Journal of Concussion (CCN) is a peer reviewed, open access journal with a multi-disciplinary, broad-based approach to head injury and its care. It provides a unique forum for dissemination of high quality content applicable to researchers, clinicians and allied health practitioners, patients, scientists and athletes. Please see the Aims and Scope tab for further information.
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Why publish with Journal of Concussion?
- Rigorous peer review of your scholarly work
- Open access format, driving high visibility for maximum global exposure
- Rapid online publication
- Clinical focus – the journal focuses on the acute and subacute post-concussion state
Open access article processing charge (APC) information
The APC for this journal is 2000 USD.
The article processing charge (APC) is payable when a manuscript is accepted after peer review, before it is published. The APC is subject to taxes where applicable. Please see further details here.
Submit your manuscript today at: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jocon
Please see the Submission Guidelines tab for more information on how to submit your article to the journal.
Please direct any queries to email@example.com
Journal of Concussion is a peer-reviewed, open access journal devoted to publishing a multi-disciplinary, broad-based approach to mild head injury and its care. The journal will provide an innovative forum for discussion of research relating to the discovery of new diagnoses and underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and hence help to improve treatment and patient outcomes. Authors can include data from more severe head injury if this is useful in enabling a comparisons with mild head injury.
Clinical focus – Journal of Concussion focuses on the acute and subacute post-concussion state. Authors are also encouraged to submit manuscripts with chronic and/or rehabilitation data if this can be related to the acute or subacute state (e.g. studies assessing acute/subacute factors on long-term outcome).
Multidisciplinary and broad-based - Modern head injury care is multi-disciplinary. Additionally, recent research (and sporting) developments have led to a rapid expansion in the stakeholders of Traumatic Head injury. Journal of Concussion encourages submission of original research and reviews in the following disciplines: neurosurgery, neurology, psychiatry, ENT, physiotherapy & rehabilitation, sport, transport (including automobile and aerospace), epidemiology and psychiatry. The journal will also publish a section devoted to technical reports to encourage participation of the physical sciences (e.g. engineering and physics) including industry and research of relevance to patients and patients’ charities.
Terminology: The Journal considers head concussion as an event during which there has been the transmission of physical energy imparted to the head (and neck) by an acceleration. If the authors prefer to use the word concussion as a diagnostic entity, they should define this state at some point in the manuscript (ideally in the introduction). Treating ‘concussion’ as an event allows room for the discovery of new diagnoses and underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and hence treatment. Use of the word post-concussion syndrome is logical as it translates as the constellation of symptoms and signs that may be found after a head concussion without implying any diagnostic or mechanistic specificity to these symptoms (given the current state of the art knowledge). Hence, the journal encourages authors to use the terms acute post-concussion state (or syndrome). Similarly use of the terms subacute or chronic post-concussion state/syndrome are encouraged.
|Barry Seemungal||Imperial College London and St Mary's Hospital, UK|
|Amza Ali||University Hospital of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica|
|Jim Buskirk||Peak and Balance Centers of America, USA|
|Ramy Elitzur||University of Toronto, Canada|
|Martin ten Hove||Queen’s University, Canada|
|Lieutenant Colonel Paul Hunt||South Tees Hospital, UK|
|Marco Mandala’||Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese, Italy|
|Anna Maw||Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, UK|
|Leena Mewasingh||Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, UK|
|Dr Alex Nesbitt||University of Surrey, UK|
|Antonella Palla||University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland|
|Eleftherios S. Papathanasiou||Cyprus Institute of Neurology, Cyprus|
|Luca Passamonti||University of Cambridge, UK|
|Anil Ramlackhansingh||University of West Indies, Jamaica|
|Dr Alan Shahtaji||University of California-San Diego, USA|
|Jeffrey P. Staab||Mayo Clinic, USA|
|Dominik Straumann||University Hospital of Zurich, Switzerland|
|Dr Charles Tator||University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada|
|Nicola Toschi||University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Italy|
|Erik Virre||University of California-San Diego, USA|
|Huw Williams||University of Exeter, UK|
|Nina Feddermann||University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland|
|Kim Gottshall||Naval Medical Center San Diego, USA|
|Adam Hill||McLaren Applied Technologies, UK|
|Dr Jerry Hill||British Horse Racing Association and Queen Mary University, UK|
|Brigadier Timothy Hodgetts||Defence Medical Services, UK|
|Peter Hutchinson||University of Cambridge, UK|
|Simon Kemp||Rugby Football Union, UK|
|Danilo Mandic||Imperial College London, UK|
|René M. Müri||Bern University Hospital, Switzerland|
|Maroussa Pavlou||King's College London, UK|
|Cui Shilei||Beijing Tongren Hospital, China|
This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jocon to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Concussion will be reviewed.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
- Open Access
- Article processing charge (APC)
- Article Types
- Editorial policies
4.1 Peer Review Policy
4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
4.6 Research ethics and patient consent
4.7 Clinical Trials
4.8 Reporting guidelines
- Publishing policies
5.1 Publication ethics
5.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
- Preparing your manuscript
6.1 Word processing formats
6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
6.3 Supplementary material
6.4 Reference style
6.5 English language editing services
- Submitting your manuscript
7.2 Information required for completing your submission
7.3 Corresponding author contact details
- On acceptance and publication
8.1 Sage Production
8.2 Continuous publication
8.3 Promoting your article
- Further information
Journal of Concussion is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article processing charges which are paid by the funder, institution or author of each manuscript upon acceptance. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.
