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Corrections
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Corrections
From Research, to Policy, to Practice

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December 2016 | 624 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Corrections: From Research, to Policy, to Practice offers students a 21st century look into the treatment and rehabilitative themes that drive modern-day corrections. Written by two academic scholars and former practitioners, Mary K. Stohr and Anthony Walsh, this book provides students with a comprehensive and practical understanding of corrections, as well as coverage of often-overlooked topics like ethics, comparative corrections, offender classification and assessment, treatment modalities, and specialty courts. This text expertly weaves together research, policy, and practice, enabling students to walk away with a foundational understanding of effective punishment and treatment strategies for offenders in U.S. correctional institutions.

 

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Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 1: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections
Introduction: What Is Corrections?

 
The Foundation of Correctional Punishment

 
The Function of Punishment

 
The Major Punishment Justifications

 
The Due Process and Crime Control Models

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 2: Early Corrections: From Ancient Times to Colonial Jails and Prisons
Introduction: The Evolving Practice of Corrections

 
Themes: Truths That Underlie Correctional Practice

 
Early Punishments in Westernized Countries

 
Enlightenment—Paradigm Shift

 
Colonial Jails and Prisons

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 3: Correctional History: Early Prisons to Corrections Today
Introduction: The Grand Reforms

 
Early Modern Prisons

 
Emerging Prison Models

 
Early Prisons and Jails Not Reformed

 
The Renewed Promise of Reform

 
American Corrections in the 20th and 21st Centuries

 
Themes That Prevail in Correctional History

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 4: Ethics and Corrections
Introduction: To Do the Right Thing!

 
Ethical Foundation for Professional Practice

 
Why People Behave Unethically

 
How to Prevent Unethical Behavior and Promote Ethical Work Practices

 
War on Drugs = Attack on Ethics?

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
PART II: THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM
 
Chapter 5: Sentencing: The Application of Punishment
What Is Sentencing?

 
Types of Sentences

 
Plea Bargaining

 
Impact Statements at Sentencing

 
Structuring Judicial Sentencing Choices

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 6: Jails and Detention Centers
Introduction: The Community Institution

 
Jail Inmates and Their Processing

 
Trends in Jail Populations

 
Medical Problems

 
Suicides, Gangs, and Sexual Violence in Jails

 
Innovations in Jails

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 7: Special Problem-Solving Courts in Corrections
Introduction: What Are Problem-Solving Courts?

 
Drug Courts

 
Mental Health Courts

 
Veterans Courts

 
Domestic Violence Courts

 
Community Courts

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 8: Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediary Sanctions
The Origins of Probation

 
Probation Today

 
Why Do We Need Community Corrections?

 
The Probation Officer Role

 
Strategies to Reduce Recidivism

 
Intermediate Sanctions

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 9: Prisons and the Correctional Client
Introduction: The State of Prisons

 
Prison Organizations

 
Attributes of the Prison That Shape the Experience

 
The Prison Subculture

 
Violence

 
Social Support

 
Special Populations

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 10: Classification and Assessment of Offenders
What Is Classification and Assessment?

 
The History of Classification and Assessment

 
Classification Today

 
Assessment and Classification in Community Corrections

 
The CMC and Supervision Levels

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 11: Correctional Programming and Treatment
The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation

 
Evidence-Based Practices

 
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 
Substance Abuse Programming

 
Anger Management

 
Sex Offenders and Their Treatment

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 12: Parole and Prisoner Reentry
What Is Parole?

 
Parole Boards

 
What Goes In Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry Into the Community

 
Determining Parole Success

 
Approaches to Parole

 
Concluding Remarks on Reentry and Recidivism

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
PART III: CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION
 
Chapter 13: Correctional Organizations and Their Management
Introduction

 
Organizational-Level Factors That Affect Correctional Operations

 
Management Theories

 
Elements of Effective Organizations

 
Organizational Culture

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 14: The Corrections Experience for Staff
Introduction: What Is a Profession?

