Applied Psychological Measurement

Applied Psychological Measurement

2014 Impact Factor: 1.178
2014 Ranking: 20/46 in Social Sciences, Mathematical Methods | 7/13 in Psychology, Mathematical
Source: 2014 Journal Citation Reports ® (Thomson Reuters, 2015)

Hua-Hua Chang University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

eISSN: 15523497| ISSN: 01466216|Current volume: 39|Current issue: 7 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

For more than thirty years, Applied Psychological Measurement has led the measurement field in presenting cutting-edge methodologies and related empirical research. Whether the setting is educational, organizational, industrial, social or clinical, Applied Psychological Measurement focuses on ways to use the most current techniques to address measurement problems in the behavioral and social sciences.

Broad Coverage

Applied Psychological Measurement provides a complete picture of the measurement discipline. Its wide range of features keep you informed of all the latest developments that shape this evolving field of study. Among the features you'll find in its pages are

  • articles reporting the latest empirical research and methodological developments
  • brief reports of exploratory, small-sample, or replication studies
  • computer program reviews of commercially available software packages used in applied measurement
  • book reviews of important new publications
  • announcements of statistical and measurement meetings, symposia and workshops

To view the topics covered in APM over the years, please view our comprehensive 25-year subject and author index under the Announcements link on the left hand menu.

Special Issues

Applied Psychological Measurement
regularly supplements its broad scope with Special Issues, guest edited by leading scholars, devoted to a single topic of emerging importance in measurement. Recent and forthcoming Special Issues focus on such topics as:

regularly supplements its broad scope with Special Issues, guest edited by leading scholars, devoted to a single topic of emerging importance in measurement. Recent and forthcoming Special Issues focus on such topics as:
  • Polytomous item response theory
  • Latest developments in multidimensional item response theory
  • Optimal test assembly

Diverse Topics

From discussion of innovative measuring techniques to studies of validity and reliability methods, each issue of Applied Psychological Measurement features the most current explorations of measurement problems and solutions. Some of the important topics frequently covered in Applied Psychological Measurement include: item response theory; test equations and linking; reliability theory and methods; differential item functioning; measurement of change; algorithmic test construction; unidimensional and multidimensional scaling; validity methodology; computerized adaptive testing; Rasch models; person fit; and generalizability theory and methods.

International Perspective

Leading authorities in scholarly publication regularly rank Applied Psychological Measurement among the top journals in quantitative psychology. APM is one of the few journals in the field that presents a truly international perspective on measurement, publishing articles contributed by researchers from around the globe. Worldwide respect and renown is further enhanced through a strong partnership with SAGE Publications, an international leader in social and behavioral science publications.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Applied Psychological Measurement publishes empirical research on the application of techniques of psychological measurement to substantive problems in all areas of psychology and related disciplines. For submission information, see the two-page Information for Authors at the end of each issue, or click here.

Hua-Hua Chang University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Managing Editor
Edison Choe University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, USA
Associate Editors
Daniel Bolt University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Educational Psychology
Chih-Hung Chang Northwestern University, USA
Jimmy de la Torre Rutgers University, USA
James S. Roberts Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Jonathan Templin University of Georgia, USA
Wen-Chung Wang The Hong Kong Institute of Education, China
Book Review Editor
Cindy M. Walker University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, USA
Computer Software Review Editor
Richard M. Luecht The University of North Carolina - Greensboro, USA
Computer Program Exchange Editor
Niels Waller University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
Editorial Board
Terry A. Ackerman The University of North Carolina - Greensboro, USA
David Andrich University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Robert L. Brennan University of Iowa, USA
David V. Budescu Fordham University, USA
Allan S. Cohen University of Georgia College of Social Work, USA
Robert Cudeck The Ohio State University, USA
Ying Cui University of Alberta, Canada
John Donoghue Educational Testing Service, USA
Fritz Drasgow University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Bert F. Green Johns Hopkins University, USA
Fanmin Guo Graduate Management Admission Council, USA
Ronald K. Hambleton University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
Willem J. Heiser University of Leiden, The Netherlands
Michelle Liou Institute of Statistical Science, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Adam W. Meade North Carolina State University, USA
Eiji Muraki Tohoku University, Japan
David Rindskopf The University of New York, USA
Klaas Sijtsma Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Stephen Stark University of South Florida, USA
Douglas Steinley University of Missouri - Columbia, USA
Hariharan Swaminathan University of Connecticut, USA
Yoshio Takane McGill University, Canada
Jian Tao Northeast Normal University, China
Bo Wang College Board, USA
Carol Woods University of Kansas, USA
Editors Emeritus
Mark L. Davison University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
Mark D. Reckase Michigan State University, USA
David J. Weiss University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, USA
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    Electronic Submission Only
    Online at
    Questions directed to

    Contact Information

    Hua-Hua Chang, Editor
    Professor of
        Department of Psychology
        Department of Educational Psychology
        Department of Statistics
    University of Illinois, IL, USA
    Phone: 217-244-2291

