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Criminal Investigation
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Criminal Investigation

Fourth Edition
Experience with SAGE edge


January 2018 | 552 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Criminal Investigation, Fourth Edition, offers a comprehensive and engaging examination of criminal investigation and the vital role criminal evidence plays in the process. The text focuses on the five critical areas essential to understanding criminal investigations: background and contextual issues, criminal evidence, legal procedures, evidence collection procedures, and forensic science. In this new edition, esteemed author Steven G. Brandl goes beyond a simple how-to on investigative procedures and analyzes modern research and actual investigative cases to demonstrate their importance in the real world of criminal justice.

New to the Fourth Edition:
  • New and updated statistical information, research findings, investigative procedures, and legal cases ensure students are learning about the most current research in the field. 
  • Several new “From the Case File” chapter introductions and 25 new in-chapter “Case-in-Point” investigative case examples make it easier for students to connect the content to the real world. 
  • More than 75 new photos, most of which are case photos from actual investigations, illustrate key concepts to help keep students engaged with the content. 
  • New material on documenting evidence via reports provides examples of well-written police reports to help students build better writing skills. 
  • New material on social media and evidence from electronic digital devices discusses how to use new technology as a source of information. 
  • A stronger focus on terrorism and the use of technology in investigations encourages students to discuss and critically analyze the future of criminal investigations.
  • New sections titled “Mental Mistakes in Criminal Investigations,” “Perspectives on the Criminal Investigation Process,” and “Qualities and Characteristics of Investigators” offer students tips and advice for conducting successful investigations. 
  • New material on touch DNA helps students see the benefits and limitations of scientific evidence gathered from a crime scene.

Give your students the SAGE edge!

SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/brandl4e.

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Chapter 1: The Investigation of Crime
Objectives  
From the Case File: The Investigation of the Washington, D.C., Beltway Snipers  
Criminal Investigation, Evidence, and Forensic Science Defined  
Types of Criminal Investigations  
Perspectives on the Criminal Investigation Process  
The Role of Chance, Accident, and Discovery in Criminal Investigations  
Mental Mistakes in Criminal Investigations  
Qualities and Characteristics of Investigations  
Criminal Investigation and the Criminal Justice System  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 2: The History of Criminal Investigation
Objectives  
From the Case File: The Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping  
The Importance of History in Understanding the Present and the Future  
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: English Developments  
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: American Developments  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 3: The Role and Documentation of Evidence in Criminal Investigations
Objectives  
From the Case File: The Murder of Stanley Van Wagner  
The Basics of Criminal Evidence  
Types of Evidence  
Testimonial, Real, Demonstrative, and Documentary Evidence  
The Functions of Evidence  
Documenting Evidence: The Value and Importance of Investigative Reports  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 4: The Law and Criminal Investigations
Objectives  
From the Case File: Ernesto Miranda’s Confession  
Basic Legal Terminology  
The Rules and Admissibility of Evidence  
Constitutional Requirements for the Collection of Evidence  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 5: Physical Evidence and the Crime Scene
Objectives  
From the Case File: The Murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman  
The Role of Physical Evidence in Criminal Investigations  
The Crime Scene and Its Management  
Types of Physical Evidence  
Biological Evidence  
Other Types of Physical Evidence  
The Role of Crime Laboratories in Criminal Investigations  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 6: Interviews and Eyewitness Identifications
Objectives  
From the Case File: BP Gas Station Robbery  
Interviews Defined  
Types of Witnesses  
Types of Information Obtained From Witnesses  
Methods of Eyewitness Identification  
Value of Eyewitness Identifications in Establishing Proof  
The Memory Process and the Identification Task  
Guidelines for the Collection of Eyewitness Evidence  
Investigative Tools in Interviewing  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 7: Interrogations and Confessions
Objectives  
From the Case File: The “Secret” Interrogation of O. J. Simpson  
Interrogations Defined  
The Controversy of Interrogation Methods  
Prerequisites for a Productive Interrogation  
Approaches to Investigative Interrogations  
The Potential Problems With Police Deception in Interrogations  
Why Do Suspects Confess?  
The Issue of False Confessions  
Investigative Tools in Recognizing Deception  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 8: Behavioral Evidence and Crime Analysis
Objectives  
From the Case File: A Mutilation Murder  
Behavioral Analysis Defined  
Crime Scene Profiling  
Geographical Profiling  
Psycholinguistics  
Crime Analysis  
Empirical Crime Analysis  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 9: Information From the Public, Social Media, Information Networks, Digital Devices, and Other Sources
Objectives  
From the Case File: “Ain’t No Love in the Heart of the City”  
Information From the Public in Criminal Investigations  
Information From Social Media in Criminal Investigations  
Confidential Informants  
Gang Intelligence  
Information Networks  
Information From Electronic Devices and Digital Evidence  
Psychics  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 10: Death Investigation
Objectives  
From the Case File: He Hit Her Until She Fell . . . and That Was Just the Beginning  
Issues in the Investigation of Death: Manner of Death  
Patterns and Characteristics of Homicide  
Investigative Considerations With Death and Homicide  
Major Challenges in Homicide Investigations: Serial Homicide  
Major Challenges in Homicide Investigations: Cold Cases  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 11: The Investigation of Sex Crimes, Assault, Child Abuse, and Related Offenses
Objectives  
From the Case File: “Since You Don’t Have Any Money . . .”  
Varieties and Characteristics of Rape and Other Sexual Assaults  
Investigative Considerations With Rape and Other Sexual Assaults  
Other Sources of Evidence and Information in Sexual Assault Investigations  
False Allegations  
Varieties and Characteristics of Other Assaults  
Investigative Considerations With Other Assaults  
Domestic Violence and Child Abuse  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 12: The Investigation of Robbery
Objectives  
From the Case File: The Robber Who Lost His Tool  
Varieties and Characteristics of Robbery  
Investigative Considerations With Robbery  
Physical Evidence  
The Property Taken in the Robbery  
Interrogation Considerations  
Other Strategies and Sources of Information  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 13: The Investigation of Burglary, Vehicle Theft, Arson, and Other Property Crimes
Objectives  
From the Case File: Dad and Daughter Go to Work  
Varieties and Characteristics of Burglaries  
Investigative Considerations With Burglary  
Varieties and Characteristics of Vehicle Theft  
Investigative Considerations With Vehicle Theft  
Varieties and Characteristics of Arson  
Investigative Considerations With Arson  
Varieties and Characteristics of Larceny  
Investigative Considerations With Larceny  
Interrogation Considerations With Burglars, Arsonists, and Other Thieves  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 14: The Investigation of Fraud and Other Computer-Related Crimes
Objectives  
From the Case File: An Internet Chat With an Undercover Officer  
Fraud and Its Investigation  
Varieties of Computer-Facilitated Crime and Their Investigation  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 15: The Presentation of Evidence
Objectives  
From the Case File: A Tragedy and Then More  
The Adversarial Process  
Errors in Justice Outcomes  
The Value and Importance of Investigative Testimony  
Expert Testimony  
Testimony of Investigators  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Chapter 16: Terrorism, Technology, and the Future of Criminal Investigation
Objectives  
From the Case File: The Day the World Changed  
The Future of Criminal Investigation  
A New Approach to Criminal Investigations  
The New Technology of Crime Detection  
Main Points  
Important Terms  
Questions for Discussion and Review  
 
