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Behavior and Sequential Analyses
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Behavior and Sequential Analyses
Principles and Practice


January 2003 | 384 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

"Sharpe and Koperwas provide a methodological framework that objectifies the complexity of behavior. This book's quantitative and multiple-event approach to data collection and analysis is essential for effective descriptions and explanations of the behavior of humans and nonhumans. Of particular note is the multidisciplinary applicability of the methodology and that the methods can be used by basic, applied, and clinical researchers. Human service providers are being increasingly pressured to take objective measures; practitioners should find much in this book to help them satisfactorily meet these demands. The authors' sensitivity to clarity of presentation makes the book an excellent primary or supplementary text for any course in behavior methodology."

-- Dennis J. Delprato, Eastern Michigan University

 "I think the author did a very thoughtful, informed analysis and presentation of his view of research methodology."

-Richard W. Malott, Western Michigan University

 

"This text dispels the myth that the principles and practices of behavioral research are context-free. It describes how they are integral to a modern science of behavior. This is not only a "how to" text, but an historical "where from" and a modern "what for" treatment of behavioral methodology and research design."

 -Edward K. Morris, University of Kansas

 

Modern computer-based data collection and analysis techniques have given researchers unprecedented ability to collect, analyze, and visually represent complex, multi-event configurations of behavior interaction, yet most applied behavior analysis textbooks have failed to embrace the many significant technological advances.

Behavior and Sequential Analyses: Principles and Practice provides a step-by-step approach to such computer-facilitated behavior analysis research and evaluation procedures. Tom Sharpe and John Koperwas emphasize methods designed to collect and analyze both the multiple characteristics of behaviors and events of interest and the time-based or sequential characteristics of behavior and event relationships. Intended for an interdisciplinary audience, this is the only text to guide readers through development and implementation of technologically supported multiple-event, multiple measure, discrete and sequential analysis of behavior.

Designed for highly interactive applied settings, this user-friendly volume includes

    • Procedures for observation system construction
    • Data recording methods and research design types
    • Visual and statistical data analysis procedures
    • Recommended research, evaluation, and instructional applications for psychology, education, and other social science settings
    • Suggestions for reliability and treatment fidelity issues
    • References to technological innovations including the BEST and BESTPCC data collection and analysis software package

Behavior and Sequential Analyses presents a comprehensive summary of applied behavior analysis methods and introduces numerous up-to-date systems and sequential methodologies. To facilitate student learning, the authors include lists of key terms, study guide questions, practical illustrations, and important references.

Developed as an introductory to intermediate level methodology text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in social and behavioral sciences and education, Behavior and Sequential Analyses is also a unique and indispensable reference for the experienced researcher.


 
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
 
DEDICATION
 
FOREWORD BY TOM SHARPE
 
PART I: BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS: HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION
 
CHAPTER ONE: History and Evolution
Terms and Study Guide  
A Brief History of Behavior Analysis  
Science as a Direct Observation, Descriptive Enterprise  
Toward a Multiple Research Method Compatibility Theory  
Some Myths About Behavior Analysis Debunked  
Overview of Behavior Analysis Principles and Practice

Overview

Overview

Overview

Overview

Overview
 
 
CHAPTER TWO: A Behavior and Sequential Analyses Primer
Terms and Study Guide  
Some Introductory Terms  
Behavior Analysis Unpacked  
Foundations of Field Systems and Sequential Analyses  
Behavior Alayisis as a Descriptive/Explanatory Enterprise  
How Behavior Analysis Conceptualized Mental Events

An Endnote on "Feelings" and Metaphysical Explanations

An Endnote on "Feelings" and Metaphysical Explanations

An Endnote on "Feelings" and Metaphysical Explanations
 
 
CHAPTER THREE: An Interbehavioral Multi-Event Perspective
Terms and Study Guide  
From Science to Technology  
Differences in Assessment: Modeling an Interbehavioral Lens
Differences in Assessment: Modeling an Interbehavioral Lens
Differences in Assessment: Modeling an Interbehavioral Lens
 
