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The Structure of Schooling
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The Structure of Schooling
Readings in the Sociology of Education

Fourth Edition
Edited by:
  • Richard Arum - University of California, Irvine, New York University, USA
  • Irenee R. Beattie - University of California, Merced, USA
  • Karly Ford - Pennsylvania State University, USA, New York University, Steinhardt School of Education


April 2020 | 688 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Gain insights from the leading sociologists of education

The Structure of Schooling
draws from classic and contemporary scholarship to examine current issues and diverse theoretical approaches to studying the effects of schooling on individuals and society. The Fourth Edition of this comprehensive reader covers a wide range of critical topics on schools and education, including the development and application of social and cultural capital; the effects of racial segregation and resource inequality on student outcomes; the role of gender, class, and race in structuring educational opportunity; the effects schooling has on life course outcomes; the significance of a school's institutional environment; youth and digital innovation; and the sociology of school reform movements. 

 
About the Editors
 
Preface
 
Introduction
 
PART I. THEORETICAL AND HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES
 
Chapter 1. Human Capital
 
Chapter 2. The School as a Conservative Force: Scholastic and Cultural Inequalities
 
Chapter 3. Schools, Families, and Communities
 
Chapter 4. Cultural Capital: Allusions, Gaps, and Glissandos in Recent Theoretical Developments
 
Chapter 5. The “Rationalization” of Education and Training
 
Chapter 6. Social and Cultural Mobility
 
Chapter 7. Sponsored and Contest Mobility and the School System
 
Chapter 8. Status Attainment Processes
 
Chapter 9. The First Element of Morality: The Spirit of Discipline
 
Chapter 10. Functional and Conflict Theories of Educational Stratification
 
Chapter 11. The Effects of Education as an Institution
 
Chapter 12. The Adolescent Subculture and Academic Achievement
 
Chapter 13. Effectively Maintained Inequality: Education Transitions, Track Mobility, and Social Background Effects
 
Chapter 14. The Long Shadow of Work: Education, the Family, and the Reproduction of the Social Division of Labor
Part I Discussion Questions

 
 
PART II. INTERSECTING IDENTITIES, CULTURE, AND INEQUALITIES
 
Chapter 15. Employing Multilevel Intersectionality in Educational Research: Latino Identities, Contexts, and College Access
 
Chapter 16. Gender, Education and Society: The Limits and Possibilities of Feminist Reproduction Theory
 
Chapter 17. Notes on a Sociology of Bullying: Young Men’s Homophobia as Gender Socialization
 
Chapter 18. Shades of White: White Kids and Racial Identity in High Schools
 
Chapter 19. Black Students’ School Success: Coping With the “Burden of ‘Acting White’”
 
Chapter 20. It’s Not “a Black Thing”: Understanding the Burden of Acting White and Other Dilemmas of High Achievement
 
Chapter 21. Invisible Inequality: Social Class and Childrearing in Black Families and White Families
 
Chapter 22. The Privileged Poor: How Elite Colleges Are Failing Poor Students
 
Chapter 23. Exceptions to the Rule: Upwardly Mobile White and Mexican American High School Girls
 
Chapter 24. Negotiating Opportunities
 
Chapter 25. Privilege
 
Chapter 26. Straddling Boundaries: Identity, Culture, and School
 
Chapter 27. Coming Up Short: Basic Needs Insecurity on the College Campus
Part II Discussion Questions

 
 
PART III. SOCIAL STRUCTURES AND SCHOOL PRACTICES
 
Chapter 28. Equality of Educational Opportunity: The Coleman Report
 
Chapter 29. Harming Our Common Future: America’s Segregated Schools 65 Years After Brown
 
Chapter 30. The Nature of Schooling
 
Chapter 31. The Widening Income Achievement Gap
 
Chapter 32. Lower Ed: The Troubling Rise of For-Profit Colleges in the New Economy
 
Chapter 33. Community Colleges and the American Social Order
 
Chapter 34. Student Planning and Information Problems in Different College Structures
 
Chapter 35. More Inclusion than Diversion: Expansion, Differentiation, and Market Structure in Higher Education
 
Chapter 36. Desegregation Without Integration: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White After Brown
 
Chapter 37. Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work
 
Chapter 38. The State of Undergraduate Learning
 
Chapter 39. Race in the Schoolyard: Negotiating the Color Line in Classrooms and Communities
 
Chapter 40. Reproducing (and Disrupting) Heteronormativity: Gendered Sexual Socialization in Preschool Classrooms
 
Chapter 41. Judging School Discipline: A Crisis of Moral Authority
 
Chapter 42. “Tuck in That Shirt!” Race, Class, Gender, and Discipline in an Urban School
 
Chapter 43. Disciplining Play: Digital Youth Culture as Capital at School
Part III Discussion Questions

 
 
PART IV. THE ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
 
Chapter 44. A Quiet Revolution
 
Chapter 45. Organizing School for Improvement: Lessons From Chicago
 
Chapter 46. Leadership Matters: Teachers’ Roles in School Decision Making and School Performance
 
Chapter 47. What Counts as Credible Research?
 
Chapter 48. Creating a Class: College Admissions and the Education of Elites
 
Chapter 49. The (Mis)Education of Monica and Karen
 
Chapter 50. Inhabiting Latino Politics: How Colleges Shape Students’ Political Styles
Part IV Discussion Questions

 
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • 27 readings are new to this edition and several others have been re-edited to make them more teachable.

  • The Fourth Edition reflects a number of trends in the field, including:
    • advances in understanding the significance of the school community
    • renewed attention to the effects of racial segregation and resource inequality on student outcomes
    • a redefinition of what constitutes a school community with particular attention paid to specification of the institutional, as opposed to demographic, characteristics
    • broader investigation of both relevant school-level practices and significant individual-level outcomes associated with variation in schooling, including student behavior, delinquency, and crime

  • Additional discussion questions have been added to the end of each section to provide more opportunities for classroom debates or short writing assignments.
  • The book has been reorganized to reflect major learning outcomes recommended by recent scholarship on teaching and learning in sociology.

  • An expanded theory section offers the flexibility to teach a wider range of theories. 

KEY FEATURES:

  • Illustrates the fundamental ideas and insights developed by past and current research in the sociology of education

  • Reflects mainstream sociological concerns through a broad range of accessible and engaging readings 

  • Identifies relationships between schools and communities and schools and student behavior 

  • Investigates relevant school-level practices and significant individual-level outcomes associated with variation in schooling, including student behavior, delinquency, and crime 

The 4E reflects a number of trends in the field, including:

-advances in understanding the significance of the school community.

-renewed attention to the effects of racial segregation and resource inequality on student outcomes.

-a redefinition of what constitutes a school community with particular attention paid to specification of the institutional, as opposed to demographic, characteristics.

-broader investigation of both relevant school-level practices and significant individual-level outcomes associated with variation in schooling, including student behavior, delinquency, and crime. 

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1: Human Capital

Chapter 2: The School as a Conservative Force


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