Appendix: Capstone Case
 
Glossary
 
Notes
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site

Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

SAGE edge for Instructors, supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students.

·         Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.

·         Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course.

·         Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.

·         Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.

·         Lively and stimulating ideas for class activities that can be used in class to reinforce active learning. The activities apply to individual or group project.

·         An in-depth capstone case from the book that can serve as a discussion of many issues covered in the text.

·         EXCLUSIVE! Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.

·         Video and web resources provide further research and insights that bring concepts to life and make learning easier.

·         Access to all tables, figures, learning objectives, and chapter outlines from the text.
Student Study Site

Student Study Site

SAGE edge for Students provides a personalized approach to help students accomplish their coursework goals in an easy-to-use learning environment.

·         Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.

·         Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.

·         Access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included. 

·         Video and web resources bring concepts to life, are tied to learning objectives and make learning easier

The Brandl text provides a comprehensive examination of criminal investigation. The author balances theory with practical examples, and illustrates concepts using contemporary cases. 

Scott Duncan
Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania

This is a solid criminal investigation textbook with a focus on actual cases that reinforce and illustrate the principles explained throughout the book.

Lisa Kara
Blue Ridge Community College

This textbook gives a breath of fresh air to help students achieve their educational goals.

Shawn Morrow
Security Studies & Criminal Justice at Angelo State University

A very practical, engaging, thorough text on criminal investigation.

Elizabeth B. Perkins
Morehead State University

Brandl has utilized a professional academic approach that fits every students need.

Chris Haney
Jacksonville State University
Key features
NEW TO THIS EDITION:
  • New and updated statistical information, research findings, investigative procedures, and legal cases ensure students are learning about the most current research in the field. 
  • Several new “From the Case File” chapter introductions and 25 new in-chapter “Case-in-Point” investigative case examples make it easier for students to connect the content to the real world. 
  • More than 75 new photos, most of which are case photos from actual investigations, illustrate key concepts to help keep students engaged with the content. 
  • New material on documenting evidence via reports provides examples of well-written police reports to help students build better writing skills. 
  • New material on social media and evidence from electronic digital devices discusses how to use new technology as a source of information. 
  • A stronger focus on terrorism and the use of technology in investigations encourages students to discuss and critically analyze the future of criminal investigations.
  • New sections titled “Mental Mistakes in Criminal Investigations,” “Perspectives on the Criminal Investigation Process,” and “Qualities and Characteristics of Investigators” offer students tips and advice for conducting successful investigations. 
  • New material on touch DNA helps students see the benefits and limitations of scientific evidence gathered from a crime scene.


KEY FEATURES:

  • In-depth discussions of current topics: Proper evidence collection procedures, the impact of the exclusionary rule, the theory and effectiveness of psychological profiling, the complexities of false confessions and false convictions, and crime pattern analysis and mapping.
  • “From the Case File” feature at the beginning of each chapter provides detailed descriptions of actual investigations as they were conducted. These case studies can be used to analyze how evidence is (or could be) used to establish proof and to evaluate the conduct of criminal investigations.
  • Additional real-life investigative case examples (including “Case-in-Point” features) illustrate key points of the chapter and facilitate the review and analysis of actual investigative cases.
  • “Myths and Misconceptions” boxes address false information that is provided by the media and other representations of criminal investigations to help students think critically.
  • “A Question of Ethics” feature requires students to think about the importance of ethical issues in criminal investigations.
  • Detailed discussions of the strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness of all major forms of evidence give students insights into evidence such as DNA and biological evidence, other forms of physical evidence, eyewitness identifications, confessions, and behavioral evidence.
  • Detailed discussions of the proper conduct of specific types of crime investigations including homicide, sex crimes, domestic violence and child abuse, robbery, burglary, vehicle theft, arson, fraud, and other computer-facilitated crimes.
  • Research findings offer insights into topics like eyewitness identifications and human memory to help current and future investigators identify and recommend best practices and procedures in criminal investigations.
  • Full-color original photos of crime scenes bring students closer to real-life criminal investigations and investigative techniques.

For instructors

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