If, after peer review, your manuscript is accepted for publication, a one-time article processing charge (APC) is payable. This APC covers the cost of publication and ensures that your article will be freely available online in perpetuity under a Creative Commons licence.
The APC for this journal is 2000 USD.
*If the paying party is based in the European Union, to comply with European law, value added tax (VAT) must be added to the APC. Providing a VAT registration number will allow an institution to be exempt from paying this tax, except for UK institutions.
Original Article: Original research, controlled trials, case studies, feasibility and pilot studies, qualitative and quantitative studies. Abstracts should be a maximum of 300 words and should be structured appropriately. The introduction should not exceed 1,500 words and the Discussion 2,500 words. There is no word limit on Methods and Results however the manuscript’s readability may suffer if these sections are excessively long. Authors should therefore consider what data and analyses may be appropriate for supplemental information. There is no limit to the number of references.
Short Research Report: These should summarise new research findings of broad interest in the field of concussion research. Abstracts should be a maximum of 250 words and should be structured appropriately. The Introduction should be a maximum of 500 words; and the Discussion a maximum of 750 words. Overall, the body of the article must not exceed 3,000 words (including Abstract, Methods, Results and Discussion). There is not a word limit on supplemental data. No more than 40 references are permitted.
Case Report: Case Reports may include a single case study or a case series, such as a group of patients. They should be based on an intervention or on an interesting observation of a unique clinical case. Case reports such be a maximum 1,200 words, not including references. No subheadings other than a structured abstract and ‘Discussion’ are permitted. Figures are limited to a maximum of two, of which there is permitted up to 4 sub-panels per figure. No more than 16 references are permitted.
Video Case Report: Journal of Concussion accepts and reviews videos, which can be published as an alternative to a written article, or published as supplementary material. Video content should also include an audio component; such as speech recorded or sound recorded in the video or a included as a voiceover.All authors submitting video content to be published as an article within the main journal should include as part of the submission:
· A title page with names and contact details for all authors.
· A structured Abstract of no more than 500 words and up to 8 references.
· An audio-visual release form for each individual contributor to the video. This form should be signed, scanned and submitted as ‘audio-visual release form’. Please email Kristina.Moulton@sagepub.com for a form.
Hypothesis: A focused article supporting the case for a novel hypothesis. Although there may be limited current evidence supporting the hypothesis, the authors should explain how the hypothesis can be tested and/or what would be required in the future to test the hypothesis. Hypothesis must contain a maximum of 5000 words. There are no limits to Figures or references. The article must sbegin with an explicitly defined hypothesis in bold-formatted text. Subheadings, such as background, predictions etc., are encouraged.
Commentary: Commentaries may discuss problems of general interest to researchers of concussion; or criticise or supplement articles which have previously been published in theJournal of Concussion. Commentaries are limited to a maximum of 2,000 words.
Review: Journal of Concussion accepts literature reviews, systematic reviews, market reviews and critical reviews. Reviews must contain no more than 10,000 words. There are no limit to Figures or references, but authors are advised that the Editorial Board will not accept poorly-focused reviews.
News and Views: News and Views should focus on specific subjects of current interest and areas of recent and significant advances. This type of article is solely commissioned by the Editor-in-Chief.
Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Journal of Concussion all papers are sent out for review. The covering letter is important. To help the Editor in his preliminary evaluation, please indicate why you think the paper suitable for publication. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers.
The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Journal of Concussion utilizes a single-anonymized peer review process in which the reviewer’s name and information is withheld from the author. Reviewers may at their own discretion opt to reveal their names to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for their identities to remain concealed. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor-in-Chief who then makes the final decision.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
(i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
(ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
(iii) Approved the version to be published,
(iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.
4.3.1 Third party submissions
Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:
• Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
• Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
• Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.
Where appropriate, Sage reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.
Journal of Concussion requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the Sage Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Journal of Concussion to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants
Journal of Concussion conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.
Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives
Sage acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.
Journal of Concussion requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles alongside their article submissions to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor(s) [can/will] also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Journal of Concussion is a member of the Committee of Publication Ethics. Sage is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the Sage Author Gateway.
Journal of Concussion and Sage take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
5.1.2 Prior publication
If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a Sage journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the Sage Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.
Before publication Sage requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Journal of Concussion publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard license for the journal is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit Sage's OA licenses page
Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request.
The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.
For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit Sage’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.
Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.
This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.
Journal of Concussion adheres to the Sage Vancouver reference style. Please review the guidelines on Sage Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.
Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using Sage Language Services. Visit Sage Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.
Journal of Concussion is hosted on Sage Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jocon to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process Sage is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.
The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.
You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).
Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.
Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the Sage Author Gateway.
If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for Sage Production, the corresponding author will be asked to pay the article processing charge (APC) via a payment link. Once the APC has been processed, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 20 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the APC has been received.
Your Sage Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal Sage Edit, or by email to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.
One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all.
Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The Sage Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Journal of Concussion editorial office as follows: