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Criminal Investigation
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Criminal Investigation

Fourth Edition
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January 2018 | 568 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Criminal Investigation, Fourth Edition, offers a comprehensive and engaging examination of criminal investigation and the vital role criminal evidence plays in the process. The text focuses on the five critical areas essential to understanding criminal investigations: background and contextual issues, criminal evidence, legal procedures, evidence collection procedures, and forensic science. In this new edition, esteemed author Steven G. Brandl goes beyond a simple how-to on investigative procedures and analyzes modern research and actual investigative cases to demonstrate their importance in the real world of criminal justice.

New to the Fourth Edition:
  • New and updated statistical information, research findings, investigative procedures, and legal cases ensure students are learning about the most current research in the field. 
  • Several new “From the Case File” chapter introductions and 25 new in-chapter “Case-in-Point” investigative case examples make it easier for students to connect the content to the real world. 
  • More than 75 new photos, most of which are case photos from actual investigations, illustrate key concepts to help keep students engaged with the content. 
  • New material on documenting evidence via reports provides examples of well-written police reports to help students build better writing skills. 
  • New material on social media and evidence from electronic digital devices discusses how to use new technology as a source of information. 
  • A stronger focus on terrorism and the use of technology in investigations encourages students to discuss and critically analyze the future of criminal investigations.
  • New sections titled “Mental Mistakes in Criminal Investigations,” “Perspectives on the Criminal Investigation Process,” and “Qualities and Characteristics of Investigators” offer students tips and advice for conducting successful investigations. 
  • New material on touch DNA helps students see the benefits and limitations of scientific evidence gathered from a crime scene.

Give your students the SAGE edge!

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/brandl4e.


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Chapter 1: The Investigation of Crime
Objectives

 
From the Case File: The Investigation of the Washington, D.C., Beltway Snipers

 
Criminal Investigation, Evidence, and Forensic Science Defined

 
Types of Criminal Investigations

 
Perspectives on the Criminal Investigation Process

 
The Role of Chance, Accident, and Discovery in Criminal Investigations

 
Mental Mistakes in Criminal Investigations

 
Qualities and Characteristics of Investigations

 
Criminal Investigation and the Criminal Justice System

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 2: The History of Criminal Investigation
Objectives

 
From the Case File: The Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping

 
The Importance of History in Understanding the Present and the Future

 
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: English Developments

 
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: American Developments

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 3: The Role and Documentation of Evidence in Criminal Investigations
Objectives

 
From the Case File: The Murder of Stanley Van Wagner

 
The Basics of Criminal Evidence

 
Types of Evidence

 
Testimonial, Real, Demonstrative, and Documentary Evidence

 
The Functions of Evidence

 
Documenting Evidence: The Value and Importance of Investigative Reports

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 4: The Law and Criminal Investigations
Objectives

 
From the Case File: Ernesto Miranda’s Confession

 
Basic Legal Terminology

 
The Rules and Admissibility of Evidence

 
Constitutional Requirements for the Collection of Evidence

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 5: Physical Evidence and the Crime Scene
Objectives

 
From the Case File: The Murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman

 
The Role of Physical Evidence in Criminal Investigations

 
The Crime Scene and Its Management

 
Types of Physical Evidence

 
Biological Evidence

 
Other Types of Physical Evidence

 
The Role of Crime Laboratories in Criminal Investigations

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 6: Interviews and Eyewitness Identifications
Objectives

 
From the Case File: BP Gas Station Robbery

 
Interviews Defined

 
Types of Witnesses

 
Types of Information Obtained From Witnesses

 
Methods of Eyewitness Identification

 
Value of Eyewitness Identifications in Establishing Proof

 
The Memory Process and the Identification Task

 
Guidelines for the Collection of Eyewitness Evidence

 
Investigative Tools in Interviewing

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 7: Interrogations and Confessions
Objectives

 
From the Case File: The “Secret” Interrogation of O. J. Simpson

 
Interrogations Defined

 
The Controversy of Interrogation Methods

 
Prerequisites for a Productive Interrogation

 
Approaches to Investigative Interrogations

 
The Potential Problems With Police Deception in Interrogations

 
Why Do Suspects Confess?

