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Culturally Diverse Counseling
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Culturally Diverse Counseling
An Introduction

  • Elsie Jones-Smith - Diplomate in Counseling Psychology, American Board of Professional Psychology
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March 2018 | SAGE Publications, Inc
 
1. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction: The Journey to Become a Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy  
Brief History and Overview of the Multicultural Movement  
Beginning the Cultural Competence Journey  
Major Barriers to Culturally Competent Counseling/Therapy  
Racial/Ethnic, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Bias: Major Barriers to Cultural Competence  
Neuroscience, the Brain, and the Invisible Neural Barrier of Racial/Ethnic Bias  
Clinical Practice Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
2. Cultures, Their Meaning Systems, and Strenghts
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Some Basic Cultural Differences between Western and Eastern Countries  
Culture and the Process of Identity Development  
Culturally Responsive Clinical Intervention Skill for the Initial Interview  
Culturally Competent Clinical Knowledge  
The Culturally Competent Skill of Counselor Cultural Humility  
Toward a Model for Evaluating Culturally Competent Clinical Skill Development of Therapists  
Clinical Practice Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
3. Neuroscience, Multiple Cultural Identities, and Cultural Strengths
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Foundational Concepts in Neuroscience for Counselors  
The Brain  
Mapping the Cultural Architecture of the Brain  
Cultural Identity and the Brain  
The Negativity Bias of the Brain: Findings in Neuroscience  
The Negativity Bias: Challenge for Strengths-Based Counselors/Therapists  
Neuroscience: Psychotherapy Changes Your Brain  
Neuroscience and the Culturally Responsive Therapist  
Neuroscience and Multiple Cultural Identities  
Culturally Responsive Identity for Counselors and Mental Health Therapists  
Culture, the Brain, and Strength Development  
The Neurobiology of Human Strengths Development  
The Brain and Strength Development  
Strengths as Well-Traveled Pathways in the Brain  
Implications for Clinical Practice  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
4. Strengths-Based Development, Culture, and Clinical Practice
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Strengths-Development, the Narrative Process, and the Mind  
Cultural Competency, Cultural Identification, and the Attachment  
Strength Development and the Importance of a Trusted Relationship  
Strengths Development and Attention  
Strengths-Based Therapy: A Framework for Conducting Culturally Responsive Therapy  
Strengths-Based Therapy: Antidote to the Negativity Bias in Therapy  
Therapy as Strengths-Based or Pathology-Based  
Cultural Mindsets  
The Strengths Mindset  
Deficit Mindset  
The Philosophy of Strengths-Based Counseling/Therapy (SBT)  
Five General Strengths-Based Themes Used by Therapists  
Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Practice  
Marissa—From Noticing What’s Missing to Noticing What’s There  
Creating a Culturally Responsive Strengths-Building Therapy Environment  
Clinical Practice Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
5. The Strengths-Based Counseling Model and Culturally Responsive Therapy
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Culture and Neuroplasticity  
The Revised Strengths-Based Therapy Model: New Concepts and Clinical Strategies  
The Strengths-Based Model: Overview of Phases  
Strengths-Based Counseling Techniques  
SWOB Analysis  
Clinical Practice Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
6. The Strengths-Based Counseling Model and Culturally Responsive Therapy
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
General Assessment Principles in Counseling and Psychotherapy  
Clinical Issues in Conducting a Qualitative, Culturally Responsive Assessment  
The DSM-5 and the Cultural Formulation Stone  
The Four Domains of the Cultural Formulation Interview  
Culture Genogram: An Assessment Tool  
The Strengths-Based Therapy Model’s Assessment Process  
The Strengths Q Sort  
Clinical Practice Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
7. Culturally Responsive Case Conceptualization, Treatment Planning, and Strengths-Based Interventions
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Case Conceptualization: Some General Elements  
Culturally Responsive Case Conceptualization  
Case Conceptualizations and the Cultural Formulation Interview  
Strengths-Based Case Conceptualization  
Strengths-Based Treatment Plans  
Culturally Responsive Clinical Skill Intervention  
Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy Techniques  
Clinical Practice Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
8. Culturally Responsive Therapy with African Americans
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
The African American Population  
Oppression, Discrimination, and the Legacy of Slavery  
African Americans and Cultural Values  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
9. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based therapy for American Indians and Alaska Natives
Introduction  
Mental Health Challenges  
Counseling Approaches for American Indians and Alaska Natives  
Case Study: Caught Between Two Cultures  
Strengths-Based Therapy and Johnathan: American Indian College Students  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
10. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy for Asian Americans
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Demographic and Population Statistics  
Asian American’s and Pacific Islanders’ Cultural Values  
