You are here

Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics
Share

Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics

Seventh Edition


August 2019 | 512 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Now in its Seventh Edition, Neil J. Salkind’s bestselling Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics with new co-author Bruce B. Frey teaches an often intimidating subject with a humorous, personable, and informative approach that reduces statistics anxiety. With instruction in SPSS®, the authors guide students through basic and advanced statistical procedures, from correlation and graph creation to analysis of variance, regression, non-parametric tests, and more.  The Seventh Edition includes new real-world examples, additional coverage on multiple regression and power and effect size, and a robust interactive eBook with video tutorials and animations of key concepts. In the end, students who (think they) hate statistics will understand how to explain the results of many statistical analyses and won’t be intimidated by basic statistical tasks. 


A Complete Teaching & Learning Package

SAGE Premium Video


Included in the Interactive eBook! SAGE Premium Video tools and resources boost comprehension and bolster analysis. Videos include animated Core Concepts in Stats Videos, Lightboard Lecture Videos from Bruce B. Frey, and tutorial videos for end-of-chapter of SPSS problems. Learn more.  

Interactive eBook


Includes access to SAGE Premium Video, multimedia tools, and much more! Save when you bundle the Interactive eBook with the new edition. Order using bundle ISBN: 978-1-5443-9339-1. Learn more.

SAGE coursepacks

FREE! Easily import our quality instructor and student resource content into your school’s learning management system (LMS) and save time. Learn more.

SAGE edge

FREE online resources for students that make learning easier. See how your students benefit. 

Study Guide bundles

Bundle Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e (with Interactive eBook) with any of the following and SAVE!
  • w/ Study Guide to Accompany Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e: 
    978-1-5443-9752-8

  • w/ Study Guide for Psychology to Accompany Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e: 978-1-5443-9753-5

  • w/ Study Guide for Education to Accompany Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e: 978-1-5443-9754-2

  • w/ Study Guide for Health & Nursing to Accompany Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, 7e: 978-1-5443-9755-9
 

 
A Note to the Student: Why We Wrote This Book
 
Acknowledgements
 
And Now, About the Seventh Edition
 
About the Authors
 
Part I: Yippee! I'm in Statistics!
 
Chapter 1. Statistics or Sadistics? It’s Up to You
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Why Statistics?  
A 5-Minute History of Statistics  
Statistics: What It Is (and Isn’t)  
What Am I Doing in a Statistics Class?  
Ten Ways to Use This Book (and Learn Statistics at the Same Time!)  
About the Book’s Features  
Key to Difficulty Icons  
Glossary  
Summary  
 
Part II: Zigma Freud and Descriptive Statistics
 
Chapter 2. Computing and Understanding Averages: Means to an End
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Computing the Mean  
Computing the Median  
Computing the Mode  
When to Use What Measure of Central Tendency (and All You Need to Know About Scales of Measurement for Now)  
Using SPSS to Compute Descriptive Statistics  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 3. Understanding Variability: Vivé la Différence
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Why Understanding Variability Is Important  
Computing the Range  
Computing the Standard Deviation  
Computing the Variance  
Using SPSS to Compute Measures of Variability  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 4. Creating Graphs: A Picture Really Is Worth a Thousand Words
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Why Illustrate Data?  
Ten Ways to a Great Figure (Eat Less and Exercise More?)  
First Things First: Creating a Frequency Distribution  
The Plot Thickens: Creating a Histogram  
The Next Step: A Frequency Polygon  
Other Cool Ways to Chart Data  
Using the Computer (SPSS, That Is) to Illustrate Data  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 5. Computing Correlation Coefficients: Ice Cream and Crime
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
What Are Correlations All About?  
Computing a Simple Correlation Coefficient  
Understanding What the Correlation Coefficient Means  
Squaring the Correlation Coefficient: A Determined Effort  
Other Cool Correlations  
Parting Ways: A Bit About Partial Correlation  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 6. An Introduction to Understanding Reliability and Validity: Just the Truth
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
An Introduction to Reliability and Validity  
Reliability: Doing It Again Until You Get It Right  
Different Types of Reliability  
How Big Is Big? Finally: Interpreting Reliability Coefficients  
Validity: Whoa! What Is the Truth?  
A Last Friendly Word  
Validity and Reliability: Really Close Cousins  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Part III: Taking Chances for Fun and Profit
 