    Review Process

    Type of Review: Double Blind
    External Reviewers: 2-3
    In-House Reviewers: 1

    Acceptance Rate: 11-20%
    Invited Articles: 6-10%
    Time to Review: 3 months
    Reviewer's Comments: Yes
    Fees to Publish: US$0.00
    Fess to Review: US$0.00

    Publication Guidelines

    Manuscript Style:
        Publication Manual of the American 
        Psychological Association

    Manuscript Length:
        25 pages maximum (double-spaced, all included)

    Copies Required:
        Electronic Only

    Manuscript Specification

        Academics, Practitioners

    Frequency of Issue:

        SAGE Publications

    Manuscript Topics

    Psychological Testing
    Research Methods & Statistics

    Manuscript Guidelines/Comments Information for Authors

    Applied Psychological Measurement (APM) publishes empirical research on improvements and innovations in measurement methodology applicable across a variety of instruments in psychology and related disciplines.

    The classes of studies published include reports on (1) the development and application of innovative measurement techniques, (2) methodological developments in the solution of measurement problems, (3) comparisons of different measurement techniques, (4) investigations of the applicability of measurement methodologies, (5) empirical studies on validation and reliability methodologies, and (6) critical reviews of measurement methodology. Validity and reliability studies of psychological measuring instruments are published only if they have a methodological focus.

    Methodologically oriented studies in the measurement of ability, aptitude, personality, interests, and social, developmental, and perceptual variables will be considered, as will studies in test development and unidimensional and multidimensional scaling. This journal does not publish papers that are purely statistical in nature, unless they are demonstrably related to applied measurement problems (e.g., problems in the estimation of parameters in measurement models, or problems in the determination of validity or reliability of measurement techniques). Ordinarily, this journal does not publish articles about a single measurement instrument unless the manuscript deals with measurement methods applicable across a range of measurement instruments.

    A strict page limit of 25 pages including references, figures, and tables is imposed for general research manuscripts. However, certain appendices may be considered for publication as online supplements. More specifically, a printed issue of the journal only publishes the main document, and the corresponding electronic issue includes both the main document and online supplement.

    Following are some special types of articles acceptable to APM.

    Brief Reports will also be considered for publication. These papers report on exploratory, small-sample, and replication studies, as well as brief technical notes. Brief Reports are limited to two published pages, or about 1,000 manuscript words, including tables, figures, and references (about four typed double-spaced manuscript pages). Brief Reports do not require an abstract, and summaries at the end of the paper should be avoided. Similarly, the literature review should be kept to a minimum.

    The Computer Program Exchange publishes abstracts of computer programs and subroutines useful in the solution of applied measurement problems or in the instruction of measurement concepts. Only abstracts designed for the exchange of software that would be otherwise unavailable will be published; information about programs developed for commercial distribution should be made available by advertisement. Abstracts should be submitted in Microsoft Word format, limited to two typed double-spaced manuscript pages. They should include the following information: name of program or subroutine; a brief description of its purpose and function; description of the programming language; computer(s) on which it is operational and any unusual computer requirements in terms of size of memory, disks, and so forth; nature of documentation available; form in which program is available (e-mail, disk); cost of acquisition; name and mailing address of the program’s author; and the author’s e-mail address. Submissions should also include one copy of the executable software, the program source code, software documentation (i.e., a program manual), and sample input and output files. Programs that run on multiple operating systems are strongly preferred. All files should be submitted through the APM online submission portal. Compressed files are acceptable.

    Software Notes are brief reports of a researcher’s experience with commercially available software programs. They report on unexpected experiences or observations based on use of a program that will help others recognize or avoid potential problems with the program. Software Notes are published on a space-available basis with minimal editing. Generally they should be limited to four typed double-spaced manuscript pages. They should be submitted in Microsoft Word format.

    Computer Software Reviews are published for new or upgraded, commercially available computer packages for personal computers. Windows or Macintosh software for item and test analysis (including differential item functioning), item response theory calibration and applications (including equating and linking), item banking and test construction, item factor analysis, computerized adaptive testing, and other statistical analyses related to measurement are reviewed by invitation. Generally reviews should be limited to six typed double-spaced manuscript pages. Readers or software authors/publishers may request reviews of software packages by corresponding with the Computer Software Review Editor: Richard M. Luecht, Educational Research Methodology, School of Education, The University of North Carolina, Curry 209, P.O. Box 26170, Greensboro, NC 27402-6170, USA, email:

