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Inclusion Strategies for Secondary Classrooms
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Inclusion Strategies for Secondary Classrooms
Keys for Struggling Learners

Second Edition
Edited by:


April 2010 | 248 pages | Corwin

"This updated text provides a wide range of instructional tools that are cleverly introduced, well-referenced, and clearly presented. The book gives preservice teachers an informative and practical introduction as they prepare to work with older students. As an excellent refresher for practicing teachers, it offers new approaches that can be incorporated into everyday inclusive classrooms. This resource will become bookmarked and dog-eared from both initial use and subsequent reference by serious educators."
—Jean Lokerson, Faculty Emerita, School of Education
Commonwealth University

Keys for unlocking the doors to learning for ALL students!

This updated edition of the best-selling book Successful Inclusion Strategies for Secondary and Middle School Teachers identifies "locks" to learning and provides targeted strategies, or "keys," that unlock learning barriers for adolescents with disabilities and other learning challenges. Based on empirical research, this basic guide is packed with field-tested, teacher-friendly approaches that support struggling students at various stages of academic development.

Inclusion Strategies for Secondary Classrooms examines input locks (attention, perception, discrimination, and sequencing), processing/retention locks (confusion, organization, reasoning, memory), affective locks (frustration and motivation), and output locks (persistence and production), and explains why the key strategies work. This updated edition also discusses:

  • What current research reveals about the unique teaching environment of secondary school classrooms
  • The reauthorization of IDEA 2004
  • The impact of NCLB on special education
  • How the key strategies can work at all levels of a Response to Intervention program
  • Expanded applications for Universal Design for Learning

Discover solutions that will help every student overcome obstacles to learning and develop the skills for academic success!


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
1. The Letters Behind the Book
No Child Left Behind

 
Resopnse to Intervention

 
Universal Design for Learning

 
The Purpose of this Book

 
A Note About People First Language

 
 
2. The Locks on the Doors to Learning
The Locks on the Doors

 
The Input Locks

 
The Information Processing/Retention Locks

 
The Affective Locks

 
The Output Lock

 
The Sum Total of the Locks

 
 
3. Keys to the Effectiveness of the Inclusion Strategies
Dual Coding Theory and Tri-Coding of Information

 
 
4. Ensuring Students Understand Instructions
Key 1: Gain Students' Attention with Attentional Cues

 
Key 2: Providing Written and Oral Instructions

 
Key 3: Repeat Instructions

 
Key 4: Chunking Instructions

 
Key 5: Tell-Backs and Show-Mes

 
 
5. Teaching the Concepts and Vocabulary of Our Disciplines Strategies
Key 6: Taxonomic Fee

 
Key 7: Semantic Feature Analysis Matrix

 
Key 8: Compare and Contrast Vocabulary Mix

 
Key 9: Typology

 
Key 10: Word Analysis Diagram

 
Key 11: Semantic Map

 
Key 12: Quick Sketching a Definition

 
Key 13: Total Physical Response and Vocabulary Drama

 
Key 14: Keyword Mmemonic Strategy

 
Key 15: Teaching Greek and Latin Morphemes

 
Key 16: Vocabulary Word Card Ring

 
Key 17: Vocabulary Word Wall

 
Key 18: Learning Games

 
Key 19: Peer Tutoring

 
 
6. Teaching Devices for Increasing Student Learning From Lectures
Key 20: Simply Slowing Down

 
Key 21: Pause Procedure

 
Key 22: Cueing Critical Points

 
Key 23: Explicitly Teaching the Big Ideas

 
Key 24: Providing an Advance Organizer

 
Key 25: Soliciting Students' Examples

 
Key 26: Providing a Plethora of Examples

 
Key 27: Providing Nonexamples

 
Key 28: Teaching CSA/CRA

 
Key 29: Role Playing Difficult Content

 
 
7. Increasing Learning by Using Note Taking Strategies
Key 30: Teaching Abbreviations

 
Key 31: Teach Summarizing

 
Key 32: Partial Graphic Organizer Notes

 
Key 33: Guided Notes

 
Key 34: Strategic Notes

 
Key 35: Brick and Mortar Notes

 
Key 36: Three-Column Perzonalized Notes

 
Key 37: Newspaper Notes

 
 
8. Promoting Student Learning From the Textbook
Key 38: Using GOs to Make Relationships Explicit

 
Key 39: Pre-Teaching Vocabulary

 
Key 40: Explicitly Teaching Text Structure

 
Key 41: Accessible Digital Textbooks

 
 
9. Increasing Learning by Using Textbook Guides
Key 42: Main Idea Text Structure Study Guide

 
Key 43: List Text Structure Study Guide

 
Key 44: Order Text Structure Study Guide

 
Key 45: Compare and Contrast Text Structure Study Guide

 
Key 46: Cause and Effect Text Structure Study Guide

 
Key 47: Problem Solution Study Guide

 
Key 48: Analogy Study Guide

 
 
10. Promoting Factual Mastery Through Mnemonic Devices
Key 49: Keyword Mmemonics with Narrative Chains

 
Key 50: Musical Mmemonisc

 
 
11. Improving Higher-Order Thinking Skills
Key 51: Storyboards Type 1

 
Key 52: Storyboards Type 2

 
Key 53: Flowcharts

 
Key 54: Venn-Euler Diagram

 
Key 55: Reasoning by Metaphor and Analogy

 
Key 56: Compare and Contrast Matrix

 
Key 57: Campfire Metaphor for Cause and Effect

 
Key 58: Evaluation by Elimination by Aspects Matric

 
Key 59: Evaluation by Addition Matrix

 
 
12. Improving the Quality of Expository Writing
Key 60: Teaching Summarizing

 
Key 61: Teaching Text Structure

 
Key 62: Writing Frames

 
Key 63: Using Rubrics

 
Key 64: Data Revival Chart

 
Key 65: Adapted Evaluation Matrices

 
Key 66: Graphic Organizers for Expository Writing

 
 
13. Future Keys
Future Key #1: fMRI-Supported Learning Strategies

 
Future Key #2: Virtual Reality

 
Future Key #3: Podcasting

 
Future Key #4: Videogame-Based Learning

 
Future Key#5: Videoconference Tutoring

 
The Last Word

 
 
References
 
Index

"This updated text provides a wide range of instructional tools that are cleverly introduced, well-referenced, and clearly presented. It provides an informative and practical introduction to preservice teachers who are preparing to work with older students. At the same time, it offers an excellent refresher for practicing teachers by providing some new and fresh approaches that can be incorporated into everyday inclusive classrooms. I expect this book to become bookmarked and dog-eared from both initial use and subsequent reference by serious educators."

Jean Lokerson, Faculty Emerita, School of Education
Commonwealth University
Key features
This valuable resource examines the locks that bar access to learning, including:

  • Input Locks: problems with attention, perception, discrimination, and sequencing Information
  • Processing/Retention Locks: confusion, difficulty with organization, reasoning, memory, and metacognition
  • Affective Locks: frustration and motivation problems
  • Output Locks: difficulty with persistence and production
Discover the keys to help all students unlock the doors of learning so they can develop the tools they need to succeed!

Preview this book

Sample Materials & Chapters

Preface

Chapter 1: The Letters Behind the Book


For instructors

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