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Handbook of Multicultural Counseling

Handbook of Multicultural Counseling

Fourth Edition
Edited by:

June 2016 | 688 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Celebrating its 20th anniversary!

The most internationally cited resource in the arena of multicultural counseling, the Handbook of Multicultural Counseling is a resource for researchers, educators, practitioners, and students alike.  Continuing to emphasize social justice, research, and application, the Fourth Edition of this best-seller features nearly 80 new contributors of diverse backgrounds, orientations, and levels of experience who provide fresh perspectives to every chapter. Completely updated, this classic text includes new chapters on prevailing social issues and covers the latest advances in theory, ethics, measurement, clinical practice, assessment, and more.

“This is the most comprehensive synthesis of cutting edge multicultural counseling research available. This is the gold standard and a must read for anyone working in a human services field.”

–Audrey M. Ervin, Delaware Valley College

Part 1: Multicultural Counseling Past and Present
J. Manuel Casas
Chapter 1: The History of Multicultural Psychology: From the Perspective of Two Opposing Forces
Highlights of the History of Multicultural Psychology

Two Forces Impacting the Development of Multicultural Psychology

Diversity Issues in the APA

Rebecca L. Toporek, William Sapigao, Bryan O. Rojas-Arauz
Chapter 2: Fostering the Development of a Social Justice Perspective and Action: Finding a Social Justice Voice
Foundations and Definitions

Beneficence and Shifting Access and Resources: Philanthropy, Social Service, Social Change and Social Justice

Positionality, Awareness of Cultural Self, and Development of a Social Justice Identity

Moving To Action: Fostering Social Justice Skills Toward Advocacy and Activism

Project Homeless Connect: Service and Justice

Power and Privilege: Engaging Youth in a Critical Examination

Challenges for the Future of Social Justice in Counseling and Psychology

Recommendations for Practice, Training, Research and Advocacy

Charlene Alexander, Amy Mitchelle
Chapter 3: A Review of the Counseling Professions Ethical Guidelines: Are They Meeting the Challenges of Today's Society?
A Historical Perspective

Review of the Ethical Standards

Michael D’Andrea
Chapter 4: A Personal Assessment of the Ebb and Flow of the Multicultural Counseling Movement (MCM)
Part 2: Honoring Our Elders: Life Stories of Pioneers in Multicultural Counseling and Psychology
Martha E. Banks
Chapter 5: From Five Sides of the Desk: The Roles of Disability in My Life
Guillermo Bernal
Chapter 6: Multiculturalism the Final Frontier: Resistance is Not Futile
The Early Years

Collaboration, Organization, and the Genorgram Journey: Graduate School Years

Changing Contexts

California Dreaming: First Faculty Position

Journey Back to the Caribbean

Ideology to the Test

Lesson Learned

Robert T. Carter
Chapter 7: The Road Less Traveled: Research on Race
I am a Racial-Cultural Researcher and Scholar

My Path as a Student and Researcher

Race-Based Traumatic Stress Research and Scholarship

Fanny M. Cheung
Chapter 8: My Life Story: My Quest for Cultural Relevance in Psychology
Lillian Comás-Díaz
Chapter 9: Healing: Reclaiming My Ancestral Legacy
The Island of the Spirits

Growing up with Magical Realism

Bridges to Ancestral Wisdom

A Transcultural Woman

Magical Realism in Psychotherapy

Conclusion: Lessons Learned

Beverly A. Greene
Chapter 10: It Took a Village: The Backs that Were My Bridges
Early Socialization: Lessons Learned

The First Black People I Knew Were My Parents.

The Roots of Who I am

My Formal Educational and Professional Development: “New” Inhabitants to My Village

Reflections on Personal and Selective Life Experiences and Events

Bringing My Village Together

Bertha Garrett Holliday
Chapter 11: Child of the Civil Rights Era: Formative Influences on My Personal and Professional Lives
A Matter of Context

Family and Childhood


The Post-Secondary Years

Conclusion: Looking Towards the Future

Anthony Marsella
Chapter 12: I Understand: Memories of a Constant Contrarian

The Push and Pull of Life Experiences

Growing Up Sicilian in Cleveland, Ohio

Ethnic and Racial Differences

Religious Differences

Gender and Age Differences

More Than a Specialty: A Way-of-Life

Thomas Parham
Chapter 13: Multicultural Pioneer: Confessions of a Warrior and Healer
The Duality of My Identity

Developmental Years

College Years and the Value of Mentoring

Domains of Focus in My Career

Life As an Administrator

Research and Scholarship

Leadership in Professional Organizations

Advice to the Next Generation


Lisa Suzuki
Chapter 14: Landscaping My Life Journey: Unpeeling a "Banana"
In the Beginning

Building the Resume: Race, Ethnicity and Psychological Testing

Understanding Social Location and Context: A Qualitative Perspective

Behind the Scenes: Unpeeling the Banana?

