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Tribal Development in India
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Tribal Development in India
The Contemporary Debate

First Edition
Edited by:

April 2006 | 332 pages | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd

Among India's 'people at the periphery' are its tribals. Development planning in India has attempted to foster their social and economic empowerment by focusing on food security, health, education, employment and income generation. Fifty years of such planning has, however, failed to narrow the gap between the tribals and the rest of the population, and has instead actually reinforced the unequal exchange between the two.

The thirteen seminal essays in this volume investigate the failure of the welfare model of development as applied to tribal India, and the consequent efforts by tribes to better their lot by seeking political autonomy and/or the restoration of traditional rights to natural resources—namely, water, forest and land. The book contains case studies of little-known movements such as Dalitism in Jharkhand and the Kamatpur movement in Bengal. Providing a compact yet comprehensive account of the tribal experience of development in India, the contributors examine all the major issues affecting India's tribal population, including:

  • The search for political autonomy;
  • The struggle against land alienation;
  • Rights to resources and decision-making;
  • The decline in traditional occupations;
  • Environment, ecology and sustainability;
  • Displacement caused by large infrastructure projects;
  • The impact of development schemes on gender relations; and
  • Globalization and the shift from isolation to integration.

Jean Dreze
Foreword
Govinda Chandra Rath
Introduction
 
PART ONE: APPROACHES TO TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT: A RE-EXAMINATION
Govinda Chandra Rath
Nehru and Elwin on Tribal Development
Constrasting Perspectives

 
R K Barik
Faulty Planning in a Tribal Region
The Dandakaranya Development Authority

 
Walter Fernandes
Development-Induced Displacement and Tribal Women
 
PART TWO: TRIBAL AUTONOMY MOVEMENTS AND THE ISSUES OF DEVELOPMENT
Sajal Basu
Ethno-Regionalism and Tribal Development
Problems and Challenges in Jharkhand

 
I Sarkar
The Kamatapur Movement
Towards a Separate State in North Bengal

 
 
PART THREE: STRUGGLES FOR RIGHTS TO RESOURCES
Kripa Shankar
Land Alienation among Tribals in Uttar Pradesh
Jos Chathukulam and M S John
Issues in Tribal Development
The Recent Experience of Kerala

 
Arun Kumar
From Landlessness to Ownership
The Tribal Struggle for Property Rights

 
Velayutham Saravanan
Economic Decline of Tribals in Tamil Nadu
1947-2000

 
 
PART FOUR: DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL OPPORTUNITIES
Indu Sahai, Pallavi Kunwar and Shilpi Srivastava
The Tolchha Bhotias
Development and Transhumance

 
P K Sahoo and B C Das
Primary Education in the Tribal Belt of Orissa
Motilal Mahamallik, Sunil Kumar Mishra and Minarva Dash
Health-Disease-Poverty Nexus among Tribals in Orissa
Keya Pandey and Shashi Bhatia
Ethnography of Development among the Car Nicobarese

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ISBN: 9780761934226
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