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Peace by Peaceful Means

Peace by Peaceful Means
Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization

July 1996 | 292 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd
Providing a wide-ranging panorama of the ideas, theories, and assumptions on which the study of peace is based, Peace by Peaceful Means gives a theoretical foundation for peace research, peace education, and peace action. This incisive volume is organized into four parts, each of which studies one of the four major theoretical approaches to peace. Peace Theory explores the epistemological assumptions of peace studies as well as the nature of violence. Conflict Theory examines the nonviolent and creative handling of conflict, emphasizing the importance of the culture of conflict. Development Theory looks at structural violence, particularly in the economic field, together with a consideration of the ways of overcoming that violence. Civilization Theory is an exploration of cultural violence focusing on cosmologies, codes, and programs. Finally, in the conclusion the threads of these approaches are drawn together with a focus on peace action: peace by peaceful means. Peace by Peaceful Means is a comprehensive examination of peace that will serve as an invaluable resource to professionals and academics in the fields of peace studies, international affairs, comparative politics, and political science.

Introduction: Visions of Peace for the 21st Century
Peace Studies
An Epistemological Basis

Peace Studies
Some Basic Paradigms

Woman:Man = Peace:Violence?
Democracy:Dictatorship = Peace:War?
The State System
Dissociative, Associative, Confederal, Federal, Unitary - or a Lost Case?

Conflict Formations
Conflict Life Cycles
Conflict Transformations
Conflict Interventions
Nonviolent Conflict Transformation
Fifteen Theses on Development Theory and Practice
Six Economic Schools
The Externalities
Ten Theses on Eclectic Development Theory
Development Theory
An Approach across Spaces

Cultural Violence
Six Cosmologies
An Impressionistic Presentation

Peace, War, Conflict, Development

Hitlerism, Stalinism, Reaganism

Any Therapies for Pathological Cosmologies?

Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization


`Even a reviewer who has spent a lifetime in peace research finds much insight, inspiration and provocation in [this book]. It is a book to start the road with - and to return to by the end of the road' - Democratization

`Galtung's book is one of the best guides for getting to know the world we live in. It contains astonishing insights, not only about war and peace, but about one's own cultural roots and ideological predispositions. It is a courageous and highly ethical work, full of unpalatable truths but lit up by sparks of truth' - Media Development

`This is an important volume by one of the most important scholars of modern peace studies.... It is both an overview and an elaboration of his ideas regarding the conceptual and material implications of peace.... This is not an easy book to read in the sense that the prose is dense and the arguments are spread over the main text and within the detailed footnotes. However, it is worth reading carefully precisely because it is concerned with locating peace studies within a broader social and intellectual context than other parts of the discipline of international relations or political science. Galtung concludes his latest contribution with a plea for perseverance: peace is something that has to be worked at and, moreover, peace workers have to expect resistance from those inculcated within reactionary state structures' - International Affairs

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