American Corrections
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American Corrections
Concepts and Controversies

Experience with SAGE edge


© 2015 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This comprehensive introduction to corrections presents an incisive view of every aspect of corrections (including jails, probation, sentencing, prisons, and parole), prompting students to think critically about the complex issues involved in responding to the current crisis in the U.S. correctional system. Incorporating theory, research, and the most recent available data, the book takes a contemporary and issues-oriented approach as it explores the most interesting and progressive developments in correctional policy and practice. Students will come away with practical knowledge, as well as a framework for thoughtful analysis of a subject that can seem mysterious or impenetrable. In addition, the book covers subjects many corrections texts treat only minimally, including women in corrections, the death penalty, and special populations. Perhaps most importantly, the book offers a point of view on what is plaguing the American correctional system and a realistic look at the solutions that offer real promise.
 
CHAPTER 1: Introduction
A Legacy of Crisis and Turmoil  
Corrections as a System  
Corrections and Society  
A Critical View of the System  
A Keen Eye toward the Future  
References  
 
CHAPTER 2: Punishment and Social Structure
Learning Objectives  
Discerning Historical Constructs  
Penance and Fines  
Social Change in the Later Middle Ages  
The Discovery of Imprisonment  
Galley Slavery, Transportation, and the Emergence of Imprisonment  
The Industrial Revolution and Corrections  
Solitary Confinement  
Zebulon Brockway and the Rise of the Adult Reformatory in America  
Corrections and the Progressive Era (1880-1920)  
After the Progressive Era (1920-1960)  
The Era of Civil Rights and Community Corrections (1960-1970)  
The Prisons Explode (1970-1980)  
The Demise of Rehabilitation and the Get-Tough Era (1970-Present)  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 3: The Purpose of Punishment and Sentencing Trends
How Sentencing Works  
The Presentence Report  
Risk and Needs Assessment  
Sentencing Theories  
Retributive Justice  
Deterrence  
Rehabilitation  
Incapacitation  
Theories of Restorative Justice and Reintegrative Shaming  
Modern Movements in Sentencing Laws and Policies  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 4: Jails
The Functions of Jails  
Who Is in Jail?  
A Word about Jail Data  
Facts about Jails  
Jail Administration  
Jail Procedures  
In-Custody Programs  
Alternatives to Incarceration  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 5: Probation and Alternatives to Incarceration
Learning Objectives  
What is Probation?  
Who Is on Probation in the US?  
A Brief History of Probation  
Two Key Perspectives on Probation  
Probation Administration  
The Role of Probation Officers  
Sentencing and Investigation  
Supervision  
Violation, Revocation, and Termination  
Does Probation Work? Probation Research  
Alternatives to Incarceration  
Evaluating Alternatives to Incarceration  
Cost Savings  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 6: Prisons
Learning Objectives  
The Means to An End  
Design of Prisons  
What the Numbers Say  
Prison Costs  
The Federal System  
State Prisons  
Military Prisons and the War on Terror  
Classification Systems  
Security Levels  
The Supermax  
Programs and Services  
The Prison Environment  
Discipline  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 7: Reentry and Parole
Learning Objectives  
Parole as a Form of Community Corrections  
The Early History of Parole  
Parole Basics  
Parole Authorities  
The Challenges of Reentry  
Reentry Data  
Perspectives on the Current Purpose and Practice of Parole  
What Works in Parole  
Evidence-Based Practice and Parole  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 8: Juvenile Corrections
Learning Objectives  
A Brief History  
The Diverse Landscape of Juvenile Corrections  
The Structure of the Juvenile Justice System  
Characteristics of Juveniles in Custody  
Overrepresentation of Youth of Color  
Young Women and Juvenile Corrections  
Recidivism Rates and Juvenile Corrections  
Juvenile Corrections Fads  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 9: The Corrections Workforce
Corrections Work  
Service Providers and Treatment in Custody  
Why Corrections Work?  
Characteristics of the Corrections Workforce  
Correctional Staffing  
Education and Training  
The Correctional Hierarchy  
Sustaining a Workforce  
Job Stress  
Progressive Developments in Leadership  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 10: Law and Corrections
State Regulatory Bodies  
Professional Standards  
Litigating in the Courts to Stop Abusive Practices  
Legislating Reforms  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 11: Corrections and the Color Line
Learning Objectives  
Measuring the Extent of the Problem  
Race and Ethnicity Behind the Walls  
African American Disproportion in the Criminal Justice System  
APIs and the Corrections System  
Native Americans and the Corrections System  
Latinos and the Corrections System  
Understanding the Causes of Racial Disparity in Corrections  
Racial Profiling  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 12: Women in the Corrections System
Learning Objectives  
The “Pink Syndrome”  
The Rising Tide of Incarcerated Women—What the Numbers Say  
Girls and the System  
Women’s Pathways into Crime  
A Complex Mix of Risk Factors  
Coping  
Programs and Services  
Operational Issues in Custody  
Conditions of Confinement  
Research on Women and the Justice System  
Moving Forward with Research on Women  
Prospects for Gender-Responsive Programming  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 13: Special Populations
Learning Objectives  
Prisons and Jails as Community Health Providers  
Inmates Suffer from a Wide Range of Medical Problems  
Health Care Services  
Mental Illness in Prisons and Jails  
The Increasing Elderly Prison Population  
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Inmates  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 14: The Death Penalty
Learning Objectives  
The Controversial Moral Imperative  
The State of Capital Punishment  
Characteristics of Death Row Inmates  
Legal Challenges to the Death Penalty  
Juveniles and the Death Penalty  
The Death Sentence and Mental Competence  
Innocence and Those Awaiting Executions  
Costs of Capital Punishment  
The Problem of Lethal Injection  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 15: The Growth of Privatization in Corrections
Learning Objectives  
History and Functioning of Private Prisons in the United States  
Major Private Prison Companies  
How Private Prisons Function  
Other Forms of Corrections Privatization  
Private Prison Performance  
Impact of Privatization on Local Economies  
Privatization, Innovation, and Reform  
The Profit Motive and Conflict of Interest  
Contracting, Oversight, and Monitoring  
Are Private Prisons Necessary?  
Further Research  
Summary  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  
 