My Eulogy: What I Have Learned

Beverly Daniel Tatum
Chapter 15: Pioneer Life Story: Listening to the Still, Small Voice
An Integration Baby

A Case Study in Racial Identity Development

The Plans

Returning to Massachusetts

Psychology and Education

Zapped in St. Louis – Spirituality and Social Justice

A Search for Integration

The Gift of Silence

The Restless Professor

Choosing Spelman

Diane J. Willis
Chapter 16: Reflections of an American Indian Pediatric Psychologist
My Family History

Educational and Professional Journey

Multicultural Work on Behalf of American Indians

Balancing Work and Play

Reflections for Young Professionals or Lessons Learned

J. Manuel Casas
Chapter 17: Factors and Experiences of Life: Reflections on the Accomplishments of the Pioneers
Summary of Stories Highlighting

Part 3: Giving Meaning and Purpose to Multicultural Endeavors
Martin La Roche, Michael Christopher, Lindsey M. West
Chapter 18: Towards a Cultural Evidence-Based Psychotherapy
History of Evidence-Based Psychotherapy

Definition of Race, Ethnicity, and Culture

Psychotherapy, Culture, and EBPs

Three Approaches to Integrate Evidence and Culture

Universal Evidence-Based Psychotherapies (UEBPs)

Racial and Ethnic Minority Evidence-Based Psychotherapies (REMEBPs)

Cultural Evidence-Based Psychotherapies (CEBPs)


Ten Considerations to Advance a Cultural Evidence-Based Psychotherapy

Christine J. Yeh, Darrick Smith, Noah E. Borrero
Chapter 19: Into the Field: Anti-Colonial and Indigenous Perspectives and Strategies for Counseling Interventions
Setting up the Anti-colonial Framework in Counseling

Indigenous wisdom and symbols

Geopolitical Context



Ecological Cultural Assets

Cultural Pride

Dolores Subia BigFoot
Chapter 20: Upon the Back of a Turtle: From Traditional Indigenous Stories and Practices to Psychological Interventions

Teller of Tales: The Basis for Teaching and Helping

From Culturally-Based Old Wisdom and Practices to Present day Evidence-Based Theories and Practice

Honoring Children Series - Concept of wellness and healing

Adapting and Using EBT Treatments with Indigenous Peoples: The Challenges

The Development/Enhancement of EBT

Changming Duan, Alexandra Smith
Chapter 21: Multicultural Training and Supervision in Research and Service
The Current State of Multicultural Counseling Training and Supervision

A Critical Analysis of the Current State of Multicultural Training and Supervision Lack of Understanding of Deep Structures of Multiculturalism

How do we conduct multicultural training and supervision and measure its effect?

Moving Forward: Meeting the Challenges

Laura Smith
Chapter 22: Counseling Psychology and Disenfranchisement: Using What We Know to Change the Game
Game-Changing Conceptions of Help: To Help People, Include Them

Game-Changing Innovations in Practice: New Tools for the Toolbox

Game-Changing Transformations of Scholarship and Education

Part 4: Current and Future Trends in Multicultural Counseling Research
Laura Kohn-Wood, Donna Nagata, Jackie H. J. Kim, Ahjane D. Macquoid
Chapter 23: Innovative Approaches: Emphasizing Effectiveness and Social Justice for Ethnocultural Populations
Innovative Ethnographic Approaches: Autoethnography

Innovative Indigenous Approaches: Decolonization

Innovative Technology-Based Approaches: Internet and Mobile Apps

Innovative Arts-Based Approaches

Elena Stepanova, Nao Hagiwara
Chapter 24: Category-Based and Feature-Based Bias: Measurement and Application
The Role of Social Categorization in Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination: Category-Based Bias

The Role of Individuating Features in Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination: Feature-based Bias

Measuring Category- and Feature-Based Racial Bias

Theoretical and Practical Implications of Category- and Feature-Based Bias for Multicultural Counseling

Potential Negative Consequences of Category-Based Bias in Counseling and its Implications

Potential Negative Consequences of Feature-Based Bias in Counseling and its Implications

Lisa Suzuki, Elsa Lee, Ellen Short
Chapter 25: Psychological Assessment: A Brief Examination of Procedures, Frequently Used Tests, and Culturally Based Measures
Culture and Traditional Assessment Practice

Psychological Measures

Culturally Based Assessment Tools

Part 5: Emerging Issues and Movements in Multicultural Counseling Psychology
Lisa Y. Flores, Lisa M. Edwards, Jennifer T. Pedrotti
Chapter 26: Multicultural Positive Psychology: Cultural Perspectives of the Good Life
History of Positive Psychology

Andrés Consoli, Merry Bullock, Melissa L. Morgan Consoli
Chapter 27: International Engagement in Counseling and Psychology: History, Forums, Issues and Directions
Brief History and Concepts

Issues related to International Engagement

Cynthia de las Fuentes, Martha Ramos Duffer
Chapter 28: Multicultural Competence in the Delivery of Technology Mediated Mental Health Services
Telehealth Origins and Common Terminology

Access Issues

Efficacy: Does it work?


