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A Brief Introduction to Corrections - Interactive eBook
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A Brief Introduction to Corrections - Interactive eBook



January 2020 | SAGE Publications, Inc
This Interactive eBook includes access to SAGE Premium Video and much more!

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This dynamic, mobile-friendly Interactive eBook version of A Brief Introduction to Corrections goes way beyond highlighting and note-taking, giving you access to SAGE Premium Video—curated specifically for this text. Simply click on icons in the eBook to experience a broad array of multimedia features, including: 

  • VIDEO: Boost learning and bolster analysis with SAGE Premium Video. Recapping the fundamentals in every chapter, each video activity is paired with chapter learning objectives and tied to assessment via SAGE Coursepacks.
  • OFFLINE READING: Using the VitalSource Bookshelf® platform, download your book to a personal computer and read it offline.
  • SOCIAL SHARING AND FOLLOWING: Share notes and highlights with instructors and classmates who are using the same eBook, and “follow” friends and instructors as they make their own notes and highlights.
  • ONLINE CONTENT: Access more online content via links to important data, relevant background, and profiles that enrich key concepts in the text.

 
Chapter 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

 
The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

 
The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

 
Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

 
The Age of the Reformatory in America

 
Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

 
Modern-Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics

 
 
Chapter 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy
Philosophical Underpinnings

 
Types of Sanctions

 
The Death Penalty

 
Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

 
Brutalization Hypothesis

 
Sentencing Models

 
Criminological Theories and Corrections

 
 
Chapter 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities
The Hands-Off Doctrine

 
The Emergence of Inmate Rights

 
Corrections and the Constitution

 
Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

 
A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

 
State and Federal Legal Liabilities

 
Compliance With Judicial Orders

 
 
Chapter 4: Jail and Detention Facilities
Jails in the Past

 
The Modern Jail

 
Jails as Short-Term Institutions

 
Jails as Long-Term Facilities

 
Health Care in Jails

 
Jail Training Standards

 
Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

 
Special Issues in Jails

 
 
Chapter 5: Probation and Intermediate Sanctions
A Brief History of Probation

 
Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

 
Characteristics of Probationers

 
Probation Officers

 
Probation Revocation

 
Types of Intermediate Sanctions

 
 
Chapter 6: Facility Design and Classification in Jails and Prisons
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

 
The Rise of the Supermax

 
Prison Designs

 
Internal Security

 
Technology Systems in Prisons

 
Rationale for Classification

 
The Goals of Classification Systems

 
Special Housing Assignments

 
 
Chapter 7: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence
Theories of Prison Subculture

 
The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

 
The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff

 
Prisonization

 
The Guard Subculture

 
The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

 
Major Prison Gangs in the United States

 
 
Chapter 8: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

 
History of Women Behind Bars

 
Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

 
Considerations for Female Offenders

 
Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

 
Female Offenders and Treatment Implications

 
 
Chapter 9: Specialized Inmate Populations & Juvenile Correctional Systems
Administrative Considerations

 
Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
Sex Offenders

 
Elderly Offenders

 
Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

 
Detention Versus Incarceration

 
Incarceration of Juveniles

 
 
Chapter 10: Correctional Administration and Prison Programming
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

 
Correctional System Administration

 
The Corrections Workforce

 
Prison Programming

 
Prison Programming

 
Medical Care

 
Educational Programs

 
Drug Treatment Programs

 
Recreational Programs

 
Religious Programs

 
 
Chapter 11: Parole and Reintegration
Parole and Parolee Characteristics

 
The Beginning History of Parole

 
Parole at the State Level

 
Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

 
The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

 
Common Conditions of Parole

 
Reentry Initiatives

 
The Use of Reentry Councils

 
Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings

 
 
Chapter 12: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections
Evaluation Research

 
Evidence-Based Practice

 
The Future of Corrections

 
Key features
KEY FEATURES:
  • Content includes timely legislation, examples, and topics, such as sentencing practices, technological innovations, and offenders with special needs.
  • Learning objectives that utilize Bloom’s taxonomy prepare students for forthcoming material and let them know what is critical to the reading.
  • Up-to-date statistics provide students a contemporary snapshot of the status of corrections today.
  • Chapter-opening vignettes highlight important issues in corrections and allow students to understand the challenges corrections practitioners face each day.
  • Focus Topic boxes reinforce learning objectives by providing additional insight on specific points in the chapter that are considered important or interesting from a learning perspective.
  • “What Would You Do?” exercises present modern-day correctional scenarios for students to apply and synthesize chapter material to ensure higher-order learning.
  • Applied Exercise Features allow students to demonstrate their understanding by performing activities that integrate the material with the hands-on world of the practitioner.
  • Chapter-ending Discussion Questions prompt students to review and think through chapter content that is relevant to chapter-opening learning objectives. 
  • Key Terms/Key Cases at the end of each chapter help supplement information relevant to chapter learning objectives. The terms and cases are in bold throughout the text and are included in the glossary.

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