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Continental Divides: International Migration in the Americas
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Continental Divides: International Migration in the Americas



July 2010 | 324 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Published in Association with American Academy of Political and Social Science

Since Mexico-U.S. migration represents the largest sustained migratory flow between two nations worldwide, much of the theoretical and empirical work on migration has focused on this single case. In the last few decades, however, migration has emerged as a critical issue across all nations in Latin America and the Caribbean, with the region seeing its position changed from a net migrant-receiving region to one that now stands as one of the foremost sending areas of the world.

In this latest volume of the ANNALS, leading migration scholars seek to redress the imbalance offered when only studying a single case with the first systematic assessment of Latin American migration patterns using ongoing research on the Mexican case as a basis for comparison. Each chapter examines specific propositions or findings derived from the Mexican case that have not yet been tested for other Latin American or Caribbean nations. Using a common framework of data, methods, and theories, they offer a new perspective on the causes and consequences of migration in the Western Hemisphere.

The authors examine four fundamental questions: What are the individual determinants and basic processes of movement? How do we identify and understand the larger structural causes that ultimately underlie individual and household decisions to move? What are the consequences of migration for individuals, households, and communities in sending and receiving nations? And what effect do governmental attempts to control the quantity and quality of immigrants have on the actual size and composition of the resulting international flows? Using comparable data from the Mexican Migration Project (MMP) and the Latin American Migration Project (LAMP), the most comprehensive and reliable source of data on immigration from Latin America and the Caribbean, the volume offers valuable insight into 118 Mexican communities and 35 communities from seven other nations of Latin America and the Caribbean, including Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Peru, Paraguay, Argentina, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, as well as Puerto Rico.

In this volume, comparative research is shown to be critical to building an accurate theoretical and substantive understanding of migration. Through the authors' findings, we are shown what is possible when researchers are able to draw on a common source of comparable data to study migratory decision-making and outcomes across diverse origin countries. Specific outcomes help the authors to identify: common characteristics of pioneer migrants; gender effects on migration; the role that political shocks and violence can play in promoting emigration during times of political and economic transition; differences in the education profiles of emigrants from Latin American countries that lie at different ends of the migrant selectivity continuum; the important influence of remittances sent home by migrants and the migrants' occupational prospects once they return home; and the effect of U.S. immigration policies on the behavior and characteristics of immigrants.

This comparative approach to the study of migration represents a unique and innovative contribution to scholarship on international migration—a topic of considerable interest in the twenty-first century. Political scientists, sociologists, and policy-makers will find much value in these compelling and timely readings. For all social scientists who are interested in ethnic studies and migration, this volume provides inspiration for future research.

 
Introduction
Katharine M. Donato, Jonathan Hiskey, Jorge Durand, and Douglas S. Massey
Migration in the Americas: Mexico and Latin America in Comparative Context
 
PROCESSES OF MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAS
Jorge Durand and Douglas S. Massey
New World Orders: Continuities and Changes in Latin American Migration
David P. Lindstrom and Adriana López Ramírez
Pioneers and Followers: Migrant Selectivity and the Development of U.S. Migration Streams in Latin America
Katharine M. Donato
U.S. Migration from Latin America: Gendered Patterns and Shifts
Marcela Cerrutti and Magali Gaudio
Gender Differences between Mexican Migration to the United States and Paraguayan Migration to Argentina
 
CAUSES OF MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAS
Jonathan Hiskey and Diana Orces
Transition Shocks and Emigration Profiles in Latin America
Steven Elías Alvarado and Douglas S. Massey
In Search of Peace: Structural Adjustment, Violence, and International Migration
Elizabeth Fussell
The Cumulative Causation of International Migration in Latin America
Ayumi Takenaka and Karen A. Pren
Determinants of Emigration: Comparing Migrants’ Selectivity from Peru and Mexico
 
CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION IN THE AMERICAS
Nadia Y. Flores
Assessing Human Capital Transferability into the U.S. Labor Market among Latino Immigrants to the United States
Jorge Duany
To Send or Not to Send: Migrant Remittances in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Mexico
Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Annie Georges, and Susan Pozo
Migration, Remittances and Children’s Schooling in Haiti
Salvador D. Cobo, Silvia E. Giorguli, and Francisco Alba
Occupational Mobility among Returned Migrants in Latin America: A Comparative Analysis
 
U.S. POLICY AND MIGRATION FROM THE AMERICAS
Fernando Riosmena
Policy Shocks: On the Legal Auspices of Latin American Migration to the United States
Douglas S. Massey and Fernando Riosmena
Undocumented Migration from Latin America in an Era of Rising U.S. Enforcement

Independent studies small group

Dr Mary Lou Gutierrez
School of Public Health, University of Memphis
May 15, 2012

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