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Introduction to Criminal Justice
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Introduction to Criminal Justice
Systems, Diversity, and Change

Third Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


January 2019 | 424 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
“The contemporary issues and challenges confronting the U.S. justice system are critically and comprehensively examined in the latest edition of Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change. The text applies a unique lens to understanding the interconnected nature of crime and justice, the role of diversity, and how technology has changed the field of law enforcement, the courts, and the correctional system.” 
—Christina Mancini, Virginia Commonwealth University  

Helping students develop a passion to learn more about the dynamic field of criminal justice, this concise bestseller introduces students to the criminal justice system by following the case studies of four individuals in their real-life progression through the system. Each case study is strategically woven throughout the book to help students remember core concepts and make connections between different branches of the system. In addition to illustrating the real-life pathways and outcomes of criminal behavior and victimization, authors Callie Marie Rennison and Mary Dodge provide students with a more inclusive overview of criminal justice by offering insight into overlooked demographics and the perspectives of victims.

This newly revised Third Edition encourages students to think critically and discuss issues affecting today’s criminal justice system with engaging coverage of victims, criminal justice professionals, offenders, and controversial issues found in the criminal justice process.

A Complete Teaching & Learning Package  

SAGE Premium Video
Included in the interactive eBook! SAGE Premium Video tools and resources feature criminal justice in action, career insights, engaging interviews with those profiled in the text’s case studies, author discussions of tough concepts, animated decision-making scenarios, and news clips of current events to boost comprehension and bolster analysis. Preview a video now.  

Interactive eBook
Includes access to SAGE Premium Video, multimedia tools, and much more! Save when you bundle the interactive eBook with the new edition.   Order using bundle ISBN: 9781544364667. 

SAGE coursepacks
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SAGE course outcomes: Measure Results, Track Success
Outlined in your text and mapped to chapter learning objectives, SAGE course outcomes are crafted with specific goals in mind and vetted by advisors in the field. See how SAGE course outcomes tie in with this book’s chapter-level objectives at edge.sagepub.com/ rennison3e.      
 
Part I: Foundations
 
Chapter 1. An Introduction to Crime and the Criminal Justice System
Introduction: Making Our Way Through the Criminal Justice System  
What Is the Criminal Justice System?  
How Does the Criminal Justice System Work?  
Crime and the Importance of Personal Liberties  
What Is Crime?  
Crime Definitions Change Over Time  
The Criminal Justice System: Purpose and Perspectives  
Criminal Justice and Public Policy  
Crime and the Media  
Criminal Justice Versus Criminology  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 2. The Nature and Extent of Crime
Introduction: Why and How Is Crime Measured?  
Measuring Violent and Property Crime  
Violent and Property Crime Rates and Trends  
Measuring Cybercrime  
Measuring Terrorism  
Measuring White-Collar Crime  
Fear and Risk of Victimization  
Theory in Criminal Justice  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 3. Criminal Justice and the Law
Introduction: The Development of Law  
History of Law  
The Role and Purpose of Law  
Sources of Criminal Law  
Types of Law  
Legal Definitions  
Criminal Defenses  
Evolving Standards and Practices  
The Rights of Victims  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
PART II: LAW ENFORCEMENT
 
Chapter 4. The History of Policing
Introduction: Policing as a Dynamic Entity  
Early English Policing  
Colonial America and Policing  
Advancing Professionalism in Policing: 20th-Century Reform  
Technology  
Diversity in Policing  
Unrest in Policing (1960s and 1970s)  
Policing as More Than Law Enforcement  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 5. On the Streets: Organization, Responsibilities, and Challenges
Introduction: Contemporary Policing  
Who Are the Police?  
Community Policing  
Intelligence-Led/Evidence-Based Policing  
21st-Century Policing  
Controversial Issues in Policing  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 6. Police and the Rule of Law
Introduction: The Importance of Justice, Law, and Order  
Police and the Courts  
Due Process and Police Activities  
Technology  
Warrant Requirements and Serving Warrants  
Custodial Interrogation  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Part III: Courts
 
