Biblical Theology Bulletin
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Biblical Theology Bulletin

Journal of Bible and Culture
Biblical Theology Bulletin Inc.

Editor
David Bossman Seton Hall University, USA

eISSN: 19457596| ISSN: 01461079|Current volume: 46|Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly

Biblical Theology Bulletin is a distinctive, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal containing articles and reviews written by experts in biblical and theological studies. The editors select articles that provide insights derived from critical biblical scholarship, culture-awareness, and thoughtful reflection on meanings of import for scholars of Bible and religion, religious educators, clergy, and those engaged with social studies in religion, inter-religious studies, and the praxis of biblical religion today.

The journal began publication in 1971. It has been distinguished for its early and continuing publication of articles using the social sciences in addition to other critical methods for interpreting the Bible for contemporary readers, teachers, and preachers across cultural and denominational lines.

"Biblical Theology Bulletin has been a leader in publishing articles applying social science to Scripture Study. It is a valuable source for researchers and theological libraries." Jerome Kodell, OSB

In 2012, BTB introduced a new subtitle, A Journal of Bible and Culture. BTB has been distinguished for its frequent use of the social sciences for interpreting biblical texts in their social world contexts. Critical biblical scholarship long has been notable for its goal of interpreting texts in their literary, historical, canonical contexts. Each of these has lent perspective to meanings and has tended to relieve misunderstandings born of lack of knowledge or faulty assumptions. Using biblical texts out of context is to misconstrue meanings often based on prejudice, reading meaning into the text rather than from it.

While BTB continues to publish articles that employ a range of critical methodologies for biblical studies, it includes methods from the social sciences that delve into the meanings of culturally-embedded symbols and values inherent in biblical texts. As a Journal of Bible and Culture BTB thus acknowledges that cultural contexts significantly shape meanings and their appropriate applications.

In addition, it is our belief that it is important to distinguish and separately value both biblical studies and theology, biblical scholars and theologians. These two disciplines or groups of scholars may frequently include the same thinking, or people, but can also diverge quite strongly in their respective standpoints, their exegetical methods and approaches, and in their conclusions. BTB seeks to include and provide a forum for the expression of the best and most up-to-date thinking from those two strands of scholarly enterprise, particularly because of its desire to keep any and all interested readers in touch with the forefront of studies on the Bible and its interaction within human culture.

"Given the journal’s longtime practice of including many essays and reviews that especially focus on the interrelationships between biblical texts and their ancient cultural contexts, as well on the contemporary contexts in which the Bible is read, the use of the sub-title 'A Journal of Bible and Culture' is entirely appropriate." Alicia Batten, University of Sudbury, Canada

Biblical Theology Bulletin has evolved impressively over the years from its initial orientation toward Bible and Theology to its current reputation as the leading journal publishing cutting edge research utilizing social science methodologies to analyze the Bible. The Journal now pioneers the development of appropriate tools and methods for producing all varieties of ideological interpretation. The new sub-title, 'Journal of Bible and Culture' aptly describes this shift in focus.” John J. Pilch,
The Odyssey Program, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA

Biblical Theology Bulletin is a distinctive, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal containing articles and reviews written by experts in biblical and theological studies. The editors select articles that provide insights derived from critical biblical scholarship, culture-awareness, and thoughtful reflection on meanings of import for scholars of Bible and religion, religious educators, clergy, and those engaged with social studies in religion, inter-religious studies, and the praxis of biblical religion today. 

The journal began publication in 1971. It has been distinguished for its early and continuing publication of articles using the social sciences in addition to other critical methods for interpreting the Bible for contemporary readers, teachers, and preachers across cultural and denominational lines.

Assistant Editor
Zeba Crook Carleton University, Canada
Editorial Management Group
Alicia Batten Conrad Grebel University of Waterloo, Canada
Pieter F. Craffert UNISA, South Africa
James Crossley University of Sheffield, UK
John H. Elliott University of San Francisco, USA
Philip Esler University of Gloucestershire, UK
Robert Gnuse Loyola University of New Orleans, USA
Santiago Guijarro Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain
Anselm Hagedorn Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany
Holly E. Hearon Christian Theological Seminary, USA
Paul Holloway University of the South, USA
Jutta Jokiranta University of Helsinki, Finland
John S. Kloppenborg University of Toronto, Canada
Amy-Jill Levine Vanderbilt University, USA
Heather A McKay Edge Hill University, UK
Halvor Moxnes University of Oslo, Norway
Harry Nasuti Fordham University, USA
Ahida E. Pilarski St. Anselm College, USA
John J. Pilch Johns Hopkins University, USA
Vincent Pizzuto University of San Francisco, USA
James A. Sanders Ancient Biblical Manuscript Center, Claremont Graduate School of Religion, USA
Gerard Sloyan Catholic University of America
Eric C. Stewart Florida State University
Peter S. Zaas Siena College, USA
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    1. Peer review policy
    2. Article types
    3. Authorship
    4. How to submit your manuscript
    5. Journal contributor's publishing agreement
      5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access
    6. Statements and conventions
      6.1 Acknowledgments
      6.2 Declaration of conflicting interests
      6.3 Funding acknowledgement
      6.4 Other statements and conventions
    7. Permissions
    8. Manuscript style
      8.1 File types
      8.2 Journal style
      8.3 Reference style
      8.4 Manuscript preparation
    9. After acceptance
      9.1 Proofs
      9.2 E-Prints
      9.3 SAGE production
    10. Further information

