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Cultural Anthropology
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Cultural Anthropology

12th Edition
  • Serena Nanda - John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York
  • Richard L. Warms - Texas State University - San Marcos, USA


January 2019 | 400 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
 
Part I: INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
 
Chapter 1. Anthropology and Human Diversity
Specialization in Anthropology  
Some Critical Issues in Anthropology  
Why Study Anthropology?  
Summary  
 
Chapter 2. Doing Cultural Anthropology
Anthropology in Historical Perspective  
Anthropological Techniques  
Some Critical Issues in Ethnography  
Ethical Considerations in Fieldwork  
New Roles for the Ethnographer  
Summary  
 
Chapter 3. The Idea of Culture
Defining Culture  
Culture Is Made Up of Learned Behaviors  
Culture Is the Way Humans Use Symbols to Classify Their World and Give It Meaning  
Culture Is an Integrated System—Or Is It?  
Culture Is a Shared System of Norms and Values—Or Is It?  
Culture Is the Way Human Beings Adapt to the World  
Culture Is Constantly Changing  
Culture Counts  
Summary  
 
Chapter 4. Communication
Origins and Acquisition of Human Language  
The Structure of Language  
Language and Culture  
Nonverbal Communication  
Language Change  
Summary  
 
Part II: EQUALITIES AND INEQUALITIES
 
Chapter 5. Making a Living.
Human Adaptation and the Environment  
An Overview of Subsistence Strategies  
Foraging  
Pastoralism  
Horticulture  
Agriculture  
Industrialism  
Summary  
 
Chapter 6. Economics.
Economic Behavior  
Allocating Resources  
Organizing Labor  
Distribution: Systems of Exchange and Consumption  
Capitalism  
Summary  
 
Chapter 7. Political Organization.
Kinship: Relationships through Blood and Marriage  
Unilineal Descent Groups  
Nonunilineal Kinship Systems  
The Classification of Kin  
Principles for Classifying Kin  
Types of Kinship Systems  
Summary  
 
Chapter 8. Stratification
Functions of Marriage and the Family  
Marriage Rules  
Monogamy, Polygyny, and Polyandry  
Exchange of Goods and Rights in Marriage  
Different Kinds of Families  
Families and Globalization  
Summary  
 
Part III: FAMILIES IN SOCIETY.
 
Chapter 9. Kinship
Sex, Sexuality, and Gender  
The Cultural Construction of Gender  
Gender Ideologies: Women’s Sexuality and Male Prestige Behavior  
Controlling Female Sexuality  
Variability in Gender and Sexuality  
Theories of Gender and Stratification  
Gender Relations and Systems of Production  
Gender and Globalization  
Summary  
 
Chapter 10. Marriage, Family, and Domestic Groups.
Social Differentiation  
Power and Social Control  
Types of Political Organization  
The Nation-State  
Summary  
 
Chapter 11. Gender
Explaining Social Stratification  
Criteria of Stratification: Power, Wealth, and Prestige  
Class and Caste in Social Stratification  
Stratification and Race  
Stratification and Ethnicity  
Summary  
 
Part IV: SYMBOLS AND MEANINGS.
 
Chapter 12. Religion.
What Religion Does in Society  
Characteristics of Religion  
Rituals and Ways of Addressing the Supernatural  
Religious Practitioners  
Religion and Change  
Summary  
 
Chapter 13. Creative Expression: Anthropology and the Arts
Art in Its Cultural Context  
Some Functions of Art  
Art, Culture, and Symbolism  
Art and the Expression of Cultural Themes  
Art and Politics  
Art and the Expression of Identities  
Art and Representing the Other  
Marketing World Art  
Summary  
 
Part V: CULTURE CHANGE.
 
Chapter 14. Power, Conquest, and a World System.
European Expansion: Motives and Methods  
The Era of Colonialism  
Making Colonialism Pay  
Decolonization  
An Interconnected but Unstable World  
Summary  
 
Chapter 15. Culture Change and the Modern World.
The Changing Political and Economic Environment  
The Persistence of Poverty and Instability  
Multinational Corporations  
Urbanization  
Population Pressure  
Environmental Challenges  
The Rights of Indigenous People  
Summary  
 
Appendix.
19th-Century Evolutionism  
The Early Sociologists  
Boas and American Anthropology  
Functionalism  
Culture and Personality  
Cultural Ecology and Neo-Evolutionism  
Neomaterialism: Evolutionary, Functionalist, Ecological, and Marxist  
Structuralism  
Ethnoscience and Cognitive Anthropology  
Sociobiology, Evolutionary Psychology, and Behavioral Ecology  
Anthropology and Gender  
Symbolic and Interpretive Anthropology  
Postmodernism  
Anthropology and Globalization  
Structure and Agency: Practice Theory approaches  

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