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A Text/Reader

Second Edition
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July 2017 | 720 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Victimology: A Text/Reader, Second Edition, engages students with the most current, cutting-edge articles published in the field of victimology as well as connects them to the basic concepts. Unlike existing victimology textbooks, this unique combination of published articles with original material presented in a mini-chapter format puts each topic into context so students can develop a better understanding of the extent, causes, and responses to victimization. Students will build a foundation in the history and development of the field of victimology, will be shown the extent to which people are victimized and why, will learn the specific types of victimization, and will witness the interaction between the criminal justice system and victims today. 

Visit to access these valuable instructor resources:

  • The password-protected Instructor Teaching Site includes a test bank, PowerPoint slides, sample syllabi, and more.
Section 1. Introduction to Victimology
What Is Victimology?  
The History of Victimology: Before the Victims’ Rights Movement  
The Role of the Victim in Crime: Victim Precipitation, Victim Facilitation, and Victim Provocation  
The History of Victimology: The Victims’ Rights Movement  
Contributions of the Victims’ Rights Movement  
Victimology Today  
Section 2. Extent, Theories, and Factors of Victimization
Measuring Victimization  
Theories and Explanations of Victimization  
Reading 1: Specifying the Influence of Family and Peers on Violent Victimization: Extending Routine Activities and Lifestyles Theories by Christopher J. Shcreck and Bonnie S. Fisher  
Reading 2: An Investigation of Neighborhood Disadvantage, Low Self-Control, and Violent Victimization Among Youth by Chris L. Gibson  
Section. 3 Consequences of Victimization
Physical Injury  
Mental Health Consequences and Costs  
Economic Costs  
System Costs  
Vicarious Victimization  
Fear of Crime  
Reading 3: Victimization, posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology, and later nonsuicidal self-harm in a birth cohort by Shyamala Nada-Raja and Keren Skegg  
Reading 4: The economic costs of partner violence and the cost-benefit of civil protective orders T K Logan, Robert Walker, and William Hoyt  
Section 4. Recurring Victimization
Types of Recurring Victimization  
Extent of Recurring Victimization  
Characteristics of Recurring Victimization  
Risk Factors for Recurring Victimization  
Theoretical Explanations of Recurring Victimization  
Consequences of Recurring Victimization  
Responses to Recurring Victimization  
Reading 5: The Violent and Sexual Victimization of College Women: Is Repeat Victimization a Problem? by Leah E. Daigle, Bonnie S. Fisher, and Francis T. Cullen  
Reading 6: A networked boost: Burglary co-offending and repeat victimization using a network approach by Brendan Lantz and R. Barry Ruback  
Section 5. Victims’ Rights and Remedies
Victims’ Rights  
Financial Remedy  
Remedies and Rights in Court  
Reading 7: Victim Rights and New Remedies: Finally Getting Victims Their Due by Robert C. Davis and Carrie Mulford  
Reading 8: Delivering a victim impact statement: Emotionally effective or counter-productive? by Kim ME Lens, Antony Pemberton, Karen Brans, Johan Braeken, Stefan Bogaerts, and Esmah Lahlah  
Section 6. Homicide Victimization - Contributed by Lisa Muftic
Defining Homicide Victimization  
Measurement and Extent of Homicide Victimization  
Risk Factors for and Characteristics of Homicide Victimization  
Different Types of Homicide Victimization  
Victim Precipitation  
Indirect (Secondary) Victimization  
Legal and Community Responses to Homicide Victimization  
Reading 9: Co-victims of homicide: A systematic review of the literature by Jennifer Connolly and Ronit Gordon  
Reading 10: Victim lifestyle as a correlate of homicide clearance by Jason Rydberg and Jesenia M. Pizarro  
Section 7. Sexual Victimization
What Is Sexual Victimization?  
Measurement and Extent of Sexual Victimization  
Risk Factors for and Characteristics of Sexual Victimization  
Responses to Sexual Victimization  
Consequences of Sexual Victimization  
Special Case: Sexual Victimization of Males  
Legal and Criminal Justice Responses to Sexual Victimization  
Prevention and Intervention  
Reading 11: Alcohol expectancy, drinking behavior, and sexual victimization among female and male college students by Kimberly A. Tyler, Rachel M. Schmitz, and Scott A. Adams  
Reading 12: The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs: A Review of Psychological, Medical, Legal, and Community Outcomes by cca Campbell, Debra Patterson, and Lauren F. Lichty  
Section 8. Intimate Partner Violence
Defining Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse  
Measurement and Extent  
Who Is Victimized?  
Risk Factors and Theories for Intimate Partner Violence  
Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence  
Why Abusive Relationships Continue  
Criminal Justice System Responses to Intimate Partner Violence  
Legal and Community Responses  
Reading 13: Conflict and Control: Gender Symmetry and Asymmetry in Domestic Violence by Michael Johnson  
Reading 14: Intimate partner violence and the victim-offender overlap by Marie Skubak Tillyer and Emily M. Wright  
Reading 15: Voices of strength and resistance: A contextual and longitudinal analysis of women’s responses to battering by Jacquelyn Campbell, Linda Rose, Joan Kub, and Daphne Nedd  
Section 9. Victimization at the Beginning and End of Life: Child and Elder Abuse
Child Maltreatment  
Elder Maltreatment  
Reading 16: Child abuse and neglect, developmental role attainment, and adult arrests by Maureen A. Allwood and Cathy Spatz Widom  
Reading 17: The Epidemiology of Violence Against the Elderly: Implications for Primary and Secondary Prevention by Ronet Bachman and Michelle L. Meloy  
Section 10. Victimization at School and Work
Victimization at School  
Victimization at School: Grades K–12  
Victimization at School: College  
Victimization at Work  
Reading 18: Traditional Bullying, Cyber Bullying, and Deviance: A General Strain Theory Approach by Carter Hay, Ryan Meldrum, and Karen Mann  
Reading 19: A Multidimensional Examination of Campus Safety: Victimization, Perceptions of Danger, Worry About Crime, and Precautionary Behavior Among College Women in the Post-Clery Era by Pamela Wilcox, Carol E. Jordan, and Adam J. Pritchard  
Section 11. Property and Identity Theft Victimization
Property Victimization  
Motor Vehicle Theft  
Household Burglary  
Identity Theft  
Reading 20: Linking Burglary and Target Hardening at the Property Level: New Insights Into Victimization and Burglary Protection by Alex Hirschfield, Andrew Newton, and Michelle Rogerson  
Reading 21: Online routines and identify theft victimization: Further expanding routine activity theory beyond direct-contact offenses by Bradford W. Reyns  
Section 12. Victimization of Special Populations
Victimization of Persons With Disabilities  
Who Is Victimized?  
Patterns of Victimization  
Risk Factors for Victimization for Persons With Disabilities  
Responses to Victims With Disabilities  
Victimization of Persons With Mental Illness  
Victimization of the Incarcerated  
Reading 22: Partner Violence Against Women with Disabilities: Prevalence, Risk, and Explanations by Douglas A. Brownridge  
Reading 23: Mental Disorder and Violent Victimization: The Mediating Role of Involvement in Conflicted Social Relationships by Eric Silver  
Reading 24: Examining the effects of witnessing victimization while incarcerated on offender reentry by Jane C. Daquin, Leah E. Daigle, and Shelley Johnson Listwan  
Section 13. Victimology from a Comparative Perspective - Contributed by Lisa Muftic
Victimology Across the Globe  
Measurement and Extent of Victimization Across the Globe  
Justice System Responses to Victimization  
Victims’ Rights and Assistance Programs  
Reading 25: The International Crime Victims Survey: A retrospective by John van Kesteren, Jan van Dijk, and Pat Mayhew  
Reading 26: A systematic review of prevalence and risk factors for elder abuse in Asia by Elsie Yan, Ko-Ling Chan, and Agnes Tiwari  
Section 14. Contemporary Issues in Victimology: Victims of Hate Crimes, Human Trafficking, and Terrorism
Victims of Hate Crimes  
Victims of Human Trafficking  
Victims of Terrorism  
Reading 27: Hate Crimes and Stigma-Related Experiences Among Sexual Minority Adults in the United States: Prevalence Estimates From a National Probability Sample by Gregory M. Herek  
Reading 28: Challenges to identifying and prosecuting sex trafficking cases in the Midwest United States by Andrea J. Nichols and Erin C. Heil  
Reading 29: Does watching the news affect fear of terrorism? The importance of media exposure on terrorism fear by Ashley Marie Nellis and Joanne Savage  