Chapter 7. The Courts and Judiciary
Introduction: The Court Process  
Federal and State Court Systems  
Court Congestion and the Consequences  
Specialized and Problem-Solving Courts  
The Judiciary  
Diversity in the Judiciary  
Court Administration and Management  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 8. The Prosecution, Defense, and Pretrial Activities
Introduction: Actors and Procedures in the Courtroom  
The Prosecutor  
The Defense Attorney  
After the Arrest: Charging the Defendant  
Bail and Pretrial Events  
Plea Bargains  
Discovery and Motions  
Scheduling and the Right to a Speedy Trial  
Jury Selection  
The Trial Day Arrives  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 9. The Criminal Trial and Sentencing
Introduction: The Criminal Trial and Sentencing  
Presentation of Opening Statements  
Presentation of Closing Arguments  
Judge’s Charge to the Jury  
Jury Deliberation  
Reading of the Verdict  
Sentencing  
A Special Criminal Trial: Capital Cases  
Victims of Crime and the Criminal Trial  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Part IV: Corrections
 
Chapter 10. Correctional Responses in the Community
Introduction: Corrections in the Community  
The History of Corrections in the Community in the United States  
Contemporary Use of Corrections in the Community  
Goals of Correctional Responses in the Community  
Types of Correctional Responses in the Community  
Effectiveness of Corrections in the Community  
Technology and Community Corrections  
Victims and Corrections in the Community  
Probation Officers  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 11. Institutional Corrections
Introduction: Institutional Corrections  
Historical Perspectives in Institutional Corrections  
Current Perspectives in Institutional Corrections  
Contemporary Jails and Lockups  
Contemporary Prisons  
Technology and Institutional Corrections  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 12. Prison Life and Life After Prison
Introduction: Living in Prison  
Classification Systems and Solitary Confinement  
Prison Violence  
Prison Challenges  
Life After Prison: Parole and Reentry  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Part V. Beyond the Basics
 
Chapter 13. The Juvenile Justice System
Introduction: The Juvenile Justice System  
Juvenile Justice: A Brief History  
Establishing Juvenile Rights  
The Contemporary Juvenile Justice System  
Steps in the Juvenile Justice System  
Victims  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Chapter 14. Exploring Specialized and Topical Issues
Introduction: Overview of Specialized and Topical Issues  
Terrorism and Homeland Security  
Terrorism and the Criminal Trial  
Domestic Human and Sex Trafficking  
Hate Crimes and Bias-Motivated Crimes  
Violence Against College Students  
Transnational Crime  
Forensic Science  
CSI Effect  
Chapter Wrap-Up  
 
Appendix: The Bill of Rights
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

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    • Test banks built on Bloom’s Taxonomy that provide a diverse range of test items with ExamView test generation
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  • Chapter-specific discussion questions to help launch engaging classroom interaction while reinforcing important content
  • Assignable SAGE Premium Video (available via the interactive eBook version, linked through SAGE coursepacks) that is tied to learning objectives, and curated and produced exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life and appeal to different learning styles, featuring:
    • Corresponding multimedia assessment options that automatically feed to your gradebook
    • Comprehensive, downloadable, easy-to-use Media Guide in the Coursepack for every video resource, listing the chapter to which the video content is tied, matching learning objective(s), a helpful description of the video content, and assessment questions
    • Career insights from professionals in the field, interviews with victims and former offenders in the running case studies, author discussions of tough concepts, as well as news clips of current events.
  • Video resources that bring concepts to life, are tied to learning objectives and make learning easier
  • EXCLUSIVE, influential SAGE journal content, built into course materials and assessment tools, that ties important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer flexibility when creating multimedia lectures so you don’t have to start from scratch but you can customize to your exact needs
  • Lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help you with preparation for lectures and class discussions
  • Integrated links to the interactive eBook that make it easy for your students to maximize their study time with this “anywhere, anytime” mobile-friendly version of the text. It also offers access to more digital tools and resources, including SAGE Premium Video
  • All tables and figures from the textbook
Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.
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  • Mobile-friendly flashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts, and make it easy to maximize your study time, anywhere, anytime
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes that allow you to assess how much you’ve learned and where you need to focus your attention
  • Video and multimedia resources that bring concepts to life and enhance exploration of key topics
  • Exclusive access to influential SAGE journal that ties important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning
  • that bring concepts to life and enhance exploration of key topics

“The contemporary issues and challenges confronting the U.S. justice system are critically and comprehensively examined in the latest edition of Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change. The text applies a unique lens to understanding the interconnected nature of crime and justice, the role of diversity, and how technology has changed the field of law enforcement, the courts, and the correctional system.”

