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China Report

China Report

Published in Association with Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi
A Journal of East Asian Studies

eISSN: 0973063X | ISSN: 00094455 | Current volume: 56 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Quarterly

China Report promotes the free expression and discussion of different ideas, approaches and viewpoints which assist a better understanding of China and its East Asian neighbours. A quarterly journal of the Institute of Chinese Studies, it attempts to provide a fresh approach which goes beyond the strictly utilitarian area studies without becoming antiquarian. Launched in 1964, China Report has, over the years, widened its interests and aims and transformed itself into a scholarly journal that seeks a better understanding of China and its East Asian neighbours - particularly their cultures, their development and their relations with China. It is an indispensable source of information on China, its society and culture. The journal covers inter-related subject areas - economics, history, international relations, law, politics and sociology. In addition to research articles, the journal carries review articles, book reviews and a documents/speeches section.

Electronic Access:

China Report is available electronically on SAGE Journals Online at   

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

China Report is a refereed journal in the field of social sciences and international relations. It encourages free expression and discussion of different ideas and approaches which assists in the better understanding of China and its neighbours. It welcomes and offers a platform for original research from a multi-disciplinary perspective, in new and emerging areas, by scholars and research students. It seeks to promote a vigorous debate on all aspects of Sino-Indian relations and to highlight India-China comparative studies, and the multilateral and bilateral initiatives and collaborations across Asia.

Sreemati Chakrabarti Vice-Chairperson, Institute of Chinese Studies and Professor (Retd.) Department of East Asian Studies, University of Delhi
Associate Editor
G Balatchandirane Retired Professor, Department of East Asian Studies, University of Delhi, India
Assistant Editor
Rityusha Mani Tiwary Assistant Professor, Shaheed Bhagat Singh College, University of Delhi, India
Book Review Editor
Vijay Nambiar Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi, India
Editorial Board
Alka Acharya Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Manmohan Agarwal Research and Information Systems, New Delhi, India
Rajeev Bhargava Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi, India
Ravi Bhoothalingam Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi, India
Kjeld Erik Brødsgaard Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark
Anita Chan Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
C P Chandrashekar Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Anne Cheng College de France, Paris, France
Tan Chung Professor of Chinese, University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi.
Shen Dingli Fudan University, China
Prasenjit Duara Raffles Professor of Humanities and Director, ARI, NUS, Singapore
Govind Kelkar UNIFEM-IFAD Gender Mainstreaming Programme, New Delhi, India
Vinod Khanna Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi, India
Cheng Li The Brookings Institution, Washington D.C., USA
Sabaree Mitra Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Manoranjan Mohanty Council for Social Development and University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Elizabeth J. Perry Harvard University, Massachusetts, USA
T. C. A. Rangachari Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
Ma Rong Peking University, Beijing, China
Tansen Sen Baruch College, New York, USA
David Shambaugh George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA
Brij Tankha University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Patricia R. Uberoi Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi, India
Anand A. Yang University of Washington,Seattle, USA
  • Clarivate Analytics: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
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  • ProQuest: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: China Report 

    All submissions should be made electronically in an MS-Word file attached in an email to the Editor, Sreemati Chakrabarti at

    Reviews should be submitted within two months of receiving the book. If this deadline is impossible, please contact the Book Reviews Editor, Vijay Nambiar at

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of China Report will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    If you have any questions about publishing with SAGE, please visit the SAGE Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Article types
    Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    3. Publishing polices

    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript

    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplementary material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission
    5.2 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Before submitting your manuscript to China Report, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types

