Singletons, Doubletons, and Tripletons on Master Schedule by Teacher and by Period

 
Step 16: Enter Remainder of Courses

 
Step 17: Initial and Subsequent Computer Runs

 
Step 18: Implement Professional Development

 
 
10. Using the Schedule for Effective Instruction
A Brief History of Instructional Influence

 
Pacing the Curriculum

 
Lesson Plan Foundations: Conceptual Lens, Target Learning, and Essential Questions

 
The Lesson Plan and Learning Engagements

 
 
11. Professional Development to Support the Comprehensive Schedule
Enacting Change

 
Mission/Vision Statements

 
Principal Leadership

 
Requisites for Professional Learning

 
Instruction Within the Schedule

 
 
Appendix
 
References
 
Index

"The author does an excellent job of organizing the information in the context of current, relevant research-based best practices for all students as well as special populations, supports and services that are on target for the challenges school schedulers face under current education accountability policies. The inclusion of detailed examples and scenarios is icing on the cake!"

Michelle Kocar, District Level Administrator
North Olmsted City Schools, Olmsted, OH

"The book is well organized, starting with the table of contents. It paints a clear picture of what the book contains. This should be a great book for educators that are making decisions to improve the lives of students in special programs and those that need that special push to be successful in life."

Gustava Cooper-Baker, Principal, Kansas City Missouri School District, Kansas City, MO
Facilitator Leadership Academy, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Jefferson City, MO
Key features
  • Explores the expectations of a schedule and discusses the ways that effective schedules tie in to school vision and mission
  • Serves as a guide for developing a fully inclusive schedule to accommodate students participating in a range of programs, including Response to Intervention (RTI), credit recovery, special education programs, English Language Learner programs, career-technical education (CTE) and work-study, Advanced Placement, and International Baccalaureate programs
  • Presents a wide variety of fixed and variable scheduling frameworks, including models to integrate fixed and variable possibilities into one comprehensive schedule.
  • Offers research-based, flexible scheduling frameworks that create opportunities for small learning communities and teams to function within the scheduled day
  • Provides templates for effective teaching in variable-length time periods
  • Includes guidelines for professional development that leads to the successful implementation of a schedule, along with the instructional strategies designed to work with the schedule
  • Provides an appendix of scheduling-related discussion questions and activities to be used for professional development

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 2: Special Programs for Educational Success


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ISBN: 9781412995252
$39.95

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