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Understanding Families
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Understanding Families
A Global Introduction



March 2012 | 264 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

Families are at the core of our society. Our experience of them affects many aspects of our everyday lives shaping our expectations and future plans.

Written by field experts this clear, engaging book adopts a global perspective to usefully examine how modern families can be explored and understood. Packed with critical pedagogy, including case-studies, think points, key words and a glossary, it guides students through topics such as relationships, sexualities and paid and unpaid work.

The book also:

  • Applies key social theories from classical sociological theory and contemporary analysis
  • Examines best practice for researching families and family life
  • Explores the role of government policies and practices

This comprehensive introduction to the study of families and relationships is a timely resource for students and lecturers working across the social sciences.


 
Introduction
Structures, Processes and Strategies

 
Family or Families?

 
Families in History

 
The Families We Live With, The Families We Live By

 
The Contents of the Book

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
PART ONE: INTRODUCING FAMILIES
 
Families and Relationships
Introduction

 
Families: A Constant State of Flux

 
Continuities and Presumptions

 
Structures: Identifying and Talking About Families

 
Defining Families 1: Common Characteristics

 
Defining Families 2: Values, Memories and Spaces and Places

 
Statistical Trends and Family Structures

 
Processes: Families, Kinship and Activities

 
Global Families

 
Topic 1. The Impact of Welfare Regimes on Families: France, the Russian Federation, East and West Germany

 
Topic 2: Ideal and Actual Families in Asia

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
Explaining Families
Introduction

 
Sociological Explanations: Premise and Origins

 
Ideology and Theory: What Is This Thing 'the Family'?

 
Sociological Theory

 
Ties that Bind: Making Sense of Structures

 
Families as a Framework: Parsons

 
Socialization: Merton

 
Actors and Actions: Theories of Interaction

 
Interactions: Goffman

 
Structures and Practices: Giddens and Wallace

 
Theories of Conflict

 
The 'Lifeworld' of Families: Habermas

 
Women, Men, Gender: Feminist Perspectives

 
Feminist and Gender: Perspectives on Families

 
Global Dimensions

 
Contemporary Voices on Intimacy

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
PART TWO: RESEARCH AND POLICY
 
Researching Families
Introduction

 
Research Methods

 
Survey Research

 
Writing About People and Families: Ethnographic Research Methods

 
Secondary Analysis of Research Studies

 
Historical Research on Families

 
Approaches to the History of the Family

 
Better Times for Families?

 
Documenting Change in Family Processes

 
Family and Sex 1900-2000

 
Private Troubles and Public Issues

 
Researching Change and Continuity

 
Solo Living

 
Talking About Sex

 
Single Parenting

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
Politics, Policies and Practices
Introduction

 
Definitions

 
Policies and Families' Forms and Functions

 
Family Policy - New Kid on the Block?

 
How do Policies Deliver Benefits to Families?

 
Policy Approaches to Different Family Forms

 
Evidence-Based Policy

 
Families in Action

 
Families and Social Cohesion

 
Families and Social Breakdown

 
Beyond Stereotypes

 
Families and the Welfare State

 
The Relationship Between Politics and Policies

 
Services and Practices

 
Types of Services

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
PART THREE: FAMILIES IN ACTION
 
Relationships and Sexualities
Introduction

 
Lets Get Together: Marriage, Cohabitation

 
Universality of Marriage and Partnering

 
Definition of Partnering - How do People Partner?

 
Diversity in Partnering Arrangements

 
Cohabitation

 
Same-Sex Couples and Families

 
Children Raised by Same-Sex Couples

 
Moving Apart: Breakdown and Divorce

 
Why do Relationships Break Down?

 
What Changes After Divorce and What Stays the Same?

 
Being Together and Living Apart: Solo Living, Friendships and Social Networks

 
'Coupleness' Outside of Cohabitation

 
Why else do people Live Alone?

 
Beyond the Family - Friendships

 
Social Networks

 
Communities and Neighbourhoods

 
The Effects of Neighbourhoods and Communities on Families

 
Sexualized Societies

 
Enduring Relationships: Generating Histories

 
Enduring Intimacy

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
Families and Work
Introduction

 
Defining and Explaining Work

 
Underemployment and Unemployment

 
Boundaries: Paid and Unpaid Work

 
The Global Context

 
Survival and Longevity: The Challenge to Work

 
Decent Work and Rural Employment

 
Relationships and Resources

 
Acquiring and Allocating Resources

 
Gender and Resources

 
Unpaid Work

 
Gender Roles and Unpaid Work

 
Quantifying and Valuing Unpaid Work

 
Vital but Subordinate

 
Family Practices and Work

 
Policy, Politics and Families

 
Explaining Preferences and Choices

 
Migrant Domestic Workers

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
PART FOUR: CONCLUSIONS
 
Families into the Future
Introduction

 
Trends and Futures

 
Working Patterns, Gender and Care

 
Demography: Fertility, Life Expectancy and Care

 
Relationship Formation

 
The Impact of Technologies on Families

 
Commonalities and Differences across the Globe

 
Beliefs and Behaviours

 
Sustainable Families?