    Biblical Theology Bulletin is a distinctive, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal containing articles and reviews written by experts in biblical and theological studies. The editors seek to acquaint Bible and religion scholars, theologians, religious educators, pastors, pastoral personnel and the religiously educated public with critically grounded biblical research along with its implications for the humanities and religious communities today. 

     

    1. Peer review policy

    The Biblical Theology Bulletin is a refereed journal with a blind peer review policy.

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    2. Article types

    The Biblical Theology Bulletin offers articles and reviews by experts for a non-expert readership in biblical and theological studies.

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    3. Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once the authorization of all contributing authors has been gathered. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. have made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
    2. drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content
    3. approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.
    Please refer to the ICMJE Authorship guidelines at http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html.

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    4. How to submit your manuscript

    Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    The preferred method of submission is as an attachment to an E-mail message. Please send submissions to BTBEditor@gmail.com.

    It is assumed that articles submitted have not been simultaneously submitted to other journals.

    As far as possible all contributors are asked to express their ideas with the non-specialist reader in mind, explaining technical terminology, using the Latin alphabet, and translating foreign terms.

    Manuscript Preparation
    Format
    The article should normally range from 20 to 25 pages. The manuscript should be produced with a word processor, preferably using Microsoft Word. Two separate files should be submitted: one containing the title, biographical information, abstract, and key words, and the second containing only the title and article text. The details are as follows.

    File One. The title, plus these three items:
    A biographical sketch with these details:

    •  Given name and family name, followed by the most advanced academic degree earned and the granting institution.
    • A recent publication or two.
    • Affiliation: title, department, institution.
    • An accurate and complete mailing address.
    • An E-mail address.

    An Abstract: This is a summary of about 150 words, briefly stating the purpose of the research, the principal results, and the major conclusions. This is a summary of about 150 words, briefly stating the purpose of the research, the principal results, and the major conclusions.

    Key words: Immediately after the Abstract, provide six key words that appear frequently in the text, focusing the terms as narrowly as possible.

    File Two. This file should contain the title, again, and the article text.

    The style of the article text should comply with Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition, and all pages should be numbered. Please see below for more information about journal style.

    A list of works cited appears after the article’s body. It should include those articles and books that are part of the documentation or form the immediate background of the article. Please see below for more information about bibliographical data and abbreviations.

    Tables and/or figures, if there are any, should be placed at the very end of the article, with appropriate reference to them at the location where they are to be placed. Please note that the article will be published in black and white.

    Final Checklist
    Before submitting the manuscript, authors should check the following list.

    • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
    • The submission is in Microsoft Word format. Do not submit material in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format.
    • The manuscript conforms to the above style requirements.
    • The author nowhere in the article refers to him/herself as author.

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    5. Journal contributor’s publishing agreement   

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright.  Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    The Biblical Theology Bulletin and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the Journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice.  Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal or all SAGE journals, or appropriate legal action.

    5.1 SAGE Choice and Open Access

    For more information on open access options and compliance at SAGE, including self author archiving deposits (green open access) visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Statements and conventions

    6.1. Acknowledgements

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgements’ section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    6.2 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Within your Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement you will be required to make a certification with respect to a declaration of conflicting interests. Biblical Theology Bulletin does not require a declaration of conflicting interests but recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    6.3 Funding Acknowledgement

    To comply with the guidance for Research Funders, Authors and Publishers issued by the Research Information Network (RIN), Biblical Theology Bulletin additionally requires all Authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit Funding Acknowledgements on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding or state in your acknowledgments that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    6.4 Other statements and conventions

    Non applicable.

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    7. Permissions

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    8. Manuscript style

    8.1 File types

    Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted.  Please also refer to additional guideline on submitting artwork below.

