Creating and interpreting clear and precise sonographic images is both an art and a science. Every other month, the peer-reviewed Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography (JDMS) will provide the latest research and information on diagnostic techniques and interpretation methods, thought-provoking case studies, practical research applications, and advances in technology and equipment, in a variety of specialty areas, including:
- Obstetrics and gynecology
- Vascular technology
- Adult, pediatric and fetal echocardiography
- Pediatric sonography
- Breast sonography
Regularly reading the Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography will help you to stay informed in the use of ultrasound for diagnosis, intervention, and other clinical applications, which will help ensure accurate patient diagnoses. From students through experienced sonographers, the Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography will challenge you to keep your professional skills sharp and maintain your sonography credential through included CME Post-Tests.
The Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography also includes Symposia (related to education, policy, technology, or professional issues), Editorials, Society news, and listings of professional services.
This peer-reviewed journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The JDMS is dedicated to disseminating evidence-based discoveries and clinical best practices to the sonography and medical communities.
The JDMS will be the leading educational and scientific resource for advancing the use of sonography in clinical practice and research.
The Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography (JDMS) is the official journal of the Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography and publishes peer-reviewed manuscripts aimed at the translational use of ultrasound for diagnosis, intervention, and other clinical applications. The JDMS provides research, clinical, and educational content for all specialties including but not limited to abdominal, women’s health, pediatric, cardiovascular, and musculoskeletal sonography. The journal’s scope may also include research on instrumentation, physics, ergonomics, technical advancements, education, and professional issues in the field of sonography. Types of submissions accepted by the JDMS are Original Research, Literature Review, Case Studies, Symposia (related to education, policy, technology, or professional issues), and Letters to the Editor.
For inquiries related to the scope and for interest in submitting an article to the Symposia category, please contact the JDMS Editorial Office.
|Kevin D. Evans, PhD, RT(R)(M)(BD), RDMS, RVS, FSDMS, FAIUM||The Ohio State University, USA|
|Dora D. Diacinto, MED, RDMS, RDCS||University of Oklahoma, USA|
|Joy Guthrie, PhD, ACS, RDMS, RDCS, RVT, RCS, RCCS, RVS, FSDMS||Community Regional Medical Center, USA|
|Shawn C. Roll, PhD, RMSKS, FAOTA, OTR/L, FAIUM||University of Southern California, USA|
|Angela N. Butwin, MS, RT(R), RDMS||The Ohio State University, USA|
|Sharlette Anderson, MHS, RDMS, RVT, RDCS||University of Missouri; SSM St. Mary's Hospital in Jefferson City, USA|
|Laurinda Andrist, MBA, FSDMS||Consultant, Eugene, Oregon, USA|
|Amanda Auckland, BS, RT(R), RDMS, RVT, RDCS||University of Colorado Hospital, USA|
|Catherine Babiak MEd, RDMS, CRGS, RT(R), FAIUM||Michener Institute of Education, Canada|
|Jennifer Bagley, MPH, RDMS, RVT||The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, USA|
|Tara Bartholomay, MS, RT(R), RDMS, RVT||Mid Dakota Clinic - Bismarck, USA|
|Jim Baun, BS, RDMS, RVT, FSDMS||Mindray Innovation Center, USA|
|Phillip J. Bendick, PhD, RVT, FSDMS||Consultant, Vass, North Carolina, USA|
|Teresa Bieker, MBA, RT, RDMS, RDCS, RVT, FAIUM||University of Colorado Hospital, USA|
|Karen S. Bubb, RT(R), RVT, RDMS||Oklahoma State University, USA|
|Derek C. Butler, BS, RVT, RDMS, RDCS, RT||Anna Jaques Hospital, USA|
|Renee Cheung, BHS, RDMS, RVT||Johns Hopkins Medicine, USA|
|Douglas Clem, PhD, EdS, RDCS, RVT||University of Missouri, USA|
|Reva Arnez Curry, PhD, RT(R), RDMS, FSDMS||Delta College, USA|
|Stephanie Ellingson, MS, RT(R), RDMS, RDCS, RVT||University of Iowa, USA; SDMS Board of Directors Liaison|
|Leonardo Forzoni MS||Canon Medical Systems Europe, Italy|
|Hamad Ghazle, EdD, RDMS||Rochester Institute of Technology, USA|
|Jeffrey C. Hill, BSBA, ACS, RDCS, FASE||MCPHS University, USA|
|Eric Kalstrom MBA, ACS, RDCS, FASE||Baylor Scott & White Health, USA|
|Ann Marie Kupinski, PhD, RVT, RDMS, FSVU||North Country Vascular Diagnostics Inc., Albany, USA|
|Tony Y. Li RVT, RMSKS, CRGS, CRVS||Albany Medical Clinic, Canada|
|Joan C. Main, BS, MBA, RDCS, FASE||Consultant, Marlborough, Massachusetts, USA|
|Kimberly Michael, MA, RT(R), RDMS, RVT||University of Nebraska Medical Center, USA|
|Carol Mitchell, PhD, ACS, RT(R), RDMS, RDCS, RVT, FSDMS, FASE||University of Wisconsin - Madison, USA|
|Marsha M. Neumyer, BS, RVT, FSDMS, FSVU, FAIUM||Consultant, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA|
|Margaret M. Park, BS, ACS, RDCS, RVT, FASE||Cleveland Clinic Heart and Vascular Institute, USA|
|Heidi Perera, RT(R), RDMS, RVT, RDCS||Consultant, Rye, New York, USA|
|Catharine Scholl, MHS, RDMS, RVT||Nova Southeastern University - Tampa, USA|
|Britt C. Smyth, BA, RDMS, RDCS, RVT||University of Colorado Hospital, USA|
|Carolyn M. Sommerich, PhD, CPE||The Ohio State University, College of Medicine, USA|
|Neha Soni-Patel, BSME, RDCS||Cleveland Clinic Children's, USA|
|Jean Lea Spitz, MPH, RDMS, CAE, FSDMS||Perinatal Quality Foundation, USA|
|A. Nicole Stigall-Weikle||The Ohio State University, USA; JDMS Editorial Assistant|
|Kevin R. Volz, PhD, RVT||Medpace, Inc., USA|
|Kerry E. Weinberg, PhD, MA, MPA, RDMS, RDCS, RT(R), FSDMS||Long Island University, USA|
|Michelle Wilson, EdD, RDMS, RDCS, FSDMS||University of Wyoming; Kaiser Permanente, USA|
|Mulubrhan Woldemariam, BA, BS, RDMS, RVT||Veterans Health Administration, USA|
|Kathryn E. Zale, MS, RDMS, RVT||Chester County Hospital-Penn Medicine; Pennsylvania College of Health Sciences, USA|
|Phillip J. Bendick, PhD, RVT, FSDMS||Consultant, Vass, North Carolina, USA|
|S. Michelle Bierig, MPH, ACS, RDCS, RDMS, RCS, CPHQ, FSDMS, FASE||Lee Memorial Health System, Fort Myers, FL, USA|
|Jean Lea Spitz, MPH, RDMS, CAE, FSDMS||Perinatal Quality Foundation, USA|
|Dale Cyr, MBA, CAE, RDMS, RDCS, FSDMS||Consultant, Inteleos, USA|
|Julia A. Drose, BA, RDMS, RDCS, RT, FSDMS, FAIUM||University of Colorado, USA|
|Mimi Berman-Sandler, PhD, RDMS||Consultant, New York, New York, USA|
The Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography (JDMS) is the official journal of the Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography. It is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes original research, review articles, and case reports pertinent to diagnostic medical sonography. The JDMS Author’s Manual and additional guides for authors are available at https://www.sdms.org/membership/jdms.