Interventions Via Texting and Email

Interventions Via mHealth Apps

Ethical and Legal Complexities

Guidelines, Standards, Codes, and Law

Managing boundaries in the age of e-mental health

Oksana Yakushko, Sherry C. Wang, Charlotte M. McCloskey
Chapter 29: Interdisciplinarity in Multicultural Psychology: An Integrated Review and Case Examples
Definitions and Approaches to Interdisciplinarity

Challenges to Engaging in Interdisciplinarity

Distinct Foci on Interdisciplinarity in Multicultural Psychology

Interdisciplinary Multicultural Approaches in Health

Amanda B. Nickerson, Matthew J. Mayer, Dewey G. Cornell, Shane R. Jimerson, David Osher, Dorothy L. Espelage
Chapter 30: Violence Prevention in Schools and Communities: Multicultural and Contextual Considerations
Overview of Youth Violence

Keys to Prevention: A Thoughtful Approach to Safer Schools

Larger Community and Societal Issues

Joey Nunez Estrada, Robert A. Hernandez, Steven W. Kim
Chapter 31: Considering Definitional Issues, Cultural Components, and the Impact of Trauma When Counseling Vulnerable Youth Susceptible to Gang-Involvement
What is a Street Gang?

Molly K. Tschopp, Michael P. Frain
Chapter 32: Cultural Issues in Counseling Today's Military Veterans
The Veteran Population

Military Culture

Issues Facing Veterans

Community Reintegration

J. Manuel Casas
Chapter 33: Caution: Immigration May be Harmful to Your Mental Health
The Demographics

Presenting Problems

Barriers to Treatment


Roger L. Worthington, Marvyn R. Areval Avalos
Chapter 34: Difficult Dialogues in Counselor Training and Higher Education
Defining Difficult Dialogues

Theoretical Framework for Difficult Dialogues

Difficult Dialogues in Action

Part 6: Affirming Multiple Identities
Amy Reynolds
Chapter 35: Addressing the Needs of LGBTQ Youth: A Counseling Imperative
Understanding the Experiences of LGBTQ Youth

Strategies to Address the Needs of LGBTQ Youth

The Role of Counselors as Advocates for LGBTQ Youth

Pratyusha Tummala-Narra, Anita Deshpande
Chapter 36: Immigrants and Refugees: A Contextual Counseling Perspective
The Context of Migration

Acculturative Stress

Traumatic Stress

Mental Health Issues

Approaches to Counseling

Katy L. Ford, Martha R. Crowther
Chapter 37: Multicultural Counseling with Older Adults: Considerations for Intervention and Assessment
Multicultural Issues, Exacerbated by Age

Issues of Aging Magnified by Layers of Cultural Diversity

Issues of Social Justice

General Suggestions for Therapy

General Suggestions for Assessment

Colleen Clemency Cordes, Rebecca P. Cameron, Linda R. Mona, Maggie L. Syme, Alette Coble-Temple
Chapter 38: Perspectives on Disability within Integrated Healthcare
Disability and Culture

Disability in Context

Relevant Clinical Concerns

Culturally Competent Treatment

Case Illustration

Beth Boyd, Hitomi Gunsolley
Chapter 39: Disaster Survivors: Implications for Counseling
Types of Disasters

Individual Reactions to Traumatic Stress

Community Reactions to Traumatic Stress

Disproportionate Impact

Long Term Trauma

Opportunities for Healing

Complex Traumatic Stress at the Community Level

The Role of Culture

Disaster Interventions

Lillian Comás-Díaz
Chapter 40: Multicultural Spirituality: A Syncretistic Approach to Healing, Liberation, and Social Justice
Religious Diversity and Spiritual Connectedness among People of Color

Multicultural Spirituality: The Preeminence of Spirit

Syncretism: Multicultural Spirituality in Transformation

Healing: Multicultural Spirituality and Wellness

Multicultural Spirituality Psychotherapies

Multicultural Spirituality: Liberation and Social Justice

What Multicultural Spirituality Offers Psychologists

Ayse Çiftçi, Lamise Shawahin
Chapter 41: Counseling Middle Eastern Americans: Challenges and Opportunities
Who are Middle Eastern Americans?

