Clothing and Textiles Research Journal

Clothing and Textiles Research Journal

2015 Impact Factor: 0.600
2015 Ranking: 102/120 in Business | 62/95 in Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
Published in Association with International Textile and Apparel Association

Elaine Pedersen Design-College of Business, Oregon State University, USA

eISSN: 19402473 | ISSN: 0887302X | Current volume: 35 | Current issue: 2 Frequency: Quarterly

Published quarterly, Clothing & Textiles Research Journal strives to strengthen the research base in clothing and textiles, facilitate scholarly interchange, demonstrate the interdisciplinary nature of the field, and inspire further research.  CTRJ publishes articles in the following areas:

  • Textiles, fiber, and polymer science
  • Aesthetics and design
  • Consumer Theories and Behavior
  • Social and psychological aspects of dress or educational issues
  • Historic and cultural aspects of dress
  • International/retailing/merchandising management and industry analysis

Clothing & Textiles Research Journal is the official publication of the International Textile & Apparel Association, Inc. (ITAA, The ITAA is a professional, educational association composed of scholars, educators, and students in the textile, apparel, and merchandising disciplines in higher education.

Elaine Pedersen Design-College of Business, Oregon State University, USA
Associate Editor - Social, Psychological, and Education
Nancy Hodges University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA
Associate Editor - Aesthetics and Design
Catherine Black Mississippi State University, USA
Associate Editor - International Business and Industry Research
Byoungho Jin University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA
HaeJung Kim University of North Texas, USA
Associate Editor - Textiles, Fiber and Polymer Science
Huantian Cao University of Delaware, USA
Associate Editor - Consumer Theory and Behavior
Karen Hyllegard Colorado State University, USA
HaeJung Kim University of North Texas, USA
Associate Editor - Cultural/Historical
Sara Marcketti Iowa State University, USA
  • America: History and Life
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
  • Elsevier: Engineering Village
  • Family Scholar
  • Journal Citation Reports/Social Sciences Edition
  • PsycINFO
  • Psychological Abstracts
  • SafetyLit
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Textile Technology Index
  • VINITI Abstracts Journal
  • World Textile Abstracts

    Create an Account
    Log into the following web address: Unless you have an account already, the first step will be to set up an author account for the contact author. Click on "Create Account: New Users Click Here" and follow the directions. Your log-in ID is your e-mail address. If you have accessed the system previously but do not know your password, click on "Forgot password" and the system will send you a temporary password to enter the system. Once in the system, you will be prompted to set up a permanent password of your own choosing.

    Please be aware that as you set up your account, certain information is required and you will not be able to proceed with a manuscript submission until the required information is complete. One such requirement is the selection of key words which is intended to identify your areas of expertise; it is not at this point associated with a particular manuscript. Likewise, you are asked as an author to indicate if you have expertise in quantitative, qualitative or both types of research. Again, this is not particular to a given manuscript but to your general expertise. If you become published through CTRJ, this information may be used in considering you as a reviewer of manuscripts.

    Prepare Your Manuscript for Online Submission
    Before a paper is submitted, please note the information below and adjust your manuscript accordingly. Be sure to complete this process because the following guidelines are used to screen all manuscripts, and these guidelines must be met for the manuscript to be sent out for review.

    Manuscript Preparation
    Manuscripts should be prepared using the APA style manual (Sixth Edition, Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association). All of the manuscript must be typed, double-spaced (including references, footnotes, endnote, block quotes, tables and figures of the manuscript). Use Times New Roman, font size 12 for all of the text in the manuscript, headings, figures, and tables. Use left only justification. All paragraphs should be indented at the beginning of the paragraph by five spaces. Do not add extra line spaces between paragraphs. Margins of 1 inch should be used on all four sides. Do not number the pages. Use continuous line numbering on the main manuscript pages.

    Our review procedures follow the double blind practice and thus do not include your name on the abstract, manuscript, or have any self-identifying information within the manuscript. Your manuscript will not be sent out for review if there is any identifying information on the manuscript, abstract, tables, or figures.

    The main manuscript document should include two major sections (in this order): Main Body and References. This will be uploaded as the "main document." Other sections such as tables and figures are uploaded separately from the main document.

