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Measurement Tools in Clinical Ethics
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Measurement Tools in Clinical Ethics


August 2001 | 312 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Measurement Instruments in Clinical Ethics presents an overview of studies of ethical concepts in clinical and research activities. The studies covered use interview scales or other methods of gathering data that have undergone rigorous analysis of their psychometric characteristics. This book describes these instruments and critiques their stage of development. This work strives to further the debate regarding what evolving ethical standards mean for clinicians and researchers.

 


 
Preface
 
1. Empirical Studies in Ethics and Psychometric Standards for Measurement
Development of Measurement Instruments in Clinical and Research Ethics

 
Standards for Instrument Development

 
Summary

 
Descriptions of Instruments

 
Definitions

 
 
2. Patient Preference
The Autonomy Preference Index (API)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Information Styles Questionnaire (ISQ)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Desire for Lenth of Benefit Scale (DLBS)

 
Desire for Probable Benefit Scale (DPBS)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Life Support Preferences Questionnaire (LSPQ)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Preference Scale (CPR Pref)

 
Instrument Development, Adminstration, Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Preference of Life-Sustaining Treatment

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
 
3. Patient Comprehension
Pre-Vignette Knowledge Test

 
Post-Vignette Comprehension Test

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Knowledge About Breast Cancer Genetics and BRCA1 Testing

 
Perceptions of the Benefits, Limitations, and Risks of BRCA1 Testing

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Deaconess Informed Consent Comprehension Test (DICCT)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
4. Decisional Capacity

 
Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
 
5. Advance Directives
Values Assessment and Directives Form (VAD)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Values History (VH)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Advance Directive-HIV Questionnaire (AD-HIV)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
The Medical Directive (MD)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Advance Directive Acceptability Questionnaire (ADAQ)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Advance Directives Questionnaire (ADQ)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
End-of-Life Care Decisions Questionnaire (EOLCDQII)

 
Instrument Developement, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
6. Withdrawal of Life Support

 
Withdrawal of Life Support in Critically Ill Patients

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Willingness to Withdraw Life Support (WWLS)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring Guidelines

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
 
7. Aggressiveness of Care
Decisions About Aggressiveness of Care (DAC)

 
Decisions About Aggressiveness of Care for Specific Patients (DAC[SP])

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Aggressiveness of Nursing Care Scale (ANCS)

 
Appropriateness of Care Questionnaire (ACQ)

 
Background

 
Instrument Development, Adminstration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Level of Management in Neonatal Clinical Situations

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
 
8. Moral Sensitivity
Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire (MSQ)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
 
9. Ethical Practice Environment
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Hospital Ethical Climate Survey (HECS)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
 
10. Recipient Selection
Criteria for Selection of Transplant Recipient Scale (CSTR)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
 
11. General Issues for Health Professionals
Ethics Consultants' Recommendations (ECR)

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
Summary and Critique

 
Rationing Health Care Resources

 
Some Considered Moral Judgments

 
Instrument Development, Administration, and Scoring

 
Psychometric Properties

 
 
12. Summary
Instruments

 
Instrument Use

 
 
Appendix: Summary of Instruments
 
Index
 
About the Author

"A very useful and helpful accumulation of tools not only to be used in instructing graduate students on research methodology, but also a text that could be utilized by hospitals and home health as well as long-term care agencies in evaluating their organizational needs as well as their staff’s attitudes and perceptions. I would highly recommend this text." 

Penny S. Brook
Nursing, University of Utah
Key features

"A very useful and helpful accumulation of tools not only to be used in instructing graduate students on research methodology, but also a text that could be utilized by hospitals and home health as well as long-term care agencies in evaluating their organizational needs as well as their staff's attitudes and perceptions. 

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