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Corrections
From Research, to Policy, to Practice

Experience with SAGE edge


January 2017 | 624 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Corrections: From Research, to Policy, to Practice offers students a 21st century look into the treatment and rehabilitative themes that drive modern-day corrections. Written by two academic scholars and former practitioners, Mary K. Stohr and Anthony Walsh, this book provides students with a comprehensive and practical understanding of corrections, as well as coverage of often-overlooked topics like ethics, comparative corrections, offender classification and assessment, treatment modalities, and specialty courts. This text expertly weaves together research, policy, and practice, enabling students to walk away with a foundational understanding of effective punishment and treatment strategies for offenders in U.S. correctional institutions.

 

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Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CORRECTIONS
 
Chapter 1: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections
Introduction: What Is Corrections?  
The Foundation of Correctional Punishment  
The Function of Punishment  
The Major Punishment Justifications  
The Due Process and Crime Control Models  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 2: Early Corrections: From Ancient Times to Colonial Jails and Prisons
Introduction: The Evolving Practice of Corrections  
Themes: Truths That Underlie Correctional Practice  
Early Punishments in Westernized Countries  
Enlightenment—Paradigm Shift  
Colonial Jails and Prisons  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 3: Correctional History: Early Prisons to Corrections Today
Introduction: The Grand Reforms  
Early Modern Prisons  
Emerging Prison Models  
Early Prisons and Jails Not Reformed  
The Renewed Promise of Reform  
American Corrections in the 20th and 21st Centuries  
Themes That Prevail in Correctional History  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 4: Ethics and Corrections
Introduction: To Do the Right Thing!  
Ethical Foundation for Professional Practice  
Why People Behave Unethically  
How to Prevent Unethical Behavior and Promote Ethical Work Practices  
War on Drugs = Attack on Ethics?  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
PART II: THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM
 
Chapter 5: Sentencing: The Application of Punishment
What Is Sentencing?  
Types of Sentences  
Plea Bargaining  
Impact Statements at Sentencing  
Structuring Judicial Sentencing Choices  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 6: Jails and Detention Centers
Introduction: The Community Institution  
Jail Inmates and Their Processing  
Trends in Jail Populations  
Medical Problems  
Suicides, Gangs, and Sexual Violence in Jails  
Innovations in Jails  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 7: Special Problem-Solving Courts in Corrections
Introduction: What Are Problem-Solving Courts?  
Drug Courts  
Mental Health Courts  
Veterans Courts  
Domestic Violence Courts  
Community Courts  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 8: Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediary Sanctions
The Origins of Probation  
Probation Today  
Why Do We Need Community Corrections?  
The Probation Officer Role  
Strategies to Reduce Recidivism  
Intermediate Sanctions  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 9: Prisons and the Correctional Client
Introduction: The State of Prisons  
Prison Organizations  
Attributes of the Prison That Shape the Experience  
The Prison Subculture  
Violence  
Social Support  
Special Populations  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 10: Classification and Assessment of Offenders
What Is Classification and Assessment?  
The History of Classification and Assessment  
Classification Today  
Assessment and Classification in Community Corrections  
The CMC and Supervision Levels  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 11: Correctional Programming and Treatment
The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation  
Evidence-Based Practices  
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy  
Substance Abuse Programming  
Anger Management  
Sex Offenders and Their Treatment  
Mentally Ill Offenders  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 12: Parole and Prisoner Reentry
What Is Parole?  
Parole Boards  
What Goes In Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry Into the Community  
Determining Parole Success  
Approaches to Parole  
Concluding Remarks on Reentry and Recidivism  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
PART III: CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION
 
Chapter 13: Correctional Organizations and Their Management
Introduction  
Organizational-Level Factors That Affect Correctional Operations  
Management Theories  
Elements of Effective Organizations  
Organizational Culture  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 14: The Corrections Experience for Staff
Introduction: What Is a Profession?  
The State of the Work in Correctional Institutions and Programs  
Why Require More Education and Training?  
Individual-Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace  
Correctional Roles  
The Subculture and Socialization  
Staff Interactions With Inmates  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
PART IV: CORRECTIONAL CLIENTS
 
Chapter 15: Women and Corrections
Introduction  
History and Growth  
Women and Girls in Corrections Today  
Female Correctional Officers  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 16: Minorities and Corrections
Introduction  
Defining Race, Ethnicity, Disparity, and Discrimination  
A Legacy of Racism  
The Connection Between Class and Race/Ethnicity  
Minorities: Policies and Practices That Have Resulted in Increased Incarceration  
Minorities: Experiencing Incarceration  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 17: Juveniles and Corrections
Introduction: Delinquency and Status Offending  
The Extent of Delinquency  
The Juvenile Brain and Juvenile Behavior  
History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice  
Processing Juvenile Offenders  
Juvenile Community Corrections  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Part V: Special Topics in Corrections
 
Chapter 18: Legal Issues in Corrections
Introduction  
The Rule of Law  
Constitutional Rights  
The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders  
Curtailing Prisoner Petitions  
Legal Issues in Probation and Parole  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 19: The Death Penalty
The Death Penalty and Public Opinion  
Methods of Execution Used in the United States  
Challenges to the Death Penalty  
Racial Disparity in Death Sentences  
Women and the Death Penalty  
The Death Penalty and Mental Disability and Mental Illness  
The Innocence Revolution  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 20: Comparative Corrections: Punishment in Other Countries
The Importance of Comparative Corrections  
The United Kingdom and the Common-Law System  
France and the Civil-Law System  
China and the Socialist-Law System  
Saudi Arabia and the Islamic-Law System  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter 21: Corrections in the 21st Century
Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future  
Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections  
Decarceration  
Professionalization and Innovation  
Privatization  
Concluding Thoughts  
• Summary  
• Key Terms  
• Discussion Questions  
• Useful Internet Sites  
 
Chapter Pretest Answers
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index
 
About the Authors

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“Student-friendly, Research-oriented, Comprehensive, Intriguing”

Francisco J Alatorre
New Mexico State University

“Well done! This textbook will be an excellent addition to corrections."

Nerissa James
Miami Dade College

“The Practitioner’s perspective allows students exposure to not only the author’s perspective but the perspective of someone who actually works hands on in the field of corrections.”

Lashunda M. Horton
Virginia State University
Key features

KEY FEATURES

  • Comprehensive coverage of traditional and cutting-edge concepts, practices, and procedures in 21 brief chapters gives instructors the flexibility to choose which chapters to cover.
  • Unique chapters on rarely presented topics such as ethics, specialty courts, and comparative corrections familiarize students with relevant topics and issues facing today’s correctional system.
  • Chapter opening vignettes provide a ground-level view of corrections from the perspective of correctional practitioners, inmates, and others to show how research, policy, and practice play out in the real world.
  • Chapter opening self-quizzes help students assess their knowledge before reading the chapters, enhancing their studying and learning.
  • Policy and Research boxes illustrate key points related to past, current, and future policy issues and discuss how research has informed modern practices to improve future policies and procedures.
  • Learning objectives focus students' attention on the key content in each chapter.
  • Ethical Issues boxes prepare students for common ethical dilemmas relating to corrections and encourage them to think critically about the need for ethical behavior.
  • Perspective From a Practitioner boxes give students a real-world perspective on what it's like to work in a wide array of careers related to corrections.

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ISBN: 9781483373379