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Introduction to Corrections
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Introduction to Corrections

Second Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


© 2017 | 512 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Very thorough and comprehensive, [Introduction to Corrections] provides a good balance between the big picture policy and societal issues with the more specific things those working in corrections on a day to day basis are faced with.”

David E. Olson, Ph.D., Loyola University Chicago

 

The Second Edition of Introduction to Corrections provides students with a strong, comprehensive foundation in the field of corrections using modern research, theoretical origins, and practical application. Designed for introductory corrections courses, this text uniquely illustrates how the day-to-day practitioner conducts business in the field of corrections, in both the institutional and community settings. Experienced correctional practitioner, scholar, and author, Robert D. Hanser shows students how the corrections system actually works, from classification, to security, to treatment, to demonstrating how and why correctional practices are implemented.

 

Interactive eBook also available—FREE when bundled with the new edition!

Your students save when you bundle the new edition with the interactive eBook version. Order using bundle ISBN: 978-1-5063-4428-7

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Give your students the SAGE edge!

 

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/hanser2e.

 
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities  
The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History  
The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform  
Punishment During Early American History: 1700s-1800s  
The Age of the Reformatory in America  
Prisons in America: 1900s to the end of World War II  
Modern Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics  
 
Chapter 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Corrections
Philosophical Underpinnings  
Types of Sanctions  
Sentencing Models  
Criminological Theories and Corrections  
 
Chapter 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities
The Hands-Off Doctrine  
The Emergence of Inmate Rights  
Corrections and the Constitution  
A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons  
State and Federal Legal Liabilities  
Compliance With Judicial Orders  
 
PART II: CORRECTIONAL PRACTICES
 
Chapter 4: Jail and Detention Facilities
Jails in the Past  
The Modern Jail  
Jails as Short-Term Institutions  
Jails as Long-Term Facilities  
Health Care in Jails  
Jail Training Standards  
Specialized Types of Jail Sentences  
Special Issues in Jails  
 
Chapter 5: Probation
Probation When the Jail Is Full  
A Brief History of Probation  
The Administration of Probation  
Probation Officers  
Probation Revocation  
 
Chapter 6: Intermediate Sanctions
Types of Intermediate Sanctions  
Methods of Ensuring Compliance  
Intermediate Sanctions in Different States  
 
Chapter 7: Correctional Facilities
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History  
The Rise of the Supermax  
Accommodations for Inmates With Disabilities  
Protective Custody Sections  
Innovative Security Designs  
Internal Security  
Auxiliary Services and Physical Security  
Technology Systems in Prisons  
 
Chapter 8: Classification and Custody Levels
History of Classification  
Rationale for Classification  
The Goals of Classification Systems  
Elements of All Classification Systems  
Special Housing Assignments  
 
Chapter 9: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence
Theories of Prison Subculture  
The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times  
The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff  
Prisonization  
The Guard Subculture  
The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture  
Major Prison Gangs in the United States  
 
Chapter 10: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates  
History of Women Behind Bars  
Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population  
Considerations for Female Offenders  
Conditions of Care for Female Offenders  
Female Offenders and Treatment Implications  
 
Chapter 11: Specialized Inmate Populations
Administrative Considerations  
Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders  
Mentally Ill Offenders  
Sex Offenders  
HIV/AIDS-Related Offenders  
Elderly Offenders  
 
Chapter 12: Juvenile Correctional Systems
History of Juvenile Corrections  
Legal Precepts and Orientation of the Juvenile Justice System  
Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders  
Commonality of Juvenile as Victim of Prior Abuse  
Female Juveniles in Custody  
Juvenile Gang Members  
Detention Versus Incarceration  
Incarceration of Juveniles  
 
Chapter 13: Correctional Administration
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration  
Correctional System Administration  
Levels of Prison Management  
Styles of Management  
Management Versus Leadership  
Women in Correctional Management  
The Corrections Workforce  
Emergency Management  
 
Chapter 14: Prison Programming
Basic Prison Services  
Educational Programs  
Prison Work Programs  
Drug Treatment Programs  
Recreational Programs  
Religious Programs  
 
Chapter 15: Parole and Reintegration
Parole and Parolee Characteristics  
The Beginning History of Parole  
Parole at the State Level  
Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons  
The Role of Institutional Parole Officers  
Common Conditions of Parole  
Reentry Initiatives  
 
PART III: ISSUES AND TRENDS IN CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 16: The Death Penalty
Constitutionality of the Death Penalty  
Death Row Statistics  
Methods of Execution  
Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty  
 
Chapter 17: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections
Evaluation Research  
Evidence-Based Practices  
The Future of Corrections  

Supplements

Student Study Site
SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • A  customized online action plan includes tips and feedback on progress through the course and materials, which allows students to individualize their learning experience
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access is provided to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically
  • Lively and stimulating chapter activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group projects
  • Video and multimedia links includes resources that appeal to students with different learning styles
  • Prison Tour Videos feature original interviews with correctional administration and inmates at Louisiana State Penitentiary in Angola, Louisiana
Instructor Resource Site
SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. SAGE edge content is open access and available on demand. Learning and teaching has never been easier!

