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Analyzing Inequalities

Analyzing Inequalities
An Introduction to Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality Using the General Social Survey

February 2017 | 232 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Analyzing Inequalities: An Introduction to Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality Using the General Social Survey is a practical resource for helping students connect sociological issues with real-world data in the context of their first undergraduate sociology courses.  This worktext introduces readers  to the GSS, one of the most widely analyzed surveys in the U.S.; examines a range of GSS questions related to social inequalities; and demonstrates basic techniques for analyzing this data online.  No special software is required–the exercises can be completed using the Survey Documentation and Analysis (SDA) website at the University of California-Berkeley which is easy to navigate and master.  Students will come away with a better understanding of social science research, and will be better positioned to ask and answer the sociological questions that most interest them.


Chapter 1: An Introduction to Analyzing Inequalities
Introduction: An Introduction to Analyzing inequalities

Social Justice Statistics

Social Justice Statistics: Critiques and Limitations

Chapter 2: Understanding Data – Critical Concepts
Overview of the GSS

Finding data in the GSS

Producing and Interpreting a Frequency Table

Describing Variables: levels of measurement

Describing Variables: Measures of Central Tendency

Producing the Mean, Median and Mode in SDA

Chapter 3: Analyzing Gender with the GSS
Introduction: Key concepts in gender

Identifying variables related to gender

Produce and Interpret a Bivariate Table or “Crosstab”

Chapter 4: Analyzing Race and Ethnicity with the GSS
Introduction: Key Concepts in Race and Ethnicity

Identifying variables related to race and ethnicity

Produce and Interpret a Bivariate Table or “Crosstab”

Applying a Filter

Applying Control variables

Chapter 5: Analyzing Class with the GSS
Introduction: Key Concepts in Social Class.

Identifying variables related to socio-economic class

Re-coding Variables

Comparing the Mean Response for Different Groups

Chapter 6: Analyzing Sexuality with the GSS
Introduction: Key concepts in Sexuality

Identifying Variables related to Sexuality

Applying a Filter

Re-coding Variables

Chapter 7: Analyzing Inequalities in Families
Introduction: Family change and family diversity

Identifying variables related to Families

Chapter 8: Analyzing Inequalities in Education
Introduction: Inequalities in Education

Identifying variables related to Education

Analyzing Inequalities related to Education

Chapter 9: Analyzing Inequalities in the Economy and Work
Introduction: Inequalities in the Economy and at Work

Identifying variables related to Work and the Economy



Instructor Resources

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • Answers to end of chapter multiple choice questions;
  • Guided answers for in-text essay questions; and 
  • Bonus multiple choice test bank questions for each chapter.


“This is an engaging, clear and well-organized introduction to the use of large data sets to analyze stratification and gender.”

Thomas Piñeros Shields
University of Massachusetts Lowell

“[It] include[s] basic research analysis principles and very good examples and applications [and] also manages to provide critical and progressive conceptual perspectives.”

Julia Nevarez
Kean University

“Grounding sociological theory in real-world examples using real sociological data is an absolutely important aspect of undergraduate exposure to the scientific method and sociological analysis.”

Lorien Lake-Corral
University of Maine at Augusta

Excellent resource on identity variables and data analysis.

Dr Kirsten Eilertson
Statistics Dept, Colorado State University-Ft Collins
October 12, 2021
Key features


  • Designed to be used in a range of 100-level and 200-level courses, including introductory sociology, social problems, and courses that focus on race, class, gender, or sexuality.
  • Introduces students to basic analytic techniques in the social sciences, such as frequency distributions, cross-tabulations, and comparisons of means.
  • No software purchase required—all exercises are carried out on the open-access Survey Documentation and Analysis (SDA) website.
  • Screen captures from the SDA website, and careful step-by-step instructions, are provided to help students with no previous data analysis experience.
  • Early chapters focus on single categories of difference and inequality; later chapters examine how these factors intersect within the domains of family, education, and work.
  • Multiple choice questions and open-ended exercises at the end of each chapter test mastery of the material and give students opportunities to extend their analyses to other questions.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 2

Chapter 4

Sage College Publishing

You can purchase this book and request an instructor sample on our US College site:

Go To College Site

This title is also available on SAGE Knowledge, the ultimate social sciences online library. If your library doesn’t have access, ask your librarian to start a trial.