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Adventures in Social Research
Data Analysis Using IBM® SPSS® Statistics

- Earl Babbie - Chapman University, USA
- William E. Wagner, III - California State University, Channel Islands, USA
- Jeanne Zaino - Iona College, USA

A practical, hands-on approach to SPSS!

Written by esteemed social science research authors, **Adventures in Social Research: Data Analysis Using IBM® SPSS® Statistics, Ninth Edition **encourages students to practice SPSS as they read about it, providing a practical, hands-on introduction to conceptualization, measurement, and association through active learning. This fully revised workbook will guide students through step-by-step instruction on data analysis using the latest version of SPSS and the most up to date General Social Survey data. Arranged to parallel most introductory research methods texts, this text starts with an introduction to computerized data analysis and the social research process, then takes readers step-by-step through univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis using SPSS Statistics. In this revised edition, active and collaborative learning will be emphasized as students engage in a series of practical investigative exercises.

**Contributor to the SAGE Teaching Innovations and Professional Development Award
Find out more at www.sagepub.com/sociologyaward**

Overview |

Why Use a Computer? |

SPSS Statistics |

Social Research: A Primer |

Theories and Concepts: Deprivation Theory |

Hypotheses and Variables: Religiosity |

Social Research Strategies: Inductive and Deductive |

Theory and Research in Practice |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

Review Questions |

Validity Problems |

Reliability Problems |

Distinguishing Between Validity and Reliability |

Multiple Indicators |

Levels of Measurement |

Measurement and Information |

Measurement Options |

Classifying Variables as Discrete or Continuous |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

Review Questions |

Sampling |

Data Collection |

The Codebook: Appendix A |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

Review Questions |

Demonstration 4.1: Starting an SPSS Statistics Session |

Demonstration 4.2: Exploring the Data View Portion of the Data Editor |

Demonstration 4.3: Entering Data— A Preview |

Demonstration 4.4: Loading a Data Set |

Demonstration 4.5: Raw Data in Data View |

Finding Variable Information: Values and Labels |

Demonstration 4.6: Variable View Tab |

Demonstration 4.7: Ending Your SPSS Statistics Session |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 4.1 |

Demonstration 5.1: Opening Frequently Used Data Files |

Demonstration 5.2: Setting Options—Variable Lists and Output Labels |

Demonstration 5.3: Frequency Distributions |

Demonstration 5.4: Frequency Distributions—Running Two or More Variables at One Time |

Descriptive Statistics: Basic Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion |

Demonstration 5.5: The Frequencies Procedure |

Demonstration 5.6: The Descriptives Procedure—Calculating Descriptive Statistics for Continuous Variables |

Demonstration 5.7: Printing Your Output (Viewer) |

Demonstration 5.8: Adding Headers/Footers and Titles/Text |

Demonstration 5.9: Saving Your Output (Viewer) |

Demonstration 5.10: Saving Changes to Your Data Set |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 5.1 |

Graphing Data With Direct “Legacy” Dialogs |

Demonstration 6.1: Frequency Table—POLVIEWS |

Demonstration 6.2: SPSS Statistics Chart Editor |

Demonstration 6.3: Frequency Table—PARTYID |

Demonstration 6.4: Political Attitudes |

Demonstration 6.5: Histogram—AGE |

Demonstration 6.6: Line Chart—INCOME |

Saving and Printing Your Charts |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 6.1 |

Demonstration 7.1: Modifying Variables With Recode—ATTEND ® CHATT |

Demonstration 7.2: Recoding AGE ® AGECAT |

Demonstration 7.3: Recoding POLVIEWS ® POLREC |

Demonstration 7.4: Recoding PARTYID ® PARTY |

Demonstration 7.5: Saving Changes to Your Data Set |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 7.1 |

Demonstration 8.1: Identifying the Seven Abortion Variables—File Info |

Demonstration 8.2: Running Frequencies for Several Variables at Once |

Index: A Form of Composite Measure |

Demonstration 8.3: ABORT Index |

Demonstration 8.4: Defining ABORT |

Demonstration 8.5: Checking New Index—Comparing Scores on Old and New Variables |

Demonstration 8.6: Running Frequencies for ABORT |

Demonstration 8.7: ABINDEX |

Demonstration 8.8: Running Frequencies |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 8.1 |

Desired Family Size |

Demonstration 9.1: Respondents’ Ideal Family Size (CHLDIDEL) |

Child Training |

Demonstration 9.2: Important Qualities for Children |

Attitudes About Sexual Behavior |

Demonstration 9.3: Index of Sexual Permissiveness |

Prejudice |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 9.1 |

The Deprivation Theory of Religiosity |

Testing Our Hypothesis: Correlating Religiosity and Gender |

Demonstration 10.1: Running Crosstabs to Test Our Hypothesis |

Demonstration 10.2: Interpreting a Crosstab With Limited Categories |

Demonstration 10.3: Correlating Another Measure of Religiosity and Gender |

Drawing Conclusions Carefully: Reassessing Our Original Hypothesis |

Demonstration 10.4: Interpreting a Crosstab With Ordinal Variables—Religiosity and Age |

Interpreting Crosstabs With Ordinal Variables |

Demonstration 10.5: Correlating Other Measures of Religiosity and Age |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 10.1 |

The Relationship Between POLVIEWS and PARTYID |

Demonstration 11.1: POLREC by PARTY |

Demonstration 11.2: PARTY by POLREC |

Demonstration 11.3: POLREC by AGECAT |

Demonstration 11.4: PARTY by AGECAT |

Demonstration 11.5: POLREC by RELIG |

Demonstration 11.6: PARTY by RELIG |

Demonstration 11.7: PARTY and POLREC by SEX |

Demonstration 11.8: POLREC by RACE |

Demonstration 11.9: PARTY by RACE |

Demonstration 11.10: Recoding EDUC ® EDCAT |

Demonstration 11.11: POLREC by EDCAT |

Demonstration 11.12: PARTY by EDCAT |

Some Surprises: Class, Marital Status, and Politics |

The Impact of Party and Political Philosophy |

Saving Recoded Variable: EDCAT |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 11.1 |

