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Police in America - Interactive eBook

Police in America - Interactive eBook

Second Edition

January 2020 | SAGE Publications, Inc
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This dynamic, mobile-friendly Interactive eBook version of Police in America, Second Edition goes way beyond highlighting and note-taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated specifically for this text. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including: 

  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video. Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE Coursepacks.
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  • ONLINE CONTENT: Access more online content via links to important data, relevant background, and profiles that enrich key concepts in the text.

Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Police in America

The Challenge of Policing a Free Society

The Controversies and Difficulties of Policing

Ethics and Morals in Policing

Chapter 2: The History of the Police in America
Introduction: Why Study the History of the Police?

The Pre-Police Era in America

The First American Police Departments: The Political Era of Policing

Early 1900s to 1960s: The Reform Era of Policing

The 1970s to the Present: The Community Problem-Solving Era of Policing

Chapter 3: The Characteristics and Structure of Police Organizations
Characteristics of Police Organizations

The Challenges of Managing Police Organizations

The Structure of Police Departments

Major Operating Units in Police Departments

Types and Levels of Law Enforcement Agencies

Chapter 4: The Role of the Police
Enforcing the Law

Controlling Crime

Dealing with Situations Where Force May Need to Be Used

Handling Time-Pressing Situations

Chapter 5: Police Recruitment, Selection, and Training
The Relationship between the Recruitment, Selection, and Training of Police Officers

The Recruitment of Police Officers

The Selection of Police Officers

Minimum Qualifications for Police Officers

Selection Procedures for Police Officers

The Outcomes of the Recruitment and Selection of Police Officers: Diversity

Police Officer Training

Chapter 6: Police Patrol
Police Patrol and Call Priority

Managing Calls for Service

Preventive Patrol

Hot Spot Policing

Police Crackdowns

Police Stops of Citizens as a Strategy

One- and Two-Officer Squads

Foot Patrol

Offender-Focused Strategies

Chapter 7: Crime Detection and Investigation
Criminal Investigation Defined

Types of Criminal Investigations

Proof in Criminal Investigations

How Are Crimes Solved?

Forms and Types of Evidence in Criminal Investigations

Chapter 8: Police Discretion and Its Control
Discretion Defined

The Anatomy of a Decision

Factors That Influence the Discretion of Police Officers

How Is Police Discretion Best Controlled?

Chapter 9: The Law of Search, Seizure, and Self-Incrimination
Basic Legal Terminology and Concepts

The Law of Search and Seizure: The Fourth Amendment

The Law of Self-Incrimination: The Fifth and Sixth Amendments

Chapter 10: Health and Safety Issues in Police Work
What Is Stress?

The Effects of Stress

Physical Hazards of Police Work

So Is Police Work Dangerous?

Chapter 11: Police Use of Force
Reasonable Force and Use of Force Guidelines

Deviations in Use of Force: Unnecessary Force versus Brutality

Types of Force

Patterns in Police Use of Force: Causes and Control

Chapter 12: Police Misconduct and Corruption
The Importance of Understanding Police Misconduct and Corruption

The Nature and Extent of Police Misconduct and Corruption

Causes of Police Misconduct and Corruption

The Control of Police Misconduct and Corruption

Chapter 13: Community and Problem-Oriented Policing
The Rise of Community Policing

Problem-Oriented Policing: The Details

Chapter 14: Evidence-Based and Intelligence-Led Policing
Smart Policing

Data-Driven and Evidence-Based Policing


Predictive Policing

Intelligence-Led Policing

Chapter 15: Terrorism, Technology, Accountability, and the Future of American Policing
History as a Guide to the Future

New Demands on the Police

The New Police

The New Technology of Crime Detection and Accountability

Appendix: The Bill of Rights, United States Constitution

Perfect text for course

Matt Dukes
Criminal Justice, Rose State College
January 14, 2021

Chapter 1

·         New information on police-citizen contacts

·         New information on body-worn cameras (BWCs)

·         New information on police-citizen cooperation (and lack thereof) as a challenge of policing

·         New “A Research Question” (media and citizens’ attitudes toward the police)

Chapter 2

·         New information on women and people of color police officers

·         New “Good Policing” (good policing changes over time)

·         New/revised “A Research Question” (current state of police research)

·         New information about changes in policing during the community problem-solving era

Chapter 3

·         New “Police Spotlight” (police officer salaries and consequences)

·         New “Good Policing” (police as warriors vs. guardians)

Chapter 4

·         New “Police Spotlight” (“Scoop and Run” in the Philadelphia PD, nontraditional police task)

·         New “Good Policing” (the need for new measures of police effectiveness)

·         New section on police responding to people in need, people with mental illness, crisis intervention teams)

·         New section on police use of Narcan


Chapter 5


·         New “Police Spotlight” (San Diego PD recruitment efforts)

·         New information on police salaries

·         New “Research Question” (how male and female college students perceive a police career)

·         New information about diversity of police officers

·         New “Good Policing” (Tulsa PD recruit training)

Chapter 6

·         New information on foot patrol

·         New “A Research Question” (CCTV and directed patrol)

·         New information on traffic stops

·         New information on stop, question, and frisk

Chapter 7

·         New “Police Spotlight” (ancestry DNA and the Golden State Killer)

·         Moved material on “proof” to Chapter 9

·         New “A Research Question” (secondary transfer of DNA)

·         New information on DNA and DNA analysis

·         New information as video as evidence

Chapter 8

·         New information on BWCs

·         New information/section on race and implicit bias

·         New information on de-policing and Ferguson Effect

·         New “A Research Question” (BWCs)

·         New “Good Policing” (BWCs)

Chapter 9

·         New discussion of proof and probable cause

·         Many revised discussions to shorten the chapter

·         New section on juveniles and the Miranda requirement

Chapter 10

·         New “Police Spotlight” (dealing with event trauma)

·         New “A Research Question” (shiftwork, fatigue, and gender)

·         New information on body armor

Chapter 11

·         New “Police Spotlight” (de-escalation)

·         New “Good Policing” (transparency in police use of force)

·         New information on police use of force

·         New “A Research Question” (but still suicide by cop)

·         New information on police use of robots and drones

·         New reorganized section on the control of police use of force

·         New information/sections on de-escalation, early intervention systems, BWCs

Chapter 12

·         New “Police Spotlight” (still Denver PD police complaint mediation program

·         New information on numerous chapter topics

·         New information on perceptions of police honesty and ethics

Chapter 13

·         Added many examples of community policing in various PDs

·         New information on law enforcement use of social media

·         New information on community policing vs. problem-oriented policing

·         New “A Research Question” (procedural justice)

·         Added many examples of problem-oriented policing (with a new diagram)

Chapter 14

·         New “Police Spotlight” (smart policing in Chicago)

·         New information on smart policing (its meaning changed since the 1e)

·         New information to clarify various strategies discussed in the chapter, including how these strategies may be controversial

·         New “Good Policing” (a problem-oriented approach to CompStat)

·         New “A Research Question” (crime analysis)

Chapter 15

·         Condensed discussion of terrorism

·         New “Research Spotlight” (far-right extremism)

·         New information about future of policing including militarization of the police

·         New “Good Policing” (BWCs and accountability)

·         New information on the future technologies of policing



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ISBN: 9781071807286