Chapter 7. Hypotheticals and You: Testing Your Questions
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
So You Want to Be a Scientist?.?.?.  
Samples and Populations  
The Null Hypothesis  
The Research Hypothesis  
What Makes a Good Hypothesis?  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 8. Probability and Why it Counts: Fun with a Bell-Shaped Curve
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Why Probability?  
The Normal Curve (a.k.a. the Bell-Shaped Curve)  
Our Favorite Standard Score: The z Score  
Fat and Skinny Frequency Distributions  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Part IV Significantly Different: Using Inferential Statistics
 
Chapter 9. Significantly Significant: What It Means for You and Me
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
The Concept of Significance  
Significance Versus Meaningfulness  
An Introduction to Inferential Statistics  
An Introduction to Tests of Significance  
Be Even More Confident  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 10. The One-Sample Z Test: Only the Lonely
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to the One-Sample Z Test  
The Path to Wisdom and Knowledge  
Computing the Z Test Statistic  
Using SPSS to Perform a Z Test  
Special Effects: Are Those Differences for Real?  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 11. t(ea) for Two: Tests Between the Means of Different Groups
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to the t Test for Independent Samples  
The Path to Wisdom and Knowledge  
Computing the t Test Statistic  
The Effect Size and t(ea) for Two  
Using SPSS to Perform a t Test  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 12. t(ea) for Two (Again): Tests Between the Means of Related Groups
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to the t Test for Dependent Samples  
The Path to Wisdom and Knowledge  
Computing the t Test Statistic  
Using SPSS to Perform a Dependent t Test  
The Effect Size for t(ea) for Two (Again)  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 13. Two Groups Too Many? Try Analysis of Variance
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to Analysis of Variance  
The Path to Wisdom and Knowledge  
Different Flavors of Analysis of Variance  
Computing the F Test Statistic  
Using SPSS to Compute the F Ratio  
The Effect Size for One-Way ANOVA  
Real World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 14. Two Too Many Factors: Factorial Analysis of Variance—A Brief Introduction
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to Factorial Analysis of Variance  
The Path to Wisdom and Knowledge  
A New Flavor of ANOVA  
The Main Event: Main Effects in Factorial ANOVA  
Even More Interesting: Interaction Effects  
Using SPSS to Compute the F Ratio  
Computing the Effect Size for Factorial ANOVA  
Real World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 15. Testing Relationships Using the Correlation Coefficient: Cousins or Just Good Friends?
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to Testing the Correlation Coefficient  
The Path to Wisdom and Knowledge  
Computing the Test Statistic  
Using SPSS to Compute a Correlation Coefficient (Again)  
Real World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 16. Using Linear Regression: Predicting the Future
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to Linear Regression  
What Is Prediction All About?  
The Logic of Prediction  
Drawing the World’s Best Line (for Your Data)  
How Good Is Your Prediction?  
Using SPSS to Compute the Regression Line  
The More Predictors the Better? Maybe  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Part V: More Statistics! More Tools! More Fun!
 
Chapter 17. Chi-Square and Some Other Nonparametric Tests: What to Do When You’re Not Normal
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics  
Introduction to the Goodness of Fit (One-Sample) Chi-Square  
Computing the Goodness of Fit Chi-Square Test Statistic  
Introduction to the Test of Independence Chi-Square  
Computing the Test of Independence Chi-Square Test Statistic  
Using SPSS to Perform Chi-Square Tests  
Other Nonparametric Tests You Should Know About  
Real-World Stats  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Chapter 18. Some Other (Important) Statistical Procedures You Should Know About
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Multivariate Analysis of Variance  
Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance  
Analysis of Covariance  
Multiple Regression  
Meta-analysis  
Discriminant Analysis  
Factor Analysis  
Path Analysis  
Structural Equation Modeling  
Summary  
 
Chapter 19. Data Mining: An Introduction to Getting the Most Out of Your BIG Data
What You Will Learn in This Chapter  
Our Sample Data Set—Who Doesn’t Love Babies?  
Counting Outcomes  
Pivot Tables and Cross-Tabulation: Finding Hidden Patterns  
Summary  
Time to Practice  
 