    Book Reviews of important new books are published. Reviews should be no more than six typed double-spaced manuscript pages, including references. Documents should be formatted according to the APA guidelines. However, the first page should include the Title (Edition); Author(s) or Editor(s); City, State: Publisher, Year, Pages, Price; ISBN number, each on a separate line. The review should begin on the second page. The body of the review should include the following components, as relevant to the book in question: 1) A description of the content of the book (What is this book about?); 2) An outline of the book, chapter-by-chapter (What is each chapter of the book about?); 3) A description of any particular strengths or shortcomings of the book as well as a description of unique contributions that the book makes (What is special/disappointing about the book?); 4) A description of the audience and purposes for which the book may be appropriate (Who should consider buying this book?). Instructions for final sub- mission of accepted book reviews will be sent to authors in the final acceptance letter. Although book reviews are published by invitation, readers may suggest books to be considered for review. Readers who wish to be considered as reviewers should write or e-mail the Book Review Editor: Cindy M. Walker, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, P. O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201, email:

    For the Record provides an opportunity for authors of books reviewed in this journal, or authors whose work is cited in our articles, to publish comments on those reviews or citations. For the Record offers authors a mechanism for responding to what they may consider to be misinterpretations, errors, or misrepresentations of their work. Authors’ comments should be brief and restricted to correcting (1) errors of fact or (2) errors of interpretation. Comments on Book Reviews should be submitted electronically, preferably in MS Word format, to the Book Review Editor, Cindy M. Walker,; comments on Software Reviews should be sent to the Software Review Editor, Richard M. Luecht,; comments on articles should be submitted to the Editor. All submissions should be typed and double-spaced.

    Announcements of general interest to readers will be published. Highest priority will be given to announcements of meetings, symposia, workshops, and the like. Other announcements that will be considered include the availability of technical reports or other publications with limited circulation, notices of new publications, or brief items of general interest to applied measurement specialists. Send two printed copies of the announcement and the text of the announcement in Microsoft Word format to the Editor at the address provided.

    Submission of Manuscripts

    APM uses an online submissions process. The benefits of this system include immediate feedback to authors when a manuscript has been successfully submitted; completion of blind reviews online, with reviewer comments available to authors and the editor; automatic manuscript tracking and routing; and, overall, more efficient manuscript handling throughout the process.

    To submit your manuscript, go to If you have an author profile, log in and follow the prompts to create your submission. If you do not already have an author profile, click on ‘‘Create A New Account’’ and follow the prompts to create your author profile; then follow the prompts to submit your manuscript.

    Manuscripts should be in English, double-spaced in a 12-point font. All manuscripts will be automatically acknowledged upon successful submission. It is understood that papers submitted for publication have not been previously published and will not be published elsewhere, in any language, without the written consent of SAGE Publications.

    Manuscript Preparation

    Manuscripts should be prepared using the APA Style Guide (Sixth Edition). All pages must be typed, double-spaced (including references, footnotes, and endnotes). Text must be in 12-point Times Roman. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Must include margins of 1inch on all the four sides and number all pages sequentially.

    The manuscript should include four major sections(in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

    Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, and (9) Appendices.

    1. Title page. Please include the following:

    • Full article title
    • Acknowledgments and credits
    • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
    • Grant numbers and/or funding information
    • Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

    2. Abstract. Print the abstract (150 to 250 words) on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.

    3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.

    a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, Level 4 heading should be Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, and Level 5 heading should be Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period.

    b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

    (i)Unknown Author: To cite worksthatdo not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Eg. The findings are based on the study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001)

    (ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Eg.(L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998)

    (iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation.Eg.Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…

    (iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews,and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list.Eg.(E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).

    (v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date").Eg. The study conducted by of students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).

    5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

    6. References. Basic rules for the reference list:

    • The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
    • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
    • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and”.
    • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there are one, and any proper names – i. e. only those words that are normally capitalized.
    • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
    • Manuscripts submitted to XXX [journal acronym] should strictly follow the XXX manual (xth edition) [style manual title with ed].
    • Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
    • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
    • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.

    Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check APA (6th Ed).

    · Books:

    Book with place of publication--Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.

    Book with editors & edition-- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society. South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.

    Book with author & publisher are the same-- MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Author.

    Chapter in an edited book--Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley& T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    · Periodicals:

    Journal article with more than one author (print)--Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.

    Journal article – 8 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from

    · Internet Sources:

    Internet – no author, no date--Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://

    Internet – Organisation / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from

    • Examples of various types of information sources:

    Act (statute / legislation)--Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from

    Blog post-- Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Web log post]. Retrieved from

    Brochure / pamphlet (no author)--Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.

    Conference Paper--Williams, J., &Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.

    DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview&Youtube)--Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), &Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.

    Magazine--Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.

    Newspaper article (no author)--Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5

    Podcast (audio or video)--Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

    Software (including apps--UBM Medica.(2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software].Retrieved from

    Television programme--Flanagan, A., &Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors).(2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.

    Thesis (print)--Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.

    Thesis (online)--Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from

    Non- English reference book, title translated in English

    Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lenguaespanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nded.). Madrid, Spain: Author

    IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

    7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically.Eg.Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC).Headings should be clear and brief.

    8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.

    IMPORTANT: PERMISSION - The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in (journal acronym). A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

    9. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”).Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.

    English Language Services

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at

    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.


    Nominations of reviewers, including self-nominations, should be sent to Hua-Hua Chang, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. E-mail:

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