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Journal of Humanistic Psychology

Journal of Humanistic Psychology

Published in Cooperation with the Association for Humanistic Psychology

eISSN: 1552650X | ISSN: 00221678 | Current volume: 64 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: Bi-monthly

The Journal of Humanistic Psychology is an interdisciplinary forum for contributions, controversies and diverse statements pertaining to humanistic psychology. It addresses personal growth, interpersonal encounters, social problems and philosophical issues.

An international journal of human potential, self-actualization, the search for meaning and social change, the Journal of Humanistic Psychology was founded by Abraham Maslow and Anthony Sutich in 1961. It is the official journal of the Association for Humanistic Psychology, and maintains a close connection with the Saybrook Institute where Thomas Greening, JHP's former editor, is a member of the faculty. You can visit the Saybrook Institute's web site at

Expand Your Horizons

The articles and features in JHP bring you the best of current scholarship covering a wide range of topics, such as: Authenticity • Community-building • Confluent education • Consciousness • Creativity • Existential psychotherapy • Holistic healing and learning • Humanistic politics • Humanistic psychotherapy • Human science research • Identity • I-Thou encounters • Love • Peace and mediation • Personal Growth • Self-actualization • Self-transcendence • Spiritual development • Synergy • Values

A Multifaceted View of the Field

The Journal of Humanistic Psychology explores the many facets of humanistic psychology through a variety of features, including experiential reports, analyses of contemporary culture, theoretical papers, personal essays, poetry, research studies emphasizing human scientific methods, and applications of humanistic psychology.

Easty-to-Use Annual Index

For fast, easy reference, the last issue of each volume of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology includes an index of articles and authors.

Influential Scholars

Notable contributors to the Journal of Humanistic Psychology have included James F T Bugental, Abraham Maslow, Rollo May, Carl Rogers, Clark Moustakas, Huston Smith, Brewster Smith, Ken Wilber, Kirk Schneider, Louise Sundararjan, Ilene Serlin, Louis Hoffman and Brent Dean Robbins. 

Thematic Issues and Sections

The Journal of Humanistic Psychology occasionally supplements its broad coverage with in-depth studies of topics of particular interest. Recent Special Issues and Special Sections include: International Developments in Humanistic Psychology • In Honor of Jim Bugental • Rollo May • Carl Rogers-The Man and His Ideas • Dialogue • Trauma and Transcendence • Leary, Drugs, Learning and Reality • The Growing Edge in Humanistic and Experiential Therapies

Special Issue on William James and the Humanistic Revolution: Scholars Look Back and Ahead a Century After His Death (September 2010)

William James, the preeminent philosopher and psychologist, played a founding and fostering role for the humanistic-transpersonal vision within psychology, as well as many other specialties within psychology. The September 2010 issue of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology celebrates the centennial of James’ ground-breaking insights and reexamines his continuing influence on issues in contemporary psychology. Articles assess topics such as measuring the effectiveness of therapy, addiction recovery through programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous; the complexity and essential spirit of humanity, and the relevance of James’s pluralism, pragmatism, and radical empiricism for the neurosciences. This important issue is a must-read for everyone interested in the foundations of science!

The Journal of Humanistic Psychology publishes experiential reports, theoretical papers, personal essays, research studies with an emphasis on human science methods, applications of humanistic psychology, humanistic analyses of contemporary culture, and occasional poems. Topics of special interest are authenticity, identity, personal growth, self-actualization, self-transcendence, I-Thou encounters, existential and humanistic psychotherapy, community building, humanistic politics, synergy, creativity, holistic learning and healing, values, and love. The journal is a forum for diverse statements about humanistic psychology, including criticisms.

