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Disaster Policy and Politics
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Disaster Policy and Politics
Emergency Management and Homeland Security

Second Edition


© 2015 | 400 pages | CQ Press

In the Second Edition of Disaster Policy and Politics, author Richard Sylves provides much-needed contemporary coverage of the fields of disaster management and homeland security interspersed with mini-case studies of events such as the Tuscaloosa tornado; the Boston Marathon bombing; Superstorm Sandy; the Boulder, Colorado floods of 2013; Japan’s quake-tsunami and ensuing Fukushima nuclear disaster; as well as Hurricane Katrina and 9/11. Paying special attention to the role of key actors—decision makers at the federal, state, and local levels; scientists; engineers; civil and military personnel; officials; and first responders—the author explores how physical and social science researchers contribute to and engage in disaster policy development and management. The book’s comprehensive “all-hazards” approach introduces students to the important public policy, organizational management, and leadership issues they may need as future practitioners and leaders in the field. The text provides a concise history of the field, presents useful theories and concepts, poses thought-provoking questions, and is crafted to be both instructor- and student-friendly. This new edition also has an added chapter on disaster victim compensation schemes guaranteed to draw animated responses from readers.

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1. Disaster Management in the United States
Emergency Management as a Profession  
Disasters as a Field of Scientific Research  
Presidential Disaster Declarations  
Fundamental Challenges of Emergency Management  
Phases of Emergency Management  
 
2. Disaster Management and Theories of Public Management
Normative Political Theories  
The Role of Theory in Emergency Management  
Toward a Theory of Diaster Recovery  
Knowledge Codification and Knowledge Diffusion Issues  
 
3. Historical Trends in Disaster Management
The Cold War and the Rise of Civil Defense  
Nationwide Emergency Management  
The Birth of FEMA  
Disaster Declarations Issues  
Civil Defense Again, and Changes in FEMA  
All-Hazards Management  
Terrorism Remakes Disaster Management  
Homeland Security Presidential Directive  
 
4. Understanding Disaster Policy Through Presidential Disaster Declarations
The President's Constitutional Emergency Powers  
Federal Disaster Relief Legislation and Declaration Authority  
Presidential Discretionary Power  
Facilitating the President's Work  
FEMA's Role in the Declaration Process  
Presidents and Distributive Politics  
 
5. The Role of Scientists and Engineers
Researching Hazards and Disasters  
Disaster Researchers Compete for Government Funding  
Social Sciences and Emergency Management  
The Science Informing the Policy and Politics of Disasters  
Case Studies of Science and Engineering Applied to Disaster  
Engineering and Public Infrastructure Policy  
 
6. Intergovernmental Relations in Disaster Policy
Intergovermental Program Management  
The National Response Plan and the National Incident Management System  
Intergovernmental Disaster Management Challenges  
Government Conractors and Disaster Management  
 
7. Civil-Military Relations and National Security
Presidents, the U.S. Military, and Posse Comitatus  
Militarization of Disaster Policy  
Homeland Security Terrorism Programs  
Homeland Security Grants and Their Effects at the Local Level  
 
8. Globalization of Disasters
The U.S. Response System for Territories and Foreign States  
Emergency Managementin Other Nations  
The United Nations and International Disaster Relief  
U.S. Domestic Relief versus the U.S. International Relief System  
 
9. Recovery Assistance: 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund versus Conventional Relief
The Conventional Model of Disaster Relief  
The 9/11 Victim's Compensation Fund  
Compensating Victims of Terrorism before 9/11  
Was the Master Model Successful in the 9/11 Case?  
The Master Model an the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  
Summary of the Models  
Pros and Cons of the Master and Master Model  
 
10. Conclusions and the Future
Special Issues  
The Big Questions  

Geared up towards the US more than anything. Good for American studies however.

Mr Matthew Hirst
Arts, Business and Social Science, University Campus Suffolk
November 24, 2014
Key features

NEW TO THIS EDITION:

  • A new chapter on conventional FEMA aid and the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund sheds light on new methods of recovery assistance: is using a Special Master to provide assistance better or worse than standard FEMA relief? What lessons can be learned from recent disaster relief assistance efforts following the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the Boston Marathon bombing, and so on?
  • New coverage of public management theory, including normative, network, and complexity theories, provide tools that help readers better explain and compare how disasters are perceived, how their causes are identified, and how to prepare for and manage future disasters. This work covers the National Disaster Recovery Framework.
  • The text takes a look at how policy and practice at all levels are adapting to emerging threats like cyber terrorism and the increased capacity of civil authorities to respond.
  • The author updates and ties recent international and domestic events to approaches to disaster management, from the Fukushima nuclear disaster to the Boston Marathon bombings to the tornadoes that destroyed portions of Moore, Oklahoma.

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 2


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