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Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology
Theory, Process, and Methodology

Second Edition

January 2018 | 456 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This new text for cognitive psychology courses covers core content such as perception, attention, memory, language, reasoning & problem solving, and cognitive neuroscience with an emphasis on current methods of study. The text features a student-friendly writing style that introduces students of cognitive psychology to the main topics of study in this field through a description of how cognitive processes have been and continue to be studied by researchers in this key area of psychology. McBride and Cutting's Cognitive Psychology has three primary goals: to introduce cognitive psychology topics in a student-friendly manner; to help students understand the methods that cognitive researchers use to better understand cognitive processes; and to encourage students to think critically about current theories and research in cognitive psychology. These goals are met through an engaging presentation of topics rich with real-life examples and student-friendly writing, an approach that encourages students to see the core topics of the course through the eyes of the researcher, and carefully developed pedagogical features throughout each chapter to encourage critical thinking. As in McBride's best-selling The Process of Research in Psychology, a "Thinking About Research" feature appears throughout the text to encourage students to think critically about published research studies in each topic area. This feature contains carefully edited summaries of published studies in the area to allow students to more easily digest current research studies and answer critical thinking questions about the studies and their methods.
About the Authors
1. Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
Introduction: Cognition and Shopping  
What Is Cognitive Psychology?  
Research in Cognitive Psychology  
Chapter Review  
2. Cognitive Neuroscience
Introduction: Knowledge From Cognitive Deficits  
Clinical Case Studies in Cognitive Neuroscience  
Structure of the Nervous System  
Measures in Cognitive Neuroscience  
Can All Mental Processes Be Explained in Terms of Brain Activity?  
Chapter Review  
3. Perception
Introduction: Perception in Everyday Tasks  
Sensory Systems: How Sensations Become Perceptions  
Approaches to the Study of Perception  
Comparison of Approaches to Perception: Motion Perception  
Chapter Review  
4. Attention
Introduction: How We Pay Attention  
Views of Attention  
How Attention Affects Our Perceptions  
Automatic and Controlled Processing: A Cognitive Dichotomy  
Chapter Review  
5. Memory Structures and Processes
Introduction: The Pervasiveness of Memory  
Memory as Structure or Process  
Sensory Memory  
Short-Term Memory (STM)  
Long-Term Memory (LTM)  
The Working-Memory (WM) System  
Memory Overview  
Chapter Review  
6. Long-Term Memory: Influences on Retrieval
Introduction: Superior Memory  
Retrieval From Long-Term Memory  
Why We Forget  
Encoding Effects  
Retrieval Effects  
Encoding-Retrieval Interactions  
Superior Autobiographical Memory  
Chapter Review  
7. Memory Errors
Introduction: The Inaccuracy of Memory  
The Seven “Sins” of Memory  
The Reconstructive Nature of Memory  
Memory Errors in the Laboratory  
Clinical Memory Failures—Amnesia  
Chapter Review  
8. Imagery
Introduction: Visual Imagery in Everyday Life  
Mental Images and Cognition  
The Debate on Propositional and Spatial Representations  
Imagery and Memory  
Imagery in Problem Solving and Wayfinding  
Nonvisual Imagery  
Chapter Review  
9. Language
Introduction: A Simple Conversation  
What Is Language?  
How Do We Process Language?  
Acquiring Language  
Human Language and Animal Communication  
Chapter Review  
10. Concepts and Knowledge
Introduction: Game Night  
What Are Concepts?  
Organizing Our Concepts  
Using Concepts: Beyond Categorization  
The Future of Research and Theory of Concepts  
Chapter Review  
11. Problem Solving
Introduction: Problem Solving in Daily Life  
Recognizing and Identifying a Problem  
Defining and Representing Problems  
Developing Solutions to Problems: Approaches and Strategies  
Allocating Mental Resources for Solving the Problem  
Chapter Review  
12. Reasoning and Decision Making
Introduction: A Night at the Movies  
Deductive Reasoning  
Inductive Reasoning  
Making Decisions  
Future Advances in Theories of Reasoning and Decision Making  
Chapter Review  
Author Index
Subject Index

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ISBN: 9781506383866