 
The State of the Work in Correctional Institutions and Programs

 
Why Require More Education and Training?

 
Individual-Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace

 
Correctional Roles

 
The Subculture and Socialization

 
Staff Interactions With Inmates

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
PART IV: CORRECTIONAL CLIENTS
 
Chapter 15: Women and Corrections
Introduction

 
History and Growth

 
Women and Girls in Corrections Today

 
Female Correctional Officers

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 16: Minorities and Corrections
Introduction

 
Defining Race, Ethnicity, Disparity, and Discrimination

 
A Legacy of Racism

 
The Connection Between Class and Race/Ethnicity

 
Minorities: Policies and Practices That Have Resulted in Increased Incarceration

 
Minorities: Experiencing Incarceration

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 17: Juveniles and Corrections
Introduction: Delinquency and Status Offending

 
The Extent of Delinquency

 
The Juvenile Brain and Juvenile Behavior

 
History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice

 
Processing Juvenile Offenders

 
Juvenile Community Corrections

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Part V: Special Topics in Corrections
 
Chapter 18: Legal Issues in Corrections
Introduction

 
The Rule of Law

 
Constitutional Rights

 
The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders

 
Curtailing Prisoner Petitions

 
Legal Issues in Probation and Parole

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 19: The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty and Public Opinion

 
Methods of Execution Used in the United States

 
Challenges to the Death Penalty

 
Racial Disparity in Death Sentences

 
Women and the Death Penalty

 
The Death Penalty and Mental Disability and Mental Illness

 
The Innocence Revolution

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 20: Comparative Corrections: Punishment in Other Countries
The Importance of Comparative Corrections

 
The United Kingdom and the Common-Law System

 
France and the Civil-Law System

 
China and the Socialist-Law System

 
Saudi Arabia and the Islamic-Law System

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter 21: Corrections in the 21st Century
Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future

 
Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections

 
Decarceration

 
Professionalization and Innovation

 
Privatization

 
Concluding Thoughts

 
• Summary

 
• Key Terms

 
• Discussion Questions

 
• Useful Internet Sites

 
 
Chapter Pretest Answers
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Authors

Supplements

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“Student-friendly, Research-oriented, Comprehensive, Intriguing”

Francisco J Alatorre
New Mexico State University

“Well done! This textbook will be an excellent addition to corrections."

Nerissa James
Miami Dade College

“The Practitioner’s perspective allows students exposure to not only the author’s perspective but the perspective of someone who actually works hands on in the field of corrections.”

Lashunda M. Horton
Virginia State University

Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice is one of the most through textbooks I have encountered as a guide to teaching Corrections. So much current material that I had to decide what to choose from it.

Professor Rick Jackson
Criminal Justice, Benedictine University
April 7, 2017

Sage has always been very supportive with the adoption of texts for my courses. Representatives are very accessible and responsive...

Dr Butch Beach
Counseling and Human Services, Point University
December 8, 2016
Key features

KEY FEATURES

  • Comprehensive coverage of traditional and cutting-edge concepts, practices, and procedures in 21 brief chapters gives instructors the flexibility to choose which chapters to cover.
  • Unique chapters on rarely presented topics such as ethics, specialty courts, and comparative corrections familiarize students with relevant topics and issues facing today’s correctional system.
  • Chapter opening vignettes provide a ground-level view of corrections from the perspective of correctional practitioners, inmates, and others to show how research, policy, and practice play out in the real world.
  • Chapter opening self-quizzes help students assess their knowledge before reading the chapters, enhancing their studying and learning.
  • Policy and Research boxes illustrate key points related to past, current, and future policy issues and discuss how research has informed modern practices to improve future policies and procedures.
  • Learning objectives focus students' attention on the key content in each chapter.
  • Ethical Issues boxes prepare students for common ethical dilemmas relating to corrections and encourage them to think critically about the need for ethical behavior.
  • Perspective From a Practitioner boxes give students a real-world perspective on what it's like to work in a wide array of careers related to corrections.

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