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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
An Integrative Approach

Third Edition
  • Elsie Jones-Smith - Diplomate in Counseling Psychology, American Board of Professional Psychology


February 2020 | 712 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
A step forward from the traditional textbook on counseling theories, Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: An Integrative Approach offers students a comprehensive overview of past and current approaches to psychotherapy and counseling, with a modern approach to theories of psychotherapy. An extensive array of mainstream theories, as well as contemporary approaches such as narrative, feminist, LGBT, and post-modern, are covered. Author Elsie Jones-Smith helps readers to construct their integrated approach to psychotherapy by learning how to develop a broad range of therapeutic expertise to meet the needs of a culturally diverse clientele. In addition to listing and describing theories, this text compares and contrasts them to show their strengths and weaknesses. The Third Edition includes a new chapter on trauma-informed counseling/psychotherapy and provides updated references, sections, and studies reflecting the latest developments within the helping professions.

FREE DIGITAL TOOLS INCLUDED WITH THIS TEXT

SAGE Edge gives instructors and students the edge they need to succeed with an array of teaching and learning tools in one easy-to-navigate website. Learn more: edge.sagepub.com/jones-smith3e

VIDEO DEMONSTRATIONS AVAILABLE WITH THIS TEXT:

INSTRUCTORS! Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy in Action Video Demonstrations are available to bundle with this text for only $15 more! In this rich video compilation, SAGE author Dr. David Hutchinson demonstrates a range of established and newer techniques as he helps a single client, Tyler, a mixed-race adolescent who is facing various challenges. 

Demonstrations include the following approaches:
  • Person-Centered
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Cognitive-Behavioral
  • Feminist
  • Existential
  • Multicultural
  • Strengths-Based
  • Neuroscience/Biological
Watch this sample clip discussing multicultural approaches to learn more.

Use Slimpack + Hardcover bundle ISBN: 978-1-0718-1997-5

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Chapter 1. Introduction: Journey Toward Theory Integration
Brief Overview

 
The Role of Theories of Psychotherapy

 
Integrative Psychotherapy: The Focus of This Book

 
Professional and Personal Issues for the Journey Toward Psychotherapy or Counseling Integration

 
Therapist Beliefs and Values: Relationship to Choosing a Theory

 
Ethical Issues in Starting Your Journey Toward Developing an Integrative Counseling Theory

 
Summary

 
 
PART I: THE FIRST FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: PSYCHOANALYSIS AND PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES
Psychology’s Indebtedness to Sigmund Freud

 
Some Distinctions Between Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Theories

 
Integration of Freudian Concepts: The Unconscious and Transference

 
New Forms of Psychoanalysis

 
 
Chapter 2. Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Theories
Brief Overview

 
Psychoanalytic Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Sigmund Freud

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
The Movement Toward Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy

 
Ego Psychology

 
Object Relations Theory

 
Self Psychology

 
Comparison and Contrast of Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Theories

 
Other Theorists and Therapy Approaches Considered Psychoanalytic

 
Brief Psychodynamic Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Carl Jung

 
Research and Evaluation of Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Approaches

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 3. Adlerian Psychotherapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Alfred Adler (1870–1937)

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART II: THE SECOND FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND COGNITIVE THERAPY
Definition of Behavior Therapy

 
The Three Waves of Behavior Therapy

 
 
Chapter 4. Behavior Therapy and Integrated Psychopharmacology
Brief Overview

 
Behavior Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Behavior Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Current Trends in Behavior Therapy

 
Applied Behavioral Analysis

 
Behavioral Activation: A Promising Treatment for Depression

 
The Behavior Activation Model and Treatment for Depression

 
Behavior Activation Techniques

 
Integrated Psychopharmacology

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 5. Cognitive Approaches to Psychotherapy
Brief Overview

 
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

 
Key Concepts of REBT

 
The Therapeutic Process and REBT

 
Social Modeling, Observational Learning, and Self-Efficacy

 
Cognitive Therapy and Depression

 
Key Concepts of Beck’s Cognitive Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Cognitive Neuroscience

 
The Third Wave in Behavior Therapy: Mindfulness Integrated Into Cognitive Behavioral Therapies (DBT, ACT, and MBCT)

 
Differences Between ACT, CBT, DBT, and MBCT

 
Research and Evaluation of CBTs

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 6. Reality/Choice Therapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: William Glasser (1925–2013)

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART III: THE THIRD FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: EXISTENTIAL AND HUMANISTIC THEORIES
The Existential and Humanistic Theories

 
The Existential Worldview

 
The Humanistic Worldview

 
Merger of Existentialism and Humanism

 
New Developments in Humanism: Motivational Interviewing, the Stages of Change Theory, Interpersonal Psychotherapy, and Emotion-Focused Therapy

