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AADE in Practice

AADE in Practice

Published in Association with American Association of Diabetes Educators

Teresa L. Pearson, MS, RN, CDE, FAADE Innovative Health Care Designs

Other Titles in:
Diabetes | Nutrition & Dietetics

eISSN: 23251611 | ISSN: 23251603 | Current volume: 7 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Bi-monthly

AADE in Practice, an official publication of the American Association of Di­abetes Educators (AADE), is a bi-monthly, peer-reviewed practice journal that combines the heart, art and science of diabetes self-management education. Intended to inspire, inform and empower AADE members and diabetes educators in the field, AADE in Practice publishes practical tools and strategies that directly apply current research and best practices.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

AADE in Practice, an official publication of the American Association of Di­abetes Educators (AADE), is a bi-monthly, peer-reviewed practice journal that combines the heart, art and science of diabetes self-management education. Intended to inspire, inform and empower AADE members and diabetes educators in the field, AADE in Practice publishes practical tools and strategies that directly apply current research and best practices.


Teresa L. Pearson, MS, RN, CDE, FAADE Innovative Health Care Designs
Associate Editor
Department Editors
Advisory Committee
Sandra Bollinger  
Kim Coy DeCoste, MSN, RN, CDE, MLDE, FAADE Madison County Dept of Health Richmond, KY, USA
Don Kain, MA, RD, LD, CDE Oregon Health & Science University, USA
Carol Manchester, MSN, ACNS, BC-ADM, CDE University of Minnesota Medical Center, USA
Kate Mann, PharmD Principal, Medical Writer/Medical Director, Baltimore, MD, USA
David Randal, PsyD, LP, CDE Northridge Dr. North Mankato, MN, USA
Kellie Rodriguez  
Marc Steinberg, MD, FAAP TheGroup4QualityCare, LLC, USA
Curtis Triplitt, PharmD, CDE Texas Diabetes Institute, USA
Jill Weisenberger, MS, RD, CDE Jill Weisenberger Health Communications, LLC Yorktown, VA, USA
President Elect
Immediate Past President
Corporate Secretary/CEO
Charles Macfarlane, FACHE, CAE AADE, CEO, Chicago, IL, USA
Ex Officio Members
Lisa Hodgson, RD, CDN, CDE Member Affiliates Liaison
  • ProQuest
  • Please submit manuscripts electronically in the SAGE Track system at Authors will be required to set up an online account.

    Authors may submit questions to the editorial office at the following address:

    Teresa L. Pearson, MS, RN, CDE, FAADE
    AADE in Practice
    Innovative Health Care Designs
    Minneapolis, MN

    1. About the Publication
    2. Article Categories
      2.1 Departments
      2.2 Features
      2.3 Reflections
      2.4 Practice Pearls
      2.5 Patient Stories
    3. Manuscript Preparation
      3.1 References
      3.2 Figures
      3.3 Permissions
      3.4 Conflict of Interest
    4. Publication Ethics
      4.1 Research Ethics and Patient Consent
      4.2 Plagiarism
      4.3 Prior Publication
    5. Notes on Writing Style
    6. Notes on Terminology

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    1. About the Publication

    AADE in Practice combines the heart, the art and the science of diabetes education. Its purpose is to inspire, inform and empower diabetes educators. Its aim is to be the preferred and trusted resource for practical tools and strategies that directly apply current research and best practices in diabetes education. AADE in Practice accepts only original, unpublished manuscripts that are not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts cannot have appeared in any print or electronic media.

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,

    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,

    (iii) Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    All authors must sign a contributor agreement granting exclusive publication rights to the American Association of Diabetes Educators. Published articles will appear in print in AADE in Practice and on the AADE in Practice website. All published content becomes the property of AADE in Practice. Articles may not be reproduced or used in any form without written permission of the publisher, SAGE Publications. Authors will receive credit whenever articles are permitted to be reproduced or used. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    AADE in Practice requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from anfunding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    It is the policy of AADE in Practice to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.

    AADE in Practice adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers.

    Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

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    2. Article Categories

    We look for the voice of experience and for articles that will help our readers in their everyday practice. We invite you to submit articles in any of the following categories.

    2.1 Departments

    Articles must relate directly to the theme of the department it’s submitted for and offer readers concrete, practical advice and direction for incorporating best practices and principles of diabetes education into their day-to-day activities. Department articles average 1000 - 1500 words.

    Departments include:

    • Capsules: This department provides insights on issues related to the clinical management of diabetes and pre-diabetes including updates on new and current therapies and pharmaceuticals, blood glucose monitoring and delivery devices and their implementation in providing best-practice care, as well as strategies for improving patient adherence.
    • Food for Thought: This department provides updates on nutrition and lifestyle issues related to diabetes and pre-diabetes, including meal planning, weight management and physical activity, plus strategies for optimizing nutritional education.
    • Mind Sights: This department explores the psychosocial aspects of diabetes education including counseling, mind/body connections and strategies for facilitating behavior change.