Appendix A
 
Appendix B
 
Appendix C
 
Appendix D
 
Appendix E
 
Appendix F
 
Appendix G
 
Appendix H
 
Appendix I
 
Glossary

Supplements

Student Study Site

edge.sagepub.com/salkindfrey7e

SAGE edge for students enhances learning, it’s easy to use, and offers:

  • an open-access site that makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime;
  • datasets that are available for download and use with exercises in the book;
  • eFlashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts;
  • eQuizzes that allow students to practice and assess how much they’ve learned and where they need to focus their attention; and
  • links to videos and podcasts for further exploration of statistical topics.

Instructor Resource Site

InstructorsSAGE coursepacks and SAGE edge online resources are included FREE with this text. For a brief demo, contact your sales representative today.

edge.sagepub.com/salkindfrey7e

SAGE coursepacks for instructors makes it easy to import our quality content into your school’s learning management system (LMS)*. Intuitive and simple to use, it allows you to

Say NO to…

·        required access codes

·        learning a new system

 

Say YES to…

·        using only the content you want and need

·        high-quality assessment and multimedia exercises

*For use in: Blackboard, Canvas, Brightspace by Desire2Learn (D2L), and Moodle

Don’t use an LMS platform? No problem, you can still access many of the online resources for your text via SAGE edge.


With SAGE coursepacks, you get: 
  • quality textbook content delivered directly into your LMS
  • an intuitive, simple format that makes it easy to integrate the material into your course with minimal effort;
  • assessment tools that foster review, practice, and critical thinking, including:
    • diagnostic chapter pre tests and post tests that identify opportunities for improvement, track student progress, and ensure mastery of key learning objectives
    • test banks built on Bloom’s Taxonomy that provide a diverse range of test items with ExamView test generation
    • activity and quiz options that allow you to choose only the assignments and tests you want 
    • instructions on how to use and integrate the comprehensive assessments and resources provided
  • assignable SAGE Premium Video (available via the Interactive eBook version, linked through SAGE coursepacks) that is tied to learning objectives, and curated and produced exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life, featuring: 
    • Corresponding multimedia assessment options that automatically feed to your gradebook
    • Comprehensive, downloadable, easy-to-use Media Guide in the Coursepack for every video resource, listing the chapter to which the video content is tied, matching learning objective(s), a helpful description of the video content, and assessment questions 
    • Videos that include animated Core Concepts in Stats Videos and tutorial videos for end-of-chapter of SPSS® problems
    • Lightboard Lecture Videos from Bruce B. Frey (one short lecture video per chapter) that demonstrate each statistical procedure, captured using innovative LED glass technology
  • chapter-specific discussion questions to help launch engaging classroom interaction while reinforcing important content;
  • editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer flexibility when creating multimedia lectures so you don’t have to start from scratch;
  • sample course syllabi with suggested models for structuring your course that give you options to customize your course to your exact needs;
  • lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help you with preparation for lectures and class discussions;
  • class activities designed for individual or group settings encourage active learning and allow students to delve more into the subject matter; 
  • integrated links to the Interactive eBook that make it easy for students to maximize their study time with this “anywhere, anytime” mobile-friendly version of the text. It also offers access to more digital tools and resources, including SAGE Premium Video; and
  • all tables and figures from the textbook. 
     

“ . . . Salkind and Frey’s Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics, Seventh Edition, takes the worrisome topic of statistics and turns it into an enjoyable enterprise.”

Amanda Graham
University of Cincinnati

“Of all the statistics textbooks that I have reviewed, Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics is by far the best.”

Brittany Landrum
University of Dallas

[Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics] eases students into concepts with clear intention for each chapter and prompts them to connect everything they've learned.”

Russell Brandon
Mississippi State University

“This [Seventh Edition] continues to be the best textbook for students not comfortable with statistics. While not sacrificing depth, the text makes difficult topics approachable. This texts meets my students where they are and allows them to gain the needed knowledge and appreciation of statistics.”

