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Corrections: A Text/Reader
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Corrections: A Text/Reader

Third Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


August 2018 | 792 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The Third Edition of Corrections: A Text/Reader provides students with the best of both worlds—a brief authored text accompanied by carefully selected and edited readings. Clear explanations of all of the major course topics help students understand the impact of new directions and policy in corrections. Policy-oriented original research articles demonstrate how research drives these advances. Designed throughout to enhance understanding, the book includes a helpful "How to Read a Research Article" section before the first reading, as well as article introductions, photographs, and discussion questions that capture students’ interest and help them develop their critical thinking skills.

New to the Third Edition

  • Nearly 75% of the journal articles have been updated to introduce students to current research on important topics such as racial and ethnic disparities in probation, influences on inmate misconduct, transgender prison inmates, and lethal injection protocol.
  • Updated and expanded coverage of ethical considerations, special populations, and the history of corrections provides students with the context for understanding policy decisions and their consequences, both past and present.
    New Sections on Ethics (Section IV) and the Death Penalty (Section XVI) offer students insights into key issues in corrections today.
  • More coverage on disparities in sentencing and drug courts encourages students to think critically about U.S. drug policies and their effectiveness.
  • Additional content on federal procedures and private prisons shows real examples of private prisons, their profit motives, and the effect they have on the correctional system.
  • The most current data, facts, statistics, and research are included throughout the book to provide students with insights into the world of corrections today.


Give your students the SAGE edge!
SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/stohr3e.

 
Section I. The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections
Introduction: What Is Corrections?  
From Arrest to Punishment  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Robert Bayer, Prison Warden  
The Major Punishment Justifications  
Comparative Corrections: The Four Legal Traditions and Why They Are Useful to Know  
The Due Process and Crime Control Models and Cultural Comparisons  
In Focus 1.1. Is the United States Hard or Soft on Crime?  
 
How to Read a Research Article
 
Readings
1. The Goals of Corrections: Perspectives From the Line  
2. Broken Beyond Repair: Rehabilitative Penology and American Political Development  
 
Section II. Correctional History: Ancient Times–Colonial Jails
Introduction: The Evolving Practice of Corrections  
Themes: Truths That Underlie Correctional Practice  
Early Punishments in Westernized Countries  
Comparative Corrections: The Tower of London  
Enlightenment—Paradigm Shift  
In Focus 2.1. Modern-Day John Howard—Dr. Ken Kerle  
Colonial Jails and Prisons  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Marianne Fisher-Giorlando, Board Member of Louisiana  
State Penitentiary Museum Foundation  
Comparative Perspective: Early European and British Prisons  
 
Readings
3. An Historical Outline of the Penitentiary System  
 
Section III. Correctional History: The 17th–20th Century
Introduction: The Grand Reforms  
Early Modern Prisons and the Pennsylvania and New York Models  
Comparative Corrections: The Pentonville Prison  
In Focus 3.1. Charles Dickens’s Impressions of the Eastern Pennsylvania Prison and the Silent System in 1842  
Early Prisons and Jails Not Reformed  
In Focus 3.2. Lewis E. Lawes’s Observations About Sing Sing History and Discipline  
The Renewed Promise of Reform  
Southern and Northern Prisons and the Contract and Lease Systems, and Industrial  
Prisons  
Correctional Institutions or Warehouse Prisons?  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Pat Mahoney, Alcatraz Corrections Officer  
Themes That Prevail in Correctional History  
 
Readings
4. “Much and Unfortunately Neglected”: Women in Early and Mid-Nineteenth-Century Prisons  
 
Section IV. Ethics and Corrections
Introduction: To Do the Right Thing  
In Focus 4.1. A Lack of Ethics: Florida’s YSI Private Prisons for Youth  
Ethical Foundation for Professional Practice  
In Focus 4.2. Mentally Ill Inmate Dies at Rikers  
Why People Behave Unethically  
In Focus 4.3. Subcultural Values of Probation and Parole Officers  
How to Prevent Unethical Behavior and to Promote Ethical Work Practices  
In Focus 4.4: The Abuse of Solitary Confinement in Florida  
War on Drugs=Attack on Ethics?  
 