Demonstration 12.1: Gender and Abortion |

Demonstration 12.2: Age and Abortion |

Demonstration 12.3: Religion and Abortion |

Demonstration 12.4: Politics and Abortion |

Demonstration 12.5: Sexual Attitudes and Abortion |

Other Factors You Can Explore on Your Own |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 12.1 |

The Logic of Statistical Association: Proportionate Reduction of Error |

Lambda (l): A Measure Appropriate for Nominal Variables |

Demonstration 13.1: Instructing SPSS Statistics to Calculate Lambda (l) |

Interpreting Lambda and Other Measures |

Gamma (g): A Measure Appropriate for Ordinal Variables |

Demonstration 13.2: Instructing SPSS Statistics to Calculate Gamma (g)—Example 1 |

Demonstration 13.3: Running Gamma (g)—Example 2 (Reverse Scoring Case) |

Additional Measures of Association |

Analyzing the Association Between Variables at Different Levels of Measurement |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 13.1 |

Pearson’s r: A Measure Appropriate for Interval/Ratio Variables |

Interpreting Pearson’s r and the Coefficient of Determination (r2) |

Instructing SPSS Statistics to Calculate Pearson’s r |

Demonstration 14.1: Recoding RINCOM06 ® RECINC |

Demonstration 14.2: Using SPSS Statistics to Compute Pearson’s r |

Demonstration 14.3: Requesting Several Correlation Coefficients |

Regression Analysis |

Demonstration 14.4: Regression |

Demonstration 14.5: Presenting Data Graphically—Producing a Scatterplot With a Regression Line |

An Indication of Direction and Strength of Association |

Measures of Association for Interval and Ratio Variables |

Analyzing the Association Between Variables at Different Levels of Measurement |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 14.1 |

Statistical Significance |

Significance Tests: Part of the Larger Body of Inferential Statistics |

Statistical Significance Versus Measures of Association |

Chi-Square (c2) |

Demonstration 15.1: Instructing SPSS Statistics to Calculate Chi-Square |

Significance and Association |

Demonstration 15.2: Instructing SPSS Statistics to Run Independent-Samples t Test |

Demonstration 15.3: t Test—EDUC by SEX |

Analysis of Variance |

Demonstration 15.4: Instructing SPSS Statistics to Run ANOVA |

A Statistical Toolbox: A Summary |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 15.1 |

Demonstration 16.1: Desired Family Size |

Demonstration 16.2: Investigating Sexual Permissiveness Further |

Additional Resources |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 16.1 |

Multiple Causation |

Demonstration 17.1: The Impact of Age and Sex on Religiosity |

Demonstration 17.2: Family Status and Religiosity |

Demonstration 17.3: Family Status and Religiosity, Controlling for Age |

Demonstration 17.4: Social Class and Religiosity |

Other Variables to Explore |

Chi-Square and Measures of Association |

Recoding SEX to Create a Dummy Variable: MALE |

Recoding RACE to Create a Dummy Variable: WHITE |

Multiple Regression |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 17.1 |

Political Philosophy and Party Identification |

Demonstration 18.1: Controlling for Education |

Demonstration 18.2: The Mystery of Politics and Marital Status |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 18.1 |

Religion and Abortion |

Demonstration 19.1: Religious Affiliation and Church Attendance |

Demonstration 19.2: Religious Affiliation, Church Attendance, and Abortion |

Politics (POLREC, PARTY) and Abortion (ABORT) |

Demonstration 19.3: The Interaction of Religion and Politics on Abortion Attitudes |

Demonstration 19.4: Constructing an Index of Ideological Traditionalism |

Sexual Attitudes and Abortion |

Demonstration 19.5: Recode PREMARSX and HOMOSEX |

Demonstration 19.6: The Relationship Between Sexual Permissiveness and IND |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 19.1 |

Ideal Family Size and Abortion |

Child Training |

The Protestant Ethic |

Capital Punishment, Gender, and Race |

Demonstration 20.1: CAPPUN by SEX |

Demonstration 20.2: CAPPUN by SEX, Controlling for RACE |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 20.1 |

The Social Research Process and Proposal |

Designing and Executing Your Own Survey |

Getting Ready for Data Analysis Using SPSS Statistics |

Demonstration 21.1: Example 1—Defining ID |

Demonstration 21.2: Example 2—Defining CHLDIDEL |

Demonstration 21.3: Copying a Variable |

Demonstration 21.4: Saving Your New File |

Demonstration 21.5: Accessing File Information for Coding and Editing |

Demonstration 21.6: Moving Through Data View |

Demonstration 21.7: Entering Data |

Demonstration 21.8: Revising or Deleting Data |

Demonstration 21.9: Saving Your Data File |

Writing a Research Report |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

SPSS Statistics Lab Exercise 21.1 |

The Unabridged GSS |

Other Data Sets |

Other Computer Programs |

Conclusion |

Main Points |

Key Terms |

SPSS Statistics Commands Introduced in This Chapter |

Review Questions |

Appendix A: The Codebook |

Appendix B: Questionnaire for Class Survey |

Index/Glossary |

### Supplements

Includes all GSS data sets used in the text, and screen-cast videos created by Billy Wagner to walk students through basics of SPSS.

Emphasis on application

**Sociology Dept, University Of South Florida**

Was reassigned to teach another non-related course.

**Marketing , Drexel Univ-Lebow Clg Of Bus**

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