 
The Issue of False Confessions

 
Investigative Tools in Recognizing Deception

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 8: Behavioral Evidence and Crime Analysis
Objectives

 
From the Case File: A Mutilation Murder

 
Behavioral Analysis Defined

 
Crime Scene Profiling

 
Geographical Profiling

 
Psycholinguistics

 
Crime Analysis

 
Empirical Crime Analysis

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 9: Information From the Public, Social Media, Information Networks, Digital Devices, and Other Sources
Objectives

 
From the Case File: “Ain’t No Love in the Heart of the City”

 
Information From the Public in Criminal Investigations

 
Information From Social Media in Criminal Investigations

 
Confidential Informants

 
Gang Intelligence

 
Information Networks

 
Information From Electronic Devices and Digital Evidence

 
Psychics

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 10: Death Investigation
Objectives

 
From the Case File: He Hit Her Until She Fell . . . and That Was Just the Beginning

 
Issues in the Investigation of Death: Manner of Death

 
Patterns and Characteristics of Homicide

 
Investigative Considerations With Death and Homicide

 
Major Challenges in Homicide Investigations: Serial Homicide

 
Major Challenges in Homicide Investigations: Cold Cases

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 11: The Investigation of Sex Crimes, Assault, Child Abuse, and Related Offenses
Objectives

 
From the Case File: “Since You Don’t Have Any Money . . .”

 
Varieties and Characteristics of Rape and Other Sexual Assaults

 
Investigative Considerations With Rape and Other Sexual Assaults

 
Other Sources of Evidence and Information in Sexual Assault Investigations

 
False Allegations

 
Varieties and Characteristics of Other Assaults

 
Investigative Considerations With Other Assaults

 
Domestic Violence and Child Abuse

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 12: The Investigation of Robbery
Objectives

 
From the Case File: The Robber Who Lost His Tool

 
Varieties and Characteristics of Robbery

 
Investigative Considerations With Robbery

 
Physical Evidence

 
The Property Taken in the Robbery

 
Interrogation Considerations

 
Other Strategies and Sources of Information

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 13: The Investigation of Burglary, Vehicle Theft, Arson, and Other Property Crimes
Objectives

 
From the Case File: Dad and Daughter Go to Work

 
Varieties and Characteristics of Burglaries

 
Investigative Considerations With Burglary

 
Varieties and Characteristics of Vehicle Theft

 
Investigative Considerations With Vehicle Theft

 
Varieties and Characteristics of Arson

 
Investigative Considerations With Arson

 
Varieties and Characteristics of Larceny

 
Investigative Considerations With Larceny

 
Interrogation Considerations With Burglars, Arsonists, and Other Thieves

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 14: The Investigation of Fraud and Other Computer-Related Crimes
Objectives

 
From the Case File: An Internet Chat With an Undercover Officer

 
Fraud and Its Investigation

 
Varieties of Computer-Facilitated Crime and Their Investigation

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 15: The Presentation of Evidence
Objectives

 
From the Case File: A Tragedy and Then More

 
The Adversarial Process

 
Errors in Justice Outcomes

 
The Value and Importance of Investigative Testimony

 
Expert Testimony

 
Testimony of Investigators

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Chapter 16: Terrorism, Technology, and the Future of Criminal Investigation
Objectives

 
From the Case File: The Day the World Changed

 
The Future of Criminal Investigation

 
A New Approach to Criminal Investigations

 
The New Technology of Crime Detection

 
Main Points

 
Important Terms

 
Questions for Discussion and Review

 
 
Appendix: Capstone Case
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.
·         course cartridge provides easy LMS integration

·         Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.

·         Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.

·         Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.

·         Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.

·         Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group project.

·         An in-depth capstone case from the book that can serve as a discussion of many issues covered in the text.