Research and Assessment

Counseling Implications

Margo A. Jackson, Jaya T. Mathew
Chapter 42: Multicultural Self-Awareness Challenges for Trainers: Examining Multiple Identities of Power and Oppression
Multicultural Self-awareness: Foundational Yet Limited in Training

Two Case Examples of Intersectionality Challenges in Developing Our Own and Trainees’ MCC Self-Awareness

Part VII: Culture and Intervention

Cindy L. Juntunen, Melissa A. Quincer
Chapter 43: Underserved Rural Communities: Challenges and Opportunities for Improved Practice
“Rural” as a Physical and Social Location

Rural and Underserved

Rural Psychological Practice

Recommendations for Improving Services to Rural Communities

Justin C. Perry, Eric W. Wallace, Lela L. Pickett
Chapter 44: Underserved Urban Community Interventions
Parameters of our Review

Comments on Recent Meta-Analyses

Urban Community Interventions: A Five-Year Review and Synthesis

Neeta Kantamneni, Nichole Shada
Chapter 45: Career Counseling: Updates on Theory and Practice
Cultural Considerations of Career Theories

Culturally Sensitive Career Counseling: The Cultural Formulation Approach

Patricia Arrendondo, Lubnaa Badriyyah Abdullah
Chapter 46: Organizational Change in Institutions of Higher Education
The Opportunity for Psychologists as Academic Leaders

The Multicultural Context

Changing Demographics of Historically Underrepresented Students

Institutional Approaches to Address Diversity

The Turn Toward Diversity

Unpacking Barriers to Diversity Change Work in Higher Education

Learning and Developmental Models to Promote Inclusion for Diversity

Implication of Institutional Diversity: Three Diversity Change Approaches

Amy Mitchell
Crosswalk Through Guidelines and Competencies

“This is an excellent resource, written by leaders that provides an in-depth overview of multicultural concepts with a ‘hands-on’ focus.”

Kevin P. Feisthamel
Hiram College

The Handbook of Multicultural Counseling is an impressive compilation of Multicultural Counseling from many aspects and voices. As such, it is invaluable as a reference text–I refer to it often, and I often refer students to it.”

Susan C. Norton
Edinboro University

The Handbook of Multicultural Counseling offers varied perspectives and a comprehensive overview of key issues necessary to helping counselors-in-training become culturally competent in their practices.  The section on life stories of multicultural counseling pioneers is particularly engrossing and sets the stage for students to open up to alternative views of the world particularly as it relates to the counseling field.  I have used a number of other texts, but I am looking forward to implementing this one since it far exceeds the expectations for an introductory text on this topic.”   

Annette F. Nelligan
University of Maine

 “The Handbook of Multicultural Counseling provides a wide and comprehensive overview of concepts and issues that need to be understood by professional counselors.”

J. Jeffries McWhirter
Arizona State University

“This is the most comprehensive synthesis of cutting edge multicultural counseling research available. This is the gold standard and a must read for anyone working in a human services field.”

Audrey M. Ervin
Delaware Valley College
Key features
  • This edition presents new or markedly expanded up-to-date coverage of selective topics including:
    • social justice challenges;
    • current ethical issues;
    • indigenous interventions;
    • cultural evidence-based interventions;
    • innovative research trends;
    • social/racial bias—theory and research; and
    • emerging issues and interests such as positive psychology, spirituality, international engagement, use of technology, violence prevention in schools, gang culture and interventions, and diverse population.
  • A majority of the contributing authors are new and bring cutting edge thoughts, ideas, and experiences to their chapters.
  • The authors have written on topics of timely relevance to the field in a manner that benefits researchers, educators, practitioners, and students.
  • 12 pioneers or “elders” share their very personal life stories that have the potential to inspire young and old alike to strive to attain their personal and professional goals and, most important of all, their dreams.
  • The latest developments in theory, research, and measurement relevant to racially, ethnically, and culturally diverse groups demonstrate the continuing advancement and applicability of multicultural counseling in our diverse society.
  • A concise yet through overview of the history of multicultural psychology highlights prevailing and controversial issues and movements.
  • Discusses the role of culture and context in the development of appropriate and effective interventions while looking at indigenous, traditional and other diverse approaches to counseling.
  • Coverage of the historical and cultural roots of practices that are now considered “innovative” gives meaning and purpose to past, present and future counseling endeavors.
  • Innovative research, assessment, and treatment models underscore social justice as a core counseling value.
  • The latest ethical updates with regard to practice and research are covered.
  • Includes a comprehensive and up-to-date reference list.

Sample Materials & Chapters



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