    • The journal covers inter-related subject areas - economics, history, international relations, law, politics and sociology.
    • It publishes original research articles (5,000–8,000 words in length), perspectives and commentaries (2,000–4,000 words), and book reviews (800–1,600 words) relating to all facets of China and East Asia.
    • Please provide a short abstract (150–200 words) and 5–6 keywords, at the beginning of the article.
    • Use British spellings throughout (‘programme’ not ‘program’; ‘labour’ not ‘labor’, ‘centre’ not ‘center’). Use ‘ise’ spelling instead of ‘ize’—for example ‘organise’, ‘emphasise’. Use per cent not %.
    • Use single quotation marks throughout for quotations and, if required, use double quotation marks within single quotes.
    • ‘Notes’ should be numbered serially and presented at the foot of each page (footnotes)
    • Chinese names: In Chinese practice, the family name comes before the given name. Usually, authors from the People’s Republic follow this practice but persons of Chinese ancestry or origin elsewhere have adopted the Western practice of giving the family name last. Therefore, in the former case the names do not have to be reversed in the references. China Report follows the Hanyu Pinyin system of romanisation for Chinese personal names, place names and titles of books, periodicals, etc. In citations where the original uses a different system, its Hanyu Pinyin equivalent should be given in parentheses. Exceptions include names such as Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek, that is, names familiar from pre-1949 China. Thus, it should be Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai respectively instead of Mao Tse-tung and Chou En-lai, unless they are spelled in the older format in a quoted text or as authors.
    • There is no limit on the number of references allowed.

    1.3 Writing your paper
    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    China Report adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. The reviewers are told to opine whether the article contributes new knowledge; its research questions make sense; language is clear; methodology is unassailable and premises go with the conclusion.

    2.2 Authorship
    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review. 

    2.3.1 Third party submissions
    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3.2 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding
    China Report requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    China Report encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway 

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    China Report and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement      
    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving
    China Report offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    All submissions should be made electronically in an MS-Word file attached in an email to the Editor, Sreemati Chakrabarti at                                                         

    4.1 Formatting
    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material
    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    4.4 Reference style
    At the end of the article, a consolidated alphabetical list of all books, articles, essays and dissertations referred to (including any cited in the tables, figures, graphs and maps) should be provided. China Report adheres to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition reference style.
    Detailed style of referencing is given below:


    Yu Xintian. 2010. Zhangwo guoji guanxi de miyue: Wenhua, ruan shili yu Zhongguo duiwai zhanlve [Decoding International Relations: Culture, Soft Power and China’s Foreign Strategy]. Shanghai: Renmin Chubanshe.

    Vogel, Ezra. 1989. One Step Ahead in China: Guangdong Under Reform. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press.

    Wei, Yehua Denis. 2000. Regional Development in China: States, Globalization, and Inequality. London and New York: Routledge.

    Book Chapters

    Chen Cai, Yuan Shu-ren, Wang Li and Godfrey Linge. 1997. ‘The North-East: Searching for a Way Forward’, in Godfrey Linge (ed.) China’s New Spatial Economy: Heading Towards 2020. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 144–66.

    Cheng, Joseph Y.S. 2003. ‘Guangdong: The Challenges of the WTO’, in Joseph Y.S. Cheng (ed.), Guangdong: Preparing for the WTO Challenge. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 1–34.

    Zhang, Tie Jun. 2005. ‘China: Towards Regional Actor and World Player’, in Mary Farrell, Bjorn Hettne and Luk van Langenhove (eds), Global Politics of Regionalism: Theory and Practice. London and Ann Arbor, Michigan: Pluto Press, 237–51.

    Journal Articles

    Chao, Chien-min. 2003. ‘Will Economic Integration between Mainland China and Taiwan Lead to a Congenial Political Culture?’, Asian Survey, Vol. XLIII, No. 2, March/April, 280–304.
    Ma Ying and Zhao Gancheng. 2009. ‘Evolution of Guiding Principles and Strategies of China’s Periphery Policy’, International Review, Shanghai Institute for International Studies, Vol. 2, (accessed on 15 July 2010).

    Shambaugh, David. 1996. ‘China’s Military in Transition: Politics, Professionalism, Procurement and Power Projection’, China Quarterly, Vol. 146, June, 265–98.

    Yang Wenwu and Ni Xiangqin. 2007. ‘ZhongYin jingmao hezuo xianzhuang, wenti ji qi duice’ [Sino-Indian Economic and Trade Cooperation Situation, Problems and Countermeasures], Shehui Kexue, No. 9, 16–24.

    4.5 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.  

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    All submissions should be made electronically in an MS-Word file attached in an email to the Editor, Sreemati Chakrabarti at

    Reviews should be submitted within two months of receiving the book. If this deadline is impossible, please contact the Book Reviews Editor, Vijay Nambiar at

    5.1 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.2 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication           

    6.1 SAGE Production
    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article
    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to:

    The Editor (China Report), Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi, India.


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