·         EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.

·         Video and web resources provide further research and insights that bring concepts to life and make learning easier.

·         Access to all tables, figures, learning objectives, and chapter outlines from the text.
Student Study Site

Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

·         Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.

·         Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.

·         Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included. 

·         Video and web resources bring concepts to life, are tied to learning objectives and make learning easier

The Brandl text provides a comprehensive examination of criminal investigation. The author balances theory with practical examples, and illustrates concepts using contemporary cases. 

Scott Duncan
Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania

This is a solid criminal investigation textbook with a focus on actual cases that reinforce and illustrate the principles explained throughout the book.

Lisa Kara
Blue Ridge Community College

This textbook gives a breath of fresh air to help students achieve their educational goals.

Shawn Morrow
Security Studies & Criminal Justice at Angelo State University

A very practical, engaging, thorough text on criminal investigation.

Elizabeth B. Perkins
Morehead State University

Brandl has utilized a professional academic approach that fits every students need.

Chris Haney
Jacksonville State University

Really good textbook. Great content, written from expierience.

Professor Matthew Cosby
Arts/Social Sciences Div, Univ Of New Mexico-Los Alamos
June 27, 2018

I have used both the 3rd and 4th editions of this book. It is well written and more importantly, realistically written. The instructor resources have come a long way in the last few years, and the book is very reasonably priced. I am switching to SAGE as my primary text supplier.

Matthew McCarthy
Liberal Arts Div, Northeast Community College
October 13, 2017
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • New and updated statistical information, research findings, investigative procedures, and legal cases ensure students are learning about the most current research in the field. 
  • Several new “From the Case File” chapter introductions and 25 new in-chapter “Case-in-Point” investigative case examples make it easier for students to connect the content to the real world. 
  • More than 75 new photos, most of which are case photos from actual investigations, illustrate key concepts to help keep students engaged with the content. 
  • New material on documenting evidence via reports provides examples of well-written police reports to help students build better writing skills. 
  • New material on social media and evidence from electronic digital devices discusses how to use new technology as a source of information. 
  • A stronger focus on terrorism and the use of technology in investigations encourages students to discuss and critically analyze the future of criminal investigations.
  • New sections titled “Mental Mistakes in Criminal Investigations,” “Perspectives on the Criminal Investigation Process,” and “Qualities and Characteristics of Investigators” offer students tips and advice for conducting successful investigations. 
  • New material on touch DNA helps students see the benefits and limitations of scientific evidence gathered from a crime scene.


KEY FEATURES:

  • In-depth discussions of current topics: Proper evidence collection procedures, the impact of the exclusionary rule, the theory and effectiveness of psychological profiling, the complexities of false confessions and false convictions, and crime pattern analysis and mapping.
  • “From the Case File” feature at the beginning of each chapter provides detailed descriptions of actual investigations as they were conducted. These case studies can be used to analyze how evidence is (or could be) used to establish proof and to evaluate the conduct of criminal investigations.
  • Additional real-life investigative case examples (including “Case-in-Point” features) illustrate key points of the chapter and facilitate the review and analysis of actual investigative cases.
  • “Myths and Misconceptions” boxes address false information that is provided by the media and other representations of criminal investigations to help students think critically.
  • “A Question of Ethics” feature requires students to think about the importance of ethical issues in criminal investigations.
  • Detailed discussions of the strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness of all major forms of evidence give students insights into evidence such as DNA and biological evidence, other forms of physical evidence, eyewitness identifications, confessions, and behavioral evidence.
  • Detailed discussions of the proper conduct of specific types of crime investigations including homicide, sex crimes, domestic violence and child abuse, robbery, burglary, vehicle theft, arson, fraud, and other computer-facilitated crimes.
  • Research findings offer insights into topics like eyewitness identifications and human memory to help current and future investigators identify and recommend best practices and procedures in criminal investigations.
  • Full-color original photos of crime scenes bring students closer to real-life criminal investigations and investigative techniques.

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