Sarah R. Kamens SUNY College at Old Westbury, USA
Past Editors
Thomas Greening Psychological Services Association
Abraham Maslow  
Shawn Rubin Private Practice, Fairfax VA, USA
Kirk J. Schnieder Vice President, Existential-Humanistic Institute; Adjunct Faculty, Saybrook University and the Columbia University, Teachers College, USA
Anthony Sutich  
Miles A. Vich  
Senior International Editor
Louis Hoffman Rocky Mountain Humanistic Counseling and Psychological Association
Senior Consulting Editor
Shawn Rubin Private Practice, Fairfax VA, USA
Consulting Editor
Scott Churchill University of Dallas, USA
Senior Research Editor
Douglas MacDonald University of Detroit - Mercy, USA
Senior Expert-by-Experience Editor
Ronald Bassman MindFreedom International, USA
Claire R. Chang Private Practice, Australia
Senior Psychotherapy Editor
Pratyusha Tummala-Narra The Albert and Jessie Danielsen Institute and Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Boston University
Senior Cultural Equity Editor
Theopia Jackson Saybrook University, USA
Cultural Equity Editor
Tabitha Moore Evolution Consulting, LLC
Sonasha Braxton RefugePoint & Sekhmet International Consulting, USA
Senior Associate Editor
Kirk J. Schnieder Vice President, Existential-Humanistic Institute; Adjunct Faculty, Saybrook University and the Columbia University, Teachers College, USA
Associate Editors
Andrew M. Bland Millersville University, USA
Edward Hoffman Yeshiva University, New York, USA
Sarah Kass  
Kevin Keenan  
International Editor
Niveen Rizkalla University of California Berkeley, USA
Editorial Board
Alexandra Adame Seattle University, USA
Will W. Adams Duquesne University, USA
Marc Applebaum Saybrook University, USA
Kyle Arnold Coney Island Hospital, USA
Gina Belton Saybrook University & Redwood Palliative Psychology, USA
Anthony P. Bossis NYU School of Medicine, USA
Ken Bradford  
Fanny Brewster Pacifica Graduate Institute and the Philadelphia Association of Jungian Analysts, USA
Sara K. Bridges The University of Memphis, USA
Vanessa Brown  
Shannon Chávez-Korell Wayne State University, USA
Roxanne Christensen Aloe Integrative Psychology Group; Oakland University, USA
Allan Combs  
Michael W. Cornwall Esalen Institute, USA
Erik Craig Private Practice, Santa Fe, New Mexico
Eugene M. DeRobertis Brookdale College, USA
Stephen Diamond  
Todd DuBose The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, USA
Susi Ferrarello Saybrook University, USA
Zeno Franco Department of Family & Community Medicine, Center for Healthy Communities & Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, USA
Kathleen Galvin  
Arthur Giacalone Institute of Contemplative Studies
Nathaniel Granger Saybrook University and Pikes Peak Community College
Nisha Gupta University of West Georgia, USA
Ben Cooley Hall Bridgewater State Hospital, USA
Steen Halling Seattle University, USA
Ed Hoffman Yeshiva University, New York, USA
Bojun Hu United Family Hospital, China & Taos Institute, USA
Meba Alphonse Kanda University of South Africa, Centre for Applied Psychology, South Africa
Justin Michael Karter University of Massachusetts Boston, USA
Betz King King & Associates, Farmington Hills, MI, USA
Robert Kramer Eötvös Loránd University of Budapest, Hungary
Stanley Krippner California Institute of Integral Studies, USA
Bia Labate CIEASAS Occidente, Mexico
Larry M. Leitner  
Amanda Lowe Mercy Behavioral Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Edward Mendelowitz  
Zenobia Morrill University of Massachusetts Boston, USA
Shoji Muramoto  
Wade W. Nobles, Ifagbemi Sangodare, Nana Kwaku Berko I, Bejana, Onebunne San Francisco State University, Association of Black Psychologists, Institute for the Advanced Study of Black Family Life and Culture, USA
Bradley D. Olson National Louis University - Chicago, USA
Nadika Paranamana University of Hartford and Yale School of Medicine – Department of Psychiatry, USA