    2.2 Features

    These articles are in-depth explorations of a variety of topics of interest to the diabetes educator. Case studies are welcome. The focus is on practical strategies for applying best practices, along with implementation examples or illustrations and the results. Tell us about your own experiences, challenges and successes. Feature submissions should average 1500 – 2000 words.

    The following are examples of topic categories for Feature articles:

    • Innovative diabetes programs: Many of you are trying new and different strategies to deliver diabetes education and to increase access to your programs. Tell us about something unique about your program that has really worked for you.
    • Continuous quality improvement: We all know CQI is a necessary component of patient care and program management. Tell us how you have used CQI to examine your practice’s effectiveness, efficiency and quality of care. Provide examples or case studies describing how you implemented your quality improvement process.
    • Business aspects of diabetes education: Tell us about your experiences with the business realities of our profession. Perhaps you have had particular success with reimbursement, marketing your practice or proving the worth of your program and the services of a diabetes educator. Tell us your story.
    • New roles for diabetes educators: We are in the midst of an ever-changing health care system as well as an increasingly virtual world. How have you adapted your role as a diabetes educator? Are you an entrepreneur? Are you part of a health care home? Have you added "lifestyle coach" to your role as a diabetes educator?
    • Translating research into practice: New research offers continuing opportunities to improve the practice of diabetes education and defend or prove its outcomes. Tell us about research you have conducted, including your experience and the outcomes, or about how you applied others’ research to your own practice and the results.
    • AADE7™ Self-Care Behaviors: The AADE7™ Self-Care Behaviors are fundamental to our work as diabetes educators. Focusing on one behavior — healthy eating, being active, monitoring, taking medication, problem solving, reducing risks or healthy coping — explain practical strategies you use to incorporate it into your work with patients. Tell us about your successes and challenges and your patients’ successes and challenges, along with how you use both to continue to improve your approach and outcomes.
    • Tools for improving practice: Diabetes educators are a creative and resourceful bunch. Many of us create or adapt innovative educational tools for patient and professional education. Share a tool you created, including what led you to create it, how you use it and your experiences with it. Or tell us about a tool that you adapted for use in your practice — perhaps even from another discipline.

    2.3 Reflections

    Reflections offers readers a creative outlet for expressing themselves related to any aspect of diabetes. This is a celebration of our wholeness — that we are not defined by our job and that we each have full lives. Bringing our whole selves to the table makes us better at our profession and can help prevent burnout.We encourage readers to submit stories, memoirs, poems, photographs, artwork, drawings, aphorisms and any other personal expression of their life or career experience. Submissions should be a maximum 600 words. 

    2.4 Practice Pearls

    Practice Pearls are short, timely, relevant tips, advice ideas or motivational messages for practicing diabetes educators. This might include a quick introduction to an educational tool, a brief how-to related to communicating a concept or demonstrating a self-care skill or anything else that is immediately accessible and quickly applicable in practice. Submissions should average 200-300 words.

    2.5 Patient Stories

    We all have interesting patients we like to talk about, without mentioning names of course. But sometimes our patients have a story to tell, too.We welcome stories from patients about their experience with diabetes, how diabetes has affected their lives and relationships, how they have achieved their dreams, what impact their diabetes educator has had on them, etc. Stories can be inspiring, provocative, controversial, informative, motivational or anything that may have a useful message for readers. Submissions should average 1000-1500 words. 

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    3. Manuscript Preparation

    Manuscripts must be submitted electronically in Microsoft Word format. AADE in Practice will not accept scanned documents, PDFs or hard copy manuscripts.

    Manuscripts must be in 12 pt Times New Roman, single spaced and include:

    • Title page containing the article title, author names with credentials and institutional affiliations including city and state
    • Complete mailing address, email and daytime telephone for lead author
    • Keywords
    • Body of Article
    • Reference list
    • List of figures with captions
    • Acknowledgment of financial or other support

    3.1 References

    A reference list limited to 3-5 references must be submitted with each Department or Feature article. Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of references listed. Include references for data, statistics and information that are not common knowledge. References should be no more than 4 years old.

    It is not necessary to use in-text annotations to cite references. Rather, include in-text narrative citations for specific articles, studies or statistics.

    For example:

    • According to an article by researchers at Harvard Medical School…
    • The study, led by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention…
    • In her 2006 US Endocrine Disease report, "Investigating Inhaled Insulin," Virginia Zamudio asserts...

    Material that has been accepted for publication but not yet published may be cited in the reference list with the journal name followed by "In press." Unpublished material may not be cited. Electronic forms of documents may be included in the reference list and should be cited according to the style for each type of electronic source. 

    Please refer to the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" or the American Medical Association Manual of Style for proper reference format. 

    Here are examples of common reference types: 

    Journal Article Published in Print 

    1. Crews DW, Gartska WR, Meyer B, et al. The physiology of the garter snake: An analysis. Sci Am. 1981;245:158-159. 
    2. Crews DW, Gartska WR, Meyer B, et al. The physiology of the garter snake: An analysis. 1981;245:158-159. 
    3. Armstrong DD. Rett syndrome neuropathology review [published online ahead of print May 3, 2001]. Brain Dev. doi:10.1002/CD1023. 