Please read the author guidelines, then submit your paper electronically at https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sdms-jdms. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
JDMS is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.
It is recommended that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of JDMS will be reviewed.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that JDMS may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.
If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.
Before submitting your manuscript to JDMS, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.
A case study paper allows the sonographer to draw on the knowledge and skills that they use daily. Unusual or rare pathologies are interesting to the journal, but an unusual presentation of a common pathology may also be of interest.
A literature review article summarizes the pertinent research findings that have been reported in textbooks and journal articles. It provides a basic description of the topic being reviewed as well as current findings and theories. The value of review articles is their synthesis of the most current information.
An original research project is an extensive project that uses scientific methods to support the findings. The project begins by asking a research question or stating a hypothesis. Topics for original research may stem from a trend you have noticed and you want to learn if your observation is real or just a coincidence.
Symposia include “Energizing Education,” “Professional Issues,” “Policy,” and “Advances in Technology.” The editors will work with authors interested in these areas.
The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.
For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online
JDMS is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for JDMS can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.
The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
(i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
(ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
(iii) Approved the version to be published.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.
Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.
2.3.1 Third party submissions
Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:
• Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
• Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
• Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.
Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.
JDMS requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal requests that you confirm to us, in writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants
For case reports:
In terms of patient privacy, authors are required to follow the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants. Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published.
All research submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors
JDMS conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives
At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, The Journal encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.
JDMS requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor(s) may also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at email@example.com.
SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway
JDMS and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway
JDMS offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
Before submitting your manuscript through SAGETrack, please refer to the JDMS Author Manual and make certain that it satisfies all of the listed requirements and contains the following components:
Title page including title of the paper, names of all authors and their hospital or work affiliation(s), address for correspondence, phone number, email address, and any included acknowledgements
Digital copy of the main document, including
Abstract of approximately 150 words
Three to five keywords
Main body of 3000+ words that conforms to AMA style
References, in AMA format, are numbered consecutively and all references are cited in the text
Tables are editable and summarized at the end of the main document
Figures are numbered, cited, and either properly embedded within the main document or uploaded as separate files
Table and figure legends are summarized on the final page of the main document
Figures, images, and tables (if applicable)
Uploaded separately in digital format or embedded within the main document
At least 300 dpi in resolution
No identifiable health information (patient names, time/date stamps, hospital name, etc.)
Labels or arrows to identify structures embedded within the image
Caption for each figure and or table is provided
Written permission to use previously published figures, tables, or text if required. A standard Request for Permission to Reprint is available on the SDMS website at http://www.sdms.org/jdms.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files
JDMS follows the American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style. The following style points can serve as a general guide.
1. Most common prefixes and common suffixes should be joined without a hyphen. (Example: postembryonic, intrapelvic, preoperative)
2. Abbreviated terms should be spelled out the first time they are used. Latin terms such as e.g., i.e., et al., and etc. should be abbreviated with periods and set in Roman type.
3. Follow recommended style for abbreviations of units of measure, with the exception of liters, Gauss, and Tesla. (Liters should be spelled out in text except when used in virgule constructions.) Some of the more common abbreviations are as follows: C, cc, cm, g, kHz, MHz, mm, mmHg.
4. Omit the suffix "-al" in adjectives unless its absence changes the meaning of the word. (Example: acoustic, anatomic, neurologic, obstetric, theoretic)
5. Spell out and italicize genus and species at first mention (Example: Escherichia coli, Treponema pallidum). After the first mention, abbreviate genus name without a period (Example: E coli, T pallidum).
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
JDMS is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sdms-jdms to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.
Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.
SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the JDMS editorial office as follows:
JDMS administrative office at +1 800-229-9506 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.
If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at email@example.com
For a PDF of the submission guidelines, click here.
Please be sure to read our Conflicts of Interest Policy before submitting.