Readings
5. Ethics in a Mountain State County Jail  
6. Deconstructing Correctional Officer Deviance: Toward Typologies of Actions and Controls  
 
Section V. Sentencing: The Application of Punishment
What Is Sentencing?  
Types of Sentences: Indeterminate, Determinate, and Mandatory  
Habitual Offender Statutes  
Other Types of Sentences: Shock, Split, and Non-Custodial Sentences  
Sentencing by Civil Commitment for Sex Offenders  
Problem-Solving Courts  
Drug Courts  
Sentencing Disparity, Legitimate and Illegitimate  
Structuring Sentencing: The Presentence Investigation Report  
In Focus 5.1. Example of a PSI  
Structured Sentencing: Sentencing Guidelines  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Laura Kiehl, Presentence Investigator  
In Focus 5.2. Policy Statement of the American Correctional Association Regarding Sentencing  
Comparative Corrections: Sentencing in Comparison Countries  
The Future of Sentencing Guidelines  
 
Readings
7. Cracked Justice  
8. Determinants of State Innovations in American Sentencing and Corrections Policy: A Systematic Review  
 
Section VI. Jails and Detention Centers
Introduction: The Community Institution  
Jail Inmates and Their Processing  
Trends in Jail Populations  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Brian Cole, Director  
In Focus 6.1: High Schools in Jails  
Medical Problems  
Suicides, Gangs, and Sexual Violence in Jails  
Innovations in Jails  
In Focus 6.2: Prison Rape Elimination Act Controversy  
 
Readings
9. Why Do Some Jail Inmates Not Engage in Treatment and Services?  
10. National Study of Jail Suicide: 20 Years Later  
 
Section VII. Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediary Sanctions
The Origins of Probation  
Number and Demographic Characteristics of Offenders on Probation  
Why Do We Need Community Corrections?  
The Probation Officer Role  
Models of Probation Supervision  
Perspective From a Practitioner: Brian Fallock, Probation and Parole Officer  
Probation Violations and Graduated Sanctions  
Probation Officer Stress  
Comparative Corrections: Community Corrections in the United Kingdom  
Engaging the Community to Prevent Recidivism  
Intermediate Sanctions  
In Focus 7.1. Community Supervision and Recidivism  
 
Readings
11. A Probation Profanation: Race, Ethnicity, and Probation in a Midwestern Sample  
12. Sex Offender Supervision in Context: The Need for Qualitative Examinations of Social Distance in Sex Offender–Supervision Officer Relationships  
 
Section VIII. Prisons and the Correctional Client
Introduction: The State of Prisons  
Prison Organizations  
In Focus 8.1: False Imprisonment as a Result of Wage Slavery  
In Focus 8.12 Alcatraz: the United States’ First Supermax  
Attributes of the Prison That Shape the Experience  
In Focus 8.3. Inmate Roles Identified by Sykes (1958) and Sykes and Messinger (1960)  
The Prison Subculture  
In Focus 8.4: Inmate Roles Identified by Sykes (1958) and Sykes and Messinger (1960)  
Violence  
In Focus 8.5. The Story of Wilbert Rideau  
Social Support  
Special Populations  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Michael Klein, Correctional Officer  
Perspective From a Former Inmate: Rex E. Hammond, Former Inmate and Current  
Doctoral Student  
 
Readings
13. Sex Differences in the Predictors of Prisoner Misconduct  
14. Prison Architecture and Inmate Misconduct: A Multilevel Assessment  
 