 
Challenges Facing the Existential–Humanistic School

 
 
Chapter 7. Existential Therapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Rollo May (1904–1994): The First Major American Existentialist

 
Key Concepts of Existential Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Major Contributor: Viktor Frankl (1905–1997) and Logotherapy

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 8. Person-Centered Therapy and Interpersonal Psychotherapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Carl Rogers (1902–1987)

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 9. Gestalt Therapy and Emotion- Focused Therapy: Two Experiential Therapies
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Fritz Perls (1893–1970)

 
Philosophical Roots for Gestalt Therapy

 
Influence of Existentialism on Gestalt Therapy

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Emotion-Focused Therapy

 
Goals of EFT

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 10. Motivational Interviewing and the Stages of Change Theory
Brief Overview

 
Motivational Interviewing

 
Key Concepts of MI

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation of MI

 
The Transtheoretical Model of Change or the Stages of Change Theory

 
Key Concepts of the Transtheoretical Model of Change

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation of TTM

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 11. The Expressive Arts and Counseling
Brief Overview

 
Expressive Arts: A Human Tradition

 
Key Concepts

 
Three Expressive Arts Therapeutic Approaches

 
Art Therapy and Neuroscience

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART IV: THE FOURTH FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM AND POSTMODERNISM
Postmodernism and the Road to Social Constructivism

 
Differences Between Modern and Postmodern or Constructivist Psychotherapies

 
The Postmodern Psychotherapies

 
Outline of Chapters in Part IV

 
 
Chapter 12. Multicultural Counseling: Theories and Practice
Brief Overview

 
Brief History and Overview of the Multicultural Movement

 
New 2017 APA Multicultural Guidelines

 
What Is Multicultural Counseling?

 
Multicultural Counseling: Two Emerging Theories

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Beginning the Cultural Competence Journey

 
The Culturally Competent Skill of Counselor Cultural Humility

 
Major Barriers to Culturally Competent Counseling or Therapy

 
Racial or Ethnic, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Bias: Major Barriers to Cultural Competence

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 13. Transcultural and International Approaches to Counseling and Psychotherapy: Bridges to Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East
Brief Overview

 
Commonalities Among Asian Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy

 
Japanese Approaches to Psychotherapy

 
Chinese Contributions to Psychotherapy: Mindfulness

 
Hindu Indian Approaches to Counseling and Psychotherapy

 
African Approaches to Healing and Psychotherapy: Nigeria

 
Arab Approaches to Psychotherapy

 
Research and Evaluation of Transcultural Psychotherapy

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 14. Feminist Therapy and LGBTQ Therapy
Feminist Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Feminist Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process in Feminist Therapy

 
Research and Evaluation in Feminist Therapy

 
Gay and Lesbian Therapy

 
Key Concepts of LGBTQ Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process in Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 15. Integrating Spiritual and Religious Issues During Psychotherapy
Brief Overview

 
Key Concepts in Spiritual and Religious Counseling

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 16. Solution-Focused Therapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributors: Insoo Kim Berg and Steve de Shazer

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 17. Narrative Therapy
Brief Overview

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 18. Strengths-Based Therapy
Introduction

 
Major Contributor: Elsie Jones-Smith

 
Key Concepts

 
The Neurobiology of Human Strengths Development

 
Strengths-Based Therapy and Mindsets

 
The Revised Strengths-Based Counseling Model

 
Strengths-Based Therapy: Overview of Phases

 
Strengths-Based Therapy Techniques

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 19. Family Therapy Approaches
Introduction

 
Multigenerational Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Multigenerational Family Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Case Illustration From a Bowenian Family Therapy Approach

 
Experiential Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Experiential Family Therapy

 
Case Illustration of the Experiential Approach to Family Therapy

 
Structural Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Structural Family Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Case Illustration of Structural Family Therapy

 
Strategic Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Strategic Family Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART V: THE FIFTH FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: NEUROSCIENCE AND THEORIES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY
Introduction

 
The Promise of Neuroscience

 
Criteria for Neuroscience to Be the Fifth Force in Psychotherapy

 
 
Chapter 20. Neuroscience, Interpersonal Neurobiology, and Trauma-Informed Counseling
Introduction

 
Major Contributors

 
Toward a Theoretical Framework for Neuropsychotherapy

 
Key Concepts of Neuroscience

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Recent Brain-Based Therapies: Interpersonal Neurobiology, Neurocounseling, Trauma-Informed Counseling, and Coherence Therapy

 
Neuroscience and the DSM–5

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 21. Integrative Psychotherapy: Constructing Your Own Integrative Approach to Therapy
Introduction

