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Violence
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Violence
The Enduring Problem

Fourth Edition
Additional resources:


January 2020 | 488 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Violence: The Enduring Problem offers an interdisciplinary and reader-friendly exploration of the patterns and correlations of individual and collective violent acts using the most contemporary research, theories, and cases. Responding to the fear of pervasive violence in the world, authors Alex Alvarez and Ronet Bachman address the various legislative, social, and political efforts to curb violent behavior. The authors expertly incorporate a wide range of current cases to help readers interpret the nature and dynamics of a variety of different, yet connected, forms of violence. The Fourth Edition represents a significant step forward in presenting a more complete and contemporary analysis of violence. Included in this edition is a new chapter on hate crime, a new chapter devoted to multicide, and updated discussions on current topical issues, including the #MeToo movement and epigenetics.



 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
Chapter 1. Defining Violence
Connecting Violence

 
Defining Violence

 
Measuring Violence

 
Violence and U.S. Society

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 2. Why Do We Do It?
Ethological and Biological Explanations of Violence

 
Psychological Explanations of Violence

 
Sociological Explanations of Violence

 
Explaining Collective Violence

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 3. Assault and Murder: A Continuum of Violence
Defining Assault and Homicide

 
Violent Interactions

 
What Are We Doing About Murder?

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 4. Serial, Mass, and Spree Killing
Serial Murder

 
Spree Murder

 
Mass Murder

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 5. Violence in the Home
Intimate Partner Violence

 
How Many Victims of Intimate Partner Violence Are There?

 
Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence

 
What Are We Doing About Intimate Partner Violence?

 
Violence in Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/ Transgender/Queer (LGBTQ) Relationships

 
Stalking

 
What Are We Doing About Stalking?

 
Child Abuse

 
What Are We Doing About Physical Child Abuse?

 
Elder Abuse

 
What Are We Doing About Elder Abuse?

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 6. Rape and Sexual Assault
How Many Rape and Sexual Assault Victims Are There?

 
Rape on College Campuses

 
Rape In Prison

 
Rape and the U.S. Military

 
Genocide and Rape

 
Human Trafficking

 
Factors Related to Sexual Violence

 
What Are We Doing About Rape?

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 7. Stranger Crime and Street Violence
Robbery

 
What Are We Doing About Street Robbery?

 
Bank Robbery

 
Workplace Violence

 
Street Gang Violence

 
What Are We Doing About Street Gang Violence?

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 8. Hate Crimes
Violent Hate Crimes

 
James Byrd Jr. and Matthew Shepard: Catalysts for Modern Hate Crime Legislation

 
What Is a Hate Crime?

 
How Frequently Are Hate Crimes Carried Out?

 
Race-Based Hate Crime

 
Religion-Based Hate Crime

 
Hate Groups

 
Immigration and Hate

 
How Can We Combat Hate Crime?

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 9. Crowd Violence
Mobs and Crowds

 
Mob Mentality

 
Riots

 
Race Riots

 
Vigilantism

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 10. Terrorism
Defining Terrorism

 
History of Terrorism

 
How Frequent Are Terrorist Acts?

 
Types of Terrorism

 
Who Becomes a Terrorist?

 
Tactics and Weapons

 
What Are We Doing About Terrorism?

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 11. Genocide
Defining Genocide

 
A History of Genocide

 
Why Do Genocides Happen?

 
Precursors to Genocide

 
Perpetrators of Genocide

 
Who Are the Victims of Genocide?

 
When People Do Nothing: The Bystanders to Genocide

 
What Are We Doing About Genocide?

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Chapter 12. Toward Violence Prevention
Costs of Violence

 
How Do We Know What Works?

 
Criminal Justice Responses to Violence

 
Violence as a Public Health Problem

 
Conclusions

 
Key Terms

 
Discussion Questions

 
 
Endnotes
 
Glossary
 
Index
 
About the Authors

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
study.sagepub.com/alvarez4e

Password-protected instructor resources include the following.
  • An LMS-compatible test bank containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. 
  • Video and web resources include relevant links that appeal to students with different learning styles.
Student Study Site
study.sagepub.com/alvarez4e

Open access student resources include the following.
  • Video and web resources that bring concepts to life and meet the learning needs of today’s media-savvy learners.
  • Mobile-friendly flashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.

Violence: The Enduring Problem is a readable, sensible presentation of the current state of the field. It gives balanced coverage of both street violence and political violence. The most holistic text currently available.”

Christopher W. Mullins
Southern Illinois University

“This textbook is a powerful broad-spectrum resource on violence in the United States and around the world.”

Rochelle Rowley
Emporia State University

“A well-written text that explores the wide array of issues in violent crime.”

Kristine Levan
University of Idaho

“The textbook is easy to understand, comprehensive, and highlights the current state of violence research.”

Egbert Zavala
University of Texas at El Paso

“A good examination of violence from a generally non-interpersonal focus.”

Carolyn Slotten
Miami University

“I do enjoy this text and have used it multiple times…I would describe it as comprehensive enough to give a good overview of different types of violence but in-depth enough to do most of the justice.”

Monica Merrill
Youngstown State University

“Very good book that is highly accessible and very detailed.”

Gary Maynard
Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • A new chapter on hate crime provides a deeper and more detailed review of these types of crimes that have increased in recent years.
  • A new chapter devoted to multicide covers serial, mass, and spree murders.
  • New examples and case studies provide timely discussions on current topical issues, including the #MeToo movement and epigenetics.
  • Enhanced discussions of contemporary issues—such as riots, guns, and gun control—better reflect the complexities and new developments in those areas.
  • Updated statistics and graphs provide students the most up-to-date information in the field.

KEY FEATURES:

  • In Focus boxes provide personal narratives, case studies, and related information to enhance chapter coverage.
  • Broad coverage addresses legislative, social, and political efforts to curb violent behavior.
  • Both individual and collective forms of violence are examined, and unlike other textbooks on the subject, this book illustrates the linkages between these two general types of violent acts.
  • The interdisciplinary approach draws from several different disciplines, including criminology and criminal justice, sociology, psychology, political science, and public health.
  • A systematized discussion of social policy initiatives are in What Are We Doing About It? sections, making it easier for readers to identify those discussions in each chapter.
  • Each chapter ends with a listing of key terms and ideas, as well as discussion exercises that further guide students in exploring chapter concepts.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1. Defining Violence

Chapter 2: Why Do We Do It?


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