You are here



Four Volume Set
Edited by:

November 2010 | 1 656 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd

Ethnomethodology (meaning, very crudely, 'small group' methods) is an approach to sociological research that is associated with the work of Harold Garfinkel and Harvey Sacks. It was very influential in the 1970s and 80s for challenging the more abstract types of social theory. Against these, it offered a way of exploring the rules of practice (generally the hidden rules of practice) in small groups. This four-volume set includes selections that discuss and exemplify how conversations, experiments, and observations are used to gain insight into larger questions of social order and social change.

Section One: Background on Social Scientific and Everyday Methods
Section Two: Ethnomethodology and the Practical Resolution of Methodological Problems
Section Three: Indexical Expressions – Topic, Resource or Nuisance?
Section Four: Objectification in Discourse
Section Five: Language, Categories and Membership
Section Six: Studies of Work
Section Seven: Action as Algorithm – Computer Supported Cooperative Work
Section Eight: Ethnomethodology and Social Institutions
Section Nine: Language, interaction, embodied conduct

Section 1: Background on Social Scientific and Everyday Methods
The Definitions of Sociology and of Social Action

M. Weber
Situated Actions and Vocabularies of Motive

C.W. Mills
The Problem of Rationality in the Social World

A. Schutz
Concept and Theory Formation in the Social Sciences

A. Schutz
The Rational Properties of Scientific and Common Sense Activities

H. Garfinkel
Studies in the Routine Grounds of Everyday Activities

H. Garfinkel
Practical Sociological Reasoning: Doing accounts in 'common sense situations of choice'

H. Garfinkel

Harvey Sacks
Section 2: Ethnomethodology and the Practical Resolution of Methodological Problems
How to Determine Social Causes and Social Types

E. Durkheim, E
On the Interpretation of Weltanschauung

K. Mannheim
A Note on the Uses of Official Statistics

J. I. Kitsuse and A. V. Cicourel
The Sociological Analysis of the Social Meanings of Suicide

Jack D. Douglas
The Search for Help: No one to turn to

H. Sacks
On the Sociology of Suicide

J. Maxwell Atkinson
Common Sense Knowledge of Social Structures: The documentary method of lay/professional fact finding

H. Garfinkel
Police Discretion in Emergency Apprehension of Mentally Ill Persons

E. Bittner
The Occurrence and Visibility of Deaths

D. Sudnow
Record Keeping and the Intake Process in a Public Welfare Agency

D.H. Zimmerman
Record-Keeping Practices in the Policing of Juveniles

A.J. Meehan
Section 3: Indexical Expressions - Topic, Resource or Nuisance?
Indexical Expressions

Y. Bar Hillel
On Formal Structures of Practical Actions

H. Garfinkel and H. Sacks
Explicative Transactions: Making and managing meaning in traffic court

M. Pollner
On meaning by Rule

D.L. Wieder
Notes on Methodology

H. Sacks
On Some Questions and Ambiguities in Conversation

E.A. Schegloff
Whose terms? Whose ordinariness? Rhetoric and Ideology in Conversation Analysis

M. Billig
"Schegloff's Texts" as Billig's Data: A critical reply

E. Schegloff
Scientific and "Radical" Ethnomethodology from Incompatible Paradigms to Ethnomethodological Sociology

I. Arminen
The Ethnomethodological Foundations of Conversation Analysis

M. Lynch
Where the Simplest Systematics Fits

W. Sharrock
Response to Wes Sharrock

M. Lynch, M
Section 4: Objectification in Discourse
On Proverbs

H. Sacks
Issues in the Transcription of Naturally-Occurring Talk: Caricature versus capturing pronunciational particulars

G. Jefferson
Features of Signs Encountered in Designing a Notational System for Transcribing Lectures

C. Pack
Textually Mediated Social Organization

D.E. Smith
Ethnomethodology and Literature: Preliminaries to a sociology of reading

A.W. McHoul
Taking Account of the Hostile Native: Plausible deniability and the production of conventional history in the Iran-contra Hearings

D. Bogen and M. Lynch
The interweaving of Talk and Text in a French Criminal Pre-Trial Hearing

E. Gonzalez-Martinez
Section 5: Language, Categories and Membership
On the Analyzability of Stories by Children

H. Sacks
A Tutorial on Membership Categorization

E.A. Schegloff
Discussion Note: Reading 'A tutorial on membership categorization'