Acculturation and Cultural Issues Affecting Mental Health  
Cultural Factors in Counseling Asian Americans  
Case Study Using the SBT Model  
Case Analysis Using the SBT Model: Eve Zhang  
Case Description  
Case Discussion  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
11. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy for Latino Americans
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Demographics and Population Statistics  
Latino Americans’ Cultural Values  
Acculturation Conflicts  
Cultural Identity of Hispanics and Latinos  
Hispanic/Latino Cultural Strengths  
Hispanic/Latino Physical and Mental Health Issues  
Counseling Approaches for Working with Hispanic/Latino Clients  
Case Study: SBT and the Juvenile Justice System  
Multicultural Issues in Juvenile Correction Systems  
Case Analysis Using the SBT Model: Enrique  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
12. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy for Arab and Muslim Americans
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Cultural Values of Arabs/Muslims  
The Arab and Muslim Family  
Mental Health Issues for Arab and Muslim Americans  
Counseling Arab and Muslim Americans  
Case Study: Nadia – Strengths Based Therapy for Arabs and Muslims  
Nadia: An Arab/Muslim Teenager  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
13. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy for White American of European Ancestry
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Defining Group Membership and Some Historical Observations  
Demographics and Population Statistics  
White American Population Growth  
Socioeconomic Status of White Americans  
Ethnic Group Saliency for White Americans  
The White American Worldview  
Models of White Racial Identity Development  
The Hardiman White Racial Identity Model  
The Helms’ Model of White Identity Development  
Strengths of White Americans of European Descent  
Counseling White Americans of European Ancestry  
Case Study: SBT Approach  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
14. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy for Women
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
The Mental Health Issues of Women  
Counseling Approaches for Women: Feminist Therapy  
Key Concepts of Feminist Therapy  
Feminist Therapy Approaches  
Case Study for Counseling Women  
Implications for Counseling  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
15. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy for LGBTQs
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People  
LGBT Identity Development  
Some Notes on Transgender Identity  
Coming Out and Gender Identity Development for Gays, Lesbian, and Bisexuals  
LGBT Youth and Schools  
LGBT Families: Some Facts  
Mental Health Issues and the LGBTQ Community  
Strengths of LGBTQ Populations  
Counseling Members of the LGBTQ Community  
The Therapeutic Process in Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy  
Gay Affirmative Psychotherapy  
Case Study and the SBT Model  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
16. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy: Individuals with Disabilities
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Disability as a Multicultural Issue  
Privilege and People with Disability  
Able-Bodied Privilege Checklist  
Counseling Approaches for Individuals with Disabilities  
Olkin’s Model of Disability and Counseling Approach  
Tips for Conducting an Interview with People with Disabilities  
Case Study: A Young Teenager Elizabeth Suffering Trauma from a Car Accident  
Implications for Practice  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
17. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Therapy and Older Adults
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Demographics  
Cross Cultural Views on Aging  
Mental Health Issues of the Older Adult and the Elderly  
Elder Abuse  
LGBT Older Adults  
Sexuality and the Older Adult  
Substance Abuse and Older Adults  
The Strengths-Based Therapy Model (SBT) and the Older Adult  
Clinical Intervention and Treatment Issues  
Case Study Using the SBT Model: Sarah  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
18. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Counseling for Immigrants and Refugees
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Mental Health Issues of Immigrants and Refugees  
Mental Health Issues and Pre-and Post-Migration  
Triple Trauma Paradigm  
Competency Assessment for Practitioners Working with Refugees and Immigrants  
Counseling and therapy Models for Working with Refugees and PTSD  
Strengths-Based Therapy questions for Trauma-Exposed Clients  
Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Skills with Immigrants and Refugees  
Clinical Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
19. Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Counseling for Multiracial People
Chapter Objectives  
Introduction  
Models of Multiracial/Ethnic Identity Development  
Competencies for Counseling the Multiracial Individuals  
Psychotherapy with Multiracial/Ethnic People  
Counseling Multiracial Children  
Culturally Responsive Strengths-Based Case Study  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  
 
20: Social Class, Social Justice, Intersectionality, and Privilege
Introduction  
Social Class and Multicultural Counseling  
The Social Justice Movement in Counseling  
Intersectionality, Social Class, and Social Justice  
Internalized Oppression: Social Class and Race/Ethnicity  
Privilege, Race, and Social Class  
Cultural Strengths: Antidote for Internalized Oppression, and the Stereotype Threat  
Clinical Practice Implications  
Key Terms  
Discussion Questions  

Supplements

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ISBN: 9781483388267