 
Pathways to Psychotherapy Integration

 
Toward Developing Your Own Approach to Integrative Psychotherapy

 
Points of Psychotherapy Integration: Therapist Worldviews, Goals, Role of Therapist and Client, and Counseling Techniques

 
Worldviews of Theories of Psychotherapy

 
Key Concepts of Theories of Psychotherapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Top Five Ways to Determine Your Theoretical Orientation to Psychotherapy

 
Summary

 
 
References
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
SAGE Edge for instructors supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students with:
  • a password-protected site for complete and protected access to all text-specific instructor resources;  
  • test banks that provide a diverse range of ready-to-use options that save you time. You can also easily edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions;
  • editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course; and
  • an Instructor Resource Manual accompanying each chapter, with annotated bibliographies, web links, class exercises, and other additional resources to support learning.
Student Study Site
SAGE Edge for students enhances learning, it’s easy to use, and offers:
  • an open-access site that makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime;
  • eFlashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts;
  • eQuizzes that allow students to practice and assess how much they’ve learned and where they need to focus their attention;
  • a Form Library provides an intake form, observation forms, and interview form for use in client assessments;
  • the Theoretical Orientation Scale developed by the author of the text helps students determine their own counseling orientations; and
  • web links that facilitate student use of Internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.

Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy is more comprehensive than any other text I have seen. The inner reflections, supplementary aids, and case analysis provide ample opportunities for students to apply, synthesize, and analyze theoretical concepts.”

Lynn Boyd
Troy University

“There is inclusion of multiple techniques for each type of theory.”

Lesley L. Casarez
Angelo State University

“The chapters do a nice job of explaining key concepts.”

Danica Harris
Texas Woman’s University

Includes multicultural perspectives throughout.

Dr Deborah Wiese
Psychology Dept, Miami University-Oxford
March 4, 2020

Good information, easy for students to use

Miss Stephanie M Dixon
Continuing Education, Fayetteville Tech Cmty College
January 21, 2020
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • A new chapter on trauma-informed counseling/psychotherapy explores this area of counseling that has gained momentum and prominence since the 1980s.
  • Theories of psychotherapy are grouped under the headings of five major forces in psychology and psychotherapy:
    • 1. psychoanalytic and psychodynamic theories
    • 2. behavior and cognitive therapy theories
    • 3. existential-humanistic theories
    • 4. social constructivist, postmodern, and integrative approaches to therapy
    • 5. neuroscience and psychopharmacology
  • A new section on the “third-wave cognitive-behavioral therapies”—cognitive-behavioral theoretical approaches that have incorporated Eastern perspectives and mindfulness—is added.
  • Three new cognitive-behavioral approaches to psychotherapy are presented, including dialectical behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy.
  • Recent psychotherapy theories are introduced, including interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), emotion-focused therapy, interpersonal neurobiology, trauma-focused counseling, and neuroscience counseling.
  • Author Elsie Jones-Smith modifies Brooks-Harris’s model by adding five other dimensions, including spiritual, relational, strengths (internal and external), evidence-based research, and the change process.
  • Updated developments related to neuroscience include such areas as interpersonal psychotherapy, emotion-focused therapy, interpersonal neurobiology, neurocounseling, and trauma-informed counseling.
  • Part IV (The Fourth Force in Psychotherapy: Social Constructivism and Postmodernism) is highly responsive to CACREP standards and the need to include cultural diversity across the broad spectrum of counseling and psychology courses.
  • This new edition continues its strong emphasis on cultural diversity and includes a new section on cultural positives and cultural blind spots for each major psychotherapy presented.

KEY FEATURES:

  • In addition to traditional and social constructivist theories, this text takes a bold step and includes more contemporary approaches to psychotherapy, with individual chapters on spirituality and psychotherapy, strengths-based therapy, neuroscience and neuropsychotherapy, motivational interviewing, and the expressive arts therapies.
  • A strong focus of diversity is apparent throughout, exploring critical issues such as gay and lesbian identity development, counseling from a feminist perspective, Arab Muslim views on psychotherapy, Japanese and Chinese approaches to psychotherapy, and more.
  • A separate chapter on spirituality and psychotherapy provides a section on clinical assessment and questions to bring forth clients’ spiritual life—a major milestone in a counseling theory book.
  • Tables and charts throughout the book compare and contrast theories and clarify key concepts.
  • Brief biographies of each theorist’s life explore the impact of their life on the development of their approach to psychotherapy. The biographical descriptions provide engaging classroom discussions and reveal the personal side of theorists.
  • Extensive question and answer sections at the end of each chapter promote active involvement and reflection.
  • A collection of original videos demonstrating key concepts covered in the text is available to purchase with the text. 
 

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