Christina Mancini
Associate Professor and Assistant Chair of Criminal Justice, Wilder School, Virginia Commonwealth University

“Great text. Very user friendly for both faculty and student. Awesome for the visual learner. Highly recommended!!”

Jeffrey M. O’Donnell
Community College of Allegheny County

“Introduction to Criminal Justice by Rennison and Dodge is one of the best books for Introduction to CJ. It is written for students who are not familiar with all the components of the criminal justice system. It also includes an instructor site that provides helpful resources for instructors. I have used this book for two semesters, and my students really seem to enjoy it.”

Dr. Brittany Rodriguez
Tarleton State University

“I found this text to be perfectly organized to present the criminal justice system from beginning to end in a very logical and sensible manner. It is well written at a level that will allow the student to better understand the complexities of the system.”

Dr. Butch Beach
Point University

“…I appreciated the inclusion of diversity and felt that the current events and contemporary issues presented throughout the book were very relevant to the study of criminal justice today…Students are always appreciative of interactive components, such as audio and video, and they enjoy reading various case studies. I also really liked the images and thought that the graphics were interesting and made the content much more understandable.”

Kweilin T. Lucas
Fort Hays State University

“Students have positively evaluated the text. I think it is comprehensive without being too hard for an introductory level course. Also, I teach many students who have no background in criminal justice (non-majors). Unlike majors, most of these students have little to no knowledge of the system (knowledge perhaps gained from television and movies). This text is suitable for them also.”

Shana L. Maier
Widener University

“The information is clearly laid out for students to grasp. The chapters are not too long and students should be able to easily grasp concepts. They cover important policy areas that are often ignored in other Intro texts.”

Michelle L. Foster
Kent State University
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • Ten new “Policy Issues” boxes show students how recent policy has impacted the field of criminal justice with discussions of crime and undocumented immigrants, training for police officers when working with individuals who are mentally ill, the fear of violence on college campuses, and more. 
  • New full-page infographics, “Data Matters: The Story in Numbers,” bring data to life by breaking down complex information into accessible and interesting visuals—enabling students to better examine key issues from a clearer and more accurate perspective.
  • Expanded discussion surrounding the legal definition of rape and how it applies to the highly publicized Brock Turner case further clarifies for students what is (and isn’t) considered rape in the eyes of the law across different states. 
  • Current topics affecting today’s criminal justice system encourage classroom discussion of pressing topics such as the country’s changing marijuana laws, why diversity in policing has been historically low, policing technology and privacy concerns, the policies of the Trump administration, and peer courts in the juvenile justice system.
  • Updated statistics and data are included where available, along with an acknowledgement and discussion surrounding why some FBI and NCVS data had not been updated at the time of press.
  • SAGE course outcomes help you track and measure student success. Crafted with specific goals in mind and vetted by advisors in the field, SAGE course outcomes clearly define and benchmark the knowledge and skills students are expected to achieve upon completion of your course.


KEY FEATURES: 

  • Actual criminal justice cases progress from chapter to chapter, showing students the interrelationships and connectedness of the criminal justice system to help make the material more engaging and memorable.
  • Coverage of topics traditionally marginalized in other books, such as policy, ethics, gender, victimization, and white-collar crime, are included throughout to help give students a broader perspective of the U.S. criminal justice system.
  • Diversity is emphasized in all aspects of the criminal justice system, including offenders, victims, employees, and sentencing, to help students understand the importance of openly discussing difficult issues.
  • Common Misconceptions boxes clarify important distinctions between systems and policies that students often struggle to fully understand.
  • Policy Issues boxes serve as a foundation for students to consider the complexities of policy and think critically about the impact of legislation on the criminal justice system.
  • Ethical Issues boxes integrated into each chapter provide students with the opportunity to approach each topic in a thoughtful and conscientious manner.
  • Contemplating Careers boxes engage students’ interests in a variety of fields of criminal justice by introducing them to skills, responsibilities, salaries, and work environments, as well as the personality characteristics that make for an ideal candidate.
  • Critical Thinking Matters exercises at the end of each chapter give students a framework to apply and analyze the chapter content, helping them make meaningful connections and engage in deeper learning.
  • SAGE coursepacks allows instructors to import high-quality content into their school’s learning management system (LMS) with no access codes.
  • SAGE edge provides students with helpful tools, including eFlashcards, practice quizzes, video resources, and more, in one easy-to-use online environment. 
 

For instructors

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