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Behavior Change in the Human Services
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Behavior Change in the Human Services
Behavioral and Cognitive Principles and Applications

Sixth Edition


© 2018 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Using a unique behavioral assessment and treatment planning framework, the updated Sixth Edition provides a systematic overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of issues and situations encountered in human services professions. Up-to-date practice examples drawn from eight diverse case studies illustrate the range and versatility of the behavior change approach in an increasingly diverse and multicultural society, while an innovative chapter on clinical applications of behavioral and cognitive intervention techniques also addresses current influences in the field. This edition embraces the rigorous empirical foundations that have made this approach such a significant contributor to the national and international therapeutic milieu of the 21st century.

 
Preface
 
To the Student: How to Use This Book
Course Materials  
Case Examples  
The Chapters  
The Course Posttest  
Scoring the Pretest and Posttests  
Recommendations for Instructor Use of This Book  
 
Introduction
Three Generations of Behavior Change  
Origins of the Behavior Change Approach  
Characteristics of the Behavior Change Approach  
Applications of the Behavior Change Approach  
Journals and Professional Organizations  
References and Resources  
 
1. Specifying Behavior
Objectives  
Overt and Covert Behaviors  
Clarifying Vague Terms and Fuzzy Language  
Target Behavior  
Measuring Response Strength  
The Behavioral Assessment Approach  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
2. Positive Reinforcement
Objectives  
Reinforcing Stimuli  
Examples of Positive Reinforcement  
Reinforcers and Rewards  
Factors That Influence Reinforcer Effectiveness  
How to Identify Potential Reinforcers  
Reinforcer Sampling  
How to Evaluate the Effect of a Stimulus as a Positive Reinforcer  
Reinforcement of Behavior: Social, Tangible, and Self-Administered  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
3. Extinction
Objectives  
Decreasing Response Strength  
Single-Subject Evaluation Designs  
Applying Extinction to Decrease Undesired Behaviors  
Ethical Considerations  
Effects of Extinction  
Consistency and Control of Reinforcement  
Positive Reinforcement of Appropriate Behaviors  
Spontaneous Recovery  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
4. Positive Reinforcement Contingencies
Objectives  
Behavioral Contingencies and Positive Reinforcement  
Contingency Contracting  
Accidental Reinforcement Contingencies  
Self-Control Reinforcement Contingencies  
The Premack Principle  
Continuous and Intermittent Reinforcement  
Characteristics of Various Schedules of Reinforcement  
Matching Law  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
5. Shaping and Response Differentiation
Objectives  
Differential Reinforcement  
Response Class  
The DRO Procedure  
Shaping With Successive Approximations  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
6. Stimulus Control: Discrimination and Generalization
Objectives  
Antecedents  
The Discrimination Training Procedure  
Stimulus Control  
Rule-Governed Behavior  
Stimulus Fading  
Stimulus Generalization  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
7. Conditioned Reinforcement and Chaining
Objectives  
Conditioned Reinforcement  
Simple and Generalized Conditioned Reinforcers  
Establishing a Conditioned Reinforcer  
Reinforcement History  
Establishing Relationships With Clients  
Fading Out Unconditioned Reinforcers  
Token Economy  
Stimulus-Response Chains  
Developing New Behaviors Using Chaining  
Response Priming  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
8. Modeling and Imitation
Objectives  
The Role of Modeling and Imitation in the Acquisition of Behaviors  
Modeling Versus Shaping  
The Modeling Plus Positive Reinforcement Procedure  
Social Skills Training  
Assertiveness Training  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
9. Punishment
Objectives  
Punishment Defined  
Aversive Stimuli and Punishers  
Positive Punishment  
Physical Punishment and Spanking  
Negative Punishment  
Extinction and Negative Punishment  
Time-Out  
Maximizing the Effectiveness of Punishment  
Overcorrection  
Punishment and Self-Control  
Disadvantages of Punishment  
Alternatives to Punishment  
The Future of Punishment  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
10. Negative Reinforcement
Objectives  
Negative Reinforcers, Punishers, and Aversive Stimuli  
Escape Behavior  
Escape and Punishment  
Avoidance Behavior  
Phobias and Negative Reinforcement  
Superstitious Behavior and Negative Reinforcement  
Negative Reinforcement and Interpersonal Relationships  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
11. Respondent Conditioning
Objectives  
Respondent Behavior  
Respondent Conditioning  
Emotional Behavior  
Respondent Conditioning of Phobias  
Escape, Avoidance, and Respondent Conditioning  
Operant and Respondent Control of Behaviors  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
12. Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change
Objectives  
Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change  
Obstacles to the Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change  
Strategies for Promoting the Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
13. Behavioral Assessment
Objectives  
Introduction to Behavioral Assessment  
Cultural Diversity and Cultural Competency  
Elements of Behavioral Assessment  
Collecting RAC-S Data  
Interviews and Assessment Instruments  
Functional Behavioral Assessment  
Identifying Controlling Relationships With RAC-S  
Case Study  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
14. Goal Setting, Intervention Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation
Objectives  
Formulating Behavior Change Goals  
Developing the Intervention Plan  
Implementation of the Behavior Change Program  
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Behavior Change Program  
Behaviorally Oriented Record Keeping  
Client Satisfaction  
Social Validity  
Outline of the Problem-Solving Framework  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
15. Clinical Application of Behavioral and Cognitive Intervention Techniques
Objectives  
Exposure Techniques  
Habit Reversal Training  
Aversion Therapy  
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques  
Behavioral Activation Therapy  
Third-Generation Behavior Change Approaches  
Mindfulness-Based Interventions  
Considerations in Choosing Intervention Techniques  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Activities  
Chapter Posttest Questions  
References and Resources  
 
Appendix 1: Case Examples
 
Appendix 2: Chapter Pretest Questions
 
Appendix 3: Chapter Pretest Answers
 
Appendix 4: Chapter Posttest Answers
 
Appendix 5: Course Posttest Questions
 
Appendix 6: Course Posttest Answers
 
Appendix 7: Notational Symbols and Behavioral Diagrams
 
Glossary
 
Author Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Authors

Supplements

Key features

 NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • New coverage of third generation behavior change techniques exposes readers to state-of-the-art techniques in behavioral and cognitive-behavioral practice. Techniques include Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy
  • Updated references and resources in each chapter direct readers to the latest developments in the field.
  • Recent research on cultural diversity and multicultural practice enriches the chapters on assessment and goal setting, intervention planning, implementation, and evaluation.
  • An expanded discussion of biofeedback and behavioral medicine now includes the use of new and emerging technology, including mobile applications.
  • New coverage of advances in evidence-based and evidence-informed practice in Chapter 14: Intervention Planning and Evaluation strengthens the discussion.
  • Additional innovative applications of the behavior change approach include integration of cognitive principles.
  • New graphs throughout the text expand the visual presentation of case material.
  • Post-test questions now appear at the end of each chapter to facilitate assessment of content mastery.
  • Updated examples reflect current use of technology.

KEY FEATURES: 

  • A systematic, sequential organizational model helps readers move through material of increasing complexity while testing their knowledge of course content.
  • Realistic case studies provide compelling examples of applications of behavior change principles and concepts.
  • Objectives and pre- and post-tests provide readers with clear goals and feedback on progress. 



Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 9

Chapter 13


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