SAGE edge for Instructors supports teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.
  •  Examview® test banks allow you to save time and offer a pedagogically robust way to measure your students' understanding of textbook material. Available for both PC and Mac and compatible with most learning management systems, ExamView features a diverse range of textbook-specific test items and options, allowing you to customize exams to your specifics needs as well as create a print or online exam in just minutes!
  • Microsoft® Word® test bank provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access is provided to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter to encourage students to think critically
  • Chapter-specific discussion questions help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material and by reinforcing important content
  • Video and multimedia links includes resources that appeal to students with different learning styles
  • Prison Tour Videos feature original interviews with correctional administration and inmates at Louisiana State Penitentiary in Angola, Louisiana
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions
  • A course cartridge provides easy LMS integration

“This book gives a well thought-out perspective on clients and staff; and simplifies the information for each student to understand the material presented”

Gabriel Kovnator
Los Angeles Mission College

“[Strengths include] readability, organization, and practitioner focus”

Patricia L. Donze, J.D. Ph.D.
California State University – Dominguez Hills

Very thorough and comprehensive, [Introduction to Corrections] provides a good balance between the big picture policy and societal issues with the more specific things those working in corrections on a day to day basis are faced with.”

David E. Olson, Ph.D.
Loyola University Chicago

Clearly the greatest strength of this text is that the author has been and, I get the sense still is, a correctional practitioner that is nevertheless well schooled in the social science literature.”

Joseph V. Williams
John Jay School of Criminal Justice

“[Strengths include] breadth of information, clarity of text, and ancillary resources for students”

Jane C. Daquin, M.S
Georgia State University

The text presented accurate information.  In addition, it possesses different areas that other text are missing such as “What Would You Do” section.”

James R. Jones, Ph.D.
Ashford University

The book is well written with the focus from a practical perspective.  For the most part, the presentation of the chapters was very nice (pictures, etc.)  I actually liked the interactive book and am considering this as an idea to build an online course because the book contains all the extras that could enhance the online experience”

Nancy L. Hogan
Ferris State University
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:  

  • Information on new legislation, statistics, examples, and topics throughout, include updates on sentencing practices, technological innovations, and offenders with special needs  
  • Increased coverage of gender diversity and on the impact of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) upon prison system operations have been added to relevant chapters  
  • Text organization has been strengthened with the addition of part titles and revised chapter structure to provide students with a clear grouping of information for ease of navigation.  
  • Learning objectives updated to utilize Bloom’s taxonomy for a closer connection to the key concepts in each chapter  
  • Engaging chapter-opening vignettes highlight important issues in corrections and allow students to understand the challenges corrections practitioners face each day  
  • Cross-National Perspective features have been moved from the end of the chapter into the main body of the text  to better demonstrate the importance of considering corrections from a global perspective and how it relates to the concepts covered in each chapter perspective  
  • Up-to-date statistics have been added to the tables and figures to provide students a snapshot of the status of corrections today  
  • Content has been combined and streamlined into 17 chapters  to allow professors to cover the entire text within a traditional semester schedule  

KEY FEATURES:  

  • Balanced coverage of research and practice gives students the best of both worlds as they prepare for a career in corrections and/or the criminal justice system  
  • Assessment and classification from both institutional and community corrections perspectives offer students a well-rounded understanding of the field of corrections  
  • Technology and Equipment boxes offer solid coverage of modern technology and equipment used in corrections and expose students to the benefits of technology such as the use of electronic surveillance systems, locking systems, and other advanced equipment   
  •  A chapter devoted to legal liabilities within institutional corrections equips students with essential legal knowledge they need to protect themselves and others out in the field  
  • “What Would You Do?” assignments challenge students to think critically in every chapter  
  • Corrections and the Law” sections highlight legal considerations in each chapter and provide continuity throughout  
  • Various issues associated with specialized offender typologies help students understand a variety of offenders they will encounter in the field, such as female offenders, geriatric offenders, mentally ill offenders, gang offenders, and others  
  • “Cross-National Perspectives” boxed features help students develop a global mindset using issues (determined by the content of the chapter) as they are addressed in other countries   
  • A unique and distinctive photo program illustrates important concepts to students with dynamic photos, figures, and diagrams   
  • An Interactive eBook version of the text allows students to access the online resources linked to in each chapter to enhance learning and understanding of the topics presented  
  • An extensive ancillary package enhances student learning through online learning aids, exclusive SAGE journal articles, SAGE original video footage featuring the Angola state prison, NPR programming, and much more  
  • Applied Theory features demonstrate the connection between criminological theory and the actual daily operations of correctional facilities  
  • Focus Topic boxes delve into key topics in corrections, offering students a deeper look into critical issues        
  • Exclusive Prison Tour and Inmate Videos provide a look into the daily operations of the correctional facilities at Angola State Penitentiary and Richwood Correctional Center with commentary from correctional staff

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 9

Chapter 14


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