    8.2 Journal Style

    • The style manual used is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition, and all pages should be numbered.
    • Contributors should keep in mind that Biblical Theology Bulletin offers articles and reviews by experts for a non-expert readership in biblical and theological studies.
    • Specifically, the editors welcome efforts to acquaint theologians, religious scholars, religious educators, pastors, and pastoral personnel, and the religiously educated public with critically grounded biblical research.
    • Likewise, theologians, religious scholars, religious educators, pastors, and students of the humanities are encouraged to relate their research to the biblical materials.
    • As far as possible all contributors are asked to express their ideas with the non-specialist reader in mind, avoiding unnecessary technical jargon, carefully explaining unavoidable technical terminology, and reducing non-English words to a minimally defensible level.
    • Contributors are reminded to express themselves in religiously and sexually inclusive language. The editors reserve the right to change terminology prejudicial to religious traditions, women, or minority groups. Aware that constraints of time and experience on their part will limit such revision, however, the editors request that contributors assume a major portion of this responsibility. In this area it is not possible to legislate terminology; it may be suggested that besides avoiding terminology offensive to others, it is appropriate to use the terminology preferred by representatives of the traditions and groups affected: e.g., the Land of Israel, Judea, Galilee, or the Holy Land, not Palestineprophet, not prophetessMuslim or Islamic, not Mohammedantraditional, not primitive religiouslture; humanity, not mankind; gays or gay people, not homosexualsNative Americans, not Indians. Since normative Judaism and Christianity did not exist in the first century ce, preference should be given to the use of Judean for Jew and messianist for Christian, or other similar historically sensitive terminology.
    • Quotations of five or more typewritten lines should be set apart from the text, indented without quotation marks, and single-spaced.

    In discussions, unlike mere citations, of biblical verses, the author should always furnish the full text of the verse(s) at the beginning of the discussion.

    8.3 Reference Style

    Biblical Theology Bulletin does not include footnotes or endnotes; if the material that might be included in a note is essential to comprehension of the subject under discussion, it should be included within the text proper. Otherwise, it should be omitted. Bibliographical data must be prepared as a list of works cited after the article’s body. It should include those articles and books that are part of the documentation or form the immediate background of the article and should be prepared in the format explained below: 

    • Entries should appear in alphabetical order by author in hanging indent form: author’s last name, followed by given names, publication date of the work (not enclosed in parentheses as the APA Style Manual prescribes), place of publication, and publisher. In the case of periodicals, the volume number (in arabic numerals) follows the title of the periodical, with issue number included where necessary, separated by a slash, and page numbers indicated after a colon. Multiple works by the same author are listed in reverse chronological order. Each work appears on a separate line, with the first line (except in the first entry) slightly indented.
    • Abbreviations for biblical references follow those established for the Journal of Biblical Literature(95:335). The more significant examples follow:

      Gen Jonah Ezra 1-2 Cor
      Exod Mic Neh Gal
      Lev Nah 1-2 Chr Eph
      Num Hab 1-2 Macc Phil
      Deut Zeph Sir Col
      Josh Hag Bar 1-2 Thess
      Judg Mal Tob 1-2 Tim
      1-2 Sam Ps(s) Wis Titus
      1-2 Kgs Job Jdt Phlm
      Isa Prov Matt Heb
      Jer Cant Mark Jas
      Ezek Eccl (Qoh) Luke 1-2 Pet
      Joel Lam John 1-2-3 John
      Amos Esth Acts Jude
      Obad Dan Rom Rev

    • Titles of biblical books are not to be italicized. Abbreviations for them (see above) may be used (without punctuation), but only when chapter and verse references follow. Examples:

      Gen 1:2; Rom 5:11; Matt 6:5-8
      In Romans (not in Rom) the topic is faith

    • The first reference to a biblical work, especially if the book is relatively obscure, should be made within the text itself, citing only the place in parentheses; in this case the title should not be abbreviated. Example:

      The author of Hebrews speaks of an "obsolete covenant" (8:13).

    8.4 Manuscript Preparation

    The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point.

    8.4.1 Your Title, Keywords and Abstracts: Helping readers find your article online

    The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting SAGE’s Journal Author Gateway Guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    8.4.2 Corresponding Author Contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including E-mail, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    8.4.3 Guidelines for submitting artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    8.4.4 Guidelines for submitting supplemental files

    Biblical Theology Bulletin does not currently accept supplemental files.

    8.4.5 English Language Editing services

    Non-English speaking authors who would like to refine their use of language in their manuscripts might consider using a professional editing service.  Visit English Language Editing Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    9. After acceptance           

    9.1 Proofs

    We will E-mail a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author for checking and correction. Proofs should be corrected carefully; the responsibility for detecting errors lies with the author.

    9.2 E-Prints

    SAGE provides authors with access to a PDF of their final article. For further information please visit Offprints and Reprints on our Journal Author Gateway.

    9.3 SAGE Production

    At SAGE we place an extremely strong emphasis on the highest production standards possible. We attach high importance to our quality service levels in copy-editing, typesetting, printing, and online publication (http://online.sagepub.com/). We also seek to uphold excellent author relations throughout the publication process.

    We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing in Biblical Theology Bulletin with SAGE. 

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    10. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent by E-mail to the Editorial Office to BTBEditor@gmail.com.

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