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International Organizations in World Politics
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International Organizations in World Politics

First Edition


February 2016 | 304 pages | CQ Press
International organizations (IOs) are essential and controversial actors in world politics today. They work on just about every imaginable issue that states cannot easily address individually. This timely and engaging new title offers a comprehensive overview of major IOs and their role in global governance. International Organizations in World Politics by Tamar Gutner presents a variety of theoretical approaches to analyzing the roles and impact of IOs. It then examines the historical development, governance structure, activities, and performance of major IOs. The book offers comprehensive, historically-grounded overviews of the most influential IOs, including the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and World Trade Organization. For each IO, there is a detailed case study that illuminates the constraints and challenges the IO faces in areas that include conflict resolution, development, the environment, trade, and financial crisis. The book also examines regional organizations, with an emphasis on the European Union and the euro crisis and the African Union’s peace operations.

 
Chapter 1: Introduction
What is an IO?  
Brief History and Evolution  
Range of IO Goals  
Why Do States Create IOs?  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 2: Intellectual Context: The Evolution of IO Theory
1930s-1970s  
Flavors of Institutionalism  
1990s-Present: Contemporary Issues and Debates  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 3: United Nations
Birth of the UN  
The UN Charter and Main Organs  
The Larger UN Family  
UN Evolution  
Post-Cold War and Beyond  
UN and Human Rights  
Peacekeeping and Peace Operations  
Scholarly Evaluation of Peacekeeping  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 4: United Nations Case Study: Rwanda/Genocide
What Happened  
The Aftermath  
What Went Wrong?  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 5: The World Bank
Birth of the Bank  
Evolution  
The Last Decade  
Perspectives on the Bank  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 6: World Bank Case Study: Environmental Behavior and Performance
Environment and Development  
How Might Bank Activities Impact the Environment?  
Evolution of Bank’s Environmental Activities, Politics, Behavior  
Some Quasi-Internal Critiques  
External Views and Debates  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 7: The International Monetary Fund
The IMF’s Mandate at Birth  
IMF Membership and Governance  
Major Turning Points in the IMF’s History  
Perspectives on the IMF  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 8: International Monetary Fund Case Study: IMF and the Global Financial Crisis
What Sparked the Crisis?  
September 2008: The Crisis Erupts  
Enter the IMF  
Evaluation of Responses and Activities  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 9: The World Trade Organization
Open Markets, Protected Markets  
The GATT  
WTO Birth, Governance, Dispute Settlement  
Evaluation  
Looking Ahead  
Perspectives on the WTO  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 10: World Trade Organization Case Study: Intellectual Property, Trade, and Access to Medicine
Trade and Pharmaceuticals  
November 2001 Doha Declaration and 2003 Cancun Agreement  
Evaluating the Doha Declaration  
Important Initiatives outside of WTO  
Other Current Issues of WTO, Health, and Trade  
Perspectives on WTO, Intellectual Property, and Global Health Governance  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 11: Regional Organizations/European Union
General Overview of Regional Organizations  
Debates about Regionals  
The European Union  
Economic and Monetary Union/Euro Crisis  
Perspectives on the EU  
Conclusion  
 
Chapter 12: Regional Organizations Case Study: African Union Peace Operations
From the Old OAU to the New AU  
The Peace and Security Council  
Relationship between PSC and the UN Security Council  
PSC’s Major Peace Operations  
Evaluation  
Conclusion  

“Gutner's text is a first-rate introduction to the study of international organizations. The rigorous engagement with existing literature brings intellectual clarity to the field, and the reviews of individual institutions in action help illuminate academic debates.”

Liam Clegg
University of York

“Tamar Gutner’s impressive new textbook skillfully presents the background and central analytical approaches to international organizations. Highly engaging, it is a genuine testament to how students can and should build their critical knowledge of the key international organizations.”

Steven C. Roach
University of South Florida

“Gutner’s text enables students of international relations to develop insights on the role of IOs in the era of globalization. Case studies reveal the diversity and complexity of contemporary global issues that IOs face and the challenging tasks they must undertake to address them. This text is an essential resource that leads students to assess what we need to expect from IOs and how to evaluate their effectiveness.”  

Betül Gökkir
Meliksah University
Key features

KEY FEATURES:

  • Provides timely, up-to-date coverage of current challenges that international organizations are facing in areas that include the global environment, trade and access to medicine, the euro crisis, and regional peace operations in Africa.  
  • Offers an accessible introduction to the purpose, evolving activities, and performance of international organizations.
  • Delivers comprehensive coverage of each organization across two chapters: the first chapter covers the fundamentals of the organization’s history, evolution, governance and performance, while the second chapter offers a case study that highlights a challenging issue the institution has faced.
     

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 5

Chapter 7


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