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Introduction to Corrections
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Introduction to Corrections

Third Edition
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January 2019 | 600 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Introduction to Corrections provides students with a comprehensive foundation of corrections that is practitioner-driven and grounded in modern research and theoretical origins. This text uniquely illustrates how the day-to-day practitioner conducts business in the field of corrections in both institutional and community settings. Experienced correctional practitioner, scholar, and author Robert D. Hanser shows students how the corrections system actually works, from classification, to security, to treatment, to demonstrating how and why correctional practices are implemented. Furthering the reality of the modern correctional experience, the Third Edition includes a new chapter on immigration detention centers.

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Preface
 
Digital Resources
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CORRECTIONS
 
CHAPTER 1: EARLY HISTORY OF PUNISHMENT AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRISONS IN THE UNITED STATES
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

 
The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

 
The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

 
Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

 
The Age of the Reformatory in America

 
Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

 
Modern-Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Case

 
Applied Exercise 1.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 2: IDEOLOGICAL AND THEORETICAL UNDERPINNINGS TO SENTENCING AND CORRECTIONAL POLICY
Introduction

 
Philosophical Underpinnings

 
Types of Sanctions

 
Sentencing Models

 
Criminological Theories and Corrections

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Case

 
Applied Exercise 2.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 3: CORRECTIONAL LAW AND LEGAL LIABILITIES
Introduction

 
The Hands-Off Doctrine

 
The Emergence of Inmate Rights

 
Corrections and the Constitution

 
A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

 
State and Federal Legal Liabilities

 
Compliance With Judicial Orders

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 3.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
PART II : CORRECTIONAL PRACTICES
 
CHAPTER 4: JAIL AND DETENTION FACILITIES
Introduction

 
Jails in the Past

 
The Modern Jail

 
Jails as Short-Term Institutions

 
Jails as Long-Term Facilities

 
Health Care in Jails

 
Jail Training Standards

 
Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

 
Special Issues in Jails

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 4.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 5: PROBATION
Introduction

 
A Brief History of Probation

 
Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

 
Characteristics of Probationers

 
The Administration of Probation

 
Probation Officers

 
Probation Revocation

 
Conclusion

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 5.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 6: INTERMEDIATE SANCTIONS
Introduction

 
Types of Intermediate Sanctions

 
Methods of Ensuring Compliance

 
Intermediate Sanctions in Different States

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 6.1

 
Applied Exercise Case Scenarios

 
Applied Exercise Intermediate Sanction Choices

 
 
CHAPTER 7: FACILITY DESIGN TO MEET SECURITY AND PROGRAMMING NEEDS
Introduction

 
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

 
The Rise of the Supermax

 
Accommodations for Inmates With Disabilities

 
Innovative Security Designs

 
Internal Security

 
Auxiliary Services and Physical Security

 
Technology Systems in Prisons

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 7.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 8: CLASSIFICATION AND CUSTODY LEVELS
Introduction

 
History of Classification

 
Rationale for Classification

 
The Goals of Classification Systems

 
Elements of All Classification Systems

 
Special Housing Assignments

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 8.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 9: PRISON SUBCULTURE AND PRISON GANG INFLUENCE
Introduction

 
Theories of Prison Subculture

 
The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

 
The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff

 
Scenario 1

 
Scenario 2

 
Prisonization

 
The Guard Subculture

 
The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

 
Major Prison Gangs in the United States

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 9.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 10: IMMIGRATION DETENTION CENTERS
Introduction

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 10.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 11: FEMALE OFFENDERS IN CORRECTIONAL SYSTEMS
Introduction

 
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

 
Rates of Women Held in State Prisons, in Local Jails, or on Community Supervision

 
History of Women Behind Bars

 
Women’s Reformatories in the Early Twentieth Century: A Feminist Perspective

 
Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

 
Considerations for Female Offenders

 
Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

 
Female Offenders and Treatment Implications

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 11.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 12: SPECIALIZED INMATE POPULATIONS
Introduction

 
Administrative Considerations

 
Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
Sex Offenders

 
HIV/AIDS-Related Offenders

 
Elderly Offenders

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 12.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 13: JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEMS
Introduction

 
History of Juvenile Corrections

 
Legal Precepts and Orientation of the Juvenile Justice System

 
Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

 
Commonality of Juvenile as Victim of Prior Abuse

 
Female Juveniles in Custody

 
Juvenile Gang Members

 
Detention Versus Incarceration

 
Incarceration of Juveniles

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 13.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 14: CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION
Introduction

 
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

 
Regional Offices and Jurisdictions

 
Correctional System Administration

 
Levels of Prison Management

 
Styles of Management

 
Management Versus Leadership

 
Women in Correctional Management

 
The Corrections Workforce

 
Emergency Management

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 14.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 15: PRISON PROGRAMMING
Introduction