Section IX. The Corrections Experience for Staff
Introduction: What is a Profession?  
The State of the Work in Correctional Institutions and Programs  
Why Require More Education and Training?  
In Focus 9.1: ACA Code of Ethics  
Individual-Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace  
Correctional Roles  
The Subculture and Socialization  
Staff Interactions With Inmates  
In Focus 9.2: Staff Stress, Burnout, and Turnover  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Michael Klein, Correctional Officer  
Ethics  
Perceived Benefits of Correctional Work  
 
Readings
15. Problems at Work: Exploring the Correlates of Role Stress Among Correctional Staff  
16. Gendered Adherence: Correctional Officers and Therapeutic Reform in a Reentry Facility  
 
Section X. Community Corrections: Parole and Prisoner Reentry
What Is Parole?  
In Focus 10.1. Example of Parole Conditions  
Parole Boards  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Lisa Growette Bostaph, Parole Commissioner  
What Goes in Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry Into the Community  
The Impact of Imprisonment and Reentry on Communities  
What Makes for a Successful Reentry?  
Determining Parole “Success”  
Parole Violations and Graduated Sanctions  
House Arrest, Electronic Monitoring, and Global Positioning Systems  
Comparative Corrections: Chinese Community Corrections  
Concluding Remarks on Reenty and Recidivism  
 
Readings
17. Examining the Predictors of Recidivism Among Men and Women Released From Prison in Ohio  
18. Prisoner Reentry in A Small Metropolitan Community: Obstacles and Policy Recommendations  
 
Section XI. Women and Corrections
Introduction  
History and Growth  
Women and Girls in Corrections Today  
In Focus 11.1. Orange is the New Black (or Not)  
In Focus 11.2: Gender Pathways to Community Corrections, Jails, and Prisons  
Female Correctional Officers  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Kay Heinrich, Correctional Program Manager  
 
Readings
19. A Historical Review of Mother and Child Programs for Incarcerated Women  
20. Examining External Support Received in Prison and Concerns About Reentry Among Incarcerated Women  
 
Section XII. Minorities and Corrections
Introduction  
Defining Race, Ethnicity, Disparity, and Discrimination  
A Legacy of Racism  
In Focus 12.1. Hate Groups in the United States  
In Focus 12.2. The Scottsboro Case  
In Focus 12.3. Fourteen Examples of Racism in the Criminal Justice System  
In Focus 12.4: Documented Lynchings of Mexican Americans  
The Connection Between Class and Race/Ethnicity  
Minorities: Policies and Practices That Have Resulted in Increased Incarceration  
In Focus 12.5. Harsh Justice and the Scott Sisters  
Minorities: Adjustment to Incarceration  
Perspective from a Practitioner: James Watkins, Classification Counselor  
 
Readings
21. Racial Desegregation in Prisons  
22. Mass Incarceration Through a Different Lens: Race, Subcontext, and Perceptions of Punitiveness of Correctional Alternatives When Compared to Prison  
 
Section XIII. Juveniles and Corrections
Introduction: Delinquency and Status Offending  
The Extent of Delinquency  
The Juvenile Brain and Juvenile Behavior  
History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice  
Childhood in the United States  
The Beginning of the Juvenile Courts  
Processing Juvenile Offenders  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Skyler Brouwer, Juvenile Probation Officer  
Juvenile Community Corrections  
Intensive Probation  
Residential and Institutional Juvenile Corrections  
Comparative Corrections: Juvenile Justice Philosophies  
 
Readings
23. Juvenile Justice: The Legacy of Punitive Policy  
24. Managing the Threat of Violence: Coping Strategies Among Juvenile Inmates  
 
Section XIV. Legal Issues in Corrections
Introduction  
The Rule of Law  
The Hands-Off Period: 1866–1963  
The Prisoners’ Rights Period: 1964–1978  
The Deference Period: 1997–Present  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Barbara Beldot, Attorney  
First Amendment  
Fourth Amendment  
In Focus 14.1. Any Complaints This Morning?  
Eighth Amendment  
Fourteenth Amendment  
The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders  
Comparative Corrections: Prisoners’ Rights  
Curtailing Prisoner Petitions  
Legal Issues in Probation and Parole  
 
