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Introduction to Policing
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Introduction to Policing

Fourth Edition
  • Steven M. Cox - Western Illinois University, USA
  • David Massey - Ocean Pines Police, Wor-Wic Community College
  • Connie M. Koski - Longwood University, USA
  • Brian D. Fitch - Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, Woodbury University, California State University, Fullerton, USA
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January 2019 | 488 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Written and extensively updated by an author team that includes former and current law enforcement officers, Introduction to Policing focuses on the thought-provoking, contemporary issues that underscore the challenging and rewarding world of policing. The authors skillfully balance research and practice to offer students an overview of both the foundations of policing and the expanded role of today’s police officers. Evolving with the modern realities of the field, the Fourth Edition discusses major new and ongoing impactful events, such as the political shift marked by the U.S. presidential election of 2016 and expanded coverage of women and minorities in policing. The accessible and engaging writing style, coupled with unique coverage of the issues of policing in multicultural communities, the impact of technology on policing, and policing strategies and procedures, make this bestselling book a must-have for policing courses.

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    PREFACE
     
    ABOUT THE AUTHORS
     
    PART I. FOUNDATIONS OF POLICING
     
    Chapter 1. Policing in the United States
    Law Enforcement Today

     
    The Concept and Mandate of the Police

     
    Scope of the Law Enforcement Sector

     
    A Changing Landscape

     
    A Changing Workforce

     
    Additional Types of Police/Security

     
     
    Chapter 2. A Brief History of Police in the United States
    English Roots of Policing

     
    The Evolution of Early U.S. Policing

     
    The Political Era

     
    The Reform Era

     
    The Era of Social Upheaval (1960s and 1970s)

     
    The Community-Policing Era (1980–2000)

     
    The Homeland Security Era (2001–Present)

     
    Some Contemporary Policing Strategies

     
    Policing in the Past, Present, and Future

     
     
    Chapter 3. Police Organization and Administration
    Organizational Structures

     
    Police Militarization

     
    Operations Division

     
    Organizational Substructures

     
    Handling Change in Police Organizations

     
    Police Unions and Collective Bargaining

     
    Police Professionalism

     
    Professional Literature and Research

     
    Code of Ethics

     
    Professional Associations

     
    Self-Improvement

     
    Academic Field

     
    Accreditation

     
     
    PART II. POLICE OPERATIONS
     
    Chapter 4. Recruitment and Selection of Police Officers
    The Importance of Recruitment and Selection

     
    Antidiscrimination Legislation

     
    Entry-Level Recruitment and Selection

     
    Testing of Candidates

     
    Supervisory Recruitment and Selection

     
    Recruitment and Selection of Police Chiefs

     
     
    Chapter 5. Police Training and Education
    Police Education

     
    Research on College Education and Police Performance

     
    Police Training

     
    Types of Training

     
    Challenges

     
     
    Chapter 6. Police Work: Operations and Functions
    Basic Police Functions

     
    Styles of Policing

     
    Patrol Strength and Allocation

     
    Other Types of Patrol

     
    Evaluating Patrol

     
    Evaluating Police Performance

     
    Police and the Media

     
     
    Chapter 7. Contemporary Strategies in Policing
    Community Policing

     
    Problem-Oriented Policing

     
    Research on Community- and Problem-Oriented Policing

     
    Criticisms of Community Policing

     
    The Current Status of COP and POP

     
    Innovations in Policing Strategies

     
     
    PART III. POLICE CONDUCT
     
    Chapter 8. The Police Culture and Work Stress
    What Is Culture?

     
    Analyzing Police Subculture

     
    Types of Stresses in Police Work

     
    Effects and Consequences of Police Stress

     
    Police Shootings and Critical Incidents

     
    Counteracting Police Stress

     
     
    Chapter 9. Law, Court Decisions, and the Police
    The 1st Amendment

     
    The 2nd Amendment

     
    The 4th Amendment

     
    The 5th Amendment

     
    The 14th Amendment

     
    The Exclusionary Rule

     
    Police Use of Force

     
    The USA PATRIOT Act, Homeland Security, and Terrorism

     
     
    Chapter 10. Ethics and Decision-Making
    Police Discretion

     
    Ethics and Police Conduct

     
    Leadership and Improving Decision-Making

     
     
    Chapter 11. Police Misconduct and Accountability
    Corruption

     
    Other Types of Police Misconduct

     
    Research on Police Misconduct and Use of Force

     
    The Impacts of Misconduct

     
    Causes of Misconduct—Bad Apples or Bad Barrels?