Anthony J. Pavlo Yale University, USA
Elizabeth Pienkos Clarkson University, USA
Jonathan D. Raskin SUNY New Paltz
Donadrian Rice University of West Georgia, USA
Ruth Richards Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center, USA
Brent D. Robbins Point Park University, USA
Donna Rockwell Saybrook University, USA
Robert D. Romanyshyn Pacifica Graduate Institute (Emeritus), USA/France
Judy Roth CUNY School of Medicine/The City College, USA
Derrick Sebree Michigan School of Psychology, USA
Ilene Serlin Union Street Health Associates
Drake Spaeth Saybrook University, USA
David St. John Michigan School of Professional Psychology
Louise Sundararajan  
Rochelle V. Suri ISPS
Thomas Teo York University, Canada
Mary Watkins Pacifica Graduate Institute, USA
Frederick J. Wertz Fordham University, USA
Paul Wong Independent Practice
Wang Xuefu Zhi Mian Insitute for Psychotherapy
Oksana Yakushko Pacifica Graduate Institute, USA
Mark Yang Zhi Mian International Institute of Existential-Humanistic Psychology
Distinguished Past Board Members
Walter Truett Anderson Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center; NTL Institute, USA
Arthur Bohart California State University, Dominquez Hills, USA
David J. Cain Private Practice, USA
Eleanor Criswell Sonoma State University, USA
David Elkins Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA
Carroy Ferguson  
Constance T. Fischer Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Harris Friedman University of Florida, USA
Amedeo Giorgi Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center, USA
Stanislav Grof Esalen Institute, USA
Althea Horner Pasadena, CA, USA
Alfried Längle Higher School of Economics, Dept. of Psychology, Moscow, Russia
Rabbi Michael Lerner  
David A. Levy  
David Lukoff Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center; NTL Institute, USA
Michael Murphy Esalen Institute, USA
Maureen O'Hara National University, La Jolla, CA, USA
J. Fraser Pierson Southern Oregon University, USA
John Rowan Private Practice
David Ryback  
Huston Smith Fordham University, USA
Stephan Tobin Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ken Wilber Boulder, Colorado, USA
Deceased Editors
Joe K. Adams  
Andras Angyal  
Heinz Ansbacher University of Vermont, USA
Mike M. Arons West Georgia State University, USA
Myron M. Arons  
Roberto Assagioli  
David Bakan York University, Canada
James F. T. Bugental Stanford University School of Medicine, USA
Jim Bugental  
Charlotte Buhler  
Hadley Cantril  
Haridas Chaudhuri  
Arne Collen Saybrook Graduate School, USA
Arthur Deikman School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Miraj U. Desai Yale University School of Medicine, USA
Viktor Frankl  
Willard Frick  
Maurice Friedman San Diego State University, California
Kurt Goldstein  
Willis Harman  
Robert Hartman  
Aldous Huxley  
Sidney Jourard  
Abraham Kaplan  
Arthur Koestler  
George Leonard  
John L. Levy Mill Valley, CA, USA
Salvatore Maddi  
Alvin Mahrer University of Ottawa, Canada
Abraham Maslow  
Fred Massarik UCLA, USA
Rollo May  
Will Mcwhinney Enthusion Inc, Venice, CA, USA
Donald Michael  
Clark Moustakas Michigan School of Professional Psychology
Lewis Mumford  
Henry Murray  
Alan Nelson  
Donald Polkinghorne University of Southern California, USA
David L. Rennie York University, Canada
Carl Rogers  
Koji Sato  
Al Siebert  
M. Brewster Smith University of California-Santa Cruz, USA
E. Mark Stern Iona College, USA
Anthony Sutich  
Thomas Szasz State University of New York, Syracuse, NY, USA
Robert Tannenbaum  
Eugene Taylor Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center; NTL Institute, USA
Art Warmoth Sonoma State University, USA
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  • The Journal of Humanistic Psychology is a forum for diverse publications in the field of humanistic psychology.