A. Carlin
Studying the Organization of Action: Membership categorization and interaction analysis

G. Psathas
Membership Categorization Analysis: An introduction

S. Hester and P. Eglin
Human Practices and the Observability of the "Macro-Social"

J. Coulter
Categorization, Authorization and Blame Negotiation in Conversation

D.R. Watson
Section 6: Studies of Work
Evidence for Locally Produced, Naturally Accountable Phenomena of Order, Logic, Reason, Meaning, Method, etc. in and as of the Essential Quiddity of Immortal Ordinary Society (I of IV): An announcement of studies

H. Garfinkel
'Preface' and 'Beginnings' to Ways of the Hand

D. Sudnow

Ethnomethodological Policies and Methods

Harold Garfinkel
Toward an Investigation of Primitive Epistopics

M. Lynch
The Work of a Discovering Science Construed with Materials from the Optically Discovered Pulsar

H. Garfinkel, M. Lynch and E. Livingston
The Work of a (Scientific) Demonstration: Respecifying Newton's and Goethe's theories of prismatic color

D. Bjelic and M. Lynch
The Context of Proving

E. Livingston
Demonstrating ''Reasonable Fear'' at Trial: Is it science or junk science?

S. Burns
Section 7: Action as Algorithm - Computer Supported Cooperative Work
Artificial Intelligence as Craftwork

L.A. Suchman and R. Trigg
Sociologists Can be Surprisingly Useful in Interactive Systems Design

I. Sommerville, T. Rodden, P. Sawyer and R. Bentley
Representations and Requirements: The value of ethnography in system design

R.J. Anderson
'Technomethodology': Foundational relations between ethnomethodology and system design

G. Button and P. Dourish
Designing with Ethnography: A presentation framework for design

J.A. Hughes, J. O'Brien, T. Rodden, M. Rouncefield and S. Blythin
Design in the Absence of Practice: Breaching experiments

A. Crabtree
Ethnography Considered Harmful

A. Crabtree, T. Rodden, P. Tolmie and G. Button
Section 8: Ethnomethodology and Social Institutions
Against Our Will: Male interruptions of females in cross-sex conversation

C. West
Between Micro and Macro: Contexts and other connections

E.A. Schegloff
What Time is it, Denise?: Some observations on the organization and consequences of asking known information questions in classroom discourse

H. Mehan
The Discovery of Situated Worlds: Analytic commitments, or moral orders?

D. Macbeth
Instructional Matter: Readable properties of an introductory text in matrix algebra

W. Sharrock and N. Ikeya
Conversation Analysis: A method for research into interactions between health care professionals and patients

P. Drew, J. Chatwin and S. Collins
Problems and Prospects in the Study of Physician-Patient Interaction

J. Heritage and D. Maynard
Communication Problems in the Intensive Care Unit

A.B. Robillard
Ethnomethodology, Conversation Analysis and the Study of Courtroom Behavior

A.M. Pomerantz and J.M. Atkinson
The Social Construction of Unreality: A case study of a family's attribution of competence to a severely retarded child

Melvin Pollner and L. McDonald-Wikler
On Understanding Without Words: Communication between a deaf-blind child and her parents

D.A. Goode
The Veil of Objectivity: Prophecy, divination, and social inquiry

B. Jules-Rosette
On the Demise of the Native: Some observations and a proposal for ethnography

W.W. Sharrock and R.J. Anderson
Sociologists on trial: theoretical competition and juror reasoning. The American Sociologist 32: 42-69.

M. Peyrot and S. Burns
Section 9: Language, Interaction, Embodied Conduct
Restarts, Pauses, and the Achievement of a State of Mutual Gaze at Turn-Beginning

C. Goodwin
How to do Things with Things

J. Streek
What to Learn: The embodied structure of the environment

A. Nishizaka
Glances, Trances, and Their Relevance for a Visual Sociology

D. Macbeth
The Analysis of Activities in Face to Face Interaction Using Video

C.C. Heath
Video Recording Practices and the Reflexive Constitution of the Interactional Order: Some systematic uses of the split-screen technique

L. Mondada