Readings
25. Correctional Officer Excessive Use of Force: Civil Liability Under Section 1983  
26. Transgender Inmates in Prisons: A Review of Applicable Statutes and Policies  
 
Section XV. Correctional Programming and Treatment
The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation  
In Focus 15.1. The American Correctional Association’s 1870 Declaration on Treatment  
The Shift From “Nothing Works” to “What Works?”  
Evidence-Based Practices  
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy  
Substance Abuse Programming  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Margaret Jackson, Drug Treatment Specialist  
Anger Management  
Sex Offenders and Their Treatment  
Mentally Ill Offenders  
Comparative Corrections: Offender Treatment  
 
Readings
27. Reducing Institutional Disorder: Using the Inmate Risk Assessment for Segregation Placement to Triage Treatment Services at the Front End of Prison Sentences  
28. Gender Differences in Prison-Based Drug Treatment Participation  
 
Section XVI. The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty and Public Opinion  
Methods of Execution Used in the United States  
Legal Challenges to the Death Penalty  
Does the Death Penalty Deter?  
Financial Costs and the Death Penalty  
Racial Disparity in Death Sentences  
In Focus 16.1. Karl Marx on Capital Punishment and Brutalization  
Women and the Death Penalty  
The Death Penalty and Mental Disability  
The Death Penalty and Mental Illness  
Comparative Corrections: The Death Penalty in China and Saudi Arabia  
The Innocence Revolution  
Perspective from a Practitioner: Ginny Hatch, Investigator for Idaho Innocence Project  
 
Readings
29. The Execution of Wallace Wilkerson: Precedent and Portent  
30. How Would You Like to Die? Glossip v. Gross Deals Blow to Abolitionists  
 
Section XVII. Corrections in the 21st Century
Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future  
Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections  
Decarceration  
Professionalization and Innovation  
Privatization  
In Focus 17.1: Privatization and the Walnut Grove Correctional Facility  
Concluding Thoughts  
 
Readings
31. The Risk-Need-Responsivity Model Revisited Using Biosocial Criminology to Enhance Offender Rehabilitation  
32. Decarceration and its Possible Effects on Inmates, Staff, and Communities  

Supplements

Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Learning objectives reinforce the most important material.
  • Carefully selected chapter-by-chapter video and multimedia content which enhance classroom-based explorations of key topics
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter.
Instructor Resource Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.
  • Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.
  • Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group project.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Video and web resources provide further research and insights that bring concepts to life and make learning easier.
  • Access to all tables, figures, learning objectives, and chapter outlines from the text.
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION: 

  • Nearly 75% of the journal articles have been updated to introduce students to current research on important topics such as racial and ethnic disparities in probation, influences on inmate misconduct, transgender prison inmates, and lethal injection protocol.
  • Updated and expanded coverage of ethical considerations, special populations, and the history of corrections provides students with the context for understanding policy decisions and their consequences, both past and present.
  • New Sections on Ethics (Section IV) and the Death Penalty (Section XVI) offer students insights into key issues in corrections today.
  • More coverage on disparities in sentencing and drug courts encourages students to think critically about U.S. drug policies and their effectiveness.
  • Additional content on federal procedures and private prisons shows real examples of private prisons, their profit motives, and the effect they have on the correctional system.
  • The most current data, facts, statistics, and research are included throughout the book to provide students with insights into the world of corrections today.

KEY EEATURES:

  • Substantially edited and abridged articles make this book easier to read without doing injustice to the core points raised by the authors or detracting from key findings and conclusions. Much of the methodological discussions and data analysis are removed.
  • A “How to Read a Research Article” guide tied to the book’s first reading provides a perfect introduction to understanding how research is organized and delivered in the journal literature.
  • Key terms, web resources, and thought-provoking discussion questions for each reading and each section help readers master the content and sharpen their critical thinking skills.

 


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