    Manuscripts must be submitted electronically at, where you will be required to set up an online account on the Sage Track system powered by ScholarOne. Include a cover letter with address, e-mail, phone number, and fax number.

    Manuscript Preparation

    Authors are expected to follow the American Psychological Association (APA) Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS), which can be found at

    Authors are also expected to carefully review and follow the APA guidelines for inclusive language, which can be found at

    As per the guidelines, authors should use person-first and identity-first language throughout their manuscripts. Language should be inclusive with regards to age; disability status; race, ethnicity, and culture; sexual orientation and gender diversity; and socioeconomic status. 

    Authors are encouraged to reflexively consider their own positionality in relation to the manuscript topic.  Following the APA Guidelines on Race and Ethnicity in Psychology (, authors are encouraged to include a positionality statement that addresses the following questions: Why am I conducting this project? What roles do my values and worldview play in my selection of the topic or (for research) study design? Does the design or framing of my project reinforce negative stereotypes about racial and ethnic or other minority populations? What are the policy implications of my findings? Could my research be misinterpreted or misused to negatively affect underrepresented groups? If so, what is my responsibility for addressing this issue? 

    Articles representing original research studies should also contain specific descriptions of all available information concerning participant demographics, including information related to racial and ethnic identity, gender identity, sexual orientation, age, disability status, and socioeconomic status. When describing participant recruitment in the method section, authors should affirm that they worked to ensure diversity in participant recruitment. Constraints on the diversity and generalizability of the sample should be addressed in the limitations subsection of the discussion section. The years of data collection should be indicated in both the abstract and the method section.

    It is strongly recommended that manuscripts include references to scholarship and research conducted by authors from historically underrepresented groups.

    Manuscripts should be prepared using the APA Style Guide (Seventh Edition). All pages must be typed, double-spaced (including references, footnotes, and endnotes). Text must be in 12-point Times Roman. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Must include margins of 1inch on all the four sides and number all pages sequentially. Manuscripts should not exceed 15-25 double spaced pages.

    The manuscript should include four major sections(in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References. JHP conducts double-anonymous peer review. As such, the author's identifying information should only appear on the title page, which should be separate from the rest of the sections.

    Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, and (9) Appendices.

    1. Title page. Please include the following:

    • Full article title
    • Acknowledgments and credits
    • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
    • Grant numbers and/or funding information
    • Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

    2. Abstract. Print the abstract (150 to 250 words) on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.

    3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title. The maximum length is 25 pages, double spaced.

    a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, Level 4 heading should be Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, and Level 5 heading should be Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period.

    b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

    (i) Unknown Author: To cite worksthatdo not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Eg. The findings are based on the study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001)

    (ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Eg.(L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998)

    (iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation.Eg.Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…

    (iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews,and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list.Eg.(E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).

    (v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date").Eg. The study conducted by of students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).

    5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

    6. References. References should follow APA style (7th edition) formatting


    Book with place of publication--Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.


    Book with editors & edition--Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society. South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.


    Book with author & publisher are the same--MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Author.


    Chapter in an edited book--Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley& T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Malden, MA: Blackwell.



    Journal article with more than one author (print)--Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.


    Journal article – 8 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from


    Internet Sources:

    Internet – no author, no date--Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://


    Internet – Organisation / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from


    • Examples of various types of information sources:

    Act (statute / legislation)--Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from


    Blog post--Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Web log post]. Retrieved from


    Brochure / pamphlet (no author)--Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.


    Conference Paper--Williams, J., &Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.


    DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview&Youtube)--Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), &Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.


    Magazine--Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.


    Newspaper article (no author)--Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5


    Podcast (audio or video)--Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

    Software (including apps--UBM Medica.(2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software].Retrieved from


    Television programme--Flanagan, A., &Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors).(2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.


    Thesis (print)--Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.


    Thesis (online)--Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from


    Non-English reference book, title translated in English

    Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lenguaespanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nded.). Madrid, Spain: Author

    IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

    7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically.Eg.Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC). Headings should be clear and brief.

    8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.

    IMPORTANT: PERMISSION - The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in JHP . A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

    9. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”).Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.


    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    Authors who want to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider utilizing the services of SPi, a non-affiliated company that offers Professional Editing Services to authors of journal articles in the areas of science, technology, medicine or the social sciences. SPi specializes in editing and correcting English-language manuscripts written by authors with a primary language other than English. Visit for more information about SPi’s Professional Editing Services, pricing, and turn-around times, or to obtain a free quote or submit a manuscript for language polishing.

    Please be aware that Sage has no affiliation with SPi and makes no endorsement of the company. An author’s use of SPi’s services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and SPi, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

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