CHAPTER 16: The Politics and Future of Mass Incarceration
Learning Objectives  
Mass Incarceration and Electoral Politics  
In Whose Interest?  
An Opening to Change  
What the Public Actually Thinks about Corrections Policy  
Confronting the Politics of Mass Incarceration  
Is Money the Currency of Reform?  
Recruiting New Allies to Corrections Reform  
The Way Forward  
Discussion Questions  
You Decide  
References  

Supplements

Instuctor Resource Site

The open-access Instructor Resource Site includes the following:

·  A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.

·  A Respondus electronic test bank is available and can be used on PCs. The test bank contains multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter and provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding. Respondus is also compatible with many popular learning management systems so you can easily get your test questions into your online course.

·  Editable, chapter-specific Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. Highlight essential content, features, and artwork from the book.

·   Lecture notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.

·  EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.

·  Sample course syllabi provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses.

·  Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.

·  Links to podcasts and audio resources cover important topics and are designed to supplement key points within the text.

·   Web resources are included for further research and insights.

 

Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to selected full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics.
  • Links to podcasts and audio resources cover important topics and are designed to supplement key points within the text.
  • Web resources are included for further research and insights.

 

The topics covered are current and the approach is critical, the text structure is engaging and the ancillaries are useful. I am looking forward to using this text to challenge my students assumptions about punishment, corrections and to develop their critical thinking.

Dr Ingrid McGuffog
Criminal Justice Dept, Suny Brockport
January 22, 2015

Streamlined data which appears easier for the students to adopt concepts of corrections. The price helps also

Mr Eric Woodford
Administration of Justice, Los Medanos College
October 31, 2014
Key features

KEY FEATURES:

  • An analytic framework for responding to the current crisis in the U.S. correctional system with significant reform measures encourages students think critically about key issues.
  • An inviting, full-color design includes photographs, charts, and graphs that engage students and clarify key topics.
  • Learning Objectives set the stage for reading each chapter and alert students to the important points that follow.
  • Spotlights in each chapter delve deeper into current key issues, such as realignment, solitary confinement, and immigration detention.
  • In the Courts features an important legal case by discussing the facts and the significance to historical developments.
  • You Decide facilitates critical thinking by presenting students with an issues-based scenario and asking them to decide what they think should be done.
  • Key terms are highlighted and defined in the glossary to help students master the vocabulary of corrections.
  • Discussion Questions at the end of each chapter help students review the material and think critically about key issues.

 


Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 5

Chapter 11


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ISBN: 9781412974394