Multi-Event Theory in the Applied Sciences
Multi-Event Theory in the Applied Sciences

Multi-Event Theory in the Applied Sciences

Multi-Event Theory in the Applied Sciences
Multi-Event Theory in the Applied Sciences
 
The Implications of Computer Technology  
Some Assumptions and Limitations  
A Preface to Behavior Analysis Methodology  
 
PART II: CONSTRUCTING OBSERVATIONAL SYSTEMS
 
CHAPTER FOUR: Constructing a Coding Scheme
Terms and Study Guide  
A Preface to Category System Construction  
Defining Purposes  
Determining Observation System Characteristics  
Recording Physical Versus Social Coding Schemes  
How to Construct Operational Definitions  
 
CHAPTER FIVE: Inderdisciplinary Examples and Illustrations
Terms and Study Guide  
A General Framework for Developing a Coding Scheme  
Examples From Teacher Education  
Examples From School Psychology  
Examples From Special Education  
An Illustration From Clinical Psychology  
A Systems Code From Ethology  
 
CHAPTER SIX: Reliability and Staff Training
Terms and Study Guide  
The Purposes of Assessment  
The Issue of Data Accuracy  
A Recommended Three-Step Reliability Process  
Treatment Fidelity  
Reliability Formula Summaries  
Summary and Foreground for Part III  
 
PART III: RECORDING TACTICS, DESIGN TYPES, AND DATA ANALYSIS
 
CHAPTER SEVEN: Approaches to Recording Direct Observational Data
Terms and Study Guide  
Measurement Options  
Traditional Recording Methods  
Recording in Real Time  
 
CHAPTER EIGHT: Constructing an Appropriate Research Design
Terms and Study Guide  
Validity Issues  
The Simplest Case: An ABAB Design  
The Multiple Baseline Design  
Additional Design Options  
Design Choice Summary  
 
CHAPTER NINE: Analyzing Observational Data
Terms and Study Guide  
Preparing a Graph  
Visual Inspection  
The Challenge of Statistical Analyses  
Some Recommendations Regarding Statistical Analyses  
Sequential Analyses  
An Endnote on Sequential Data  
 
PART IV: APPLICATION ILLUSTRATIONS AND A WINDOW TO THE FUTURE
 
CHAPTER TEN: Measurably Superior Instruction and Therapy
Terms and Study Guide  
A Return to the Counting of Things?  
Research and Development Opportunities  
Instruction and Evaluation  
Laboratory Applications  
 
APPENDIX A: SEQUENTIAL ANALYSIS FORMULAE
 
APPENDIX B: BEHAVIOR EVALUATION STRATEGY AND TAXONOMY (BEST) SOFTWARE
 
REFERENCES

"Sharpe and Koperwas provide a methodological framework that objectifies the complexity of behavior. This book’s quantitative and multiple-event approach to data collection and analysis is essential for effective descriptions and explanations of the behavior of humans and nonhumans. Of particular note is the multidisciplinary applicability of the methodology and that the methods can be used by basic, applied, and clinical researchers. Human service providers are being increasingly pressured to take objective measures; practitioners should find much in this book to help them satisfactorily meet these demands. The authors’ sensitivity to clarity of presentation makes the book an excellent primary or supplementary text for any course in behavior methodology."

Dennis J. Delprato
Eastern Michigan University

"I think the author did a very thoughtful, informed analysis and presentation of his view of research methodology."

Richard W. Malott
Western Michigan University
Key features
  • This is the only text to guide readers through development and implementation of technologically supported multiple-event, multiple measure, discrete and sequential analysis of behavior in highly interactive applied settings.
  • Chapter-opening pedagogy eases the reader into each chapter with an inspirational quote, listing of key terms, and learning objectives in the form of "Study Guide Questions."
  • Concrete illustrations provided throughout support the practicality and ease of all methods described.
  • References to software resources, including the BEST and BESTPCC data collection and analysis package developed by the authors, highlight technological innovations in methods for this field.

Sample Materials & Chapters

CHAPTER ONE: History and Evolution


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