 
Medical Care

 
Food Service

 
Educational Programs

 
Prison Work Programs

 
Drug Treatment Programs

 
Recreational Programs

 
Religious Programs

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 15.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 16: PAROLE AND REINTEGRATION
Introduction

 
Parole and Parolee Characteristics

 
The Beginning History of Parole

 
Parole at the State Level

 
Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

 
The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

 
Common Conditions of Parole

 
Reentry Initiatives

 
The Use of Reentry Councils

 
Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Case

 
Applied Exercise 16.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
PART III : ISSUES AND TRENDS IN CORRECTIONS
 
CHAPTER 17: THE DEATH PENALTY
Introduction

 
Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

 
Death Row Statistics

 
Methods of Execution

 
Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

 
Brutalization Hypothesis

 
Correctional Aspects of the Death Penalty

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 17.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 18: PROGRAM EVALUATION, EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICES, AND FUTURE TRENDS IN CORRECTIONS
Introduction

 
Evaluation Research

 
Evidence-Based Practice

 
The Future of Corrections

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 18.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

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“I would and have told colleagues that this is the best text on corrections I have used. It is the text my students have used the most and complained about the least in the 15 or so years I have been teaching corrections. It is comprehensive without smothering the student in minutiae. The language is easily understood, but does not leave out terminology the student must know and understand. Great balance of affordability, utility, and acceptance by students.”

Patrick J. Faiella
Massasoit Community College

“A great introduction into corrections that covers the necessary material and helps students think critically about the issues within corrections.”

Jeanne M. Subjack, PhD
Southern Utah University

“This textbook is a must have and you will not be disappointed by the level of engagement that you will receive from the students. There are many add-ons that are relevant to the millennial learner and for this reason this textbook addresses all of their learning needs.”

Nerissa James
Miami Dade College

“This book provides a comprehensive overview of the correctional system with specific attention to research. The additional resources and activities are designed to engage students with the material in a variety of ways.”

Nicole Smolter,
California State University Los Angeles

“This textbook is functional to both students and instructors. It is written well and easy to follow along with.  The best feature of this textbook is the instructor and student resources provided throughout each chapter. This promotes student learning and development. I had nothing but success using this textbook and will continue to use it for my upcoming courses.”

José Rosales
El Camino College

Please send the book request to my school address and not the Heath court address

Mr Anthony McBride
Law Enforce/Justice Adm Dept, Western Illinois Univ- Quad Cities
September 19, 2019
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • A new chapter on immigration detention centers (Chapter 10) explores a timely topic and illuminates the connection between corrections and immigration detention.
  • Up-to-date statistics have been added to the tables and figures to provide a timely snapshot of the current status of corrections.
  • New topics including medical care in jails, probation, compassionate prison design, female drug offenders, the effects of realignment in California, the treatment of HIV/AIDS in prisons, the use of re-entry councils, and updated court decisions and controversies around the death penalty have been added.
  • New feature boxes covering topics on hunger strikes in Israeli prisons, the classification process for violent offenders, white supremacist prison gang members, prison riots in Brazil, and MS-13 gang activity in prisons have been added to select chapters.
  • Coverage of new technology in corrections, including RFID in correctional settings, the use of drones in prison security, and easy-to-smuggle contraband is now included.

KEY FEATURES: 

  • Balanced coverage of research and practice offers students a comprehensive view of the field and evidence-based practices as they prepare for a career in corrections and/or the criminal justice system.
  • Assessment and classification from both institutional and community corrections perspectives offer students a well-rounded understanding of the field of corrections. 
  • Exclusive Prison Tour and Inmate videos provide a view into the daily operations of the correctional facilities at Angola State Penitentiary and Richwood Correctional Center with commentary from correctional staff.
  • Engaging chapter-opening vignettes highlight important issues in corrections and allow students to understand the challenges corrections practitioners face each day.
  • Various issues associated with specialized offender typologies help students understand a variety of offenders they will encounter in the field, such as female offenders, geriatric offenders, mentally ill offenders, gang offenders, and others.
  • Technology and Equipment boxes offer solid coverage of modern technology and equipment used in corrections and expose students to the benefits of technology, such as the use of electronic surveillance systems, locking systems, and other advanced equipment.
  • What Would You Do? assignments at the close of each chapter provide students with an opportunity to engage critically with the material.
  • Corrections and the Law sections highlight legal considerations in each chapter and demonstrate how the field of corrections is continuously changing.
  • Cross-National Perspectives boxed features help students develop a global mindset using issues as they are addressed in nations around the world.
  • Applied Theory inserts bridge the connection between criminological theory and the actual daily operations of correctional facilities, highlight issues specific to the chapter from a theoretical perspective.
  • Focus Topic boxes delve into key topics in corrections by adding depth and detail, ensuring that the material reinforces the learning objectives for each chapter.
 

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