    Other Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract and Keywords, (3) Text, (4) Notes, (5) References, (6) Tables, (7) Figures, (8) Appendices, and (9) Biography.

    1. Title page. Upload as title page. Please include the following:

    • Full article title
    • Acknowledgments and credits
    • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s), address, phone/fax, and email.
    • Grant numbers and/or funding information
    • Corresponding author should be noted

    2. Abstract and Keywords. Note: The abstract (150 to 200 words) is submitted separately from the main manuscript. Omit author(s)’s names in this process. The abstract will be submitted in the first step of submitting the manuscript; you will type the abstract in the box so labeled in ScholarOneManuscript. Be sure to save before moving to step two. Do not upload the abstract when you are uploading your manuscript.

    The keywords are submitted in the second step of submitting the manuscript. You will select from a list of key words or input your own keywords. Be sure to save before moving forward to step three or going back to step one.

    3. Text. Begin article text (main manuscript) on a new page headed by the full article title.

    a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period. (the paragraph text begins one space after the period, on the same line as the level 3 heading), Level 4 heading should be indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period. And Level 5 heading should be indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period. Level 4 and Level 5 headings are similar to level 3 headings. The paragraph text begins one space after the period of the heading.

    b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding reference in the reference list, and for each reference in the reference list there must be a corresponding text citation. Corresponding citations and references must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

    (i)Unknown Author: To cite works that do not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the citation parentheses. Example: The findings are based on the study of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001).

    (ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Example: (L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998).

    (iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c, etc.) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation. The lower case letters would also be used in the reference list. Example: Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…

    (iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews, and other person-to-person communication, a personal communication citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Example: (E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).

    (v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the citation parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date"). Example: The study conducted by the research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).

    4. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the end of the manuscript after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

    5. References. Basic rules for the reference list:-

    • The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
    • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
    • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and.”
    • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there is one, and any proper names (i.e. only those words that are normally capitalized).
    • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial, the volume number of the journal/serial, and the title of the web document.
    • Every citation in the text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
    • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
    • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there. However, for works with more than seven authors list the first six authors' names and then have three ellipses followed by the last author's name. Example: Zed, N., Alright, L., Volks, B., Clark, N., Times, R., Eagle, T., . . . Max, G. (2014).

    Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check the APA style manual (6th Ed). Note: Format the references with a hanging indent, the first line of each reference is flush left and the subsequent lines are indented 5 spaces.

    • Books:

    Book with place of publication--Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.

    Book with editors & edition-- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society. South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.

    English, B. (2013). A cultural history of fashion in the 20th and 21st centuries: From catwalk to sidewalk (2nd ed.). London, United Kingdom: Bloomsbury.

    Book having author & publisher the same-- MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Author.

    Chapter in an edited book--Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley & T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    • Periodicals:

    Journal article with more than one author (print)--Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.

    Journal article – 7 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from

    • Internet Sources:

    Internet – no author, no date--Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://

    Internet – Organization / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from

    • Examples of various types of information sources:

    Act (statute / legislation)--Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from

    Blog post-- Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Web log post]. Retrieved from

    Brochure / pamphlet (no author)--Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.

    Conference Paper--Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.

    DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview &Youtube)--Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), & Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.

    Magazine--Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.

    Newspaper article (no author)--Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5

    Podcast (audio or video)--Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

    Software (including apps--UBM Medica. (2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software].Retrieved from

    Television programme--Flanagan, A., & Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors).(2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.

    Thesis (print)--Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Unpublished Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.

    Thesis (online)--Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from

    Non- English reference book, title translated in English

    Real Academia Espanola. (2001). Diccionario de la lenguaespanola [Dictionary of the Spanish Language] (22nd ed.). Madrid, Spain: Author

    IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article.

    6. Tables. They should be structured properly and numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text . Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically. Example: Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC). Headings should be clear and brief. Follow APA style manual (6th edition) guidelines; do not include vertical lines in your table. For each table include a callout within the manuscript indicating the approximate location of the table (e.g., Place Table X about here."). Each table should be uploaded separately from the main manuscript.

    7. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission. For each figure include a callout within the manuscript indicating the approximate location of the figure (e.g., Place Figure X about here."). Each figure should be uploaded separately from the main manuscript.

