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A Brief Introduction to Corrections
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A Brief Introduction to Corrections



January 2020 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
A Brief Introduction to Corrections is a condensed version of the best-selling Introduction to Corrections by Robert D. Hanser. This new text provides students with an overview of corrections that is both practitioner-driven and grounded in modern research. Experienced correctional practitioner and scholar Robert D. Hanser shows readers how the corrections system actually works, from classification to security and treatment to demonstrating how and why correctional practices are implemented.

INSTRUCTORS: A Brief Introduction to Corrections is accompanied by a complete teaching and learning package! Contact your rep to request a demo.
  • SAGE Premium Video
    SAGE Premium Video includes original Criminal Justice in Practice Videos, Prison Tour Videos, and Career Videos that boost comprehension and bolster analysis. Watch a sample
  • Interactive eBook
    Your students save when you bundle the print book with the Interactive eBook (Bundle ISBN: 978-1-0718-1326-3), which includes access to SAGE Premium Video and other multimedia tools. Learn more
  • LMS Cartridge (formally known as SAGE Coursepacks)
    Import this title’s instructor resources into your school’s learning management system (LMS) and save time. Don’t use an LMS? You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. Learn more.

 
Preface
 
Interactive eBook
 
Digital Resources
 
Acknowledgments
 
CHAPTER 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

 
The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

 
The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

 
Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

 
The Age of the Reformatory in America

 
Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

 
Modern-Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 1.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy
Introduction

 
Philosophical Underpinnings

 
Types of Sanctions

 
Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

 
Brutalization Hypothesis

 
Sentencing Models

 
Criminological Theories and Corrections

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Case

 
Applied Exercise 2.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities
Introduction

 
The Hands-Off Doctrine

 
The Emergence of Inmate Rights

 
Corrections and the Constitution

 
Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

 
A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

 
State and Federal Legal Liabilities

 
Compliance With Judicial Orders

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 3.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 4: Jail and Detention Facilities
Introduction

 
Jails in the Past

 
The Modern Jail

 
Jails as Short-Term Institutions

 
Jails as Long-Term Facilities

 
Health Care in Jails

 
Jail Training Standards

 
Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

 
Special Issues in Jails

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 4.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 5: Probation and Intermediate Sanctions
Introduction

 
A Brief History of Probation

 
Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

 
Characteristics of Probationers

 
Probation Officers

 
Probation Revocation

 
Types of Intermediate Sanctions

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 5.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 6: Facility Design and Classification in Jails and Prisons
Introduction

 
Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

 
The Rise of the Supermax

 
Prison Designs

 
Internal Security

 
Technology Systems in Prisons

 
Rationale for Classification

 
The Goals of Classification Systems

 
Special Housing Assignments

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 6.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 7: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence
Introduction

 
Theories of Prison Subculture

 
The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

 
The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff

 
Prisonization

 
The Guard Subculture

 
The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

 
Major Prison Gangs in the United States

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 7.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 8: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems
Introduction

 
Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

 
History of Women Behind Bars

 
Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

 
Considerations for Female Offenders

 
Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

 
Female Offenders and Treatment Implications

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 8.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 9: Specialized Inmate Populations and Juvenile Correctional Systems
Introduction

 
Administrative Considerations

 
Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

 
Mentally Ill Offenders

 
Sex Offenders

 
Safety, Security, and Assistance for LGBTI Inmates

 
Elderly Offenders

 
Juveniles and the Correctional System

 
Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

 
Detention Versus Incarceration

 
Incarceration of Juveniles

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Cases

 
Applied Exercise 9.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 10: Correctional Administration and Prison Programming
Introduction

 
Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

 
Correctional System Administration

 
The Corrections Workforce

 
Prison Programming

 
Medical Care

 
Educational Programs

 
Prison Work Programs

 
Drug Treatment Programs

 
Recreational Programs

 
Religious Programs

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 10.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 11: Parole and Reintegration
Introduction

 
Parole and Parolee Characteristics

 
The Beginning History of Parole

 
Parole at the State Level

 
Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

 
The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

 
Common Conditions of Parole

 
Reentry Initiatives

 
Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Key Case

 
Applied Exercise 11.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
CHAPTER 12: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections
Introduction

 
Evaluation Research

 
Focus Topic 12.1: Commonly Used Measures of Reentry Program Performance

 
Evidence-Based Practice

 
The Future of Corrections

 
Conclusion

 
Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Applied Exercise 12.1

 
What Would You Do?

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Author

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
edge.sagepub.com/hanserbrief


For additional information, custom options, or to request a personalized walkthrough of these resources, please contact your sales representative.


LMS cartridge included with this title for use in Blackboard, Canvas, Brightspace by Desire2Learn (D2L), and Moodle

The LMS cartridge makes it easy to import this title’s instructor resources into your learning management system (LMS). These resources include:

  • Test banks
  • Editable chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides
  • Sample course syllabi
  • Lecture notes
  • All tables and figures from the textbook 
Don’t use an LMS platform?

You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site.
Student Study Site

edge.sagepub.com/hanserbrief

 

The open-access Student Study Site makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime. It offers flashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts, as well as learning objectives that reinforce the most important material.

Key features
KEY FEATURES:
  • SAGE Premium Video in an accompanying Interactive eBook boosts comprehension and bolsters analysis.
    • Criminal Justice in Practice Videos: Decision-Making Scenarios: Original animations give students the opportunity to apply concepts and check for a deeper understanding of how these concepts play out in real-world scenarios.
    • Prison Tour Videos: These original videos feature inmates and correctional workers from Louisiana State Penitentiary and Richwood Correctional Facility in Louisiana.
    • Career Video: Interviews feature criminal justice professionals discussing their day-to-day work and current issues related to technology, diversity, and cutting-edge developments in the field.
  • Content includes timely legislation, examples, and topics, such as sentencing practices, technological innovations, and offenders with special needs.
  • Chapter-opening vignettes highlight important issues in corrections and allow students to understand the challenges corrections practitioners face each day.
  • Focus Topic boxes reinforce learning objectives by providing additional insight on key points in the chapter, adding depth and detail to the topics that interest students the most.
  • “What Would You Do?” exercises present modern-day correctional scenarios for students to apply and synthesize chapter material to ensure higher-order learning.
  • Applied Exercise Features allow students to demonstrate their understanding by performing activities that integrate the material with the hands-on world of the corrections practitioner.
  • Up-to-date statistics provide students a contemporary snapshot of the status of corrections today.
  • Learning objectives that utilize Bloom’s taxonomy prepare students for forthcoming material and let them know what is critical to the reading.
  • Chapter-ending Discussion Questions prompt students to review and think through chapter content that is relevant to chapter-opening learning objectives.
  • Key Terms/Key Cases at the end of each chapter help supplement information relevant to chapter learning objectives. The terms and cases are in bold throughout the text and are included in the glossary.

For instructors

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