 
The Importance of Childcare

 
Shaping Politics and Policy

 
Addressing Family Fragility

 
Same-Sex Relationships and Assisted Reproduction

 
Summary

 
Explore Further

 
 
Glossary

This excellent, innovative, comprehensive and easy to read text should be essential reading for everyone keen to understand families across the globe. It addresses key questions, carefully blends policy concerns, research issues and theoretical debates, points to further reading and includes a very helpful glossary. It will make an outstanding contribution to family studies and is highly recommended
Janet Walker
Emeritus Professor, Newcastle University


This is a clearly written, well organized, and highly digestible overview of the sociology of the family. It covers major themes and issues, including important changes over time in behavior as well as the ideas used to understand patterns of behavior and structure. The authors manage to include a strong international perspective while highlighting many specific examples and trends in the UK and across Europe. What I appreciate so much about this book is that it is to the point and not overburdened by a tedious amount of detail or nuances of the type that can so easily mire and demoralize readers who are trying to capture the essential features in the study of the family. I highly recommend this book for serious students who want to efficiently capture the gist of this thing called family
Scott M. Stanley
Research Professor and Co Director of the Center for Marital and Family Studies, University of Denver, USA


I don't know how often I've wished for an introductory text on family life which encompassed critical contemporary sociological thinking alongside the basic information students need, and have only found fossilised thinking on a stodgy subject. But now all that has changed. McKie and Callan have achieved what I thought was almost impossible in Understanding Families; this is a textbook which provides unrivalled foundations for a critical understanding of contemporary families and relationships
Carol Smart
Professor of Sociology, The Morgan Centre, University of Manchester



This has some great chapters in especially around introducing global perspectives on families. The Glossary at the back is really helpful.

Mr Simon Hall
Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of The West of England
April 11, 2019

An excellent text in every respect, exploring all aspects of family life. The book offers a contemporary information, covering all patterns including employment, family structure and changing government policy.
A key strength of this text is that it is focused on changing family patterns within the UK, which is overlooked with many major texts.
The course is ideal for students of all levels, particularly students at level 3 and undergraduate.
In summary, an essential text for any course exploring aspects of sociology of the family.

Mr Gavin Hatton
Sociology , Merthyr Tydfil College
November 10, 2016

This is a clear and comprehensive to contemporary families that fits perfectly with our module on 'The Family and the Law'.

Dr Kaz Stuart
Health, Med Sci & Soc Care (Lancaster), University of Cumbria
August 22, 2016

This book will be really useful for students who are studying on a module called 'understanding families and communities'.

Dr Michael Richards
Applied Health and Social Care , Edge Hill University
May 7, 2016

This book is highly recommended for all A Level or undergraduate course exploring the family.

It covers all the major areas of the family; offering a 'global' exploration, with regular focus on the patterns of UK families. The book provides a basic overview of the family, as well as providing analysis on work, social policy and the future of families. It offers the latest up-to-date information, discussing the latest emerging social and family issues in gay marriage and adoption.

The book offers easy reading, with detailed explanation. Which makes it ideal for A Level or first year undergraduate students.

I would highly recommend this book, as it provides all the required information, with commentary suitable for all students, not just the most able.

Mr Gavin Hatton
Sociology , St David's College
October 2, 2015

This book is excellent for students studying 'the family' I have recommended my students buy this book as it gives them a very strong foundation for subsequent study. I particularly like the lay out of this book, it provides the students with questions to check their understanding. It makes clear links to the other chapters where there may be further explanation / expansion. I particularly find it really useful to have a summary at the end of each chapter and recommendations for further reading.

Pat Hosgood
Faculty of Health Ormskirk, Edge Hill University
November 12, 2014

This is an excellent and highly accessible introduction to family studies, bringing together concepts, policies and trends in such a clear and comprehensive manner. Its presentation of relevant theory is unparalleled in its breadth while maintaining clarity and focus. Its international approach gives this book universal relevance, and its chapter on researching families is particularly valuable for social policy graduates planning their dissertation in this field. The glossary is also very useful.

Dr Sue Vella
Social Policy & Social Work , Univ. of Malta
July 10, 2014

We have adopted this book for our new module Connected Lives, as it provides students with a good gounding in the current theoretical, research, and policy issues and developments, which are needed to understand families in contemporary society.

Dr Gaynor Bagnall
English, Sociology, Politics & History, Salford University
March 21, 2014

A useful introduction to the area of Family Studies. Am recommending as supplemental as the module itself is a policy module and this is more sociologically orientated, but it does help to provide context to the policies we are examining.

Ms Hazel O brien
Department of Applied Arts, Waterford Institute of Technology
February 11, 2014

Sample Materials & Chapters

Introduction


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