    1. Voet D, Voet JG. The Science of Biochemistry. 3rd ed. New York, NY: J Wiley; 1990. 
    2. Voet D, Voet JG. . 3rd ed. New York, NY: J Wiley; 1990. 

    Chapter in a Book 

    1. Kuret JA, Murad F. Adenohypophyseal hormones. In: Gilman AG, Taylor P, eds. The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 8th ed. Orlando, Fla: Grune & Stratton; 1976: 1334-1360. 
    2. Kuret JA, Murad F. Adenohypophyseal hormones. In: Gilman AG, Taylor P, eds. . 8th ed. Orlando, Fla: Grune & Stratton; 1976: 1334-1360. 

    Paper Presented at a Conference 

    1. Eisenberg J. Market forces and physician workforce reform: why they may not work. Paper presented at: Annual Meeting of the Association of American Medical Colleges; October 28, 1995; Washington, DC. 
    2. Eisenberg J. Market forces and physician workforce reform: why they may not work. Paper presented at: Annual Meeting of the Association of American Medical Colleges; October 28, 1995; Washington, DC. 

    Online Journals With and Without Volume and Page Info 

    1. Blackburn TA. Updating autologous chondrocyte implantation knee rehabilitation. Orthopedic Tech Review [serial online]. 2003;5:30-33. Accessed January 7, 2005. 
    2. Blackburn TA. Updating autologous chondrocyte implantation knee rehabilitation. [serial online]. 2003;5:30-33. Accessed January 7, 2005. 
    3. Harrison CL, Schmidt PQ, Jones JD. Aspirin compared with acetaminophen for relief of headache. J Curr Clin Trials. 2000; doc 1. http:/ 1992/d1. Published January 2, 1992. Accessed October 2, 2009. 

    Website FDA Resources Page

    1. Food and Drug Administration Web site. Accessed June 23, 2000.

    3.2 Figures

    Figures include charts, graphs, maps, photographs, illustrations and line art. Number figures consecutively in the order they appear in the article (e.g., Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Indicate placement of figures in the manuscript with the appropriate designation in parentheses (e.g., Figure 1) following the relevant content. Include a list of figures with a brief caption for each at the end of the document. Acceptable figures must be received before manuscripts can proceed to production.

    Submit each figure as a separate file. The file name should include the lead author’s name and the figure number (e.g., Smith Figure 1). Acceptable file formats include TIF, EPS, JPG or Microsoft PowerPoint. Images should be at least 300 dots per inch (dpi). Zip files and figures embedded within manuscripts will not be accepted. 

    3.3 Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining written permissions for any copyrighted figures or non-original material (quotations exceeding 100 words) used in their manuscripts. Permissions must be received before manuscripts can proceed to production.

    Appropriate acknowledgement of the original source of copyrighted material must be included in the manuscript. No article will be accepted as a submission to AADE in Practice without all required permissions. 

    3.4 Conflict of Interest

    Authors are responsible for disclosing any financial association or commercial interest in a product or service featured in their manuscripts, as well as the source of any financial or material support received. The editor reserves the right to reject a manuscript based on conflict of interest.

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    4. Publication Ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    4.1 Research Ethics and Patient Consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.

    4.2 Plagiarism

    AADE in Practice and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    4.3 Prior Publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given above.

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    5. Notes on Writing Style

    • Write as if you're talking to the reader. Keep it informal and easy to read and relate to.
    • Avoid the passive voice. Use active verbs indicating who is doing what. For example, say "inspect the foot" instead of saying "the foot is inspected."
    • Avoid heavy academic or unnecessarily dense clinical language.
    • Be specific and give examples for each important point you make. Instead of saying "look for signs of pressure," specify what signs to look for.
    • Keep your topic focused. It’s better to explore a narrow topic in-depth than to cover a broad topic at a high level. For example, focus on a specific aspect of gestational diabetes rather than writing in general about diabetes in pregnancy.
    • Write from your experience. Readers need to know you've "been there," so give practical advice based on your own experience. If possible, use case studies based on real patients you've cared for. Change the names and identifiable details to protect patient anonymity.
    • Use nonsexist language.
    • Spell out abbreviations and acronyms at first mention followed by the abbreviation in parentheses. Limit the overall use of abbreviations.
    • Use generic, nonproprietary names for medications and devices. At first mention, state the generic name followed in parentheses by the trade name with the appropriate symbol (® or ™) and the manufacturer’s name, city and state.

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    6. Notes on Terminology

    • Avoid use of the term "diabetic." Use "individual with diabetes," "patient with diabetes" or "complications of diabetes."
    • Use "type 1 diabetes" and "type 2 diabetes," Do not use IDDM or NIDDM.
    • Use "blood glucose monitoring," not blood sugar monitoring."
    • Use "blood glucose check," not "blood glucose test."
    • Use "blood glucose," not "blood sugar."
    • Use "A1C," not "A1c."
    • Unless describing research subjects, avoid the term "non-compliant.

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