     
    Misconduct: Management and Administrative Issues

     
    Accountability

     
     
    PART IV. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN POLICING
     
    Chapter 12. Policing in a Diverse Society
    Policing in a Multicultural and Multiethnic Society

     
    The Problem and Promise of Diversity

     
    Police–Community Conflict

     
    Public Image of the Police

     
    Police in the Community

     
    Women in Policing

     
    Minority Police Officers

     
     
    Chapter 13. Technology and the Police
    The Costs and Benefits of Technology

     
    Computers

     
    Video Cameras

     
    Surveillance Technology

     
    Crime Mapping

     
    Biological Identifiers

     
    Speed Detection Devices or Systems

     
    Armor and Weapons

     
     
    Chapter 14. Organized Crime, Homeland Security, and Global Issues
    Transnational Crime

     
    White-Collar Crime

     
    Terrorism

     
    Local Response to Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime

     
     
    Chapter 15. Private Security
    History and Background

     
    The Current Private Security Force

     
    Private and Contract Security Personnel

     
    Authority, Requirements, and Accountability

     
    Private Security Versus Public Police

     
    The Risks of Privatizing the Police

     
    Coordinating Public Police and Private Security

     
     
    PART V. LOOKING AHEAD
     
    Chapter 16. The Future of Policing in the United States
    The Changing Context

     
    Ongoing and Strategic Change

     
    Terrorism and Future Policing

     
     
    GLOSSARY
     
    ENDNOTES
     
    INDEX

    Supplements

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      • Comprehensive, downloadable, easy-to-use Media Guide in the Coursepack for every video resource, listing the chapter to which the video content is tied, matching learning objective(s), a helpful description of the video content, and assessment questions
      • Policing in Practice Videos that feature interviews with professional law enforcement discussing their day-to-day work and current issues related to the field of policing
      • Criminal Justice in Practice Videos that challenge students to explore how they would respond to real-world situations faced by criminal justice professionals
      • Author Videos showcasing Brian Fitch and his career with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department
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    • suggested answers to the You Decide boxes found in the text provide a well-researched rationale behind the recommended response to key issues facing the law enforcement profession.

    “A well-documented text that is written by real-life practitioners with lots of experience and knowledge in the policing fields. I would also say the text is very detailed and covers all aspects of policing. It has hands on interactive tools for students as well as for the instructor’s resources.”

    Chernoh M. Wurie, Ph.D.,
    Virginia Commonwealth University

    “Current, well organized, well written, easy to understand.”

    Arnold R. Waggoner,
    Rose State College

    “A concise, well-written, and inexpensive introductory text.”

    Scott Pray
    Muskingum University

    “This textbook covers all of the overarching topics that an introductory textbooks should, with enough detail to provide substance for upper undergraduate courses. This textbook can be used for all levels of undergraduate study.”

    Jennifer D. Griffin, Ph.D.
    University of Delaware

    “I would describe the text as a well-organized, relevant, and well tough out text book that is well suited to the mindset of students, many of whom are aspiring law enforcement candidates.”

    Dustin Werley
    Texas State University-San Marcos

    Introduction to Policing is one of the better introductory books on the market that benefits from a collaboration of authors having both academic and professional experience.”

    Patrick R. Gartin
    Missouri State University
    Key features

    NEW TO THIS EDITION:

    • Updated chapter content includes several major new or ongoing impactful events and social trends, most notably recent high-profile police misconduct cases, the role of social media, the political shift in the country marked by the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and police use of force on unarmed civilians.
    • Increased coverage of women and minorities in law enforcement, with special consideration of recruitment and opportunities for promotion, gives students a broader perspective of modern police officers.
    • Research, statistics, and data have been updated where available, providing the most up-to-date and accurate snapshot of modern policing.
    • New Police Stories have been added to include a wider range of officer voices, providing students with inclusive, relevant police scenarios that humanize police officers’ experiences.
    • New Case in Point boxes bring concepts to life and highlight recent events, such as reform efforts in the Baltimore Police Department, an officer’s response to the Orlando Pulse Nightclub shooting, and a private security company’s alleged harsh treatment of protesters at the Dakota Access Pipeline.
    • New You Decide boxes present students with timely scenarios to analyze and critically reflect on, such as the First Amendment rights of demonstrators and Automated License Plate Readers and privacy. Several other You Decide boxes have been updated with current information and statistics.


    KEY FEATURES: 

    • Written and updated by an author team that includes former and current law enforcement officers, providing students with direct insights, stories, and experiences from practiced professionals.
    • You Decide boxes invite critical thinking by presenting realistic dilemmas in policing and encouraging students to propose possible new solutions.
    • Case in Point boxes use current events to illustrate one or more of each chapter’s major issues.
    • Exhibit boxes provide concrete examples to help students make real-world connections.
    • Police Stories boxes feature the experiences of current and previous law enforcement officers to show students how concepts discussed play out in the field.
     

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