You are here

Career, Work, and Mental Health

Career, Work, and Mental Health
Integrating Career and Personal Counseling

June 2008 | 288 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Individuals seeking career counseling often present with a complex array of issues, and thus it is often difficult for counselors to separate career satisfaction and development from other mental health issues. Career, Work, and Mental Health examines this tightly woven connection between mental health issues and career development and offers practical ways for counselors to blend career and personal counseling. Taking this integrative approach, author Vernon Zunker offers step-by-step procedures for delivering effective intervention strategies – tactics that are meaningful and relevant to career choice, career development, and the interconnectedness of personal problems.

Features and Benefits  
  • Introduces readers to effective ways to address interrelationships by focusing on four domains: Career, Affective, Cognitive-Behavioral, and Culture
  • Integrates career and personal counseling so readers can learn to diagnose and address both career and personal concerns in the career counseling process
  • Illustrates the interplay of biological, psychological, and social/cultural dimensions and the spillover effect from one life role to another
  • Provides an overview of career development theories to provide a solid understanding of the recommended practices
Intended Audience
This core text is an excellent resource for graduate-level courses in counseling, psychology, mental health counseling, clinical psychology, social work, vocational rehabilitation counseling, and school counseling.
1. Introduction
Some Perspectives of Personal and Career Development Counseling  
Multidimensional Influences Shape Behavior  
Focusing on Multiple Life Roles  
The Pervasive Nature of Psychological Disorders  
The Pervasive Nature of Work Stress  
The Case for Each Client's Cognitive Schemas  
Recognizing and Uncovering Constraints of Career Choice  
Cultural diversity and Acculturation  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
2. Career Development theories - An Overview
Career Development Theories  
Trait Oriented Theories  
Trait Oriented Theories in Perspective  
Social Learning and Cognitive Theories  
Social Learning and cognitive Theories in Perspectives  
Developmental Theories of Career Choice  
Developmental Theories of Career Choice in Perspective  
Person-in-Environment Perspective  
Summary of Career Development Theory Perspectives  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
3. Career Counseling Practices
A Learning Theory of Career Counseling  
Intake Interview  
Using Assessment Results for Career Counseling  
Whole Person Approach to Career and Personal Concerns  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
4. Constraints Effecting Career Choice and Development
Model of American Class Structure  
Socioeconomic Status (SES)  
Social Class and Socialization  
Potential Career Choice Constraints  
Self-Efficacy for Effective Behavior  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
5. Career Choice and Development and the Changing Nature of Work
Initial Career Choice-The Shaping Process  
Career Choice Perspectives From Career Development Theories  
Career Choice-Central Component of a Person's Identity  
Economic Restructuring  
A Prevalent Career Model-Boundaryless Careers  
Contract Breach  
Some Career Barriers  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
6. Depression and its Impact on Career Development
Biopsychosocial Model  
Development of Mood Disorder-Depression  
Biological Dimensions  
Psychological Dimensions  
Learned Helplessness and Depression  
Social and Cultural Dimensions  
The Career Counseling Connection  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
7. Other Mental Health and Career Concerns
Concerns Associated with Apprehension and Fear  
Some Causes of Anxiety Disorders  
Intervention Strategies  
Concerns Associated with Fear of Social Situations and Being Around Others  
Influences That Can Lead to Social Phobic Behavior  
Effective Interventions  
Fear of Health Problems That are Non-Existent  
Effective Interventions  
Substance-Related Disorders  
Some Causes of Substance Abuse  
Effective Interventions  
Biological Interventions  
Psychological Interventions  
Social Interventions  
The Career Work Connection  
Some Causes of Schizophrenia  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
8. Cultural Diversity Dimensions
Some Perspectives on Culture  
Culturally Developed Cognitive Schemas  
The Cultural Self and its Career Development Implications  
Focus on Some Different Worldviews in the Helping Process  
Family Views  
Competition versus Cooperation  
Communication Styles  
Locus of Control  
Some Mental Issues of Cultural Groups  
Abnormality: Universal and Culture Specific Factors  
Anxiety Disorders  
Mood Disorder-Depression  
Personality Disorders  
Somatoform Disorders  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
9. Personality Development, Disorders and its Impact on Career
Some Personality Factors in Perspective  
Secure Relationships  
Personal Goals  
Gender and Cultural Diversity Issues  
Personality Disorders  
Class A Personality Disorders  
Class A Personality Disorders in Perspective  
Class B Personality Disorders  
Class B Personality Disorders in Perspective  
Class C Personality Disorders  
Class C Personality Disorders in Perspective  
An Overview of Personality Disorders  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
10. Assessing Personality Development Through Personality Inventories
Personality Factors From the 16 PF Questionnaire  
Global or Second-Order Factors  
An Integrative Perspective  
The NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised  
Some Big Factor Research Results  
Implications for Interventions From the Neo-PI-R Profile  
Personality-Outcome Relationships  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
11. Work Stress
Stress Process From an Interactionist Viewpoint  
Type A Behavior  
Job Stressors  
Work Overload  
Under and Over Promotion  
Electronic Performance Monitoring  
Work Stressors in Specific Occupations  
Dimensions of Psychological Well Being and Good Mental Health  
Work/Family Stress  
Coping Strategies to Reduce Effects of Stress  
Social Support  
Cultural Diversity Issues  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
12. Interventions and Case Studies
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques  
Problem Solving  
Assertiveness Training and Behavioral Rehearsal  
Systematic Desensitization  
Cognitive Schemas  
Ellis's A-B-C Theory of Personality  
Self-Enhancing Thoughts  
Homework Assignments  
Behavior Changes by Meichenbaum  
Stress Inoculation Training  
The Case of John, A Very Anxious Person  
The Case of Corrina, A Hypochondriac  
The Case of Yolanda With Symptoms of a Borderline Personality Disorder  
Supplementary Learning Exercises  
Appendix A: Acculturation Scales
Appendix B: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) Classification System (APA, 2000)
Name Index
Subject Index
About the Author

Needed a more career focused text with career theories for NCE preparation.

Mrs Rachael Anderson
Marriage and Family Therapy, Sioux Falls Seminary
March 4, 2015
Key features
  • Covers four major concerns of clients: career, affective, cognitive-behavioral and culture
  • Integrates career and personal counseling
  • A biopsychosocial counseling approach
  • Addresses culture as a specific dimension in the counseling process
  • Offers an overview of career development theories
  • Interventions to barriers in career choice and development

For instructors

Review and Desk copies for this title are available digitally via VitalSource.

Request e-review copy

If you require a print review copy, please call: (800) 818-7243 ext. 6140 or email

Select a Purchasing Option

ISBN: 9781412964241

ISBN: 9781412964234

This title is also available on SAGE Knowledge, the ultimate social sciences online library. If your library doesn’t have access, ask your librarian to start a trial.