Instructor Resource Site
  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available, containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter.
  • Video and multimedia resources which appeal to students with different learning styles

“[Strengths include] readability and user-friendly format, inclusion of scholarly articles relevant to the topic under study, and the length and number of chapters (the text can be used for a full semester course and a shortened summer course)”

Tracy G. Crump
Chicago State University

“Excellently written and comprehensive. Helpful ancillary material for teaching and student engagement. Great addition of empirical studies along with straightforward chapters”

Chad Posick
Georgia Southern University

“Well written, many learning aids within each chapter that benefit the student”

Michael S. Proctor
Texas A & M University – San Antonio

“Well researched and comprehensive coverage of topics”

Laura A. Patterson
Shippensburg University

“Great coverage of the material + additional supplemental articles…Low cost to the student”

Iryna Malendevych
University of Central Florida

“Comprehensive text that integrates theory, research, and practice”

Edna Erez
University of Illinois at Chicago

“The organization of the overall book and individual sections are fantastic. I would not have to go out of order at all when teaching.”

Melissa J. Tetzlaff-Bemiller
University of Memphis
Key features


  • Substantially edited and abridged articles make this text easier to read, without doing injustice to the core points raised by the authors or detracting from the authors’ key findings and conclusions. Much of the methodological discussions and data analysis is removed.
  • Over a third of the readings are new in this edition and cover topics such as femicide, sex trafficking, homicide clearances, and the interplay of the media and terrorism.
  • Emerging issues in the field of victimology such as same-sex intimate partner violence are covered in depth, as are cyberbullying, identity theft victimization, and human trafficking.
  • Emperical research that addresses contemporary issues,  such as victims who suffer from mental illness, victims who are incarcerated, and victims who have disabilities, illustrates how research can influence our understanding of victimology and direct the future of the field.
  • New sections devoted to recurring victimization, victims of homicide, and global victimization ensure that students are learning about the latest findings in the field of victimology.
  • New real-world news examples in every section help students connect the issues in victimology to current events.  


  • This hybrid text/reader offers the best of both worlds. It includes a collection of carefully selected and edited articles on victimization that have previously appeared in leading journals along with original textual material in a mini-chapter format that serves to contextualize the major concepts.
  • This text/reader is divided into 13 sections that mirrors the organization in a typical victimology textbook and allows you to focus on the issues that are the most relevant for your course.
  • Case studies in the section introductions illustrate key issues and help students apply what they have read to real-life situations.
  • A guide on How to Read a Research Article is included. Articles have been edited and abridged to make the book more student friendly without doing injustice to the core points raised by the authors or detracting from the authors' key findings and conclusions.
  • Photos, tables, and graphs enhance the text and provide visual elements to make the book more accessible.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1: Introduction to Victimology

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