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Educational Foundations

Educational Foundations
An Anthology of Critical Readings

Third Edition
Edited by:

November 2012 | 343 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Why Teach?
Who Are Today's Students?
What Makes a Good Teacher?

Educational Foundations: An Anthology of Critical Readings answers these questions and more, providing an exciting alternative to other foundations textbooks. This anthology is aimed at students about to enter the teaching profession, those new to the profession, and anyone interested in carefully examining—and improving—schools and schooling. In this Third Edition, editors Alan S. Canestrari and Bruce A. Marlowe add new essays by classic and contemporary policy shapers and teachers. The readings are bold and refreshing, and their authors eschew unquestioning compliance. By taking a hard look at traditional educational practice, the contributors to this anthology serve as models for the kind of reflective practitioners that its editors hope that students will become while in the field.

About the Editors
About the Contributors
Part I. Why Teach?
Jonathan Kozol
1. Letters to a Young Teacher
John Taylor Gatto
2. The Green Monongahela
Herbert Kohl
3. Why Teach?
Part II. Who Are Today's Students?
Lisa Delpit
4. What Should Teachers Do? Ebonics and Culturally Responsive Instruction
Sonia Nieto
5. Racism, Discrimination, and Expectations of Students' Achievement
Bruce A. Marlowe and Marilyn Page
6. Inclusion: Rejecting Instruction That Disables
Corrine Plaza Munoz, Sandra C. Quinn, and Kathleen A. Rounds
7. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students: Percieved Social Support in the High School Environment
Part III. What Makes a Good Teacher?
Paulo Freire
8. The Banking Concept of Education
Susan Ohanian
9. On Stir-and-Serve Recipes for Teaching
Robert DiGiulio
10. Psst... It Ain't About the Tests: It's Still About Great Teaching
Part IV. What Do Good Schools Look Like?
A.S. Neill
11. The Idea of Summerhill
Deborah Meier
12. Success in East Harlem: How One Group of Teachers Built a School That Works
Kelly Donnell
13. Beyond the Deficit Paradigm: An Ecological Orientation to Thriving Urban Schools
Part V. How Should We Assess Teaching and Learning?
Thomas Newkirk
14. A Mania For Rubrics
Alfie Kohn
15. Grading: The Issue is Not How But Why?
William Johnson
16. Confessions of a 'Bad' Teacher
Diane Ravitch
17. How, and How Not, to Improve the Schools
Part VI. How Does One Develop a Critical Voice?
Henry Giroux
18. Teachers as Transformative Intellectuals
Alan S. Canestrari and Bruce A. Marlowe
19. Resistance and Courage: A Conversation With Deborah Meier
Alan S. Canestrari and Bruce A. Marlowe
20. From Silence to Dissent: Fostering Critical Voice in Teachers
Part VII. How Do We Move Foward?
Alfie Kohn
21. Poor Teaching for Poor Children... In the Name of Reform
Darlene Witte-Townsend
22. Necessary Muddles
Louis Weiner
23. Teacher Unionism Reborn
Ann Gibson Winfield
Epilogue. The Quest: Achieving Ideological Escape Velocity - Becoming an Activist Teacher

I used this for both my IUL 101 and my research classes as this text allowed my students to critically think about various issues in education.

Dr Rinyka Allison
Early Childhood Education Dept, Norfolk State University
April 25, 2014

Outstanding readings for aspiring teachers and compliments the textbook. We are using the readings for student presentations in class.

Dr John Chavez
Department of Education and Human Development, University of Texas at San Antonio
March 4, 2013
Key features


  • A chapter titled, "How Do We Move Forward?" answers this question in a bold and refreshing manner and serves as a model for the kind of reflective practitioners students will hopefully become when they enter the field.
  • More essays have been added, featuring well-known authors and practitioners Diane Ravitch, Darlene Witte-Townsend, Kelly Donnel, Alfie Kohn, Corrine Munoz-Plaza, and more..
  • Each chapter contains an introductory vignette that provides context for the issues that the authors' essays address and raises probing questions about teaching and learning.
  • Further Explorations recommend additional readings to delve deeper into specific topics.
  • New material and author portraits are added to contributor biographies.


  • The anthology continues to be organized around essential questions, including: Why Teach? Who are today's Students? What Makes a Good Teacher? What Can Schooling Look Like? How Should We Assess Student Learning? How Does One Develop a Critical Voice?
  • The readings offer a platform for discussion and debate that may be used to increase student knowledge of pedagogy, and to provide authentic opportunities for potential teachers to think critically about teaching and learning.
  • This anthology offers readings by authors who have discovered their own critical voices so that new teachers can begin to develop their own.
  • The essays were chosen for their accessibility, and their ability to engage—and to provoke—students preparing to teach.

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CH 7

CH 20

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ISBN: 9781452216768