    IMPORTANT: PERMISSION- The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in CTRJ. A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

    8. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”). Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices. If you include an appendix/appendices it/they will be counted as part of the 30 page maximum manuscript length.

    9. Biography. A biographical sketch(es) (maximum 60 words) should be uploaded for the author(s) during step five, the "File Upload" process. Be sure to identify the biography document/file as "Author bio."

    Uploaded manuscript length. Sage has allowed CTRJ a certain number of pages for each volume (year) so uploaded manuscripts must be no longer than 30 pages (main document with reference list, all tables and figures, and appendix/appendices if appropriate). When the submission is uploaded, each page in the main manuscript document will be counted as one page. Each table and each figure will be counted as one page. For example, a 26-page manuscript, plus two tables, plus two figures, equals a 30-page uploaded manuscript. If your manuscript exceeds this length it will not be reviewed.

    Uploading Your Manuscript
    Once the manuscript is prepared as described above, you can upload it and submit it through your Author Center in the Manuscript Central CTRJ portal. You should be taken to a screen that gives the link to your Author Center when you log into your account or when you complete the set up of your account.

    Enter your Author Center and click on "Submit a Manuscript." The system will ask you for information regarding the manuscript and its authors. The contact author will enter the co-author names e-mail address(es) and that will send a prompt e-mail to the co-author asking him/her to complete the account information. You will be prompted to indicate the manuscript type (this is used to assign the AE) and other details of the manuscript. As you complete the information for the manuscript, you will have a field that allows you to type your cover letter directly into the system or browse and attach one. The cover page with author information is automatically generated as you complete the information about the manuscript, so a separate cover page with author identification is no longer necessary.

    After you have uploaded the various files for your manuscript, you will need to “View Proof” before the system will allow you to submit. The system will then compile the various files into a single pdf file for you to review. If there are any problems with the compiled file, you may remove it, make corrections to the component files, and “View Proof” again. When you are satisfied with the compiled pdf, you are ready to submit the manuscript.

    You may work on your submission in multiple stages by saving but not submitting your work prior to logging out. When you return to work on a manuscript submission that is not complete, you will access the manuscript through the Author Center by clicking on “Unsubmitted Manuscripts.” Once the manuscript submission is complete, you will receive a system-generated e-mail letting you know that the manuscript submission was successful.

    Submitting a Revision
    To submit your revised manuscript, log into and enter your Author Center, where you will find your manuscript title listed under "Manuscripts with Decisions." Under "Actions," click on "Create a Revision." Your manuscript number will be appended to denote a revision.

    When submitting your revised manuscript, we prefer that your response document be copied and pasted into the appropriate dialogue box. In your response to editors and reviewers DO NOT use bolding, different fonts, or different colored fonts to highlight your revised information. DO NOT use tables to indicate comments and responses in table format. All of these types of formatting are not preserved in Manuscript Central when you copy and paste them in the dialogue box. CAPS are preserved. In order to expedite the processing of the revised manuscript, please be as specific as possible in your response to the reviewer(s).

    IMPORTANT: Your original files are available to you when you upload your revised manuscript. Please delete all files that are being replaced with revised files.

    Authors are responsible for determining whether any material submitted is subject to copyright or ownership rights (e.g., quotations, illustrations, trade literature, data), and authors are responsible for obtaining permission to use such material when permission is required. Authors are also responsible for obtaining Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval prior to the initiation of the research if human subjects are to be used.

    Review Process
    Each manuscript is reviewed by at least four people: the editor, as associate editor, and two reviewers. The final recommendation is sent to the author(s). Outcomes include (a) unable to review due to excessive mechanical errors; (b) reject; (c) return to author(s) for major revision and subsequent review; (d) return to author(s) for minor revision, subsequent review by editors and possibly reviewers; and (e) accept with editorial changes. Reviewers’ comments provide information and suggestions to authors that may be helpful in completing revisions. Authors are given a deadline for returning manuscripts at every stage in the publication process. Following manuscript acceptance and prior to publication, authors will receive galleys to check for errors.

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at
    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

    Note: CTRJ uses American-English language conventions.

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