Christopher Ortega
Cortland University

“In its Seventh Edition, Salkind and Frey’s book provides a scaffolding journey for anyone that has a desire to learn the principles of statistics. This book begins with a foundation of defining the rudimentary principles of measurement, explains the principles of descriptive statistics, and disentangles the challenging principles of hypothesis testing and inferential statistics. It uses a very easy reading format, and it contains clear instructions to running all statistical procedures in SPSS®. The book has an amazing retrieval system of resources (data sets, problem exercises and more) that revitalizes teaching and learning. Therefore, I recommend this book without reservation.” 

Tyrone Bynoe
University of Michigan – Flint

“Two of my favorite statistical authors being together in one book may be a dream come true. Both Salkind's and Frey's texts have been a survival manual both for me and for my students. There are very few texts that carry both the weight of statistical grandeur along with the depth of content like this new text does. This is a masterpiece of statistical reference data that meshes the best parts of both authors and fills in the gap following the passing of Salkind. I can't wait to get this new text into the hands of my students and I know that this new book is going to become a foundational pillar in all of my classes.”

Jesse Buchholz
Northwest Nazarene University

“This book has a successful conversion mission. Indeed, it succeeds in converting statistics-shy students into statistics-savvy ardent learners. The re-appearance of this mind-catching treasure is a major plus in the effective teaching and easy learning of an introductory course in descriptive and inferential statistics.”

Abdol Abdollahy Zarandi
University of Texas at El Paso

“Salkind and Frey have written an informative and comprehensive text for the introductory statistics course that is also funny and disarming.  My graduate students - many of whom exhibit an initial wariness toward math courses and long-dormant math skills - have found it to be an unexpected pleasure and an accessible read.”

Diana Dansereau
Boston University

“Many students appear unaware that they are using statistics and research methods in their daily lives. When I mention statistics in the research methods course, some get very anxious and remind me that they are not ‘math people.’ Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics is a helpful supplemental text for a research methods course. It provides a different perspective regarding how statistics are used and helps students retrieve and build on their statistics knowledge. The text uses humor and interesting examples and helps illustrate why certain research issues are important.”

Adele Crudden
Mississippi State University
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • Retaining the student-friendly tone and presentation that made this text an international bestseller, new co-author Bruce B. Frey has added new real-world examples, and revised or expanded the explanations of many concepts for additional clarity.
  • This edition includes more on multiple regression, power and effect size, and a new feature on statisticians throughout history called "People (Who Loved) Statistics." 
  • Special Effects teaches the appropriate effect size to report and how to interpret it.
  • Contemporary publication standards (e.g. APA style) encourages reporting effect sizes in addition to significance.
  • This edition includes a greater focus on the importance of level of measurement in choosing a statistical procedure.
  • Additional discussion about contemporary approaches to research and defining variables (e.g. treating gender as a continuous variable, not as binary or categorical) has been added.
  • Some chapters that cover broad areas are now appendices that can be referenced as needed. 
  • Videos in the free Interactive eBook available with the text that expand the learning experience include animated Core Concepts in Stats Videos and tutorial videos for end-of-chapter of SPSS® problems.
    • Lightboard Lecture Videos from Bruce B. Frey (one short lecture video per chapter) demonstrate each statistical procedure, captured using innovative LED glass technology.


KEY FEATURES:

  • "The Path to Wisdom and Knowledge" flowcharts help students learn how to select the appropriate statistical test in the core chapters covering inferential statistics and serve as an especially helpful resource for visual learners. 
  • Data sets in SPSS® give students ample practice opportunities for statistical software analysis.
  • Helpful icons highlight information that goes beyond the regular text, offer technical ideas and tips, provide step-by-step directions for processes, reinforce important points, and show students how to use the computer to perform select statistical tests.
  • A comprehensive glossary allows students to reference important terms.
  • Appendix A offers a 30-minute tutorial on using SPSS® to get students up and running quickly.
  • Appendix E provides a refresher on basic arithmetic operations and accompanying exercises to help students reinforce the basics before they get into the statistical content.
  • A supplemental study guide includes more examples and exercises for additional hands-on practice. Discipline-specific versions of the study guide are available for Psychology, Education, and Health and Nursing.
     

Preview this book